Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Mark 4

Introduction

1The parable of the sower,
14and the meaning thereof.
21We must communicate the light of our knowledge to others.
26The parable of the seed growing secretly;
30and of the mustard seed.
35Christ stilleth the tempest on the sea.

Verse 1

And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land.
he began
2:13; Matthew 13:1,2-9; Luke 8:4-8
so that
Luke 5:1-3
Reciprocal: Matthew 5:1 - seeing;  Mark 2:2 - straightway;  Mark 4:36 - even;  Luke 5:3 - he sat

Verses 1-9

And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land.
he began
2:13; Matthew 13:1,2-9; Luke 8:4-8
so that
Luke 5:1-3

Verse 2

And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine,
by parables
11,34; 3:23; Psalms 49:4; 78:2; Matthew 13:3,10,34,35
in his
12:38; Matthew 7:28; John 7:16,17; 18:19
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 17:7 - to teach;  Mark 2:2 - straightway;  Mark 12:1 - he began;  Luke 5:3 - he sat;  Luke 8:5 - sower

Verse 3

Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow:
Hearken
9,23; 7:14,16; Deuteronomy 4:1; Psalms 34:11; 45:10; Proverbs 7:24; 8:32; Isaiah 46:3,12; Isaiah 55:1,2; Acts 2:14; Hebrews 2:1-3; James 2:5; Revelation 2:7,11,29
there
14,26-29; Ecclesiastes 11:6; Isaiah 28:23-26; Matthew 13:3,24,26; Luke 8:5-8; John 4:35-38; 1 Corinthians 3:6-9

Verse 4

And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up.
15; Genesis 15:11; Matthew 13:4,19; Luke 8:5,12
Reciprocal: Mark 4:26 - as

Verse 5

And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth:
16,17; Ezekiel 11:19; 36:26; Hosea 10:12; Amos 6:12; Matthew 13:5,6,20; Luke 8:6,13
Reciprocal: 1 John 2:19 - went out

Verse 6

But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.
the sun
Song of Solomon 1:6; Isaiah 25:4; Jonah 4:8; James 1:11; Revelation 7:16
no root
Psalms 1:3,4; 92:13-15; Jeremiah 17:5-8; Ephesians 3:17; Colossians 2:7; 2 Thessalonians 2:10; Jude 1:12
Reciprocal: Mark 4:17 - have;  Luke 8:6 - General1 John 2:19 - went out

Verse 7

And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit.
18,19; Genesis 3:17,18; Jeremiah 4:3; Matthew 13:7,22; Luke 8:7,14; 12:15; 21:34; 1 Timothy 6:9,10; 1 John 2:15,16

Verse 8

And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred.
fell
20; Isaiah 58:1; Jeremiah 23:29; Matthew 13:8,23; Luke 8:8,15; John 1:12,13; John 3:19-21; 7:17; 15:5; Acts 17:11; Colossians 1:6; Hebrews 4:1,2; James 1:19-22; 1 Peter 2:1-3
an hundred
Genesis 26:12; Philippians 1:11
Reciprocal: Luke 4:5 - taking

Verse 9

And he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
See on ver
3,23,24; 7:14,16; Matthew 11:15; 13:9; 15:10; Luke 8:18; Revelation 3:6,13,22
Reciprocal: Job 33:1 - hear;  Luke 4:5 - taking

Verse 10

And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable.
34; 7:17; Proverbs 13:20; Matthew 13:10-17,36; Luke 8:9-15
Reciprocal: Proverbs 28:5 - GeneralIsaiah 8:16 - among;  Matthew 11:25 - because;  Matthew 17:19 - GeneralMark 9:28 - asked;  Mark 10:10 - General

Verses 10-20

And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable.
34; 7:17; Proverbs 13:20; Matthew 13:10-17,36; Luke 8:9-15

Verse 11

And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all these things are done in parables:
Unto you
Matthew 11:25; 13:11,12,16; 16:17; Luke 8:10; 10:21-24; 1 Corinthians 4:7; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Ephesians 1:9; 2:4-10; Titus 3:3-7; James 1:16-18; 1 John 5:20
them
1 Corinthians 5:12,13; Colossians 4:5; 1 Thessalonians 4:12; 1 Timothy 3:7
all these
Matthew 13:13
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 9:2 - all;  Proverbs 1:6 - a proverb;  Proverbs 18:1 - seeketh;  Isaiah 8:16 - among;  Daniel 12:10 - but the wise;  Mark 4:2 - by parables;  Mark 8:29 - But;  Mark 12:1 - he began;  Romans 11:8 - eyes;  1 Corinthians 4:1 - mysteries;  1 Corinthians 14:2 - howbeit;  Colossians 1:26 - now

