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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Matthew 21

Introduction

1Christ rides into Jerusalem upon an ass;
12drives the buyers and sellers out of the temple;
17curses the fig-tree;
23puts to silence the priests and elders,
28and rebukes them by the similitude of the two sons,
33and the husbandmen who slew such as were sent to them.

Verse 1

And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphage, unto the mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples,
when
Mark 11:1; Luke 19:28
Bethphage
Bethphage was a village on the declivity of Mount Olivet, and somewhat nearer to Jerusalem than Bethany.
the mount
24:3; 26:30; Zechariah 14:4; Luke 19:37; 21:37; John 8:1; Acts 1:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 22:9 - place; Nehemiah 8:15 - the mount; Luke 19:29 - when; John 12:14 - Jesus

Verses 1-9

And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphage, unto the mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples,
when
Mark 11:1; Luke 19:28
Bethphage
Bethphage was a village on the declivity of Mount Olivet, and somewhat nearer to Jerusalem than Bethany.
the mount
24:3; 26:30; Zechariah 14:4; Luke 19:37; 21:37; John 8:1; Acts 1:12

Verse 2

Saying unto them, Go into the village over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them unto me.
26:18; Mark 11:2,3; 14:13-16; Luke 19:30-32; John 2:5-8
Reciprocal: Luke 19:31 - the Lord; Acts 8:27 - he arose

Verse 3

And if any man say ought unto you, ye shall say, The Lord hath need of them; and straightway he will send them.
The Lord
1 Chronicles 29:14-16; Psalms 24:1; 50:10,11; Haggai 2:8,9; John 3:35; 17:2; Acts 17:25; 2 Corinthians 8:9
straightway
1 Samuel 10:26; 1 Kings 17:9; Ezra 1:1,5; 7:27; 2 Corinthians 8:1,2,16; James 1:17
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 11:18 - the Lord; Matthew 26:18 - The Master; Mark 11:2 - General; Luke 19:31 - the Lord; Luke 22:11 - The Master

Verse 4

All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying,
this
1:22; 26:56; John 19:36,37
saying
Zechariah 9:9; John 12:15
Reciprocal: Psalm 97:8 - Zion; Matthew 2:15 - that; Matthew 12:17 - it; Matthew 13:35 - it; Matthew 27:9 - Jeremy; Mark 11:7 - the colt

Verse 5

Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.
the daughter
Psalms 9:14; Isaiah 12:6; 40:9; 62:11; Zephaniah 3:14,15; Mark 11:4-11
thy King
2:2,6; Genesis 49:10; Numbers 24:19; Psalms 2:6-12; 45:1-17; 72:1-20; Psalms 110:1-4; Isaiah 9:6,7; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Ezekiel 34:24; 37:24; Daniel 2:44,45; Daniel 7:13,14; Micah 5:2; Zechariah 6:12,13; John 1:49; 19:15-22
meek
11:29; 12:19,20; 2 Corinthians 10:1; Philippians 2:3-5
sitting
Deuteronomy 17:16; Judges 5:10; 12:14; 2 Samuel 16:2; 1 Kings 1:33; 10:26; Hosea 1:7; Micah 5:10,11; Zechariah 9:10
Reciprocal: Numbers 12:3 - very; Psalm 138:5 - they shall; Psalm 149:2 - let the; Isaiah 3:16 - the daughters; Isaiah 33:22 - the Lord is our king; Isaiah 37:22 - the daughter; Jeremiah 4:31 - the voice; Jeremiah 30:21 - governor; Zechariah 9:9 - behold; Matthew 5:5 - the meek; Matthew 11:3 - he that; Matthew 13:35 - it; Matthew 25:34 - the King; Mark 11:7 - the colt; Mark 15:12 - whom; James 3:13 - with meekness; 1 Peter 3:4 - a meek; Revelation 19:12 - on his

Verse 6

And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them,
and did
Genesis 6:22; 12:4; Exodus 39:43; 40:16; 1 Samuel 15:11; John 15:14
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 12:7 - I did so; Matthew 19:4 - Have; Matthew 26:19 - the disciples; Mark 11:4 - and found

Verse 7

And brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their clothes, and they set him thereon.
brought
Mark 11:4-8; Luke 19:32-35
put
2 Kings 9:13
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 12:7 - I did so; Mark 11:7 - and cast; Luke 19:35 - they cast

