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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Numbers 13

Introduction

Overview

Numbers 13:1, The names of the men who were sent to search the land; Numbers 13:17, Their instructions; Numbers 13:21, Their acts; Numbers 13:26, Their relation.

Verse 1

Reciprocal: Numbers 10:31 - forasmuch Numbers 20:1 - Then Deuteronomy 1:22 - We will send Deuteronomy 9:23 - Likewise

Verse 2

Send thou: Numbers 32:8, Deuteronomy 1:22-Lamentations :, Joshua 2:1-Jeremiah :

of every: Numbers 1:4, Numbers 34:18

a ruler: Numbers 11:16, Exodus 18:25, Deuteronomy 1:15

Reciprocal: Genesis 42:9 - Ye are spies Joshua 4:2 - twelve men Joshua 18:4 - three

Verse 3

The wilderness of Paran, says Dr. Wells, seems to have been taken in a larger, and in a stricter sense. In the larger sense, it seems to have denoted all the desert and mountainous tract, lying between the wilderness of Shur westward, and mount Seir, or the land of Edom, eastward, the land of Canaan northward, and the Red sea southward. And in this sense, it seems to have comprehended the wilderness of Sin, and the wilderness of Sinai, also the adjoining tract wherein lay Kibroth-hattaavah and Hazeroth. In this sense it may be understood in Deuteronomy 1:19, where, by "that great and terrible wilderness," is intended the wilderness of Paran in its largest acceptation; for, in its stricter acceptation, it seems not to have been so great and terrible a wilderness; but is taken to denote more peculiarly that part of Arabia Petrea which lies between mount Sinai and Hazeroth west, and mount Seir east. Numbers 12:16, Numbers 32:8, Deuteronomy 1:19, Deuteronomy 1:23, Deuteronomy 9:23

Reciprocal: Genesis 14:6 - Elparan Genesis 21:21 - in the Numbers 10:12 - the wilderness Numbers 13:26 - unto the wilderness 1 Samuel 25:1 - the wilderness

Verse 4

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 2:1 - Reuben Ezekiel 48:1 - the names Revelation 7:5 - tribe of Juda

Verse 6

Caleb: Numbers 13:30, Numbers 14:6, Numbers 14:24, Numbers 14:30, Numbers 14:38, Numbers 26:65, Numbers 27:15-Isaiah :, Numbers 34:19, Deuteronomy 31:7-Esther :, Joshua 14:6-Ezra :, Joshua 15:13-Psalms :, Luke 1:10-Ezra :, 1 Chronicles 4:15

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:36 - Caleb Joshua 14:7 - sent me

Verse 8

Oshea: Numbers 13:16, Jehoshua, Numbers 11:28, Numbers 27:18-Song of Solomon :, Exodus 17:9-1 Chronicles :, Exodus 24:13, Exodus 32:17, Deuteronomy 31:7, Deuteronomy 31:8, Deuteronomy 31:14, Deuteronomy 31:23, Deuteronomy 34:9, Joshua 1:1-1 Samuel :, Joshua 1:16, Joshua 24:1-Micah :, Joshua

Reciprocal: Genesis 48:20 - and he set Numbers 14:6 - Joshua Numbers 34:17 - Joshua Deuteronomy 1:38 - Joshua Deuteronomy 32:44 - Hoshea 1 Chronicles 7:27 - Non Hosea 13:1 - exalted

Verse 11

Reciprocal: Genesis 48:20 - and he set Joshua 19:30 - Rehob

Verse 16

Oshea: Hosea 1:1, Romans 9:25

Jehoshua: Numbers 13:8, Numbers 14:6, Numbers 14:30, Exodus 17:9, Matthew 1:21-Isaiah :, Acts 7:45, Hebrews 4:8, Jesus

Reciprocal: Genesis 17:5 - but thy name Genesis 32:28 - Thy name Genesis 42:9 - Ye are spies Genesis 48:20 - and he set Numbers 27:18 - Take thee Numbers 34:17 - Joshua Deuteronomy 1:38 - Joshua Deuteronomy 32:44 - Hoshea Joshua 1:1 - Joshua Joshua 14:7 - sent me 1 Chronicles 7:27 - Non Hosea 13:1 - exalted

Verse 17

southward: Numbers 13:21, Numbers 13:22, Genesis 12:9, Genesis 13:1, Joshua 15:3, Judges 1:15

the mountain: Numbers 14:40, Genesis 14:10, Deuteronomy 1:44, Judges 1:9, Judges 1:19