Verse 12

That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them.
That seeing
Rather, as [ ()] frequently denotes, "So that seeing they see, and do not perceive, and hearing they hear, and do not understand," etc. The expression appears to be proverbial; and relates to those who might see what they now overlook through inattention and folly. See the parallel texts.
Deuteronomy 29:4; Isaiah 6:9,10; 44:18; Jeremiah 5:21; Matthew 13:14,15; Luke 8:10; John 12:37-41; Acts 28:25-27; Romans 11:8-10
be converted
Jeremiah 31:18-20; Ezekiel 18:27-32; Acts 3:19; 2 Timothy 2:25; Hebrews 6:6
Reciprocal: Psalm 80:7 - we shall;  Psalm 106:7 - Our;  Jeremiah 36:3 - that I;  Ezekiel 12:2 - which;  Daniel 8:15 - sought;  Zechariah 7:12 - lest;  Matthew 18:3 - Except;  Mark 8:18 - see;  Luke 11:34 - but;  John 12:40 - hath;  Acts 5:31 - forgiveness;  Acts 28:26 - Go

Verse 13

And he said unto them, Know ye not this parable? and how then will ye know all parables?
Know
7:17,18; Matthew 13:51,52; 15:15-17; 16:8,9; Luke 24:25; 1 Corinthians 3:1,2; Hebrews 5:11-14; Revelation 3:19
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 17:12 - Know;  Zechariah 4:5 - Knowest;  Matthew 13:3 - in;  John 13:12 - Know;  John 16:25 - proverbs

Verse 14

The sower soweth the word.
sower
See on ver.
3; Isaiah 32:20; Matthew 13:19,37; Luke 8:11
the word
2:2; Colossians 1:5,6; 1 Peter 1:23-25
Reciprocal: Matthew 13:18 - GeneralMark 4:26 - as

Verse 15

And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts.
these
See on ver.
4; Genesis 19:14; Isaiah 53:1; Matthew 22:5; Luke 8:12; 14:18,19; Acts 17:18-20,32; 18:14-17; 25:19,20; 26:31,32; Hebrews 2:1; 12:16
Satan
Job 1:6-12; Zechariah 3:1; Matthew 13:19; Acts 5:3; 2 Corinthians 2:11; 4:3,4; 2 Thessalonians 2:9; 1 Peter 5:8; Revelation 12:9; 20:2,3,7,10
Reciprocal: Luke 8:5 - sower

Verse 16

And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness;
which
6:20; 10:17-22; Ezekiel 33:31,32; Matthew 8:19,20; 13:20,21; Luke 8:13; John 5:35; Acts 8:13,18-21; 24:25,26; 26:28
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 24:2 - Joash;  2 Chronicles 26:5 - he sought God;  Isaiah 58:2 - they seek;  Ezekiel 36:26 - the stony;  Mark 4:5 - GeneralLuke 8:6 - GeneralJohn 2:23 - many;  Acts 2:42 - they;  1 Corinthians 15:1 - which also;  Hebrews 6:5 - tasted;  1 John 2:19 - went out

Verse 17

And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended.
have
5,6; Job 19:28; 27:8-10; Matthew 12:31; Luke 12:10; John 8:31; 15:2-7; 2 Timothy 1:15; 2:17,18; 4:10; 1 John 2:19
when
Matthew 11:6; 13:21; 24:9,10; 1 Corinthians 10:12,13; Galatians 6:12; 1 Thessalonians 3:3-5; 2 Timothy 4:16; Hebrews 10:29; Revelation 2:10,13
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 24:2 - Joash;  2 Chronicles 26:5 - he sought God;  Isaiah 58:2 - they seek;  Ezekiel 33:32 - of one;  Ezekiel 36:26 - the stony;  Matthew 5:11 - for;  Matthew 13:20 - anon;  Luke 6:49 - immediately;  Luke 8:6 - GeneralLuke 8:13 - receive;  John 2:23 - many;  Acts 2:42 - they;  Hebrews 6:5 - tasted;  Hebrews 11:27 - endured;  Revelation 7:16 - the sun

