Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Matthew 12

Introduction

1Christ reproves the blindness of the Pharisees concerning the breach of the sabbath,
3by scripture,
9by reason,
13and by a miracle.
22He heals a man possessed that was blind and dumb;
24and confuting the absurd charge of casting out devils by Beelzebub, he shows that blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall never be forgiven.
36Account shall be made of idle words.
38He rebukes the unfaithful, who seek after a sign,
46and shows who is his brother, sister, and mother.

Verse 1

At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat.
went
Mark 2:23-28; Luke 6:1-5
to pluck
Deuteronomy 23:25
Reciprocal: Matthew 21:18 - he hungered;  John 9:14 - GeneralActs 10:10 - he became

Verses 1-8

At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat.
went
Mark 2:23-28; Luke 6:1-5
to pluck
Deuteronomy 23:25

Verse 2

But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day.
Behold
10; Exodus 20:9-11; 23:12; 31:15-17; 35:2; Numbers 15:32-36; Isaiah 58:13; Mark 3:2-5; Luke 6:6-11; 13:10-17; 23:56; John 5:9-11,16,17; 7:21-24; John 9:14-16
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 23:25 - then thou mayest;  Luke 6:2 - Why;  John 5:10 - it is not

Verse 3

But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;
Have
5; 19:4; 21:16; 22:31; Mark 12:10,26; Luke 6:3; 10:26
what
1 Samuel 21:3-6; Mark 2:25,26
Reciprocal: Leviticus 10:20 - he was content;  Leviticus 24:8 - General1 Samuel 21:4 - hallowed bread;  1 Samuel 21:6 - gave him;  Psalm 119:139 - because;  Matthew 9:13 - go

Verse 4

How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests?
the shew-bread
Exodus 25:30; Leviticus 24:5-9
but
Exodus 29:32,33; Leviticus 8:31; 24:9
Reciprocal: Exodus 40:23 - GeneralLeviticus 22:10 - General1 Samuel 21:4 - hallowed bread;  1 Samuel 21:6 - gave him;  1 Chronicles 23:29 - for the showbread;  Luke 4:27 - saving;  Luke 6:3 - what

Verse 5

Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
on
Numbers 28:9,10; John 7:22,23
profane
Nehemiah 13:17; Ezekiel 24:21
Reciprocal: Matthew 9:13 - go;  Matthew 12:3 - Have;  Luke 6:3 - Have;  John 5:18 - broken

Verse 6

But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple.
41,42; 23:17-21; 2 Chronicles 6:18; Haggai 2:7-9; Malachi 3:1; John 2:19-21; Ephesians 2:20-22; Colossians 2:9; 1 Peter 2:4,5
Reciprocal: John 8:53 - thou greater

Verse 7

But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.
if
9:13; 22:29; Acts 13:27
I will
That is, I desire, or require mercy, or acts of humanity, rather than sacrifice.
Isaiah 1:11-17; Hosea 6:6; Micah 6:6-8
condemned
Job 32:3; Psalms 94:21; 109:31; Proverbs 17:15; James 5:6
Reciprocal: Joshua 5:5 - they had not;  1 Samuel 15:22 - Hath the Lord;  Psalm 40:6 - Sacrifice;  Matthew 22:31 - have;  Matthew 23:23 - the weightier;  Mark 12:33 - is more

Verse 8

For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.
9:6; Mark 2:28; 9:4-7; Luke 6:5; John 5:17-23; 1 Corinthians 9:21; 16:2; Revelation 1:10
Reciprocal: Matthew 16:13 - I the

Verse 9

And when he was departed thence, he went into their synagogue:
he went
Mark 3:1-5; Luke 6:6-11
Reciprocal: Matthew 4:23 - teaching

Verses 9-14

And when he was departed thence, he went into their synagogue:
he went
Mark 3:1-5; Luke 6:6-11

Verse 10

And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days? that they might accuse him.
which
1 Kings 13:4-6; Zechariah 11:17; John 5:3
Is it
19:3; 22:17,18; Luke 13:14; 14:3-6; 20:22; John 5:10; 9:16
that
Isaiah 32:6; 59:4,13; Luke 6:6,7; 11:54; 23:2,14; John 8:6
Reciprocal: Matthew 12:2 - Behold;  Mark 3:4 - Is it;  John 5:9 - and on