Reciprocal: Joshua 2:1 - to spy secretly Judges 18:2 - to spy

Verse 18

Exodus 3:8, Ezekiel 34:14

Verse 19

Reciprocal: Exodus 3:8 - unto a good

Verse 20

whether it be: Nehemiah 9:25, Nehemiah 9:35, Ezekiel 34:14

good courage: Numbers 13:30, Numbers 13:31, Deuteronomy 31:6-Ruth :, Deuteronomy 31:23, Joshua 1:6, Joshua 1:9, Joshua 2:3, Joshua 2:22, Joshua 2:23, 1 Chronicles 22:11, Hebrews 13:6

the firstripe: Numbers 13:23, Numbers 13:24, Micah 7:1

Reciprocal: Genesis 27:28 - the fatness 2 Samuel 10:12 - Be of good

Verse 21

from the wilderness of Zin: The wilderness of Zin, is different from that called Sin - Exodus 16:1. The latter was near Egypt, but the former was near Kadesh Barnea, not far from the borders of Canaan. It seems to be the valley mentioned by Burckhardt; which, under the names of El Ghor and El Araba, form a continuation of the valley of the Jordan, extending from the Dead sea to the eastern branch of the Red sea. The whole plain presents to the view an appearance of shifting sands, whose surface is broken by innumerable undulations and low hills. A few talk, tamarisk, and rethem trees grow among the sand hills; but the depth of sand precludes all vegetation of herbage. Numbers 20:1, Numbers 27:14, Numbers 33:36, Numbers 34:3, Numbers 34:4, Deuteronomy 32:51, Joshua 15:1

Rehob: Rehob was a city, afterwards given to the tribe of Asher, situated near mount Lebanon, at the northern extremity of the Promised Land, on the road which leads to Hamath, and west of Laish or Dan: compare Judges 1:31, Judges 18:28, Joshua 19:28.

Hamath: 2 Samuel 8:9, Amos 6:2

Reciprocal: Numbers 13:17 - southward Numbers 21:1 - the way of the spies Numbers 34:8 - the entrance Deuteronomy 1:24 - General Joshua 19:35 - Hammath Joshua 21:31 - Rehob 2 Samuel 10:8 - Rehob 2 Kings 3:8 - the wilderness of Edom 2 Kings 14:25 - from the entering 2 Kings 18:34 - the gods 2 Kings 19:13 - the king 2 Kings 23:33 - Hamath 2 Chronicles 8:3 - Hamathzobah Jeremiah 39:5 - Hamath Jeremiah 49:23 - Hamath Jeremiah 52:9 - Hamath Ezekiel 47:16 - Hamath Zechariah 9:2 - Hamath

Verse 22

Ahiman: Joshua 11:21, Joshua 11:22, Joshua 15:13, Joshua 15:14, Judges 1:10

the children: Numbers 13:33

Hebron: Genesis 13:18, Genesis 23:2, Joshua 14:13-Ezra :, Joshua 21:13, 2 Samuel 2:1, 2 Samuel 2:11

Zoan: Psalms 78:12, Psalms 78:43, Isaiah 19:11, Isaiah 30:4

Reciprocal: Genesis 37:14 - Hebron Numbers 13:17 - southward Numbers 13:28 - saw the Numbers 21:1 - the way of the spies Deuteronomy 2:11 - as the Anakims Deuteronomy 9:1 - cities Joshua 10:3 - Hebron Joshua 10:36 - Hebron Joshua 14:9 - General Judges 1:20 - the three sons 1 Chronicles 11:1 - Hebron 2 Chronicles 11:10 - Hebron Ezekiel 30:14 - Zoan

Verse 23

brook: or valley, Numbers 13:24, Numbers 32:9, Deuteronomy 1:24, Deuteronomy 1:25, Judges 16:4

Reciprocal: Numbers 13:20 - the firstripe Numbers 13:28 - saw the Deuteronomy 2:13 - brook Joshua 11:21 - the Anakims Joshua 15:14 - General Joshua 15:33 - Eshtaol Hosea 9:10 - grapes Joel 1:12 - the pomegranate 2 Corinthians 5:5 - the earnest

Verse 24

brook: or valley, Numbers 13:23

Eshcol: that is a cluster of grapes

Reciprocal: Numbers 13:20 - the firstripe Hosea 9:10 - grapes

Verse 25

forty days: Numbers 14:33, Numbers 14:34, Exodus 24:18, Exodus 34:28

Verse 26

unto the wilderness: Numbers 13:3

Kadesh: Numbers 20:1, Numbers 20:16, Numbers 32:8, Numbers 33:36, Deuteronomy 1:19, Joshua 14:6

Reciprocal: Genesis 16:14 - Kadesh Genesis 20:1 - Kadesh Genesis 21:21 - in the Numbers 10:12 - the wilderness Numbers 12:16 - the wilderness Numbers 20:22 - Kadesh Numbers 34:4 - Kadeshbarnea Deuteronomy 1:2 - unto Deuteronomy 2:14 - Kadeshbarnea Joshua 10:41 - Kadeshbarnea Joshua 14:7 - I brought Judges 11:16 - came 1 Samuel 25:1 - the wilderness 2 Kings 18:32 - like your own Psalms 29:8 - Kadesh

