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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Judges 4

Overview

Judges 4:1, Deborah and Barak deliver them from Jabin and Sisera; Judges 4:17, Jael kills Sisera.

Verse 1

am 2699, bc 1305, An, Ex, Is, 186

did evil: Judges 2:11, Judges 2:19, Judges 2:20, Judges 3:7, Judges 3:12, Judges 6:1, Judges 10:6, Leviticus 26:23-25, Nehemiah 9:23-30, Psalms 106:43-45, Jeremiah 5:3

Reciprocal: Joshua 23:15 - so shall Judges 3:31 - Israel Judges 13:1 - did 1 Samuel 8:8 - General 1 Kings 14:22 - Judah 1 Chronicles 8:6 - Ehud Nehemiah 9:28 - did evil again Psalms 106:41 - he gave Jeremiah 21:2 - according Hebrews 11:32 - Barak

Verse 2

sold: Judges 2:14, Judges 2:15, Judges 10:7, Isaiah 50:1, Matthew 18:25, "It seems to concern only north Israel."

Hazor: Joshua 11:1, Joshua 11:10, Joshua 11:11, Joshua 19:36

Sisera: 1 Samuel 12:9, Psalms 83:9

Harosheth: Judges 4:13, Judges 4:16

Reciprocal: Numbers 10:9 - oppresseth Deuteronomy 28:29 - thou shalt be Deuteronomy 28:43 - General Joshua 5:1 - Canaanites Joshua 12:19 - Hazor Joshua 23:15 - so shall Judges 3:3 - Canaanites 2 Samuel 10:18 - Shobach 1 Kings 9:15 - Hazor 2 Kings 15:29 - Hazor Ezra 5:12 - he gave Psalms 106:41 - he gave Daniel 1:2 - the Lord Joel 3:8 - I will

Verse 3

cried: Judges 3:9, Judges 3:15, Judges 10:16, 1 Samuel 7:8, Psalms 50:15, Psalms 78:34, Jeremiah 2:27, Jeremiah 2:28

chariots: Judges 1:19, Joshua 17:16

mightily: Judges 5:8, Deuteronomy 28:29, Deuteronomy 28:33, Deuteronomy 28:47, Deuteronomy 28:48, Psalms 106:42

Reciprocal: Exodus 14:7 - General Leviticus 25:14 - General Numbers 10:9 - oppresseth Deuteronomy 20:1 - horses Deuteronomy 28:43 - General Judges 3:31 - Israel Judges 4:13 - nine 1 Samuel 12:10 - And they 2 Samuel 7:10 - as beforetime 1 Kings 20:1 - and horses 1 Chronicles 17:10 - And since 1 Chronicles 19:7 - hired Job 3:18 - they Psalms 22:5 - cried Psalms 106:44 - General Psalms 107:13 - General Ecclesiastes 4:1 - and considered Hosea 5:15 - in their John 8:33 - and were

Verse 4

am 2719, bc 1285, An, Ex, Is, 206, Exodus 15:20, 2 Kings 22:14, Nehemiah 6:14, Joel 2:28, Joel 2:29, Micah 6:4, Luke 2:36, Acts 21:9, 1 Corinthians 11:5, Galatians 3:28

Reciprocal: Judges 5:7 - a mother 2 Chronicles 34:22 - the prophetess Isaiah 8:3 - the prophetess Ezekiel 13:17 - prophesy

Verse 5

the palm: Genesis 35:8

between: Joshua 16:2, Joshua 18:22, Joshua 18:25, 1 Samuel 1:1, 1 Samuel 1:19, 1 Samuel 6:16, 1 Samuel 6:17, 1 Samuel 25:1, Jeremiah 31:15

came up: Exodus 18:13, Exodus 18:16, Exodus 18:19, Exodus 18:26, Deuteronomy 17:8-12, 2 Samuel 15:2-6