Verse 18

And these are they which are sown among thorns; such as hear the word,
See on ver
7; Jeremiah 4:3; Matthew 13:22; Luke 8:14
Reciprocal: Matthew 13:7 - GeneralLuke 8:7 - thorns

Verse 19

And the cares of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful.
the cares
Luke 10:41; 12:17-21,29,30; 14:18-20; 21:34; Philippians 4:6; 2 Timothy 4:10
the deceitfulness
Proverbs 23:5; Ecclesiastes 4:8; 5:10-16; 1 Timothy 6:9,10,17
and the lusts
1 Peter 4:2,3; 1 John 2:15-17
unfruitful
Isaiah 5:2,4; Matthew 3:10; John 15:2; Hebrews 6:7,8; 2 Peter 1:8; Jude 1:12
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 4:3 - Break;  Matthew 6:25 - Take;  Matthew 13:7 - GeneralMatthew 13:22 - the deceitfulness;  Mark 4:7 - GeneralLuke 8:7 - thorns;  Luke 8:14 - and are;  Ephesians 2:3 - in the;  2 Timothy 3:6 - divers

Verse 20

And these are they which are sown on good ground; such as hear the word, and receive it, and bring forth fruit, some thirtyfold, some sixty, and some an hundred.
which
See on ver.
8; Matthew 13:23; Luke 8:15; John 15:4,5; Romans 7:4; Galatians 5:22,23; Philippians 1:11; Colossians 1:10; 1 Thessalonians 4:1; 2 Peter 1:8
an hundred
Genesis 26:12
Reciprocal: Luke 8:8 - other;  Luke 19:18 - thy

Verse 21

And he said unto them, Is a candle brought to be put under a bushel, or under a bed? and not to be set on a candlestick?
Is a
Isaiah 60:1-3; Matthew 5:15; Luke 8:16; 11:33; 1 Corinthians 12:7; Ephesians 5:3-15; Philippians 2:15,16
bushel
"The word in the original signifieth a less measure, as Mt 5:15, marg."

Verse 21-22

And he said unto them, Is a candle brought to be put under a bushel, or under a bed? and not to be set on a candlestick?
Is a
Isaiah 60:1-3; Matthew 5:15; Luke 8:16; 11:33; 1 Corinthians 12:7; Ephesians 5:3-15; Philippians 2:15,16
bushel
"The word in the original signifieth a less measure, as Mt 5:15, marg."

Verse 22

For there is nothing hid, which shall not be manifested; neither was any thing kept secret, but that it should come abroad.
Psalms 40:9,10; 78:2-4; Ecclesiastes 12:14; Matthew 10:26,27; Luke 8:17; 12:2,3; Acts 4:20; Acts 20:27; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 1 John 1:1-3
Reciprocal: Luke 8:16 - when;  Luke 11:33 - when

Verse 23

If any man have ears to hear, let him hear.
9; Matthew 11:15; Revelation 2:7,11,17,29
Reciprocal: Proverbs 5:1 - attend;  Matthew 13:9 - GeneralMark 4:3 - Hearken;  Mark 7:16 - GeneralLuke 8:18 - heed

Verse 24

And he said unto them, Take heed what ye hear: with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you: and unto you that hear shall more be given.
Take
Proverbs 19:27; Luke 8:18; Acts 17:11; Hebrews 2:1; 1 John 4:1; 1 Peter 2:2; 2 Peter 2:1-3
with
Matthew 7:2; Luke 6:37,38; 2 Corinthians 9:6
hear
9:7; Isaiah 55:3; John 5:25; 10:16,27
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 17:21 - Take;  Matthew 13:12 - For whosoever;  Mark 4:9 - GeneralLuke 6:27 - unto;  Luke 11:36 - the whole;  John 10:5 - GeneralRomans 10:17 - and hearing

Verse 25

For he that hath, to him shall be given: and he that hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he hath.
Matthew 13:12; 25:28,29; Luke 8:18; 16:9-12; 19:24-26; John 15:2
Reciprocal: Luke 11:36 - the whole;  Luke 19:26 - That unto