Verse 11

And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out?
what
This was an argumentum ad hominem. The Jews held that such things were lawful on the sabbath day, and our Saviour very properly appealed to their canons in vindication of his intention to heal the distressed man.
Luke 13:15-17; 14:5
and if
Exodus 23:4,5; Deuteronomy 22:4
Reciprocal: Matthew 10:31 - GeneralMatthew 18:12 - if;  Luke 15:4 - man;  Luke 17:7 - General

Verse 12

How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.
is a
6:26; Luke 12:24
it is
Mark 3:4; Luke 6:9
Reciprocal: Matthew 10:31 - GeneralMatthew 21:45 - they;  Luke 14:5 - Which

Verse 13

Then saith he to the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it forth; and it was restored whole, like as the other.
and it
Luke 13:13; Acts 3:7,8
Reciprocal: Mark 3:5 - Stretch;  Luke 6:9 - Is it;  John 5:16 - and sought

Verse 14

Then the Pharisees went out, and held a council against him, how they might destroy him.
went
27:1; Mark 3:6; Luke 6:11; John 5:18; 10:39; 11:53,57
held a council
or, took counsel.
Reciprocal: Daniel 6:7 - have consulted;  Matthew 10:23 - when;  Matthew 16:1 - Pharisees;  Matthew 22:34 - they;  John 7:19 - Why

Verse 15

But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew himself from thence: and great multitudes followed him, and he healed them all;
he withdrew
10:23; Luke 6:12; John 7:1; 10:40-42; 11:54
great
4:24,25; 19:2; Mark 3:7-12; 6:56; Luke 6:17-19; John 9:4; Galatians 6:9; 1 Peter 2:21
Reciprocal: Matthew 8:1 - great;  Matthew 14:13 - GeneralMark 3:10 - he had;  Luke 6:11 - communed;  John 6:2 - GeneralActs 10:38 - who

Verses 15-21

But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew himself from thence: and great multitudes followed him, and he healed them all;
he withdrew
10:23; Luke 6:12; John 7:1; 10:40-42; 11:54
great
4:24,25; 19:2; Mark 3:7-12; 6:56; Luke 6:17-19; John 9:4; Galatians 6:9; 1 Peter 2:21

Verse 16

And charged them that they should not make him known:
9:30; 17:9; Mark 7:36; Luke 5:14,15
Reciprocal: Isaiah 42:2 - GeneralMatthew 2:15 - that;  Matthew 8:4 - See;  Mark 3:12 - GeneralMark 5:43 - he charged;  Mark 8:26 - Neither

Verse 17

That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying,
it
8:17; 13:35; 21:4; Isaiah 41:22,23; 42:9; 44:26; Luke 21:22; 24:44; John 10:35; 12:38; 19:28; Acts 13:27
saying
Isaiah 42:1-4
Reciprocal: Matthew 1:22 - that;  Matthew 4:14 - it

Verse 18

Behold my servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.
Behold
This prophecy is expressly referred to the Messiah by the Targumist, who renders, "Behold my servant the Messiah," etc., ha avdi mesheecha; and it was amply fulfilled in the gentle, lowly, condescending and beneficent nature of Christ's miracles and personal ministry, his perseverance in the midst of opposition, without engaging in contentious disputation, and his kind and tender dealing with weak and tempted believers.
my servant
Isaiah 49:5,6; 52:13; 53:11; Zechariah 3:8; Philippians 2:6,7
whom I
Psalms 89:19; Isaiah 49:1-3; Luke 23:35; 1 Peter 2:4
my beloved
3:17; 17:5; Mark 1:11; 9:7; Luke 9:35; Ephesians 1:6; Colossians 1:1,13; *marg:; 2 Peter 1:17
I will
3:16; Isaiah 11:2; 59:20,21; 61:1-3; Luke 3:22; 4:18; John 1:32-34; 3:34; Acts 10:38
and he
Isaiah 32:15,16; 49:6; 60:2,3; 62:2; Jeremiah 16:19; Luke 2:31,32; Acts 11:18; Acts 13:46-48; 14:27; 26:17,18; Romans 15:9-12; Ephesians 2:11-13; 3:5-8
Reciprocal: Psalm 22:8 - seeing;  Psalm 89:3 - my chosen;  Psalm 106:23 - his chosen;  Isaiah 42:1 - my servant;  Isaiah 51:4 - I will make;  Haggai 2:23 - for;  Matthew 12:28 - I cast;  John 14:28 - Father;  John 16:11 - judgment;  Ephesians 1:12 - who;  Colossians 3:11 - there;  Hebrews 10:38 - my;  1 Peter 2:6 - elect

