Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Joshua 2

Introduction

1Rahab receives and conceals the two spies sent from Shittim.
8The covenant between her and them.
23Their return and relation.

Verse 1

And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying, Go view the land, even Jericho. And they went, and came into an harlot's house, named Rahab, and lodged there.
sent
or, had sent. Shittim.
Numbers 25:1; 33:49
to spy secretly
Numbers 13:2,17-21; Judges 18:2,14,17; Matthew 10:16; Ephesians 5:5
even Jericho
5:10; 6:1-24
harlot's house
Though the word zonah generally denotes a prostitute, yet many very learned men are of opinion that it should be here rendered an innkeeper or hostess, from zoon, to furnish or provide food. In this sense it was understood by the Targumist, who renders it, ittetha pundekeetha, "a woman, a tavern-keeper," and so St. Chrysostome, in his second sermon on Repentance, calls her [pandokeutria.] The Greek [porné] by which the LXX. render it, and which is adopted by the Apostles, is derived from [pernaó] to sell, and is also supposed to denote a tavern keeper. Among the ancients, women generally kept houses of entertainment. Herodotus says, "Among the Egyptians, the women carry on all commercial concerns, and keep taverns, while the men continue at home and weave." The same custom prevailed among the Greeks.
6:17,25; Matthew 1:5
Rachab
21:31; Hebrews 11:31; James 2:25
lodged
Heb. lay.
Reciprocal: Genesis 42:9 - Ye are spies;  Deuteronomy 1:24 - GeneralJoshua 3:1 - Shittim;  Joshua 6:22 - Joshua;  Joshua 7:2 - Go up;  Joshua 18:12 - Jericho;  Joshua 18:21 - Jericho;  Judges 1:23 - sent;  Judges 11:1 - an harlot;  1 Samuel 26:4 - General1 Kings 3:16 - two women;  1 Chronicles 19:3 - to search;  Luke 7:19 - two;  Luke 19:1 - Jericho

Verse 2

And it was told the king of Jericho, saying, Behold, there came men in hither to night of the children of Israel to search out the country.
told the king
Psalms 127:1; Proverbs 21:30; Isaiah 43:13; Daniel 4:35
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:24 - General

Verse 3

And the king of Jericho sent unto Rahab, saying, Bring forth the men that are come to thee, which are entered into thine house: for they be come to search out all the country.
Bring
10:23; Genesis 38:24; Leviticus 24:14; Job 21:30; John 19:4; Acts 12:4,6
to search
Genesis 42:9-12,31; 2 Samuel 10:3; 1 Chronicles 19:3
Reciprocal: Numbers 13:20 - good courage;  Judges 4:20 - Is there

Verse 4

And the woman took the two men, and hid them, and said thus, There came men unto me, but I wist not whence they were:
Exodus 1:19; 2 Samuel 16:18,19; 17:19,20; 2 Kings 6:19
Reciprocal: Exodus 34:29 - wist;  Joshua 6:17 - because;  1 Samuel 27:10 - And David;  2 Samuel 17:17 - stayed;  Hebrews 11:31 - she had

Verse 5

And it came to pass about the time of shutting of the gate, when it was dark, that the men went out: whither the men went I wot not: pursue after them quickly; for ye shall overtake them.
of shutting
7; Nehemiah 13:19; Isaiah 60:11; Ezekiel 47:1,2,12; Revelation 21:25
the men went out
Jeremiah 50:20; Romans 3:7,8
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 19:14 - she said;  2 Samuel 17:20 - They be gone

Verse 6

But she had brought them up to the roof of the house, and hid them with the stalks of flax, which she had laid in order upon the roof.
to the roof
8; Exodus 1:15-21; Deuteronomy 22:8; 2 Samuel 11:2; Matthew 24:17
hid them
Exodus 2:2; 2 Samuel 17:19; 1 Kings 18:4,13; 2 Kings 11:2; Jeremiah 36:26; Colossians 3:3; Hebrews 11:23

Verse 7

And the men pursued after them the way to Jordan unto the fords: and as soon as they which pursued after them were gone out, they shut the gate.
the fords
Judges 3:28; 12:5
they shut
5; Acts 5:23
Reciprocal: Joshua 6:1 - was straitly;  Joshua 22:11 - at the passage

