Attention!
Take your personal ministry to the Next Level by helping StudyLight build churches and supporting pastors in Uganda.
Click here to join the effort!

Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Joshua 9

Introduction

Overview

Joshua 9:1, The kings combine against Israel; Joshua 9:3, The Gibeonites by craft obtain a league; Joshua 9:22, They are condemned to perpetual bondage.

Verse 1

all the kings: Joshua 10:2-Deuteronomy :, Joshua 10:23, Joshua 10:28-Malachi :, Joshua 11:1-Deuteronomy :, Joshua 11:10, Joshua 11:11, Joshua 12:7-Jeremiah :

on this: Joshua 1:15, Joshua 3:17, Joshua 5:1, Joshua 22:4, Joshua 22:7, Deuteronomy 4:49

of the great: Joshua 1:4, Joshua 15:12, Joshua 23:4, Numbers 34:6

Lebanon: Joshua 11:17, Joshua 12:7, Joshua 13:5, Deuteronomy 3:25

Hittite: Joshua 24:11, Genesis 15:18-Ecclesiastes :, Exodus 3:17, Exodus 23:23, Exodus 23:31, Exodus 34:11, Deuteronomy 7:1

Reciprocal: Exodus 3:8 - Canaanites Deuteronomy 1:1 - on this Joshua 6:27 - his fame Joshua 10:5 - General Joshua 11:16 - hills Joshua 12:8 - the Hittites Judges 3:5 - Canaanites 1 Chronicles 1:13 - Heth Nehemiah 9:8 - the Canaanites

Verse 2

gathered: 2 Chronicles 20:1-Amos :, Psalms 2:1, Psalms 2:2, Psalms 83:2-Ruth :, Proverbs 11:21, Isaiah 8:9, Isaiah 8:10, Isaiah 8:12, Isaiah 54:15, Joel 3:9-1 Chronicles :, Acts 4:26-Hosea :, Revelation 16:14, Revelation 20:8, Revelation 20:9

accord: Heb. mouth

Reciprocal: Joshua 10:5 - General 2 Chronicles 18:12 - assent

Verse 3

Gibeon: Joshua 9:17, Joshua 10:2, 2 Samuel 21:1, 2 Samuel 21:2

Jericho: Joshua 6:1-Daniel :, Joshua 8:1-Habakkuk :

Reciprocal: Joshua 6:27 - his fame Joshua 11:19 - the Hivites Joshua 21:17 - Gibeon 2 Samuel 2:12 - Gibeon 1 Kings 3:4 - Gibeon 1 Chronicles 12:4 - Gibeonite Nehemiah 3:7 - the Gibeonite

Verse 4

work wilily: Genesis 34:13, 1 Kings 20:31-Micah :, Matthew 10:16, Luke 16:8

ambassadors: The word tzir, an ambassador, properly denotes a hinge; because an ambassador is a person upon whom the business turns as upon a hinge. So the Latin Cardinalis, from cardo, a hinge, was the title of the prime minister of the emperor Theodosius, though now applied only to the Pope's electors and counsellors.

wine bottles: These bottles being made of skin, were consequently liable to be rent, and capable of being mended; which is done, according to Chardin, by putting in a piece, or by gathering up the wounded piece in the manner of a purse; and sometimes by inserting a flat piece of wood. Psalms 119:83, Matthew 9:17, Mark 2:22, Luke 5:37, Luke 5:38

Reciprocal: Joshua 9:12 - our bread

Verse 5

old shoes: Joshua 9:13, Deuteronomy 29:5, Deuteronomy 33:25, Luke 15:22

clouted: The word clouted signifies here patched, from the Anglo-Saxon clut, a clout or rag; and not nailed from the French clou, a nail.

Reciprocal: Joshua 9:12 - our bread

Verse 6

the camp: Joshua 5:10, Joshua 10:43

We be: Joshua 9:9, Deuteronomy 20:11-Ezra :, 1 Kings 8:41, 2 Kings 20:14

make ye: Kirthoo lanoo berith, "cut or divide with us a covenant," or rather the covenant sacrifice offered on these occasions. - See note on Deuteronomy 29:12.

Reciprocal: Joshua 9:22 - We are Joshua 10:6 - to the camp Ezra 10:3 - let us make Isaiah 39:3 - They are Ezekiel 16:14 - thy renown Hebrews 9:20 - testament

Verse 7

Hivites: Joshua 11:19, Genesis 10:17, Genesis 34:2, Exodus 3:8

how shall: Exodus 23:31-Micah :, Exodus 34:12, Numbers 33:52, Deuteronomy 7:2, Deuteronomy 7:3, Deuteronomy 20:16, Judges 2:2

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 34:18 - when

Verse 8

Joshua 9:11, Joshua 9:23, Joshua 9:25, Joshua 9:27, Genesis 9:25, Genesis 9:26, Deuteronomy 20:11, 1 Kings 9:20, 1 Kings 9:21, 2 Kings 10:5