Verse 8

And a very great multitude spread their garments in the way; others cut down branches from the trees, and strawed them in the way.
others
Leviticus 23:40; John 12:13
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 3:12 - my hand; 2 Kings 9:13 - and took every; Mark 11:7 - and cast; Luke 19:36 - General; John 6:66 - of his; John 12:12 - much

Verse 9

And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.
Hosanna
15; Psalms 118:24-26; Mark 11:9,10
Blessed
23:39; Luke 19:37,38; John 12:13-15
in the highest
Luke 2:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:10 - until; Joshua 1:17 - only the Lord; 1 Samuel 10:24 - God save the king; 1 Samuel 30:6 - the people; 2 Samuel 15:13 - The hearts; 2 Samuel 16:16 - God save the king; 2 Samuel 19:40 - all the people; 1 Kings 1:25 - God save king Adonijah; 1 Kings 1:41 - the city; 2 Kings 11:12 - and said; 2 Chronicles 23:11 - God save the king; Nehemiah 12:43 - the wives also; Psalm 20:9 - Save; Psalm 62:9 - Surely; Psalm 72:15 - prayer; Psalm 95:1 - let us make; Psalm 98:4 - General; Psalm 118:26 - Blessed; Daniel 2:4 - O king; Zephaniah 3:14 - shout; Matthew 9:27 - Thou; Matthew 11:3 - he that; Matthew 12:23 - Is not; Matthew 20:30 - Have; Matthew 22:42 - The Son; Mark 10:47 - thou; Luke 13:35 - Blessed; Luke 18:38 - Jesus; Acts 13:23 - this; Acts 28:6 - said

Verse 10

And when he was come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, Who is this?
all
2:3; Ruth 1:19; 1 Samuel 16:4; John 12:16-19
Who
Song of Solomon 3:6; Isaiah 63:1; Luke 5:21; 7:49; 9:9; 20:2; John 2:18; Acts 9:5
Reciprocal: Song of Solomon 5:9 - What is; Mark 11:11 - Jesus; Luke 18:36 - he; John 12:34 - who; Acts 21:30 - all

Verses 10-19

And when he was come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, Who is this?
all
2:3; Ruth 1:19; 1 Samuel 16:4; John 12:16-19
Who
Song of Solomon 3:6; Isaiah 63:1; Luke 5:21; 7:49; 9:9; 20:2; John 2:18; Acts 9:5

Verse 11

And the multitude said, This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee.
This
16:13,14; Deuteronomy 18:15-19; Luke 7:16; John 7:40; 9:17; Acts 3:22,23; 7:37
of Nazareth
2:23; John 1:45,46; 6:14
Reciprocal: Matthew 21:46 - because; Matthew 26:69 - Jesus; Mark 6:15 - a prophet; Mark 10:47 - Jesus; Mark 14:67 - Jesus; Luke 18:36 - he; Luke 24:19 - Concerning; John 7:39 - Of; John 18:5 - Jesus; Acts 2:7 - are

Verse 12

And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves,
went
Malachi 3:1,2; Mark 11:11
and cast
Mark 11:15; Luke 19:45,46; John 2:14-17
money-changers
Deuteronomy 14:24-26
doves
Leviticus 1:14; 5:7,11; 12:6,8; 14:22,30; 15:14,29; Luke 2:24
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 14:26 - bestow; 2 Chronicles 29:5 - sanctify the house; 2 Chronicles 29:16 - all the uncleanness; Ezra 7:17 - buy speedily; Nehemiah 13:7 - in preparing; Jeremiah 23:11 - in; Zechariah 11:5 - sell; Zechariah 14:21 - no more; Luke 2:49 - my; Luke 22:53 - I was; John 7:14 - the temple

Verse 13

And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves.
It is
2:5; John 15:25
My
Psalms 93:5; Isaiah 56:7
ye
Jeremiah 7:11; Mark 11:17; Luke 19:46
Reciprocal: Exodus 20:15 - General; Leviticus 19:30 - reverence; 2 Chronicles 29:5 - sanctify the house; 2 Chronicles 29:16 - all the uncleanness; Ezra 7:17 - buy speedily; Nehemiah 13:7 - in preparing; Psalm 119:139 - because; Isaiah 1:23 - companions; Jeremiah 23:11 - in; Ezekiel 22:27 - to get; Zechariah 11:5 - sell; Zechariah 14:21 - no more; Luke 19:45 - went; John 2:16 - make; John 10:10 - thief; John 12:6 - because; Romans 2:21 - dost thou steal; 1 Timothy 3:3 - not covetous; 1 Timothy 6:5 - supposing

