Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 11

Introduction

1From this chapter to the five and twentieth are sundry observations of moral virtues, and their contrary vices.

Verse 1

A false balance is abomination to the LORD: but a just weight is his delight.
A false balance is
Heb. Balances of deceit. are.
16:11; 20:10,23; Leviticus 19:35,36; Deuteronomy 25:13-16; Hosea 12:7; Amos 8:5,6; Micah 6:10,11
a just weight
Heb. a perfect stone.
16:11; Ezekiel 45:10-12
Reciprocal: Exodus 20:15 - GeneralDeuteronomy 17:1 - for that;  Deuteronomy 25:16 - all that do;  Job 22:3 - any pleasure;  Psalm 37:23 - delighteth;  Proverbs 6:16 - an;  Proverbs 12:22 - but;  Proverbs 17:15 - abomination;  Proverbs 26:24 - deceit;  1 Corinthians 6:9 - unrighteous;  Philippians 4:8 - are just;  1 Thessalonians 4:6 - go

Verse 2

When pride cometh, then cometh shame: but with the lowly is wisdom.
pride
3:34,35; 16:18,19; Daniel 4:30-32; Luke 14:8-11; 18:14
but
15:33; 1 Corinthians 8:1,2
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 15:1 - Absalom;  2 Chronicles 32:21 - with shame;  Proverbs 18:3 - GeneralProverbs 18:12 - destruction;  Ezekiel 28:17 - heart;  Luke 14:9 - and thou

Verse 3

The integrity of the upright shall guide them: but the perverseness of transgressors shall destroy them.
The integrity
5; 13:6; Psalms 25:21; 26:1; John 7:17
the perverseness
21:7; 28:18; Ecclesiastes 7:17; Isaiah 1:28
Reciprocal: Genesis 20:5 - in the integrity;  Proverbs 5:22 - His;  Proverbs 21:12 - overthroweth

Verse 4

Riches profit not in the day of wrath: but righteousness delivereth from death.
Riches
10:2; Job 36:18,19; Psalms 49:6-8; Ezekiel 7:19; Zephaniah 1:18; Matthew 16:26; Luke 12:20
but
12:28; Genesis 7:1; Romans 5:17; 1 Timothy 4:8
Reciprocal: Genesis 7:23 - and Noah;  Job 20:28 - and his goods;  Job 21:30 - day;  Psalm 49:9 - That he;  Psalm 49:10 - leave;  Proverbs 8:18 - and righteousness;  Proverbs 11:19 - righteousness;  Proverbs 18:11 - GeneralEcclesiastes 5:13 - riches;  Ecclesiastes 7:12 - the excellency;  Isaiah 10:3 - where;  Jeremiah 9:23 - rich;  Jeremiah 48:36 - the riches;  Ezekiel 14:14 - deliver;  Ezekiel 27:27 - Thy riches;  Zechariah 9:4 - the Lord;  Matthew 6:19 - GeneralRomans 2:5 - the day;  James 5:1 - ye;  James 5:20 - from death

Verse 5

The righteousness of the perfect shall direct his way: but the wicked shall fall by his own wickedness.
direct
Heb. rectify.
3; 1:31,32; 5:22; 2 Samuel 17:23; Esther 7:3-10; Psalms 9:15,16; Matthew 27:4,5
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 18:19 - go up;  Esther 7:9 - Behold;  Proverbs 13:6 - Righteousness;  Proverbs 13:23 - destroyed;  Proverbs 21:29 - he directeth;  Proverbs 29:6 - the transgression;  Hosea 5:5 - fall in

Verse 6

The righteousness of the upright shall deliver them: but transgressors shall be taken in their own naughtiness.
righteousness
Genesis 30:33; 31:37; 1 Samuel 12:3,4
but
5:22; 1 Kings 2:32,33,44; Psalms 7:16; Ecclesiastes 10:8
Reciprocal: Esther 7:9 - Behold;  Psalm 59:12 - taken;  Proverbs 6:12 - naughty;  Proverbs 13:6 - Righteousness;  Proverbs 13:23 - destroyed;  Proverbs 29:6 - the transgression

