Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 26

Introduction

1Observations about fools;
13about sluggards;
17and about contentious busy-bodies.

Verse 1

As snow in summer, and as rain in harvest, so honour is not seemly for a fool.
in summer
1 Samuel 12:17,18
so
3; 28:16; Judges 9:7,20,56,57; Esther 3:1-15; 4:6,9; Psalms 12:8; 15:4; Psalms 52:1; *title; Ecclesiastes 10:5-7
Reciprocal: Proverbs 26:8 - so

Verse 2

As the bird by wandering, as the swallow by flying, so the curse causeless shall not come.
so
Numbers 23:8; Deuteronomy 23:4,5; 1 Samuel 14:28,29; 17:43; 2 Samuel 16:12; Nehemiah 13:2; Psalms 109:28
Reciprocal: Numbers 22:6 - I wot;  Numbers 23:7 - Come;  Deuteronomy 18:22 - shalt not;  2 Samuel 16:5 - cursed;  Jeremiah 15:10 - curse;  Ezekiel 14:23 - that I have not;  2 Corinthians 13:8 - General

Verse 3

A whip for the horse, a bridle for the ass, and a rod for the fool's back.
10:13; 17:10; 19:25; 27:22; Judges 8:5-7; Psalms 32:9; 1 Corinthians 4:21; 2 Corinthians 10:6; 2 Corinthians 13:2
Reciprocal: Proverbs 19:29 - and;  Proverbs 26:1 - so;  Proverbs 29:19 - servant;  Isaiah 30:28 - a bridle;  Jeremiah 31:18 - as a

Verse 4

Answer not a fool according to his folly, lest thou also be like unto him.
17:14; Judges 12:1-6; 2 Samuel 19:41-43; 1 Kings 12:14,16; 2 Kings 14:8-10; 1 Peter 2:21-23; 3:9; Jude 1:9
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 18:36 - held their peace;  Job 12:3 - But I have;  Proverbs 23:9 - Speak;  Proverbs 29:9 - GeneralIsaiah 36:21 - GeneralJeremiah 36:18 - He;  Matthew 21:24 - I also;  Matthew 22:22 - they marvelled;  Mark 11:33 - Neither;  Luke 20:8 - GeneralLuke 20:26 - they could;  John 8:7 - and said;  John 8:49 - I have not;  Colossians 4:6 - how

Verse 5

Answer a fool according to his folly, lest he be wise in his own conceit.
a fool
1 Kings 22:24-28; Jeremiah 36:17,18; Matthew 15:1-3; 16:1-4; 21:23-27; 22:15-32; Luke 12:13-21; 13:23-30; John 8:7; 9:26-33; Titus 1:13
lest
12; 28:11; Romans 11:25
conceit
Heb. eyes.
Isaiah 5:21; Romans 12:16
Reciprocal: Proverbs 23:9 - Speak;  Matthew 21:24 - I also;  Matthew 22:22 - they marvelled;  Mark 11:33 - Neither;  Luke 20:8 - GeneralLuke 20:26 - they could;  Luke 20:40 - GeneralJohn 8:49 - I have not;  Colossians 4:6 - how

Verse 6

He that sendeth a message by the hand of a fool cutteth off the feet, and drinketh damage.
sendeth
10:26; 13:17; 25:13; Numbers 13:31
damage
or, violence.
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 16:12 - by Jehu the prophet;  Jeremiah 37:2 - the prophet;  Daniel 6:2 - and the

Verse 7

The legs of the lame are not equal: so is a parable in the mouth of fools.
not equal
Heb. lifted up. so.
9; 17:7; Psalms 50:16-21; 64:8; Matthew 7:4,5; Luke 4:23
Reciprocal: Job 27:1 - Job

Verse 8

As he that bindeth a stone in a sling, so is he that giveth honour to a fool.
bindeth a stone in a sling
Heb. putteth a precious stone in a heap of stones. This probably refers, as Coverdale understands it, to the custom of throwing a stone to the heap under which a criminal was buried. So the Vulgate, Sicut qui mittit lapidem in acervum Mercurii; ita qui tribuit insipienti honorem, "As he who throws a stone to Mercury's heap, so is he who gives honour to a fool." Mercury was a heathen god of highways; and stones were erected in different parts to guide the traveller: hence those lines of Dr. Young,
so
1; 19:10; 30:22
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 24:17 - the princes of Judah

Verse 9

As a thorn goeth up into the hand of a drunkard, so is a parable in the mouth of fools.
23:35
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 14:9 - The thistle;  Proverbs 26:7 - so;  Ecclesiastes 10:12 - but

Verse 10

The great God that formed all things both rewardeth the fool, and rewardeth transgressors.
The great, etc
or, A great man grieveth all; and he hireth the fool, he hireth also the transgressors.
both
11:31; Romans 2:6