Verse 9

From a: Deuteronomy 20:15

because: 1 Kings 8:41, 2 Chronicles 6:32, 2 Chronicles 6:33, Nehemiah 9:5, Psalms 72:19, Psalms 83:18, Psalms 148:13, Isaiah 55:5, Acts 8:7

we have: Joshua 9:24, Joshua 2:9, Joshua 2:10, Exodus 9:16, Exodus 15:14, Numbers 14:15, Isaiah 66:19

Reciprocal: Exodus 18:1 - done Joshua 6:27 - his fame Joshua 9:6 - We be Joshua 9:22 - We are 1 Kings 8:42 - For they shall 2 Kings 5:15 - now I know 2 Kings 20:14 - a far country 1 Chronicles 19:19 - the servants 2 Chronicles 20:29 - they had heard Psalms 77:14 - thou hast Psalms 126:2 - then said Psalms 145:6 - And men Isaiah 33:13 - Hear Isaiah 39:3 - They are Isaiah 60:9 - unto Ezekiel 20:9 - in whose Romans 9:17 - that

Verse 10

two kings: Numbers 21:24-Habakkuk :, Deuteronomy 2:30-Haggai :, Deuteronomy 3:1-Judges :

Ashtaroth: Joshua 12:4, Deuteronomy 1:4, 1 Chronicles 6:71

Reciprocal: Numbers 21:33 - Og Deuteronomy 1:1 - on this Joshua 9:22 - We are 1 Kings 8:42 - For they shall Psalms 77:14 - thou hast Psalms 126:2 - then said Psalms 145:6 - And men Isaiah 33:13 - Hear Jeremiah 30:15 - Why Ezekiel 20:9 - in whose

Verse 11

our elders: Esther 8:17

Take: Joshua 1:11, Matthew 10:9, Matthew 10:10, Luke 9:3

with you: Heb. in your hand, Genesis 43:12

We are your: Joshua 9:8, Esther 8:17

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 10:5 - We are thy servants Jeremiah 30:15 - Why

Verse 12

our bread: Joshua 9:4, Joshua 9:5

Verse 13

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 29:5 - and thy shoe Joshua 9:5 - old shoes Mark 2:22 - bottles Luke 5:37 - old

Verse 14

the men took of their victuals: or, they received the men by reason of their victuals

asked not: Exodus 28:30, Numbers 27:21, Judges 1:1, Judges 20:18, Judges 20:28, 1 Samuel 14:18, 1 Samuel 14:19, 1 Samuel 22:10, 1 Samuel 23:9-2 Kings :, 1 Samuel 30:7, 1 Samuel 30:8, 2 Samuel 2:1, 2 Samuel 5:19, 1 Chronicles 10:13, 1 Chronicles 10:14, Ezra 8:21, Proverbs 3:5, Proverbs 3:6, Isaiah 30:1, Isaiah 30:2, James 1:5

Reciprocal: Exodus 23:32 - shalt make Judges 20:7 - give here 1 Samuel 23:2 - inquired 1 Samuel 25:13 - Gird ye 1 Kings 22:5 - Inquire 2 Kings 3:11 - that we may 1 Chronicles 17:2 - Do all 2 Chronicles 35:22 - the mouth Luke 9:50 - Forbid 1 Timothy 5:22 - suddenly

Verse 15

made peace: Joshua 2:12-Psalms :, Joshua 6:22-Lamentations :, Joshua 11:19, Deuteronomy 20:10, Deuteronomy 20:11, 2 Samuel 21:2, Jeremiah 18:7, Jeremiah 18:8

and the: 2 Samuel 21:2

Reciprocal: Leviticus 5:4 - to do evil Joshua 9:21 - as the princes Joshua 10:1 - how the Joshua 10:4 - we may Joshua 10:6 - from thy 1 Samuel 30:15 - Swear 2 Chronicles 36:13 - who had Esther 9:27 - and upon their seed Hebrews 6:16 - an oath

Verse 16

that they heard: Proverbs 12:19

Reciprocal: Joshua 9:22 - ye dwell

Verse 17

Gibeon: Joshua 10:2, Joshua 18:25-Hosea :, 1 Chronicles 21:29, 2 Chronicles 1:3, Ezra 2:25, Nehemiah 7:29

Kirjathjearim: Joshua 15:9, Joshua 15:60, Joshua 18:14, 1 Samuel 7:1, 1 Chronicles 13:5, 1 Chronicles 13:6, 2 Chronicles 1:4

Reciprocal: Joshua 9:3 - Gibeon Joshua 18:26 - Chephirah 2 Samuel 4:2 - Beeroth 1 Chronicles 12:4 - Gibeonite

Verse 18

had sworn: 2 Samuel 21:7, Psalms 15:4, Ecclesiastes 5:2, Ecclesiastes 5:6, Ecclesiastes 9:2

Reciprocal: Genesis 24:39 - Peradventure Deuteronomy 7:2 - make no Joshua 2:12 - swear Joshua 6:22 - as ye sware unto her