Verse 7

When a wicked man dieth, his expectation shall perish: and the hope of unjust men perisheth.
10:28; 14:32; Exodus 15:9,10; Job 8:13,14; 11:20; Psalms 146:4; Ezekiel 28:9; Luke 12:19,20
Reciprocal: Psalm 112:10 - desire;  Proverbs 11:23 - expectation;  John 8:21 - and shall die

Verse 8

The righteous is delivered out of trouble, and the wicked cometh in his stead.
21:18; Esther 7:9,10; Isaiah 43:3,4; Daniel 6:23,24
Reciprocal: Job 2:3 - an upright;  Psalm 141:10 - the wicked;  Proverbs 12:13 - but;  Isaiah 51:23 - I will;  Daniel 3:22 - slew

Verse 9

An hypocrite with his mouth destroyeth his neighbour: but through knowledge shall the just be delivered.
An hypocrite
Or rather, as chanaiph properly signifies, a wicked, profligate person, an infidel.
1 Kings 13:18-22; 22:6,20-23; Job 8:13; 34:30; Psalms 55:12,20,21; Matthew 7:15; Matthew 15:5-14; Acts 20:30; 2 Corinthians 11:13-15; 2 Thessalonians 2:8-10; 1 Timothy 4:1-3; 2 Peter 2:1-3
through
2:10-16; 4:5,6; 6:23,24; Mark 13:14,22,23; Ephesians 4:13,14; 2 Peter 3:16-18; 1 John 2:21,27
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 14:24 - Cursed;  2 Samuel 15:6 - stole;  Nehemiah 6:10 - Shemaiah;  Psalm 120:4 - Sharp;  Luke 13:15 - Thou hypocrite

Verse 10

When it goeth well with the righteous, the city rejoiceth: and when the wicked perish, there is shouting.
it goeth
28:12,28; Esther 8:15,16
when
Exodus 15:21; Judges 5:31; Job 27:23; Psalms 58:10,11; Revelation 19:1-7
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 11:20 - rejoiced;  1 Chronicles 12:40 - there was joy;  2 Chronicles 23:13 - all the people;  2 Chronicles 23:21 - GeneralJob 22:19 - righteous;  Proverbs 29:2 - the righteous;  Isaiah 14:7 - they;  Jeremiah 51:48 - the heaven;  Revelation 18:20 - Rejoice

Verse 11

By the blessing of the upright the city is exalted: but it is overthrown by the mouth of the wicked.
the blessing
14:34; 29:8; Genesis 41:38-42; 45:8; 2 Chronicles 32:20-22; Job 22:30; Ecclesiastes 9:15
it
2 Samuel 20:1; Esther 3:8-15; 9:1-16; James 3:6
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 2:12 - My father;  2 Kings 13:14 - O my father;  Proverbs 10:32 - but

Verse 12

He that is void of wisdom despiseth his neighbour: but a man of understanding holdeth his peace.
that
Judges 9:27-29,38; Nehemiah 4:2-4; Psalms 123:3,4; Luke 16:14; 18:9; John 7:48-52
void of wisdom
Heb. destitute of heart. a man.
10:19; 1 Samuel 10:27; 2 Kings 18:36; 1 Peter 2:23
Reciprocal: Psalm 120:4 - Sharp;  Proverbs 14:2 - but;  Proverbs 14:21 - that despiseth;  Proverbs 15:21 - destitute of wisdom;  1 Corinthians 4:10 - but we

Verse 13

A talebearer revealeth secrets: but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter.
A tale bearer
Heb. He that walketh being a talebearer.
20:19; Leviticus 19:16
revealeth
25:9; 26:20-22; Nehemiah 6:17-19
he
14:5; Joshua 2:14,20; Jeremiah 38:27
Reciprocal: Exodus 20:16 - GeneralProverbs 12:23 - A prudent