Verse 19

He shall not strive, nor cry; neither shall any man hear his voice in the streets.
11:29; Zechariah 9:9; Luke 17:20; John 18:36-38; 2 Corinthians 10:1; 2 Timothy 2:24,25
Reciprocal: Joshua 6:10 - any noise with your voice;  Psalm 35:20 - quiet;  Psalm 45:4 - meekness;  Matthew 6:3 - let;  Matthew 21:5 - meek;  Mark 9:9 - he charged;  John 2:2 - both;  John 12:21 - we would

Verse 20

A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory.
bruised
11:28; 2 Kings 18:21; Psalms 51:17; 147:3; Isaiah 40:11; 57:15; 61:1-3; Lamentations 3:31-34; Ezekiel 34:16; Luke 4:18; 2 Corinthians 2:7; Hebrews 12:12,13
till
Psalms 98:1-3; Isaiah 42:3,4; Romans 15:17-19; 2 Corinthians 2:14; 10:3-5; Revelation 6:2; Revelation 19:11-21
Reciprocal: Genesis 19:21 - I;  Leviticus 10:20 - he was content;  Job 9:17 - For he;  Job 13:25 - break;  Psalm 45:4 - meekness;  Jeremiah 31:8 - them the;  Matthew 11:29 - for;  Matthew 18:10 - heed;  Matthew 21:5 - meek;  Mark 12:34 - Thou;  Luke 8:48 - Daughter;  John 19:39 - Nicodemus;  Romans 14:1 - weak;  2 Corinthians 10:1 - by;  1 Thessalonians 5:14 - comfort;  Hebrews 4:15 - we have

Verse 21

And in his name shall the Gentiles trust.
Isaiah 11:10; Romans 15:12,13; Ephesians 1:12,13; Colossians 1:27
Reciprocal: Zephaniah 3:12 - and;  John 1:12 - even;  John 5:23 - all men;  John 7:35 - teach;  Philippians 2:19 - But;  2 Timothy 1:12 - believed

Verse 22

Then was brought unto him one possessed with a devil, blind, and dumb: and he healed him, insomuch that the blind and dumb both spake and saw.
was
9:32; Mark 3:11; Luke 11:14
he healed
Mark 7:35-37; 9:17-26
blind
Psalms 51:15; Isaiah 29:18; 32:3,4; 35:5,6; Acts 26:18
Reciprocal: Matthew 4:24 - possessed;  Matthew 8:16 - and he;  Matthew 9:27 - two;  Matthew 17:18 - rebuked;  Matthew 20:30 - two;  Mark 1:27 - they were;  Mark 9:25 - thou;  Mark 10:52 - he received;  Luke 4:36 - They were;  John 11:42 - that they

Verse 23

And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this the son of David?
the people
9:33; 15:30,31
Is not
9:27; 15:22; 21:9; 22:42,43; John 4:29; 7:40-42
Reciprocal: Matthew 9:8 - when;  Matthew 9:32 - a dumb;  Matthew 9:34 - GeneralMatthew 20:30 - Have;  Mark 1:27 - they were;  Mark 2:12 - insomuch;  Mark 10:47 - thou;  Luke 4:36 - They were;  Luke 5:26 - and they;  Luke 11:14 - GeneralLuke 18:38 - Jesus;  John 7:31 - believed;  John 7:32 - Pharisees heard;  Romans 1:3 - which

Verse 24

But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils.
when
9:34; Mark 3:22; Luke 11:15
Beelzebub
Gr. Beelzebul, and so.
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 1:2 - Baalzebub;  2 Chronicles 18:26 - this fellow;  Psalm 22:6 - a reproach;  Psalm 31:18 - speak;  Psalm 35:20 - quiet;  Psalm 89:51 - footsteps;  Psalm 94:4 - shall;  Psalm 109:20 - them;  Matthew 3:7 - the Pharisees;  Matthew 5:22 - Whosoever;  Matthew 10:25 - If;  Matthew 12:45 - seven;  Matthew 26:61 - This;  Luke 2:35 - that;  Luke 11:20 - the kingdom;  John 7:20 - Thou;  John 7:32 - Pharisees heard;  John 8:48 - thou;  John 9:29 - as for;  Hebrews 12:3 - contradiction;  James 2:7 - blaspheme;  James 3:6 - a world

Verses 24-37

But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils.
when
9:34; Mark 3:22; Luke 11:15
Beelzebub
Gr. Beelzebul, and so.