Verse 26

And he said, So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed into the ground;
So
Matthew 3:2; 4:17; 13:11,31,33; Luke 13:18
as
3,4,14-20; Proverbs 11:18; Ecclesiastes 11:4,6; Isaiah 28:24-26; 32:20; Matthew 13:3,24; Luke 8:5,11; John 4:36-38; 12:24; 1 Corinthians 3:6-9; James 3:18; 1 Peter 1:23-25
Reciprocal: Isaiah 61:11 - as the earth;  Matthew 13:26 - GeneralJohn 3:8 - so;  1 Corinthians 3:9 - ye are God's;  1 Corinthians 15:38 - GeneralColossians 1:6 - bringeth

Verse 27

And should sleep, and rise night and day, and the seed should spring and grow up, he knoweth not how.
and grow
Ecclesiastes 8:17; 11:5; John 3:7,8; 1 Corinthians 15:37,38; 2 Thessalonians 1:3; 2 Peter 3:18
Reciprocal: John 9:10 - General

Verse 28

For the earth bringeth forth fruit of herself; first the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn in the ear.
the earth
Genesis 1:11,12; 2:4,5,9; 4:11,12; Isaiah 61:11
first
31,32; Psalms 1:3; 92:13,14; Proverbs 4:18; Ecclesiastes 3:1,11; Hosea 6:3; Philippians 1:6,9-11; Colossians 1:10; 1 Thessalonians 3:12,13
blade
Matthew 13:26
Reciprocal: 2 Thessalonians 1:11 - fulfil

Verse 29

But when the fruit is brought forth, immediately he putteth in the sickle, because the harvest is come.
brought forth
or, ripe.
Job 5:26; 2 Timothy 4:7,8
he putteth
Isaiah 57:1,2; Joel 3:13; Matthew 13:30,40-43; Revelation 14:13-17
Reciprocal: Revelation 14:14 - a sharp

Verse 30

And he said, Whereunto shall we liken the kingdom of God? or with what comparison shall we compare it?
Lamentations 2:13; Matthew 11:16; Luke 13:18,20,21
Reciprocal: Matthew 13:24 - The kingdom;  Matthew 13:31 - The kingdom;  Luke 7:31 - Whereunto;  Luke 10:9 - The kingdom;  Acts 5:24 - this

Verses 30-32

And he said, Whereunto shall we liken the kingdom of God? or with what comparison shall we compare it?
Lamentations 2:13; Matthew 11:16; Luke 13:18,20,21

Verse 31

It is like a grain of mustard seed, which, when it is sown in the earth, is less than all the seeds that be in the earth:
like
Matthew 13:31-33; Luke 13:18,19
mustard seed
Mustard, [sinapi (siĆ°napi)] is a well-known plant of the tetradynamia siliquosa class, distinguished by its yellow cruciform flowers, with expanding calyx, and its pods smooth, square, and close to the stem. Its seed was probably the smallest known to the Jews; and though its ordinary height does not exceed four feet, yet a species grows to the height of from three to five cubits, with a tapering, ligneous stalk, and spreading branches.
is less than
Genesis 22:17,18; Psalms 72:16-19; Isaiah 2:2,3; 9:7; 49:6,7; 53:2,12; 54:1-3; Isaiah 60:22; Ezekiel 17:22-24; Daniel 2:34,35,44,45; Amos 9:11-15; Micah 4:1,2; Zechariah 2:11; 8:20-23; 12:8; 14:6-9; Malachi 1:11; Acts 2:41; 4:4; 5:14; 19:20; Acts 21:20; Revelation 11:15; 20:1-6
Reciprocal: Jonah 1:16 - feared;  Matthew 17:20 - a grain;  Mark 4:28 - first

Verse 32

But when it is sown, it groweth up, and becometh greater than all herbs, and shooteth out great branches; so that the fowls of the air may lodge under the shadow of it.
and becometh
Proverbs 4:18; Isaiah 11:9
shooteth
Psalms 80:9-11; Ezekiel 31:3-10; Daniel 4:10-14,20-22
lodge
Psalms 91:1; Song of Solomon 2:3; Isaiah 32:2; Lamentations 4:20
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 31:17 - dwelt;  Mark 4:28 - first;  Luke 13:19 - like

Verse 33

And with many such parables spake he the word unto them, as they were able to hear it.
with
Matthew 13:34,35
as
John 16:12; 1 Corinthians 3:1,2; Hebrews 5:11-14
Reciprocal: Genesis 33:14 - be able;  Ezekiel 17:2 - GeneralMatthew 13:10 - Why;  Matthew 13:53 - he;  Matthew 22:1 - GeneralMark 12:1 - he began;  2 Timothy 2:15 - rightly