Verse 11

As a dog returneth to his vomit, so a fool returneth to his folly.
a dog
Exodus 8:15; Matthew 12:45; 2 Peter 2:22
returneth to his folly
Heb. iterateth his folly.
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 23:18 - dog;  Judges 16:4 - he loved;  Proverbs 23:35 - I will;  Ecclesiastes 7:25 - know;  Isaiah 28:8 - GeneralJeremiah 34:11 - GeneralMatthew 7:6 - that;  Philippians 3:2 - of dogs

Verse 12

Seest thou a man wise in his own conceit? there is more hope of a fool than of him.
Seest
22:29; 29:20; Matthew 21:31; Luke 7:44
a man
5,16; 28:11; 29:20; Matthew 21:31; Luke 18:11; Romans 12:16; 1 Corinthians 3:18,19; 2 Corinthians 8:1,2; Revelation 3:17
Reciprocal: Proverbs 3:7 - Be;  Proverbs 12:15 - way;  Proverbs 14:6 - scorner;  Proverbs 23:4 - cease;  Proverbs 30:32 - thou hast done;  Isaiah 5:21 - wise;  Ezekiel 28:5 - thy great wisdom;  Matthew 6:23 - If;  Luke 11:35 - GeneralJohn 9:34 - and dost;  John 9:41 - If;  John 11:49 - Ye;  Acts 17:18 - babbler;  Romans 1:22 - GeneralRomans 2:19 - art confident;  Romans 11:25 - lest;  Romans 12:3 - not to;  1 Corinthians 8:2 - if;  2 Corinthians 10:12 - are not wise;  Galatians 6:3 - if;  1 Timothy 6:4 - He

Verse 13

The slothful man saith, There is a lion in the way; a lion is in the streets.
15:19; 19:15; 22:13
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 13:24 - a lion;  Proverbs 6:6 - thou;  Proverbs 12:24 - but;  Proverbs 13:4 - desireth;  Proverbs 19:24 - GeneralProverbs 20:4 - sluggard;  Proverbs 21:25 - GeneralHaggai 1:2 - This;  Matthew 25:18 - and hid;  Matthew 25:25 - GeneralLuke 16:3 - I cannot;  Luke 19:20 - Lord;  Romans 12:11 - slothful

Verse 14

As the door turneth upon his hinges, so doth the slothful upon his bed.
6:9,10; 12:24,27; 24:33; Hebrews 6:12

Verse 15

The slothful hideth his hand in his bosom; it grieveth him to bring it again to his mouth.
slothful
19:24
it grieveth him
or, he is weary.
Reciprocal: Proverbs 12:27 - slothful

Verse 16

The sluggard is wiser in his own conceit than seven men that can render a reason.
12; 12:15; 1 Peter 3:15
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 5:20 - my master;  Proverbs 21:25 - GeneralProverbs 28:11 - his own conceit;  Isaiah 5:21 - wise;  Romans 11:25 - lest

Verse 17

He that passeth by, and meddleth with strife belonging not to him, is like one that taketh a dog by the ears.
passeth
17:11; 18:6; 20:3; Luke 12:14; 2 Timothy 2:23,24
meddleth
or, is enraged.
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 14:10 - why shouldest;  2 Chronicles 25:19 - why shouldest;  Proverbs 6:14 - soweth;  Proverbs 18:1 - intermeddleth;  John 8:6 - as though

Verse 18

As a mad man who casteth firebrands, arrows, and death,
firebrands
Heb. flames, or sparks. arrows.
7:23; 25:18; Genesis 49:23
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 2:14 - play before;  Proverbs 10:23 - GeneralProverbs 14:9 - Fools;  Proverbs 15:21 - joy;  Jeremiah 11:15 - thou doest evil

Verse 19

So is the man that deceiveth his neighbour, and saith, Am not I in sport?
and
10:23; 14:9; 15:21; Ephesians 5:4; 2 Peter 2:13
Reciprocal: Leviticus 6:2 - deceived;  2 Samuel 2:14 - play before

Verse 20

Where no wood is, there the fire goeth out: so where there is no talebearer, the strife ceaseth.
Where no wood is
Heb. Without wood. so.
22; 16:28; 22:10; James 3:6
tale-bearer
or, whisperer. ceaseth. Heb. is silent.
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 24:9 - GeneralPsalm 41:7 - whisper;  Proverbs 6:19 - that soweth;  Proverbs 11:13 - revealeth;  Proverbs 18:8 - words;  Proverbs 20:19 - that goeth;  Proverbs 25:23 - so;  Romans 1:29 - whisperers;  Ephesians 4:31 - evil speaking