Verse 9

And she said unto the men, I know that the LORD hath given you the land, and that your terror is fallen upon us, and that all the inhabitants of the land faint because of you.
I know
Exodus 18:11; 2 Kings 5:15; Job 19:25; Ecclesiastes 8:12; Hebrews 11:1,2
that the Lord
Genesis 13:14-17; 15:18-21; Exodus 3:6-8; Deuteronomy 32:8; Psalms 115:16; Jeremiah 27:5; Matthew 20:15
your terror
Genesis 35:5; Exodus 15:15,16; 23:27; Deuteronomy 2:25; 11:25; 28:10; Judges 7:14; 1 Samuel 14:15; 2 Kings 7:6
faint
Heb. melt.
11; 1 Samuel 14:16; 2 Samuel 17:10; Psalms 112:10; Isaiah 19:1; Nahum 2:10
Reciprocal: Exodus 10:1 - that I;  Exodus 15:14 - hear;  Leviticus 26:36 - I will send;  Numbers 14:14 - they have;  Deuteronomy 1:28 - discouraged;  Joshua 2:24 - all the inhabitants;  Joshua 5:1 - heard;  Joshua 6:1 - because;  Joshua 6:2 - I have;  Joshua 7:5 - wherefore;  Joshua 9:9 - we have;  Joshua 10:2 - they feared;  1 Chronicles 14:17 - the fear of him;  2 Chronicles 6:32 - is come;  2 Chronicles 14:14 - the fear;  2 Chronicles 17:10 - the fear;  2 Chronicles 20:29 - they had heard;  Esther 9:2 - the fear;  Psalm 8:2 - still;  Psalm 46:6 - earth;  Psalm 58:7 - GeneralPsalm 65:8 - afraid;  Psalm 105:38 - for;  Psalm 126:2 - then said;  Psalm 145:6 - And men;  Isaiah 23:5 - at the;  Isaiah 33:13 - Hear;  Jeremiah 49:5 - I will;  Ezekiel 16:14 - thy renown;  Ezekiel 21:7 - and every;  Micah 7:17 - they shall be;  Zechariah 8:23 - we have;  Romans 9:17 - that;  Revelation 11:11 - great

Verse 10

For we have heard how the LORD dried up the water of the Red sea for you, when ye came out of Egypt; and what ye did unto the two kings of the Amorites, that were on the other side Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom ye utterly destroyed.
For we
4:24; Exodus 14:21-31; 15:14-16
what ye did
Numbers 21:21-35; Deuteronomy 2:30-37; 3:1-8
Reciprocal: Exodus 9:16 - for to;  Exodus 10:1 - that I;  Exodus 18:1 - done;  Numbers 14:14 - they have;  Numbers 22:3 - GeneralJoshua 9:9 - we have;  1 Kings 8:42 - For they shall;  Nehemiah 9:10 - didst;  Psalm 9:16 - known;  Isaiah 41:5 - the ends;  Ezekiel 20:9 - in whose;  Habakkuk 3:7 - saw the;  Romans 9:17 - that;  Hebrews 11:29 - General

Verse 11

And as soon as we had heard these things, our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more courage in any man, because of you: for the LORD your God, he is God in heaven above, and in earth beneath.
our hearts
5:1; 7:5; 14:8; Deuteronomy 1:28; 20:8; Isaiah 13:7; Nahum 2:10
did there remain
Heb. rose up.
Revelation 6:16
for the Lord
Deuteronomy 4:39; 1 Kings 8:60; Psalms 83:18; 102:15; Jeremiah 16:19-21; Daniel 4:34,35; Daniel 6:25-27; Zechariah 8:20-23
Reciprocal: Exodus 9:16 - for to;  Exodus 15:15 - all the;  Numbers 22:3 - GeneralJoshua 2:9 - faint;  Joshua 2:24 - faint;  1 Kings 8:42 - For they shall;  2 Chronicles 20:6 - God in heaven;  Nehemiah 9:10 - didst;  Psalm 9:16 - known;  Psalm 46:6 - earth;  Psalm 119:28 - soul;  Isaiah 19:1 - the heart;  Jeremiah 49:23 - fainthearted

Verse 12

Now therefore, I pray you, swear unto me by the LORD, since I have shewed you kindness, that ye will also shew kindness unto my father's house, and give me a true token:
swear
9:15,18-20; 1 Samuel 20:14,15,17; 30:15; 2 Chronicles 36:13; Jeremiah 12:16
that ye will
1 Samuel 20:14-17; 24:21,22; Esther 8:6; 2 Timothy 1:16-18; James 2:13
my father's
13; Genesis 24:3,9; Romans 1:31; 1 Timothy 5:8
give me
18; Exodus 12:13; Ezekiel 9:4-6; Mark 14:44
Reciprocal: Genesis 9:12 - GeneralGenesis 21:23 - swear;  Genesis 40:14 - show;  Exodus 20:7 - guiltless;  Deuteronomy 6:13 - shalt swear;  Joshua 6:22 - as ye sware unto her;  Judges 1:24 - we will;  2 Thessalonians 3:17 - the token

Verse 13

And that ye will save alive my father, and my mother, and my brethren, and my sisters, and all that they have, and deliver our lives from death.
my father
It is observable that in this enumeration of her kindred, there is no mention made of a husband. It is most likely that she was a single woman or widow, who obtained an honest livelihood by keeping a house for the entertainment of strangers; and not a woman of ill fame, as some have supposed. The spies sent on this occasion were certainly some of the most confidential persons that Joshua had in his host, and their errand was of the greatest importance; is it then not most likely that they lodged at an inn?
Reciprocal: Joshua 2:12 - my father's;  Joshua 2:18 - thy father