Verse 14

And the blind and the lame came to him in the temple; and he healed them.
9:35; 11:4,5; Isaiah 35:5; Acts 3:1-9; 10:38
Reciprocal: Isaiah 35:6 - shall the lame; Matthew 15:31 - the lame; Matthew 20:30 - two; Mark 10:52 - he received; Luke 7:22 - how; Luke 18:43 - he

Verse 15

And when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying in the temple, and saying, Hosanna to the Son of David; they were sore displeased,
when
23; 26:3,59; 27:1,20; Isaiah 26:11; Mark 11:18; Luke 19:39,40; 20:1; 22:2,66; John 11:47-49,57; 12:19
Hosanna
9; 22:42; John 7:42
they were
John 4:1
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 1:41 - the city; Nehemiah 12:43 - the wives also; Psalm 20:9 - Save; Psalm 148:12 - young men; Isaiah 28:9 - weaned; Jeremiah 26:7 - General; Matthew 2:4 - the chief; Matthew 9:27 - Thou; Luke 18:38 - Jesus; Hebrews 12:3 - contradiction

Verse 16

And said unto him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus saith unto them, Yea; have ye never read, Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected praise?
Hearest
Luke 19:39,40; John 11:47,48; Acts 4:16-18
have
12:3; 19:4; 22:31; Mark 2:25
Out
11:25; Psalms 8:2
Reciprocal: Psalm 119:139 - because; Psalm 148:12 - young men; Isaiah 28:9 - weaned; Matthew 4:7 - It; Matthew 21:42 - Did; Mark 12:10 - have; Luke 6:3 - Have; Luke 10:21 - revealed; 1 Corinthians 1:27 - General; Hebrews 12:3 - contradiction

Verse 17

And he left them, and went out of the city into Bethany; and he lodged there.
he left
16:4; Jeremiah 6:8; Hosea 9:12; Mark 3:7; Luke 8:37,38
Bethany
Bethany was a village to the east of the mount of Olives, on the road to Jericho; fifteen stadia, (Joh. 11:18) or nearly two miles, as Jerome states, from Jerusalem. This village is now small and poor, and the cultivation of the soil around it is much neglected; but it is a pleasant, romantic spot, shaded by the mount of Olives, and abounding in vines and long grass. It consists of from thirty to forty dwellings inhabited by about 600 Mohammedans, for whose use there is a neat little mosque standing on an eminence. Here they shew the ruins of a sort of castle as the house of Lazarus, and a grotto as his tomb; and the house of Simon the leper, of Mary Magdalene and of Martha, and the identical tree which our Lord cursed, are among the monkish curiosities of the place.
Mark 11:11,19; Luke 10:38; John 11:1,18; 12:1-3
Reciprocal: Matthew 26:6 - in Bethany; Luke 21:37 - the day time; John 12:36 - and departed

Verse 18

Now in the morning as he returned into the city, he hungered.
in
Mark 11:12,13
he hungered
4:2; 12:1; Luke 4:2; Hebrews 4:15
Reciprocal: Isaiah 29:17 - the fruitful; Acts 10:10 - he became

Verse 19

And when he saw a fig tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever. And presently the fig tree withered away.
fig-tree
Gr. one fig-tree. and found
Isaiah 5:4,5; Luke 3:9; 13:6-9; John 15:2,6; 2 Timothy 3:5; Titus 1:16
Let
Mark 11:14; Luke 19:42-44; Hebrews 6:7,8; 2 Peter 2:20-22; Revelation 22:11
the fig-tree
Jude 1:12
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 20:19 - thou shalt not; Psalm 1:3 - shall not; Psalm 69:27 - Add; Song of Solomon 6:6 - General; Isaiah 1:30 - ye shall be; Isaiah 29:17 - the fruitful; Jeremiah 8:13 - there; Ezekiel 17:10 - shall it; Zechariah 11:9 - that that dieth; Matthew 3:10 - is hewn; Matthew 7:19 - bringeth; Mark 11:13 - seeing; Mark 11:20 - General; 1 Corinthians 6:10 - thieves; 1 Corinthians 13:2 - I am; Titus 3:14 - that