Verse 27

Numbers 14:8, Exodus 3:8, Exodus 3:17, Exodus 13:5, Exodus 33:3, Leviticus 20:24, Deuteronomy 1:25-Micah :, Deuteronomy 6:3, Deuteronomy 11:9, Deuteronomy 26:9, Deuteronomy 26:11-Ezra :, Deuteronomy 27:3, Deuteronomy 31:20, Joshua 5:6, Jeremiah 11:5, Jeremiah 32:22, Ezekiel 20:6, Ezekiel 20:15

Reciprocal: Numbers 14:7 - an exceeding good land 1 Samuel 14:25 - honey 2 Kings 18:32 - like your own Nehemiah 9:25 - strong Jeremiah 2:7 - brought

Verse 28

strong: Deuteronomy 1:28, Deuteronomy 2:10, Deuteronomy 2:11, Deuteronomy 2:21, Deuteronomy 3:5, Deuteronomy 9:1, Deuteronomy 9:2

saw the: Numbers 13:22, Numbers 13:23, Numbers 13:33, Joshua 11:22, Joshua 15:14, Judges 1:20

Reciprocal: Numbers 13:32 - a land Joshua 14:12 - the Anakims Nehemiah 9:25 - strong Amos 2:9 - whose

Verse 29

Amalekites: Numbers 14:43, Numbers 24:20, Genesis 14:7, Exodus 17:8-Nehemiah :, Judges 6:3, 1 Samuel 14:48, 1 Samuel 15:3-:, 1 Samuel 30:1, Psalms 83:7

the Hittites: Genesis 15:19-Ecclesiastes :, Exodus 3:8, Exodus 3:17

Reciprocal: Numbers 14:25 - the Amalekites Numbers 25:12 - General Joshua 5:1 - which were by Joshua 11:3 - the Jebusite Judges 3:3 - Canaanites Amos 2:9 - whose

Verse 30

Numbers 14:6-1 Samuel :, Numbers 14:24, Joshua 14:6-Ruth :, Psalms 27:1, Psalms 27:2, Psalms 60:12, Psalms 118:10, Psalms 118:11, Isaiah 41:10-Nehemiah :, Romans 8:31, Romans 8:37, Philippians 4:13, Hebrews 11:33

Reciprocal: Numbers 13:6 - Caleb Numbers 13:20 - good courage Numbers 34:19 - Caleb Deuteronomy 1:21 - fear not Deuteronomy 1:36 - Caleb Joshua 15:13 - Caleb Judges 18:9 - Arise 1 Samuel 17:32 - Let 1 Chronicles 4:15 - Caleb Nehemiah 8:11 - stilled Ecclesiastes 9:10 - thy hand

Verse 31

Numbers 32:9, Deuteronomy 1:28, Joshua 14:8, Hebrews 3:19

Reciprocal: Numbers 13:20 - good courage Numbers 14:36 - General Deuteronomy 20:8 - lest his brethren's 1 Samuel 17:33 - Thou art not Nehemiah 4:10 - The strength Proverbs 26:6 - sendeth Haggai 1:2 - This

Verse 32

brought: Numbers 14:36, Numbers 14:37, Deuteronomy 1:28, Matthew 23:13

a land: Numbers 13:28, Ezekiel 36:13, Amos 2:9

men of a great stature: Heb. men of statures, 2 Samuel 21:20, *Heb: 1 Chronicles 20:6, *marg.

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 7:17 - These nations Joshua 2:24 - Truly the Lord 2 Samuel 21:16 - of the sons Psalms 44:2 - how thou didst afflict Psalms 106:24 - they despised Proverbs 22:13 - The slothful Isaiah 45:14 - men of stature Ezekiel 36:12 - no more

Verse 33

saw the giants: Numbers 13:22, Deuteronomy 1:28, Deuteronomy 2:10, Deuteronomy 3:11, Deuteronomy 9:2, 1 Samuel 17:4-Judges :, 2 Samuel 21:20-Song of Solomon :, 1 Chronicles 11:23

and we were: 1 Samuel 17:42, Isaiah 40:22

Reciprocal: Genesis 6:4 - giants Numbers 13:28 - saw the Deuteronomy 2:11 - as the Anakims Joshua 2:24 - Truly the Lord Joshua 14:12 - the Anakims Judges 1:10 - Sheshai 1 Samuel 9:2 - from his shoulders 1 Samuel 17:24 - sore 2 Samuel 21:16 - of the sons Proverbs 22:13 - The slothful Amos 2:9 - whose John 21:25 - that even

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/numbers-13.html.