Verse 25

And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand:
Jesus
9:4; Psalms 139:2; Jeremiah 17:10; Amos 4:13; Mark 2:8; John 2:24,25; 21:17; 1 Corinthians 2:11; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 2:23
Every kingdom
Isaiah 9:21; 19:2,3; Mark 3:23-26; Luke 11:17,18; Galatians 5:15; Revelation 16:19; Revelation 17:16,17
Reciprocal: Numbers 23:23 - no enchantment;  Judges 12:6 - there fell;  1 Kings 16:21 - divided;  Isaiah 66:18 - their thoughts;  Daniel 11:4 - and shall be;  Luke 5:22 - perceived;  Luke 11:20 - the kingdom;  Philippians 1:27 - that ye

Verse 26

And if Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself; how shall then his kingdom stand?
his
John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Colossians 1:13; 1 John 5:19; Revelation 9:11; Revelation 12:9; 16:10; 20:2,3
Reciprocal: Joshua 8:31 - as it is;  Luke 11:18 - Satan

Verse 27

And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your children cast them out? therefore they shall be your judges.
Beelzebub
by whom
Mark 9:38,39; Luke 9:49,50; 11:19; Acts 19:13-16
they
12:41,42; Luke 19:22; Romans 3:19
Reciprocal: Numbers 23:23 - no enchantment

Verse 28

But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you.
I cast
18; Mark 16:17; Luke 11:20; Acts 10:38
then
6:33; 21:31,43; Isaiah 9:6,7; Daniel 2:44; 7:14; Mark 1:15; 11:10; Luke 1:32,33; 9:2; 10:11; 11:20; 16:16; 17:20,21; Romans 14:17; Colossians 1:13; Hebrews 12:28
Reciprocal: Exodus 8:19 - This is;  Exodus 31:18 - the finger;  Deuteronomy 9:10 - written with;  Isaiah 53:12 - will I;  Luke 11:19 - by;  John 12:31 - now;  Acts 1:2 - through;  Acts 2:22 - which;  Romans 15:19 - by the;  2 Timothy 2:26 - who are;  Hebrews 9:14 - who

Verse 29

Or else how can one enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he first bind the strong man? and then he will spoil his house.
Isaiah 49:24; 53:12; Mark 3:27; Luke 11:21,22; 1 John 3:8; 4:4; Revelation 12:7-10; Revelation 20:1-3,7-9
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 31:11 - stronger;  Matthew 12:44 - my;  Matthew 22:13 - Bind;  Mark 5:15 - him that;  Colossians 1:13 - delivered;  Colossians 2:15 - having;  2 Timothy 2:26 - who are

Verse 30

He that is not with me is against me; and he that gathereth not with me scattereth abroad.
that is
6:24; Joshua 5:13; 24:15; 1 Chronicles 12:17,18; Mark 9:40; Luke 9:50; 11:23; 2 Corinthians 6:15,16; 1 John 2:19; Revelation 3:15,16
gathereth
Genesis 49:10; Hosea 1:11; John 11:52
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:26 - Who is on;  2 Samuel 3:6 - Abner;  2 Kings 10:6 - If ye be mine;  Psalm 94:16 - rise up;  Daniel 11:17 - upright ones;  Amos 8:12 - shall run;  Malachi 1:4 - They shall build;  Matthew 25:42 - GeneralGalatians 5:17 - and these;  Colossians 1:13 - delivered

Verse 31

Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men.
All
Isaiah 1:18; 55:7; Ezekiel 33:11; 1 Timothy 1:13-15; Hebrews 6:4; *etc:; Hebrews 10:26,29; 1 John 1:9; 2:1,2
blasphemy
Blasphemy, [blasphemia (blasfhmiða)] either from [ ()] to hurt, or blast the reputation, or from [ ()] to smite with words, or reports, when applied to men denotes injurious speaking, or calumny, and when used in reference to God signifies speaking impiously of his nature, attributes, and works.
but
Mark 3:28-30; Luke 12:10; Acts 7:51; 1 John 5:16
Reciprocal: Exodus 34:7 - forgiving;  Leviticus 6:7 - it shall be;  Leviticus 24:16 - blasphemeth;  Proverbs 19:1 - perverse;  Mark 4:17 - have;  Luke 11:18 - ye say;  Luke 22:65 - blasphemously;  John 8:48 - thou