Verse 20

And when the disciples saw it, they marvelled, saying, How soon is the fig tree withered away!
How
Isaiah 40:6-8; Mark 11:20,21; James 1:10,11
Reciprocal: Daniel 4:26 - the heavens; Matthew 7:19 - bringeth; Luke 13:6 - fig tree

Verses 20-22

And when the disciples saw it, they marvelled, saying, How soon is the fig tree withered away!
How
Isaiah 40:6-8; Mark 11:20,21; James 1:10,11

Verse 21

Jesus answered and said unto them, Verily I say unto you, If ye have faith, and doubt not, ye shall not only do this which is done to the fig tree, but also if ye shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; it shall be done.
If ye have
17:20; Mark 11:22,23; Luke 17:6,7; Romans 4:19,20; 1 Corinthians 13:2; James 1:6
Be thou removed
8:12
Reciprocal: Numbers 20:8 - speak; Joshua 10:14 - the Lord; Job 9:5 - removeth; Psalm 46:2 - mountains; Ezekiel 37:4 - Prophesy; Zechariah 4:7 - O great; Matthew 5:18 - verily; Matthew 14:29 - he walked; Mark 9:23 - If; Luke 12:57 - General; John 14:12 - the; Acts 3:16 - through; 1 Corinthians 12:9 - faith; 1 Timothy 2:8 - and; Hebrews 10:22 - in full; James 5:15 - the prayer

Verse 22

And all things, whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive.
7:7,11; 18:19; Mark 11:24; Luke 11:8-10; John 14:13; 15:7; 16:24; James 5:16; 1 John 3:22; 5:14,15
Reciprocal: Genesis 20:17 - General; Joshua 10:14 - the Lord; 1 Kings 17:20 - he cried; Job 22:28 - decree; Psalm 20:4 - General; Matthew 6:5 - when; Mark 9:23 - If; Luke 11:9 - Ask; John 15:16 - that whatsoever; John 16:23 - Whatsoever; Acts 1:14 - all; Acts 3:16 - through; Acts 4:31 - spake; Hebrews 10:22 - in full; James 1:6 - let; James 5:15 - the prayer

Verse 23

And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority?
when
Mark 11:27,28; Luke 19:47,48; 20:1,2
the chief priests
1 Chronicles 24:1-19
By what
Exodus 2:14; Acts 4:7; 7:27
Reciprocal: Numbers 16:7 - too much; 2 Chronicles 25:16 - Art thou made; Ezra 5:3 - Who hath commanded you; Proverbs 26:5 - a fool; Jeremiah 26:9 - Why; Jeremiah 29:26 - and maketh; Amos 7:10 - the priest; Matthew 2:4 - the chief; Matthew 7:29 - having; Matthew 11:12 - from; Matthew 17:12 - and they; Matthew 20:4 - Go; Matthew 21:15 - when; Mark 8:11 - Pharisees; Mark 14:49 - was; Luke 15:11 - General; Luke 22:53 - I was; John 1:19 - when; John 1:24 - Why; John 2:18 - seeing; John 5:12 - What; John 18:20 - I spake; Acts 5:20 - stand; 1 Corinthians 3:9 - ye are God's; Hebrews 12:3 - contradiction

Verses 23-27

And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority?
when
Mark 11:27,28; Luke 19:47,48; 20:1,2
the chief priests
1 Chronicles 24:1-19
By what
Exodus 2:14; Acts 4:7; 7:27

Verse 24

And Jesus answered and said unto them, I also will ask you one thing, which if ye tell me, I in like wise will tell you by what authority I do these things.
I also
10:16; Proverbs 26:4,5; Luke 6:9; Colossians 4:6
Reciprocal: Daniel 2:45 - thou sawest; Matthew 11:9 - A prophet; Mark 11:29 - I will

Verse 25

The baptism of John, whence was it? from heaven, or of men? And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say unto us, Why did ye not then believe him?
baptism
3:1-12; 11:7-15; 17:12,13; Mark 1:1-11; 11:27-33; Luke 1:11-17,67-80; Luke 3:2-20; 7:28-35; John 1:6,15,25-34; 3:26-36
Why
Luke 20:5; John 3:18; 5:33-36,44-47; 10:25,26; 12:37-43; 1 John 3:20
Reciprocal: Matthew 21:32 - and ye believed; Mark 11:31 - Why; Luke 14:4 - General; Luke 20:4 - baptism; Luke 20:14 - reasoned; John 3:27 - from; John 8:46 - why; Acts 19:4 - John