Reciprocal: Judges 2:16 - the Lord Judges 5:14 - of Ephraim

Verse 6

Barak: Judges 5:1, Hebrews 11:32

Kedeshnaphtali: Joshua 19:32, Joshua 19:37, Joshua 21:32

Hath: Joshua 1:9, Psalms 7:6, Isaiah 13:2-5, Acts 13:47

Tabor: Judges 8:18, 1 Samuel 10:3, Psalms 89:12, Jeremiah 46:18, Hosea 5:1

ten thousand: Judges 4:10, Judges 5:14-18

Reciprocal: Genesis 49:21 - General Deuteronomy 11:29 - General Joshua 8:8 - I have Joshua 19:12 - Chislothtabor Joshua 19:22 - Tabor Judges 4:11 - Kedesh Judges 4:12 - mount Tabor Judges 5:15 - Barak Judges 5:18 - in the high Judges 5:23 - the angel Judges 6:14 - Go in 1 Kings 8:44 - whithersoever 1 Chronicles 6:76 - Kedesh 1 Chronicles 6:77 - Tabor 1 Chronicles 14:10 - Go up Psalms 68:11 - Lord

Verse 7

And I: Exodus 14:4, Joshua 11:20, Ezekiel 38:10-16, Joel 3:11-14

Kishon: Judges 5:21, 1 Kings 18:40, Psalms 83:9, Psalms 83:10

deliver: Judges 4:14, Exodus 21:13, Joshua 8:7, Joshua 10:8, Joshua 11:6, 1 Samuel 24:10, 1 Samuel 24:18

Reciprocal: Judges 4:13 - nine 1 Chronicles 14:10 - Go up Revelation 16:16 - he

Verse 8

Exodus 4:10-14, Matthew 14:30, Matthew 14:31

Reciprocal: Judges 4:14 - for this Judges 7:10 - General 2 Kings 6:3 - go with thy

Verse 9

notwithstanding: 1 Samuel 2:30, 2 Chronicles 26:18

sell Sisera: Judges 2:14

into: Judges 4:17-22, Judges 5:24-27, Judges 9:54, 2 Samuel 20:21, 2 Samuel 20:22

Reciprocal: Judges 3:8 - he sold Judges 7:10 - General Judges 7:13 - a cake 1 Chronicles 6:72 - Kedesh Joel 3:8 - I will

Verse 10

Zebulun: Judges 4:6, Judges 5:18

at his: Judges 5:15, Exodus 11:8, 1 Samuel 25:27, 1 Kings 20:11, *marg.

Reciprocal: Genesis 30:20 - and she Genesis 49:21 - General Judges 3:28 - Follow Judges 5:14 - after 2 Samuel 15:16 - after him 1 Kings 20:10 - follow me 2 Kings 3:9 - that followed them Daniel 11:43 - at his

Verse 11

Heber: Judges 1:16, Numbers 10:29, Numbers 24:21

Hobab: Exodus 2:18, Exodus 3:1, Exodus 18:1

Zaanaim: Joshua 19:33, Joshua 19:37, Zaanannim

Kedesh: Judges 4:6, Joshua 19:37

Reciprocal: Numbers 10:32 - General 1 Samuel 15:6 - the Kenites 1 Samuel 27:10 - Kenites 1 Chronicles 2:55 - Kenites

Verse 12

mount Tabor: Judges 4:6, Joshua 19:12, Joshua 19:34, Psalms 89:12, Jeremiah 46:18

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 10:3 - Tabor

Verse 13

gathered: Heb. gathered by cry, or proclamation

nine: Judges 4:2, Judges 4:3, Judges 4:7

chariots of iron: Probably chariots armed with iron scythes, projecting from the axle on each side, by which the infantry might be easily cut down or thrown into confusion. The ancient Britons are said to have had such chariots.