Verse 32

And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come.
whosoever
11:19; 13:55; Luke 7:34; 23:34; John 7:12,52; Acts 3:14,15,19; Acts 26:9-11; 1 Timothy 1:13,15
but
John 7:39; Hebrews 6:4-6; 10:26-29
it shall not
Job 36:13; Mark 3:29; Luke 16:23-26
Reciprocal: Numbers 15:30 - doeth ought;  Matthew 16:13 - I the;  Mark 3:28 - GeneralLuke 12:10 - GeneralLuke 22:65 - blasphemously;  Hebrews 10:29 - and hath;  James 3:6 - a world;  1 John 5:16 - There

Verse 33

Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by his fruit.
make the good tree
23:26; Ezekiel 18:31; Amos 5:15; Luke 11:39,40; James 4:8
and his fruit good
3:8-10; 7:16-20; Luke 3:9; 6:43,44; John 15:4-7; James 3:12
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 24:13 - Wickedness;  Psalm 36:1 - The transgression;  Proverbs 10:16 - the fruit;  Proverbs 21:8 - but;  Isaiah 10:12 - punish the fruit of the stout heart;  Isaiah 65:2 - after;  Jeremiah 4:14 - wash;  Matthew 7:17 - but;  Matthew 13:23 - beareth;  Mark 11:14 - No;  2 Corinthians 5:17 - a new;  2 Corinthians 7:1 - let;  Galatians 5:22 - the fruit;  1 Timothy 6:5 - men

Verse 34

O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
generation
3:7; 23:33; Luke 3:7; John 8:44; 1 John 3:10
how
1 Samuel 24:13; Psalms 10:6,7; 52:2-5; 53:1; 64:3,5; 120:2-4; 140:2,3; Isaiah 32:6; 59:4,14; Jeremiah 7:2-5; Romans 3:10-14; James 3:5-8
for
Luke 6:45
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:15 - thy seed;  Exodus 35:21 - General1 Samuel 1:16 - out of;  2 Chronicles 9:1 - communed;  Nehemiah 6:8 - thou feignest;  Job 2:10 - In all this;  Psalm 14:1 - abominable;  Psalm 36:1 - The transgression;  Psalm 59:7 - belch;  Psalm 94:4 - shall;  Psalm 119:13 - I declared;  Psalm 119:172 - tongue;  Psalm 145:7 - abundantly;  Proverbs 6:12 - walketh;  Proverbs 10:11 - but;  Proverbs 10:16 - the fruit;  Proverbs 10:20 - the heart;  Proverbs 15:7 - the heart;  Proverbs 15:26 - but;  Proverbs 15:28 - the mouth;  Proverbs 16:23 - heart;  Proverbs 18:4 - words;  Isaiah 6:5 - a man;  Isaiah 9:17 - every mouth;  Isaiah 44:18 - cannot;  Isaiah 57:3 - sons;  Isaiah 59:5 - crushed breaketh out into a viper;  Isaiah 59:13 - speaking;  Isaiah 65:2 - after;  Matthew 6:21 - there;  Matthew 11:16 - this;  Matthew 12:35 - and an;  Matthew 15:11 - but;  Matthew 15:18 - GeneralMatthew 23:28 - but;  Mark 7:15 - but;  Mark 7:20 - GeneralJohn 6:44 - man;  John 20:15 - if;  Acts 2:40 - untoward;  Acts 28:3 - came;  Romans 3:13 - with their;  Romans 8:7 - neither;  Ephesians 4:29 - no;  Ephesians 5:4 - filthiness;  Colossians 4:6 - your;  2 Peter 2:14 - that cannot;  Revelation 13:6 - he opened;  Revelation 14:5 - in

Verse 35

A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things.
good man
13:52; Psalms 37:30,31; Proverbs 10:20,21; 12:6,17-19; 15:4,23,28; Proverbs 16:21-23; 25:11,12; Ephesians 4:29; Colossians 3:16; 4:6
and an
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 6:7 - shalt talk;  Joshua 1:8 - book;  1 Samuel 1:16 - out of;  Job 8:10 - utter words;  Job 22:22 - lay up;  Psalm 34:13 - Keep;  Psalm 45:1 - is inditing;  Psalm 49:3 - meditation;  Psalm 71:24 - My tongue;  Psalm 119:172 - tongue;  Psalm 139:4 - there is not;  Psalm 145:7 - abundantly;  Proverbs 4:23 - for;  Proverbs 10:14 - lay;  Proverbs 16:23 - heart;  Proverbs 18:21 - Death;  Ecclesiastes 10:12 - words;  Song of Solomon 4:3 - lips;  Zephaniah 3:9 - will;  Zechariah 8:17 - let;  Malachi 3:16 - a book;  Matthew 23:28 - but;  Luke 6:45 - good man;  Acts 11:24 - he was;  Romans 3:13 - with their;  1 Timothy 1:5 - a pure