Verse 14

Where no counsel is, the people fall: but in the multitude of counsellors there is safety.
15:22; 16:22; 24:6; 1 Kings 12:1-19; Isaiah 19:11-14; Acts 15:6-21
Reciprocal: Judges 19:30 - consider;  1 Kings 1:12 - let me;  1 Kings 20:7 - all the elders;  2 Chronicles 20:21 - consulted;  2 Chronicles 30:2 - the king

Verse 15

He that is surety for a stranger shall smart for it: and he that hateth suretiship is sure.
that is surety
6:1-5; 17:18; 20:16; 22:26,27
smart
Heb. be sore broken. suretiship. Heb. those that strike hands.
Reciprocal: Job 17:3 - put me

Verse 16

A gracious woman retaineth honour: and strong men retain riches.
gracious
31:30,31; 1 Samuel 25:32,33; 2 Samuel 20:16-22; Esther 9:25; Matthew 26:13; Luke 8:3; Luke 10:42; 21:2-4; Acts 9:39; 16:14,15; Romans 16:2-4,6; 2 John 1:1
and
Luke 11:21,22
Reciprocal: Proverbs 4:23 - with all diligence

Verse 17

The merciful man doeth good to his own soul: but he that is cruel troubleth his own flesh.
merciful
Psalms 41:1-4; 112:4-9; Isaiah 32:7,8; 57:1; 58:7-12; Daniel 4:27; Matthew 5:7; Matthew 6:14,15; 25:34-40; Luke 6:38; 2 Corinthians 9:6-14; Philippians 4:17
but
15:27; Job 20:19-23; Ecclesiastes 4:8; James 2:13; 5:1-5
Reciprocal: Genesis 34:30 - Ye have;  Ecclesiastes 4:5 - eateth;  Ephesians 5:29 - hated

Verse 18

The wicked worketh a deceitful work: but to him that soweth righteousness shall be a sure reward.
wicked
1:18; 5:22; Job 27:13-23; Ecclesiastes 10:8; Isaiah 59:5-8; Ephesians 4:22
but
22:8; Psalms 126:5,6; Hosea 10:12,13; Galatians 6:8,9; James 3:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:1 - and thy;  Exodus 1:20 - God;  Ruth 2:12 - recompense;  2 Samuel 1:15 - Go near;  Psalm 18:20 - rewarded;  Psalm 19:11 - keeping;  Psalm 120:4 - Sharp;  Proverbs 11:24 - that scattereth;  Proverbs 14:8 - folly;  Ecclesiastes 11:1 - for;  Daniel 11:23 - work;  Matthew 5:12 - for great;  Mark 4:26 - as;  Romans 2:10 - to every;  2 Corinthians 9:6 - He which soweth sparingly;  2 Corinthians 9:10 - multiply;  Galatians 6:7 - for;  Ephesians 6:8 - whatsoever;  Colossians 3:24 - ye shall;  Hebrews 11:6 - a rewarder;  Hebrews 11:26 - for he had

Verse 19

As righteousness tendeth to life: so he that pursueth evil pursueth it to his own death.
righteousness
4; 10:16; 12:28; 19:23; Acts 10:35; 1 John 3:7,10
he
1:16-19; 7:22,23; 8:36; Romans 2:8,9
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 18:18 - in that ye have;  2 Kings 1:4 - but shalt;  Proverbs 5:6 - the path;  Proverbs 15:27 - He that is

Verse 20

They that are of a froward heart are abomination to the LORD: but such as are upright in their way are his delight.
of
6:14,16-19; 8:13; Psalms 18:25,26
upright
9:7; 15:8; 16:17; 21:29; Psalms 11:7; 51:6; 140:13
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 29:17 - hast pleasure;  Job 22:3 - any pleasure;  Psalm 7:10 - which;  Psalm 37:23 - delighteth;  Psalm 101:4 - A froward;  Psalm 147:11 - taketh;  Psalm 149:4 - taketh pleasure;  Proverbs 3:32 - the froward;  Proverbs 12:22 - but;  1 Peter 2:18 - but