Reciprocal: Judges 5:21 - Kishon 2 Chronicles 12:3 - twelve hundred

Verse 14

Up: Judges 19:28, Genesis 19:14, Genesis 44:4, Joshua 7:13, 1 Samuel 9:26

for this: This is exactly the purpose for which the Septuagint states, Judges 4:8, that Barak wished Deborah to accompany him: "Because I know not the day in which God will send his angel to give me prosperity."

is not: Deuteronomy 9:3, 2 Samuel 5:24, Psalms 68:7, Psalms 68:8, Isaiah 52:12, Micah 2:13

mount: Mount Tabor, called by the Arabs Djebel Tour, is almost entirely insulated, and rises up in the plain of Esdraelon, about six miles from Nazareth, in a conical form, somewhat like a sugar-loaf. Josephus states its height to be thirty stadia, with a plain of 26 stadia in circumference on its top, on which was formerly a city, which was used as a military post. It is described as an exceedingly beautiful mountain, having a rich soil, producing excellent herbage, and adorned with groves and clumps of trees.

Reciprocal: Joshua 10:8 - General Judges 4:7 - deliver Judges 5:14 - after Judges 5:15 - Barak Judges 5:18 - in the high Judges 7:9 - I have delivered Judges 7:15 - Arise 1 Samuel 14:12 - Come up after me 1 Chronicles 14:15 - then thou 1 Chronicles 22:16 - Arise

Verse 15

Judges 5:20, Judges 5:21, Joshua 10:10, 2 Kings 7:6, 2 Chronicles 13:15-17, Psalms 83:9, Psalms 83:10, Hebrews 11:32

Reciprocal: Exodus 14:7 - General Exodus 14:25 - took off Joshua 10:8 - General Judges 5:28 - Why is Judges 7:9 - I have delivered 1 Samuel 7:10 - discomfited Psalms 33:17 - An horse Jeremiah 46:6 - not

Verse 16

pursued: Leviticus 26:7, Leviticus 26:8, Joshua 10:19, Joshua 10:20, Joshua 11:8, Psalms 104:35, Romans 2:12, James 2:13

there: Isaiah 43:17

a man left: Heb. unto one

Reciprocal: Judges 4:2 - Harosheth 1 Samuel 11:11 - so that two 1 Samuel 30:17 - and there Hosea 9:12 - not

Verse 17

fled: Job 12:19-21, Job 18:7-12, Job 40:11, Job 40:12, Psalms 37:35, Psalms 37:36, Psalms 107:40, Proverbs 29:23, Amos 5:19, Amos 5:20

Jael: Judges 5:6, Judges 5:24

peace: Psalms 69:22, Isaiah 57:21

Reciprocal: Joshua 11:1 - Jabin Judges 1:16 - the Kenite Judges 4:9 - into 1 Samuel 7:14 - peace Job 27:22 - he would fain flee Amos 2:16 - flee

Verse 18

Jael: 2 Kings 6:19

mantle: or, rug, or blanket

Reciprocal: Genesis 38:1 - turned Judges 5:6 - Jael

Verse 19

Give me: Judges 5:25, Judges 5:26, Genesis 24:43, 1 Kings 17:10, Isaiah 41:17, John 4:7

Verse 20

Is there: Joshua 2:3-5, 2 Samuel 17:20

Verse 21

took: Judges 3:21, Judges 3:31, Judges 5:26, Judges 15:15, 1 Samuel 17:43, 1 Samuel 17:49, 1 Samuel 17:50, 1 Corinthians 1:19, 1 Corinthians 1:27

a nail: One of the spikes of the tent. See note on Exodus 35:18.

and took: Heb. and put

smote: Psalms 3:7

he died: Judges 5:27

Reciprocal: Judges 7:13 - a cake 2 Samuel 18:14 - thrust them Psalms 107:40 - contempt

Verse 22

and I will: 2 Samuel 17:3, 2 Samuel 17:10-15

Reciprocal: Genesis 37:15 - What 2 Samuel 10:18 - Shobach

Verse 23

1 Chronicles 22:18, Nehemiah 9:24, Psalms 18:39, Psalms 18:47, Psalms 47:3, Psalms 81:14, 1 Corinthians 15:28, Hebrews 11:33

Reciprocal: Judges 3:3 - Canaanites Psalms 74:12 - working

Verse 24

prospered: etc. Heb. going, went and was hard against, 1 Samuel 3:12

Reciprocal: Judges 3:3 - Canaanites Psalms 74:12 - working

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Judges 4". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/judges-4.html.