Verse 21

As coals are to burning coals, and wood to fire; so is a contentious man to kindle strife.
10:12; 15:18; 29:22; 30:33; 2 Samuel 20:1; 1 Kings 12:2,3,20; Psalms 120:4
Reciprocal: Proverbs 17:14 - beginning;  Proverbs 22:10 - GeneralJames 3:6 - the tongue

Verse 22

The words of a talebearer are as wounds, and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly.
words
18:8; 20:19; Ezekiel 22:9
innermost parts
Heb. chambers.
Reciprocal: Proverbs 15:4 - a breach;  Proverbs 26:20 - so

Verse 23

Burning lips and a wicked heart are like a potsherd covered with silver dross.
10:18; 2 Samuel 20:9,10; Ezekiel 33:31; Luke 22:47,48
Reciprocal: Genesis 31:27 - that I:2 Samuel 3:26 - he sent;  Ezra 4:2 - Let us;  Psalm 28:3 - mischief;  Proverbs 27:6 - the kisses;  Ecclesiastes 7:9 - anger;  Jeremiah 40:14 - Ishmael;  Jeremiah 41:1 - they did;  Jeremiah 41:6 - weeping;  Daniel 11:27 - shall be to;  Mark 12:14 - Master

Verse 24

He that hateth dissembleth with his lips, and layeth up deceit within him;
dissembleth
or, is known. deceit.
11:1; 12:5,17,20; 14:8
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:8 - talked;  Genesis 34:13 - deceitfully;  Genesis 49:7 - Cursed;  Leviticus 19:17 - hate;  Numbers 35:20 - if he thrust;  1 Samuel 18:21 - a snare;  1 Samuel 19:6 - sware;  1 Samuel 24:22 - David and;  2 Samuel 13:20 - but hold;  2 Samuel 13:22 - hated;  2 Samuel 13:27 - Absalom;  2 Samuel 20:9 - Art thou;  Nehemiah 6:2 - Come;  Nehemiah 6:7 - Come now;  Psalm 41:6 - speaketh;  Psalm 55:21 - The words;  Proverbs 10:18 - that hideth;  Proverbs 29:5 - that;  Jeremiah 9:4 - ye heed;  Jeremiah 9:8 - one;  Jeremiah 11:14 - pray;  Matthew 2:8 - that;  Ephesians 4:31 - with;  1 John 3:15 - hateth

Verse 25

When he speaketh fair, believe him not: for there are seven abominations in his heart.
speaketh fair
Heb. maketh his voice gracious.
Psalms 12:2; 28:3; Jeremiah 9:2-8; Micah 7:5
believe
Jeremiah 12:6; Matthew 24:23
seven
6:16-19
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:7 - Cursed;  Numbers 23:12 - General1 Samuel 19:6 - sware;  1 Samuel 24:22 - David and;  1 Samuel 26:25 - So David;  2 Samuel 15:5 - took him;  2 Chronicles 18:29 - put thou on thy robes;  Psalm 41:6 - speaketh;  Proverbs 29:5 - that;  Jeremiah 9:4 - ye heed;  Jeremiah 11:14 - pray;  Matthew 2:8 - that;  Luke 11:39 - but;  Romans 12:9 - love;  Ephesians 4:31 - with

Verse 26

Whose hatred is covered by deceit, his wickedness shall be shewed before the whole congregation.
Whose hatred is covered by deceit
or, Hatred is covered in secret.
Genesis 4:8; 1 Samuel 18:17,21; 2 Samuel 3:27-30; 13:22-28; Psalms 55:21-23

Verse 27

Whoso diggeth a pit shall fall therein: and he that rolleth a stone, it will return upon him.
diggeth
28:10; Esther 7:10; Psalms 7:15,16; 9:15; 10:2; 57:6; Ecclesiastes 10:8
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 18:20 - digged

Verse 28

A lying tongue hateth those that are afflicted by it; and a flattering mouth worketh ruin.
lying
He that injures another hates him in proportion to the injury; Proprium humani ingenii est, odisse quem l├Žseris, says Tacitlus: and strange to say, in proportion to the innocence of the injured.
John 8:40,44-49; 10:32,33; 15:22-24
a flattering
6:24; 7:5,21-23; 29:5; Luke 20:20,21 Reciprocal: Judges 16:6 - General1 Samuel 24:9 - General2 Samuel 14:20 - according;  2 Chronicles 24:17 - the princes of Judah;  Psalm 55:21 - The words;  Proverbs 6:17 - lying;  Ezekiel 12:24 - GeneralDaniel 11:32 - shall be;  Acts 24:2 - Seeing;  1 Thessalonians 2:5 - used

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 26". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/proverbs-26.html.