Verse 21

Though hand join in hand, the wicked shall not be unpunished: but the seed of the righteous shall be delivered.
hand
16:5; Exodus 23:2
the seed
13:22; Genesis 17:7,8; Psalms 37:26; 112:1,2; Isaiah 27:4; Jeremiah 32:39; Acts 2:39
Reciprocal: Joshua 9:2 - gathered;  2 Samuel 18:7 - a great;  Job 36:19 - nor all;  Proverbs 12:7 - wicked;  Isaiah 8:9 - and ye;  Jeremiah 25:29 - Ye shall;  Jeremiah 44:15 - all the;  Jeremiah 44:19 - without;  Ezekiel 33:8 - O wicked;  Hosea 2:10 - and none shall;  Hosea 5:5 - fall in;  Acts 5:9 - have;  Romans 2:3 - that thou shalt

Verse 22

As a jewel of gold in a swine's snout, so is a fair woman which is without discretion.
a jewel
31:30; Ezekiel 16:15-22; Nahum 3:4-6; 1 Peter 3:3,4; 2 Peter 2:22
is without
Heb. departed from.
7:10; 9:13
Reciprocal: Matthew 7:6 - cast

Verse 23

The desire of the righteous is only good: but the expectation of the wicked is wrath.
desire
Psalms 10:17; 27:4; 37:4; 39:7,8; 119:5,10; Isaiah 26:9; Jeremiah 17:16; Matthew 5:6
expectation
7; 10:28; Romans 2:8,9; Hebrews 10:27
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 23:20 - all the desire;  Psalm 20:4 - GeneralProverbs 12:5 - thoughts

Verse 24

There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; and there is that withholdeth more than is meet, but it tendeth to poverty.
that scattereth
18; 19:17; 28:8; Deuteronomy 15:10; Psalms 112:9; Ecclesiastes 11:1,2,6; Luke 6:38; Acts 11:29,30; 2 Corinthians 9:5-11
but
Haggai 1:6,9-11; 2:16-19
Reciprocal: Leviticus 23:22 - GeneralDeuteronomy 14:29 - that the Lord;  Deuteronomy 15:4 - greatly bless;  Deuteronomy 24:19 - may bless;  Ruth 2:14 - At mealtime;  Job 22:7 - not given;  Proverbs 3:10 - GeneralProverbs 10:4 - becometh;  Proverbs 14:21 - he that hath;  Ecclesiastes 5:13 - riches;  Isaiah 32:6 - empty;  Isaiah 32:8 - the liberal;  Isaiah 58:10 - thou draw;  Ezekiel 18:7 - hath given;  Matthew 5:42 - GeneralMatthew 14:16 - they;  Matthew 25:35 - I was an;  Luke 6:30 - Give;  Luke 9:13 - have;  John 6:13 - and filled;  Acts 2:45 - parted;  2 Corinthians 9:6 - He which soweth sparingly;  2 Corinthians 9:8 - God;  Philippians 4:19 - supply;  1 Timothy 6:18 - ready

Verse 25

The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that watereth shall be watered also himself.
liberal soul
Heb. soul of blessing.
28:27; Job 29:13-18; 31:16-20; Isaiah 32:8; 58:7-11; Matthew 5:7; 25:34,35
Reciprocal: Leviticus 23:22 - GeneralDeuteronomy 15:4 - greatly bless;  Deuteronomy 15:10 - because;  Deuteronomy 24:19 - may bless;  Ruth 2:14 - At mealtime;  Job 22:7 - not given;  Psalm 112:9 - dispersed;  Proverbs 3:10 - GeneralProverbs 13:4 - made;  Proverbs 14:21 - he that hath;  Proverbs 19:17 - lendeth;  Proverbs 22:9 - He that hath a bountiful eye;  Proverbs 28:25 - made;  Ecclesiastes 5:13 - riches;  Ecclesiastes 11:1 - thy bread;  Isaiah 58:10 - thou draw;  Isaiah 58:11 - make fat;  Ezekiel 18:7 - hath given;  Matthew 5:42 - GeneralLuke 6:30 - Give;  Luke 9:13 - have;  John 6:13 - and filled;  Acts 2:45 - parted;  1 Corinthians 3:6 - Apollos;  2 Corinthians 8:2 - the riches;  2 Corinthians 9:7 - God;  Philippians 4:19 - supply;  1 Timothy 6:18 - ready