Verse 26

But if we shall say, Of men; we fear the people; for all hold John as a prophet.
we fear
46; 14:5; Isaiah 57:11; Mark 11:32; 12:12; Luke 20:6,19; 22:2; John 9:22; Acts 5:26
for
Mark 6:20; John 5:35; 10:41,42
Reciprocal: Matthew 26:5 - lest; Luke 1:76 - shalt be

Verse 27

And they answered Jesus, and said, We cannot tell. And he said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things.
We cannot tell
15:14; 16:3; 23:16-28; Isaiah 6:10; 28:9; 29:10-12; 42:19,20; 56:10,11; Jeremiah 8:7-9; Malachi 2:6-9; Luke 20:7,8; John 9:30,40,41; Romans 1:18-22,28; 2 Corinthians 4:3; 2 Thessalonians 2:9,10
Reciprocal: Matthew 22:46 - no; Mark 11:33 - Neither; 1 Timothy 1:7 - understanding

Verse 28

But what think ye? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard.
what
17:25; 22:17; Luke 13:4; 1 Corinthians 10:15
A certain
Luke 15:11-32
Son
20:5-7; Mark 13:34; 1 Corinthians 15:58
Reciprocal: Isaiah 1:19 - General; Isaiah 29:24 - also; Isaiah 42:23 - will give; Jeremiah 6:16 - We will; Ezekiel 18:27 - when; Ezekiel 33:12 - as for; Jonah 3:3 - arose; Matthew 3:8 - forth; Matthew 9:13 - but; Matthew 11:20 - because; Matthew 18:12 - How; Mark 12:1 - he began; Luke 5:30 - General; Luke 7:39 - would; Luke 10:36 - thinkest; Luke 13:30 - General; Luke 14:21 - Go; Luke 19:7 - they all; John 8:11 - go; Acts 2:38 - Repent; Acts 4:27 - the people; 2 Corinthians 7:10 - repentance

Verse 29

He answered and said, I will not: but afterward he repented, and went.
I will not
31; Jeremiah 44:16; Ephesians 4:17-19
he repented
3:2-8; 2 Chronicles 33:10-19; Isaiah 1:16-19; 55:6,7; Ezekiel 18:28-32; Daniel 4:34-37; Jonah 3:2,8-10; Luke 15:17,18; Acts 26:20; 1 Corinthians 6:11; Ephesians 2:1-13
Reciprocal: Exodus 4:28 - told Aaron; Jonah 3:3 - arose; Matthew 7:21 - that; Luke 1:17 - and the; Luke 6:49 - that heareth; John 13:8 - Thou shalt; Titus 3:3 - disobedient; Hebrews 6:1 - repentance

Verse 30

And he came to the second, and said likewise. And he answered and said, I go, sir: and went not.
I go
23:3; Ezekiel 33:31; Romans 2:17-25; Titus 1:16
Reciprocal: Luke 6:49 - that heareth; Acts 26:20 - repent

Verse 31

Whether of them twain did the will of his father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you.
did
7:21; 12:50; Ezekiel 33:11; Luke 15:10; Acts 17:30; 2 Peter 3:9
The first
2 Samuel 12:5-7; Job 15:6; Luke 7:40-42; 19:22; Romans 3:19
Verily
5:18; 6:5; 18:3
the publicans
9:9; 20:16; Luke 7:29,37-50; 15:1,2; 19:9,10; Romans 5:20; 9:30-33; 1 Timothy 1:13-16
Reciprocal: Proverbs 26:12 - Seest; Malachi 3:2 - who may abide; Matthew 5:46 - publicans; Matthew 10:7 - The; Matthew 12:28 - then; Matthew 18:17 - a publican; Matthew 19:23 - enter; Matthew 19:30 - General; Matthew 21:29 - I will not; Matthew 23:13 - for ye shut; Mark 1:15 - repent; Mark 2:15 - General; Mark 10:31 - General; Mark 11:31 - Why; Mark 11:32 - for; Luke 3:12 - General; Luke 9:11 - the kingdom; Luke 11:9 - I say; Luke 18:10 - a Pharisee; Acts 20:21 - repentance; 1 Corinthians 6:16 - an harlot; Hebrews 10:36 - after; Hebrews 13:21 - to do; James 2:25 - the harlot; 1 Peter 4:2 - the will; 1 John 2:17 - but