Verse 34

But without a parable spake he not unto them: and when they were alone, he expounded all things to his disciples.
when
10; 7:17-23; Matthew 13:36-43; 15:15-20; Luke 8:9,10; 24:27,44-46
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 10:1 - prove him;  2 Chronicles 9:2 - all;  Psalm 78:2 - dark sayings;  Proverbs 1:6 - a proverb;  Isaiah 8:16 - among;  Ezekiel 17:2 - GeneralMatthew 13:10 - Why;  Matthew 13:34 - GeneralMatthew 13:51 - Have;  Matthew 22:1 - GeneralMark 4:2 - by parables;  Mark 9:28 - asked;  Mark 10:32 - And he;  Mark 12:1 - he began;  Mark 13:3 - privately;  Acts 20:20 - and have

Verse 35

And the same day, when the even was come, he saith unto them, Let us pass over unto the other side.
the same
Matthew 8:23; Luke 8:22
Let
5:21; 6:45; 8:13; Matthew 8:18; 14:22; John 6:1,17,25
Reciprocal: Mark 5:1 - General

Verses 35-41

And the same day, when the even was come, he saith unto them, Let us pass over unto the other side.
the same
Matthew 8:23; Luke 8:22
Let
5:21; 6:45; 8:13; Matthew 8:18; 14:22; John 6:1,17,25

Verse 36

And when they had sent away the multitude, they took him even as he was in the ship. And there were also with him other little ships.
even
1; 3:9
Reciprocal: Matthew 8:23 - General

Verse 37

And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that it was now full.
there arose
Matthew 8:23,24; Luke 8:22,23
great storm
Job 1:12,19; Psalms 107:23-31; Jonah 1:4; Acts 27:14-20,41; 2 Corinthians 11:25
Reciprocal: Psalm 93:4 - mightier;  Jonah 1:6 - arise

Verse 38

And he was in the hinder part of the ship, asleep on a pillow: and they awake him, and say unto him, Master, carest thou not that we perish?
in the
John 4:6; Hebrews 2:17; 4:15
and they
1 Kings 18:27-29; Job 8:5,6; Psalms 44:23,24; Isaiah 51:9,10; Matthew 8:25; Luke 8:24
carest
Psalms 10:1,2; 22:1,2; 77:7-10; Isaiah 40:27,28; 49:14-16; 54:6-8; 63:15; Isaiah 64:12; Lamentations 3:8; 1 Peter 5:7
Reciprocal: Matthew 8:24 - there;  Mark 8:32 - Peter

Verse 39

And he arose, and rebuked the wind, and said unto the sea, Peace, be still. And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm.
he arose
Exodus 14:16,22,28,29; Job 38:11; Psalms 29:10; 93:3,4; 104:7-9; 107:29; Psalms 148:8; Proverbs 8:29; Jeremiah 5:22
rebuked
9:25; Nahum 1:4; Luke 4:39
the wind
Psalms 89:9; Lamentations 3:31
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 18:27 - must be awaked;  Isaiah 17:13 - rebuke;  Isaiah 50:2 - at my;  Habakkuk 3:8 - the Lord;  Matthew 8:3 - I will;  Matthew 8:9 - Go;  Matthew 8:25 - and awoke;  Matthew 8:26 - and rebuked;  Mark 1:41 - I;  Mark 6:51 - and the;  Luke 8:24 - and rebuked

Verse 40

And he said unto them, Why are ye so fearful? how is it that ye have no faith?
Why
Psalms 46:1-3; Isaiah 42:3; 43:2; Matthew 8:26; 14:31; Luke 8:25; John 6:19,20
no faith
Matthew 6:30; 16:8
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 27:1 - And David;  Proverbs 3:25 - Be;  Isaiah 37:6 - Be not;  Matthew 16:11 - General

Verse 41

And they feared exceedingly, and said one to another, What manner of man is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?
feared
5:33; 1 Samuel 12:18-20,24; Psalms 89:7; Jonah 1:9,10,15,16; Malachi 2:5; Hebrews 12:28; Revelation 15:4
What
7:37; Job 38:11; Matthew 8:27; 14:32; Luke 4:36; 8:25 Reciprocal: Psalm 29:10 - sitteth;  Psalm 89:9 - GeneralMatthew 8:26 - and rebuked;  Mark 5:42 - GeneralMark 6:51 - and they;  John 11:43 - Lazarus

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Mark 4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/mark-4.html.