Verse 36

But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.
every
Ecclesiastes 12:14; Romans 2:16; Ephesians 6:4-6; Jude 1:14,15; Revelation 20:12
idle word
[rhema (rºh=ma)] [argos (a¹rgo/v)] i.e., [ergo--work/act/deed] from a, privative, and [ergon (eµrgon)] work, a word that produces no good effect, and is not calculated to produce any. "Discourse," says Dr. Doddridge, "tending to innocent mirth, to exhilarate the spirits, is not idle discourse; as the time spent in necessary recreation is not idle time."
Reciprocal: Job 9:20 - mine;  Job 15:3 - he reason;  Job 31:30 - mouth;  Job 35:2 - Thinkest;  Job 37:20 - Shall it;  Psalm 59:12 - For the;  Proverbs 13:3 - GeneralEcclesiastes 5:7 - in the;  Isaiah 3:8 - because;  Jeremiah 23:36 - for every;  Hosea 7:16 - the rage;  Matthew 10:15 - in the;  Matthew 11:22 - the day;  Mark 6:11 - in the day;  Luke 12:3 - whatsoever;  Luke 16:2 - give;  John 16:11 - judgment;  Romans 14:12 - General1 Peter 4:5 - shall;  2 Peter 3:7 - against;  1 John 4:17 - the day

Verse 37

For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.
For by
Proverbs 13:3
justified
James 2:21-25
Reciprocal: Job 6:26 - reprove;  Job 9:20 - mine;  Job 15:3 - he reason;  Job 15:6 - own mouth;  Job 35:2 - Thinkest;  Job 37:20 - Shall it;  Psalm 59:12 - For the;  Isaiah 3:8 - because;  Luke 19:22 - Out;  James 3:2 - a perfect

Verse 38

Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee.
Master
16:1-4; Mark 8:11,12; Luke 11:16,29; John 2:18; 4:48; 1 Corinthians 1:22
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 13:3 - GeneralIsaiah 7:11 - a sign;  John 6:30 - What;  Revelation 12:1 - wonder

Verse 39

But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:
adulterous
Isaiah 57:3; Mark 8:38; James 4:4
no sign
16:4; Luke 11:29,30
Reciprocal: Exodus 7:9 - Show;  2 Kings 14:25 - Jonah;  Jeremiah 7:29 - generation;  Jonah 1:1 - Jonah;  Matthew 12:41 - this;  Matthew 16:1 - a sign;  Mark 8:12 - There;  Mark 10:34 - and the;  Luke 9:41 - perverse;  Luke 11:16 - GeneralJohn 6:30 - What;  Romans 2:22 - adultery;  1 Corinthians 1:22 - the Jews

Verse 40

For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
as
Jonah 1:17
so
16:21; 17:23; 27:40,63,64; John 2:19
in the heart
Psalms 63:9; Jonah 2:2-6
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:21 - great;  1 Samuel 2:6 - he bringeth;  2 Samuel 1:2 - the third;  2 Samuel 18:14 - midst;  1 Kings 22:2 - in the third;  2 Kings 14:25 - Jonah;  Esther 4:16 - eat nor drink;  Psalm 69:15 - waterflood;  Matthew 15:32 - three;  Matthew 16:4 - wicked;  Matthew 16:13 - I the;  Matthew 20:19 - the third;  Matthew 28:6 - as;  Mark 8:12 - There;  Mark 8:31 - and after;  Mark 9:9 - till;  Mark 10:34 - and the;  Mark 16:6 - he is risen;  Luke 2:46 - after;  Luke 11:30 - GeneralLuke 24:6 - remember;  John 4:30 - GeneralJohn 6:66 - of his;  John 19:42 - laid;  1 Corinthians 15:4 - according;  Ephesians 4:9 - the lower;  Philippians 2:10 - under