Verse 32

For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him not: but the publicans and the harlots believed him: and ye, when ye had seen it, repented not afterward, that ye might believe him.
came
3:1-8; Isaiah 35:8; Jeremiah 6:16; Luke 3:8-13; 2 Peter 2:21
and ye believed
25; 11:18; Luke 7:29,30; John 5:33-36; Acts 13:25-29
the publicans
Luke 7:37-50
repented
Psalms 81:11,12; Zechariah 7:11,12; John 5:37-40; 2 Timothy 2:25; Hebrews 3:12; 6:6-8; Revelation 2:21
Reciprocal: Daniel 5:22 - hast; Matthew 3:8 - forth; Matthew 5:46 - publicans; Matthew 9:9 - named; Matthew 14:5 - because; Matthew 17:12 - and they; Matthew 18:17 - a publican; Matthew 19:30 - General; Matthew 23:13 - for ye shut; Mark 1:15 - repent; Mark 2:15 - General; Mark 11:31 - Why; Mark 11:32 - for; Luke 1:16 - General; Luke 3:12 - General; Luke 12:57 - General; Luke 16:16 - and every; Luke 18:10 - a Pharisee; John 15:24 - but; Acts 20:21 - repentance; 1 Corinthians 6:16 - an harlot; Hebrews 6:1 - repentance; Revelation 9:20 - yet

Verse 33

Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country:
Hear
In this parable, in its primary sense, the householder denotes the Supreme Being; the family, the Jewish nation; the vineyard, Jerusalem; the fence, the Divine protection; the wine-press, the law and sacrificial rites; the tower, the temple; and the husbandmen, the priests and doctors of the law.
13:18; 1 Kings 22:19; Isaiah 1:10; Jeremiah 19:3; Hosea 4:1
There
Psalms 80:8-16; Song of Solomon 8:11,12; Isaiah 5:1-4; Jeremiah 2:21; Mark 12:1; Luke 20:9-18; John 15:1
husbandmen
23:2; Deuteronomy 1:15-17; 16:18; 17:9-12; 33:8-10; Malachi 2:4-9
went
25:14,15; Mark 13:34; Luke 19:12
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 12:1 - There were; 2 Chronicles 36:16 - misused; Psalm 147:20 - not dealt so; Song of Solomon 5:7 - the keepers; Isaiah 3:14 - ye have eaten; Isaiah 7:23 - a thousand vines; Isaiah 27:2 - A vineyard; Ezekiel 15:2 - What; Ezekiel 19:10 - like; Micah 4:8 - O tower; Matthew 13:24 - put; Matthew 20:1 - a man; Mark 11:14 - No; Mark 12:8 - cast; Romans 9:4 - the service; Romans 10:21 - All day long; 2 Timothy 2:6 - husbandman

Verses 33-46

Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country:
Hear
In this parable, in its primary sense, the householder denotes the Supreme Being; the family, the Jewish nation; the vineyard, Jerusalem; the fence, the Divine protection; the wine-press, the law and sacrificial rites; the tower, the temple; and the husbandmen, the priests and doctors of the law.
13:18; 1 Kings 22:19; Isaiah 1:10; Jeremiah 19:3; Hosea 4:1
There
Psalms 80:8-16; Song of Solomon 8:11,12; Isaiah 5:1-4; Jeremiah 2:21; Mark 12:1; Luke 20:9-18; John 15:1
husbandmen
23:2; Deuteronomy 1:15-17; 16:18; 17:9-12; 33:8-10; Malachi 2:4-9
went
25:14,15; Mark 13:34; Luke 19:12

Verse 34

And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandmen, that they might receive the fruits of it.
he sent
2 Kings 17:13,14-23; 2 Chronicles 36:15,16; Nehemiah 9:29,30; Jeremiah 25:3-7; 35:15; Zechariah 1:3-6; 7:9-13; Mark 12:2-5; Luke 20:10-19
that
Song of Solomon 8:11,12; Isaiah 5:4
Reciprocal: Psalm 1:3 - bringeth; Isaiah 5:2 - he looked; Isaiah 28:10 - For precept; Isaiah 65:12 - because; Jeremiah 7:25 - sent; Daniel 9:6 - have we; Amos 2:11 - and; Matthew 5:12 - for so; Matthew 23:33 - serpents; Luke 13:6 - and he came; Luke 20:18 - shall fall; James 5:10 - for