Verse 14

And the men answered her, Our life for yours, if ye utter not this our business. And it shall be, when the LORD hath given us the land, that we will deal kindly and truly with thee.
for your's
Heb. instead of you to die.
1 Kings 20:39
when the Lord
6:17,25; Genesis 24:49; Numbers 10:29-32; Judges 1:24,25; 1 Samuel 20:8; 2 Samuel 9:1; Proverbs 18:24; Matthew 5:7
Reciprocal: Leviticus 5:4 - to do evil;  Deuteronomy 7:2 - make no;  Joshua 2:19 - his blood;  Proverbs 11:13 - he;  Acts 23:22 - General

Verse 15

Then she let them down by a cord through the window: for her house was upon the town wall, and she dwelt upon the wall.
she let them
1 Samuel 19:12-17; Acts 9:25; 2 Corinthians 11:33
for her house
6:20
Reciprocal: Acts 17:10 - the brethren

Verse 16

And she said unto them, Get you to the mountain, lest the pursuers meet you; and hide yourselves there three days, until the pursuers be returned: and afterward may ye go your way.
Get you
22; 1 Samuel 23:14,29; Psalms 11:1
Reciprocal: Acts 17:10 - the brethren;  Acts 17:14 - as it

Verse 17

And the men said unto her, We will be blameless of this thine oath which thou hast made us swear.
20; Genesis 24:3-8; Exodus 20:7; Leviticus 19:11,12; Numbers 30:2; 2 Samuel 21:1,2,7
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:8 - clear;  Joshua 6:22 - as ye sware unto her;  Ecclesiastes 9:2 - feareth

Verse 18

Behold, when we come into the land, thou shalt bind this line of scarlet thread in the window which thou didst let us down by: and thou shalt bring thy father, and thy mother, and thy brethren, and all thy father's household, home unto thee.
scarlet thread
21; Leviticus 14:4; Numbers 4:8; 19:6; Hebrews 9:19
bring
Heb. gather. thy father.
13; 6:23; Genesis 7:1; 12:2; 19:12-17; Esther 8:6; Luke 19:9; Acts 10:27,33; Acts 11:14; 2 Timothy 1:16
Reciprocal: Joshua 2:12 - give me;  Song of Solomon 4:3 - scarlet;  Ezekiel 9:6 - but;  2 Corinthians 11:33 - I let

Verse 19

And it shall be, that whosoever shall go out of the doors of thy house into the street, his blood shall be upon his head, and we will be guiltless: and whosoever shall be with thee in the house, his blood shall be on our head, if any hand be upon him.
whosoever
Exodus 12:13,23; Numbers 35:26-28; 1 Kings 2:36-42; Matthew 24:17; Acts 27:31; Philippians 3:9; Hebrews 10:29; 1 John 2:27,28
street, his blood
Leviticus 20:9,11; 2 Samuel 1:16; 3:28,29; Ezekiel 33:4,5; Matthew 27:24,25; Acts 18:6; Acts 20:26
house, his blood
14; 2 Samuel 4:11; 1 Kings 2:32; Matthew 27:25
Reciprocal: Numbers 32:22 - be guiltless;  1 Kings 2:37 - thy blood;  Ezekiel 9:6 - but;  James 2:25 - when

Verse 20

And if thou utter this our business, then we will be quit of thine oath which thou hast made us to swear.
And if thou
Proverbs 11:13
we will be quit

Verse 21

And she said, According unto your words, so be it. And she sent them away, and they departed: and she bound the scarlet line in the window.
And she bound
18; Matthew 7:24; John 2:5
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 11:21 - Let me depart

Verse 22

And they went, and came unto the mountain, and abode there three days, until the pursuers were returned: and the pursuers sought them throughout all the way, but found them not.
found them not
1 Samuel 19:10-12; 2 Samuel 17:20; Psalms 32:6,7
Reciprocal: Numbers 13:20 - good courage;  Joshua 2:16 - Get you;  Joshua 6:17 - because

Verse 24

And they said unto Joshua, Truly the LORD hath delivered into our hands all the land; for even all the inhabitants of the country do faint because of us.
Truly the Lord
1:8; 21:44,45; Exodus 23:31; Numbers 13:32,33; Proverbs 25:13
all the inhabitants
9-11; Psalms 48:5,6; Revelation 6:16,17
faint
Heb. melt.
9,11; 5:1; Exodus 15:15 Reciprocal: Numbers 22:3 - GeneralDeuteronomy 1:28 - discouraged;  Joshua 6:1 - because;  Joshua 6:2 - I have;  Joshua 10:2 - they feared;  Judges 7:14 - into his hand;  Judges 18:9 - Arise;  2 Chronicles 14:14 - the fear;  Psalm 46:6 - earth;  Psalm 119:28 - soul;  Proverbs 27:17 - so;  Isaiah 19:1 - the heart

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/joshua-2.html.