Verse 19

We have: Joshua 9:20, Ecclesiastes 8:2, Ecclesiastes 9:2, Jeremiah 4:2

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 30:15 - Swear 2 Chronicles 16:3 - break 2 Chronicles 36:13 - who had

Verse 20

lest wrath: 2 Samuel 21:1-Joshua :, 2 Chronicles 36:13, Proverbs 20:25, Ezekiel 17:12-Ecclesiastes :, Zechariah 5:3, Zechariah 5:4, Malachi 3:5, Romans 1:31, 1 Timothy 1:10

Reciprocal: Genesis 24:8 - clear Exodus 20:7 - guiltless Joshua 9:19 - We have 1 Samuel 30:15 - Swear 2 Chronicles 16:3 - break Ezekiel 17:16 - whose oath

Verse 21

let them: Joshua 9:23, Joshua 9:27, Deuteronomy 29:11, 2 Chronicles 2:17, 2 Chronicles 2:18

as the princes: Joshua 9:15

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 9:2 - the Nethinims Ezra 2:58 - Nethinims

Verse 22

Wherefore: Genesis 3:13, Genesis 3:14, Genesis 27:35, Genesis 27:36, Genesis 27:41-Romans :, Genesis 29:25, 2 Corinthians 11:3

We are: Joshua 9:6, Joshua 9:9, Joshua 9:10

ye dwell: Joshua 9:16

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 20:11 - tributaries

Verse 23

Genesis 9:25, Genesis 9:26, Leviticus 27:28, Leviticus 27:29

cursed: This may refer to the original curse pronounced against the descendants of Canaan: both of them seem to have implied nothing else than perpetual slavery. The Gibeonites were brought, no doubt, under tribute; performed the meanest offices for the Israelites; being in the same condition as the servile class of Hindoos, called the Chetrees; had their national importance annihilated, and yet were never permitted to incorporate themselves with the Israelites.

none of you be freed: Heb. not be cut off from you

hewers: In the East, collecting wood for fuel, and carrying water, are the peculiar employment of females. The Arab women of Barbary, and the daughters of the Turcomans, are thus employed. Hence Mr. Harmer concludes, that the bitterness of the doom of the Gibeonites does not seem to have consisted in the labouriousness of the service enjoined them, but its disgracing them from the characteristic employment of men, that of bearing arms, and condemning them and their posterity for ever to the employment of females. Joshua 9:21, Joshua 9:27

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 20:11 - tributaries Joshua 9:8 - General 1 Chronicles 20:3 - with saws Ezra 2:58 - Nethinims Nehemiah 7:46 - Nethinims Esther 7:4 - But if we Psalms 123:2 - as the eyes Galatians 1:8 - let

Verse 24

the Lord: Exodus 23:31-Micah :, Numbers 33:51, Numbers 33:52, Numbers 33:55, Numbers 33:56, Deuteronomy 7:1, Deuteronomy 7:2, Deuteronomy 7:23, Deuteronomy 7:24, Deuteronomy 20:15-Esther :

we were sore: Exodus 15:14-Nehemiah :, Job 2:4, Matthew 10:28

Reciprocal: Numbers 22:3 - General Deuteronomy 2:25 - General Deuteronomy 2:34 - utterly destroyed Deuteronomy 20:16 - General Joshua 6:21 - utterly Joshua 9:9 - we have Joshua 10:6 - from thy Joshua 10:40 - as the Lord Joshua 11:12 - as Moses 2 Kings 5:15 - now I know 2 Kings 10:5 - We are thy servants 1 Chronicles 14:17 - the fear of him Isaiah 27:5 - let him Micah 7:17 - they shall be Habakkuk 3:7 - saw the Luke 15:19 - make

Verse 25

we are: Genesis 16:6, Judges 8:15, 2 Samuel 24:14, Isaiah 47:6, Jeremiah 26:14, Jeremiah 38:5

as it seemeth: Judges 10:15, 1 Samuel 3:18, Matthew 11:26

Reciprocal: Joshua 6:21 - utterly Joshua 9:8 - General Joshua 10:6 - from thy 2 Kings 10:5 - We are thy servants Isaiah 27:5 - let him Luke 15:19 - make

Verse 27

made them: Heb. gave, or delivered to be, Joshua 9:21, Joshua 9:23, 1 Chronicles 9:2, Ezra 2:43, Ezra 8:20, Nehemiah 7:60, Nehemiah 11:3, Nethinim

in the place: Joshua 18:1, Deuteronomy 12:5, Deuteronomy 16:2, Deuteronomy 16:6, Deuteronomy 16:16, 2 Chronicles 6:6, Psalms 78:68, Psalms 132:13, Psalms 132:14, Isaiah 14:32

Reciprocal: Genesis 9:25 - a servant Deuteronomy 20:11 - tributaries Deuteronomy 20:16 - General Joshua 9:8 - General Ezra 2:58 - Nethinims Nehemiah 10:34 - the wood offering Psalms 123:2 - as the eyes Ezekiel 48:18 - that serve

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/joshua-9.html.