Verse 35

And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another.
5:12; 23:31-37; 1 Kings 18:4,13; 19:2,10; 22:24; 2 Chronicles 16:10; 24:21,22; 2 Chronicles 36:15,16; Nehemiah 9:26; Jeremiah 2:30; 25:3-7; 26:21-24; Luke 13:33,34; Acts 7:52; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16; Hebrews 11:36,37; Revelation 6:9
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 11:21 - thou; Jeremiah 20:2 - smote; Jeremiah 26:8 - the priests; Jeremiah 37:15 - the princes; Ezekiel 34:4 - but with; Matthew 14:10 - and beheaded; Matthew 22:6 - the remnant; Matthew 23:30 - the blood; Matthew 23:33 - serpents; Matthew 23:37 - thou; Mark 12:5 - and him; Luke 3:20 - General; Luke 6:23 - for in; Luke 11:48 - for; John 10:31 - General; 2 Corinthians 11:25 - once; Revelation 16:6 - they have

Verse 37

But last of all he sent unto them his son, saying, They will reverence my son.
last
3:17; Mark 12:6; Luke 20:13; John 1:18,34; 3:16,35,36; Hebrews 1:1,2
They
Isaiah 5:4; Jeremiah 36:3; Zephaniah 3:7
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 1:31 - did reverence; Isaiah 49:5 - Israel; Luke 19:27 - General; Luke 20:15 - What

Verse 38

But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance.
This
2:13-16; 26:3,4; 27:1,2; Genesis 37:18-20; Psalms 2:2-8; Mark 12:7,8; Luke 20:14; John 11:47-53; Acts 4:27,28; 5:24-28
Reciprocal: Exodus 1:16 - then ye shall; Judges 16:2 - kill him; 2 Samuel 17:2 - I will smite; 1 Kings 1:12 - the life; 2 Kings 11:1 - and destroyed; Psalm 2:1 - people; Psalm 40:14 - that; Jeremiah 7:26 - they did; Jeremiah 11:9 - General; Matthew 12:45 - Even; Matthew 27:23 - But; Mark 9:31 - The Son; Mark 11:18 - and; Luke 9:44 - for; Luke 19:12 - a far; Luke 22:2 - General; John 7:1 - because; John 7:19 - Why; John 16:20 - but the; Hebrews 1:2 - appointed; James 5:6 - have

Verse 39

And they caught him, and cast him out of the vineyard, and slew him.
caught
26:50,57; Mark 14:46-53; Luke 22:52-54; John 18:12,24; Acts 2:23; 4:25-27
cast
Hebrews 13:11-13
slew
Acts 2:23; 3:14,15; 4:10; 5:30; 7:52; James 5:6
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 11:1 - and destroyed; Jeremiah 11:9 - General; Matthew 27:23 - But; Matthew 27:31 - and led; Mark 9:31 - The Son; Mark 11:18 - and; Mark 12:8 - cast; Luke 9:44 - for

Verse 40

When the lord therefore of the vineyard cometh, what will he do unto those husbandmen?
what
Mark 12:9; Luke 20:15,16; Hebrews 10:29
Reciprocal: Isaiah 5:3 - judge; Matthew 22:7 - he was; John 11:48 - and the

Verse 41

They say unto him, He will miserably destroy those wicked men, and will let out his vineyard unto other husbandmen, which shall render him the fruits in their seasons.
they say
Our Lord here causes them to pass that sentence of destruction upon themselves which was literally executed about forty years afterwards by the Roman armies.
He will
3:12; 22:6,7; 23:35-38; 24:21,22; Leviticus 26:14-46; Deuteronomy 28:59-68; Psalms 2:4,5,9; Isaiah 5:5-7; Daniel 9:26; Zechariah 11:8-10; 12:12; 13:8; 14:2,3; Malachi 4:1-6; Luke 17:32-37; 19:41-44; 21:22-24; 1 Thessalonians 2:16; Hebrews 2:3; 12:25
and will let out
43; 8:11; Isaiah 49:5-7; 65:15; 66:19-21; Luke 13:28,29; 14:23,24; 21:24; Acts 13:46-48; 15:7; 18:6; 28:8; Romans 9:1-11; 15:9-18
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 20:40 - So shall thy judgment be; 2 Kings 1:10 - If I be a man; Psalm 1:3 - bringeth; Psalm 64:8 - tongue; Proverbs 10:30 - the wicked; Proverbs 17:11 - General; Isaiah 5:3 - judge; Hosea 4:6 - I will also reject; Matthew 25:29 - shall be taken; Mark 12:9 - shall; Luke 20:16 - destroy; Luke 21:23 - great; John 8:35 - the servant; Acts 13:41 - for; Acts 28:28 - sent; Revelation 2:5 - else