Verse 41

The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here.
men
Luke 11:32
rise
42; Isaiah 54:17; Jeremiah 3:11; Ezekiel 16:51,52; Romans 2:27; Hebrews 11:7
this
39,45; 16:4; 17:17; 23:36
because
Jonah 3:5-10
behold
6,42; John 3:31; 4:12; 8:53-58; Hebrews 3:5,6
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 19:36 - Nineveh;  Isaiah 37:37 - Nineveh;  Jeremiah 36:24 - nor rent;  Ezekiel 3:6 - of a strange speech and of an hard language;  Matthew 3:2 - Repent;  Matthew 11:20 - because;  Matthew 11:21 - for;  Matthew 12:27 - they;  Luke 11:19 - shall

Verse 42

The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
queen
1 Kings 10:1-13; 2 Chronicles 9:1-12; Luke 11:31,32; Acts 8:27,28
hear
1 Kings 3:9,12,28; 4:29,34; 5:12; 10:4,7,24
behold
3:17; 17:5; Isaiah 7:14; 9:6,7; John 1:14,18; Philippians 2:6,7; Hebrews 1:2-4
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 30:13 - go over the sea;  1 Kings 4:31 - wiser;  1 Kings 8:41 - cometh out;  2 Chronicles 6:32 - is come;  2 Chronicles 9:22 - passed all the kings;  Job 36:3 - fetch;  Song of Solomon 3:11 - behold;  Isaiah 30:6 - beasts;  Ezekiel 3:6 - of a strange speech and of an hard language;  Ezekiel 16:51 - justified;  Matthew 11:21 - for;  Matthew 12:6 - GeneralMatthew 12:27 - they;  Matthew 12:41 - rise;  Mark 13:27 - from;  Luke 1:32 - shall be great;  Luke 2:15 - Let;  Luke 11:19 - shall;  John 4:12 - GeneralJohn 8:53 - thou greater;  Romans 2:27 - judge;  Hebrews 11:7 - he condemned

Verse 43

When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none.
when
Had there been no reality in demoniacal possessions, as some have supposed, our Lord would scarcely have appealed to a case of this kind here, to point out the real state of the Jewish people, and their approaching desolation. Had this been only a vulgar error, of the nonsense of which the learned scribes and wise Pharisees must have been convinced, the case, not being in point, because not true, must have been treated with contempt by the very people for whose conviction it was designed.
the unclean
Luke 11:24; Acts 8:13
he
Job 1:7; 2:2; 1 Peter 5:8
dry
Psalms 63:1; Isaiah 35:6,7; 41:18; Ezekiel 47:8-12; Amos 8:11-13
seeking
8:29; Mark 5:7-13; Luke 8:28-32
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 16:23 - Saul;  1 Samuel 19:10 - sought;  Proverbs 2:13 - leave;  Isaiah 44:3 - dry ground;  Jeremiah 34:11 - GeneralEzekiel 3:20 - and his;  Ezekiel 18:24 - and doeth;  Zechariah 13:2 - unclean;  Matthew 7:27 - GeneralMatthew 22:1 - GeneralMark 1:23 - a man;  Luke 6:49 - immediately;  Ephesians 2:2 - the spirit;  Hebrews 10:26 - if;  Hebrews 10:38 - but;  2 Peter 2:20 - after

Verses 43-45

When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none.
when
Had there been no reality in demoniacal possessions, as some have supposed, our Lord would scarcely have appealed to a case of this kind here, to point out the real state of the Jewish people, and their approaching desolation. Had this been only a vulgar error, of the nonsense of which the learned scribes and wise Pharisees must have been convinced, the case, not being in point, because not true, must have been treated with contempt by the very people for whose conviction it was designed.
the unclean
Luke 11:24; Acts 8:13
he
Job 1:7; 2:2; 1 Peter 5:8
dry
Psalms 63:1; Isaiah 35:6,7; 41:18; Ezekiel 47:8-12; Amos 8:11-13
seeking
8:29; Mark 5:7-13; Luke 8:28-32

Verse 44

Then he saith, I will return into my house from whence I came out; and when he is come, he findeth it empty, swept, and garnished.
my
29; Luke 11:21,22; John 13:27; Ephesians 2:2; 1 John 4:4
he findeth
13:20-22; Psalms 81:11,12; Hosea 7:6; John 12:6; 13:2; Acts 5:1-3; 8:18-23; 1 Corinthians 11:19; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12; 1 Timothy 6:4,5,9,10; 1 John 2:19; Jude 1:4,5; Revelation 13:3,4,8,9
Reciprocal: Luke 11:25 - he findeth