Verse 26

He that withholdeth corn, the people shall curse him: but blessing shall be upon the head of him that selleth it.
that withholdeth
Amos 8:4-6
blessing
Job 29:13
Reciprocal: Genesis 47:23 - here is seed;  Genesis 47:25 - Thou hast;  Proverbs 10:6 - Blessings;  Proverbs 24:24 - him shall;  Proverbs 28:27 - shall;  Proverbs 30:10 - lest;  2 Corinthians 9:14 - by

Verse 27

He that diligently seeketh good procureth favour: but he that seeketh mischief, it shall come unto him.
diligently
Shochair, properly, "rising early to seek" what is greatly desired.
he that seekeeth
17:11; Esther 7:10; Psalms 7:15,16; 9:15,16; 10:2; 57:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 47:25 - Thou hast;  1 Kings 20:7 - seeketh mischief;  Amos 5:14 - Seek

Verse 28

He that trusteth in his riches shall fall: but the righteous shall flourish as a branch.
that
10:15; Deuteronomy 8:12-14; Job 31:24,25; Psalms 52:7; 62:10; Mark 10:24; Luke 12:20; 1 Timothy 6:17
but
Psalms 1:3; 52:8; 92:12-14; Isaiah 60:21; Jeremiah 17:8
Reciprocal: Proverbs 14:11 - the tabernacle;  Ezekiel 28:5 - and thine;  Matthew 13:22 - the deceitfulness;  Matthew 19:23 - That;  Luke 18:24 - How;  James 3:18 - the fruit;  James 5:1 - ye

Verse 29

He that troubleth his own house shall inherit the wind: and the fool shall be servant to the wise of heart.
that
Genesis 34:30; Joshua 7:24,25; 1 Samuel 25:3,17,38; Habakkuk 2:9,10
inherit
Ecclesiastes 5:16; Hosea 8:7
Reciprocal: Proverbs 14:18 - inherit;  Proverbs 15:27 - He that is;  Proverbs 17:2 - wise

Verse 30

The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life; and he that winneth souls is wise.
fruit
3:18; 15:4
and
Daniel 12:3; Matthew 4:19; John 4:36; 1 Corinthians 9:19-23; 1 Thessalonians 2:19; James 5:20
winneth
Heb. taketh.
Luke 5:9,10
Reciprocal: Genesis 2:9 - tree of life;  Proverbs 10:16 - labour;  Proverbs 13:12 - a tree;  Proverbs 14:18 - the prudent;  Proverbs 18:21 - Death;  Proverbs 31:31 - of the;  Matthew 13:52 - which;  Matthew 18:15 - thou hast;  Matthew 23:34 - and wise;  John 15:5 - same;  John 15:16 - bring;  1 Corinthians 7:16 - O wife;  2 Corinthians 12:14 - for I:1 Timothy 3:1 - desireth;  James 3:18 - the fruit;  1 Peter 3:1 - won;  Revelation 2:7 - the tree

Verse 31

Behold, the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: much more the wicked and the sinner.
2 Samuel 7:14,15; 12:9-12; 1 Kings 13:24; Jeremiah 25:29; 1 Corinthians 11:30-32; 1 Peter 4:17,18 Reciprocal: Genesis 29:25 - wherefore;  Deuteronomy 7:10 - repayeth;  1 Kings 13:26 - the man;  Job 34:33 - he will;  Proverbs 26:10 - both;  Luke 23:31 - General

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/proverbs-11.html.