Verse 42

Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
Did
The stone
Psalms 118:22,23; Isaiah 28:16; Zechariah 3:8,9; Mark 12:10,11; Luke 20:17,18; Acts 4:11; Romans 9:33; Ephesians 2:20; 1 Peter 2:4-8
and it is
Habakkuk 1:5; Acts 13:40,41; Ephesians 3:3-9
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:50 - The thing; Genesis 49:24 - the stone; 1 Samuel 14:38 - chief; Psalm 119:139 - because; Jeremiah 48:45 - devour; Zechariah 4:7 - headstone; Matthew 4:7 - It; Matthew 9:13 - go; Matthew 19:4 - Have; Matthew 22:31 - have; Mark 2:25 - Have; Mark 8:31 - rejected; Luke 6:3 - Have; Luke 17:25 - rejected; John 12:48 - rejecteth; Galatians 4:21 - do; 2 Timothy 3:16 - All; 1 Peter 2:7 - the stone

Verse 43

Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.
The kingdom
41; 8:11,12; 12:28; Isaiah 28:2; Luke 17:20,21; John 3:3,5
a nation
Exodus 19:6; Isaiah 26:2; 1 Corinthians 13:2; 1 Peter 2:9
Reciprocal: Judges 6:39 - dry; Isaiah 29:17 - Lebanon; Isaiah 35:7 - the parched; Zechariah 11:3 - for their; Zechariah 11:9 - I will; Zechariah 13:8 - two; Matthew 10:7 - The; Matthew 13:12 - from; Mark 12:9 - and will; Luke 3:8 - of these; Luke 9:11 - the kingdom; Luke 14:23 - Go; Luke 14:24 - General; Luke 19:26 - and from; Acts 1:3 - speaking; Acts 13:46 - seeing; Acts 18:6 - from; Romans 11:17 - some; Romans 11:28 - are enemies; Hebrews 4:6 - some

Verse 44

And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
whosoever
Psalms 2:12; Isaiah 8:14,15; 60:12; Zechariah 12:3; Luke 20:18; Romans 9:33; 2 Corinthians 4:3,4; 1 Peter 2:8
but
26:24; 27:25; Psalms 2:9; 21:8,9; 110:5,6; Daniel 2:34,35,44,45; John 19:11; 1 Thessalonians 2:16; Hebrews 2:2,3
Reciprocal: Esther 9:25 - return; Job 16:12 - broken me; Isaiah 28:13 - that; Zechariah 13:8 - two; Mark 11:14 - No; Luke 2:34 - set; Luke 21:23 - great; Acts 5:28 - blood

Verse 45

And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them.
they
12:12; Luke 11:45; 20:19
Reciprocal: Matthew 26:3 - assembled; Mark 11:18 - and; Mark 12:12 - feared; Luke 6:11 - communed; Luke 22:2 - General; Luke 22:53 - I was

Verse 46

But when they sought to lay hands on him, they feared the multitude, because they took him for a prophet.
they sought
2 Samuel 12:7-13; Proverbs 9:7-9; 15:12; Isaiah 29:1; John 7:7
because
11; Luke 7:16,39; John 7:40,41; Acts 2:22 Reciprocal: Psalm 21:11 - imagined; Matthew 21:26 - we fear; Matthew 26:3 - assembled; Mark 11:18 - and; Mark 11:32 - they; Mark 12:12 - feared; Mark 12:37 - And the; Luke 20:6 - all; Luke 20:19 - the same; Luke 22:2 - General; Luke 22:53 - I was; John 7:12 - some; Acts 4:21 - how; Acts 16:38 - and they; Hebrews 12:3 - contradiction

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Matthew 21". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/matthew-21.html.