Verse 45

Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in and dwell there: and the last state of that man is worse than the first. Even so shall it be also unto this wicked generation.
seven
24; Mark 5:9; 16:9; Ephesians 6:12
more
23:15
and the
Luke 11:26; Hebrews 6:4-8; 10:26-31,39; 2 Peter 2:14-22; 1 John 5:16,17; Jude 1:10-13
Even
And so it was; for they became worse and worse, as if totally abandoned to diabolical influence, till the besom of destruction swept them away.
21:38-44; 23:32-39,24,34; Luke 11:49-51; 19:41-44; John 15:22-24; Romans 11:8-10; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16
Reciprocal: Leviticus 13:20 - in sight;  Joshua 23:12 - go back;  Proverbs 26:11 - a dog;  Matthew 12:41 - this;  Matthew 17:21 - this;  Matthew 24:34 - This;  Matthew 27:64 - so;  Mark 9:29 - This;  Mark 12:9 - he will;  Luke 9:41 - perverse;  Luke 11:25 - he findeth;  Luke 13:3 - ye shall;  John 5:14 - lest;  John 13:27 - Satan

Verse 46

While he yet talked to the people, behold, his mother and his brethren stood without, desiring to speak with him.
yet
Mark 2:21; 3:31-35; Luke 8:10,19-21
his
13:55; Mark 6:3; John 2:12; 7:3,5,10; Acts 1:14; 1 Corinthians 9:5; Galatians 1:19
Reciprocal: Leviticus 21:11 - his father;  1 Kings 15:13 - his mother

Verses 46-50

While he yet talked to the people, behold, his mother and his brethren stood without, desiring to speak with him.
yet
Mark 2:21; 3:31-35; Luke 8:10,19-21
his
13:55; Mark 6:3; John 2:12; 7:3,5,10; Acts 1:14; 1 Corinthians 9:5; Galatians 1:19

Verse 48

But he answered and said unto him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brethren?
Who is
10:37; Deuteronomy 33:9; Mark 3:32,33; Luke 2:49,52; John 2:3,4; 2 Corinthians 5:16
Reciprocal: Numbers 12:1 - Miriam;  Deuteronomy 13:6 - thy brother;  Psalm 22:22 - my brethren;  Matthew 13:55 - and his;  Matthew 28:10 - my;  Luke 1:28 - blessed;  Luke 11:28 - GeneralJohn 19:27 - Behold;  Philemon 1:17 - receive;  Hebrews 2:11 - to call

Verse 49

And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren!
his disciples
28:7; Mark 3:34; John 17:8,9,20; 20:17-20
Reciprocal: Psalm 15:4 - but;  Psalm 22:22 - my brethren;  Proverbs 7:4 - Thou;  Matthew 25:40 - the least;  Luke 6:20 - he lifted;  Romans 16:13 - his;  1 Corinthians 8:12 - ye sin against

Verse 50

For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.
do
7:20,21; 17:5; Mark 3:35; Luke 8:21; 11:27,28; John 6:29,40; 15:14; Acts 3:22,23; 16:30,31; 17:30; 26:20; Galatians 5:6; 6:15; Colossians 3:11; Hebrews 5:9; James 1:21,22; 1 Peter 4:2; 1 John 2:17; 3:23,24; Revelation 22:14
the same
25:40,45; 28:10; Psalms 22:22; John 20:17; Romans 8:29; Hebrews 2:11-17
and sister
Song of Solomon 4:9,10,12; 5:1,2; 1 Corinthians 9:5; 2 Corinthians 11:2; Ephesians 5:25-27
and mother
John 19:26,27; 1 Timothy 5:2 Reciprocal: Leviticus 20:8 - And ye;  Psalm 15:4 - but;  Proverbs 7:4 - Thou;  Micah 5:3 - his;  Matthew 6:10 - Thy will;  Matthew 7:24 - whosoever;  Matthew 21:31 - did;  Mark 3:34 - Behold;  Luke 6:20 - he lifted;  Luke 6:47 - doeth;  John 13:17 - happy;  Romans 16:1 - our;  Romans 16:13 - his;  1 Corinthians 7:15 - A brother;  1 Corinthians 8:12 - ye sin against;  2 Corinthians 8:4 - the ministering;  Galatians 6:10 - especially;  Ephesians 6:6 - doing;  1 Thessalonians 4:3 - this;  Hebrews 10:36 - after;  Hebrews 13:21 - to do

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Matthew 12". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/matthew-12.html.