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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 30

Introduction

Overview

Proverbs 30:1, Agur’s confession of his faith; Proverbs 30:7, The two points of his prayer; Proverbs 30:10, The meanest are not to be wronged; Proverbs 30:11, Four wicked generations; Proverbs 30:15, Four things insatiable; Proverbs 30:17, Parents are not to be despised; Proverbs 30:18, Four things hard to be known; Proverbs 30:21, Four things intolerable; Proverbs 30:24, Four things exceeding wise; Proverbs 30:29, Four things stately; Proverbs 30:32, Wrath is to be prevented.

Verse 1

Agur: Agur was probably a public teacher, and Ithiel and Ucal, his pupils; and this was the massa, or oracle, which he delivered, not by his own wisdom, but by the Holy Spirit, for the benefit of man; and which, it is probable, was added by "the men of Hezekiah."

even: Proverbs 31:1, 2 Peter 1:19-21

Verse 2

I am: Job 42:3-6, Psalms 73:22, Isaiah 6:5, Romans 11:25, 1 Corinthians 3:18, 1 Corinthians 8:2, James 1:5

brutish: Proverbs 5:12, Psalms 92:6, Jeremiah 10:14, 2 Peter 2:12-16

Reciprocal: Job 11:12 - would Job 37:19 - we Psalms 49:10 - fool Psalms 73:16 - When Psalms 139:6 - knowledge Isaiah 19:11 - brutish Acts 8:31 - How Romans 7:14 - but Ephesians 3:8 - who am

Verse 3

neither: Amos 7:14, Amos 7:15, Matthew 16:17

nor: Job 11:7-9, Matthew 11:27, John 17:3, Romans 11:33, Ephesians 3:18, Ephesians 3:19

have: Heb. know

the holy: Isaiah 6:3, Isaiah 6:10, Isaiah 30:11, Isaiah 57:15, Revelation 3:7, Revelation 4:8

Reciprocal: Job 37:23 - we Psalms 73:16 - When Proverbs 9:10 - the knowledge Ecclesiastes 8:17 - that a man John 9:36 - Who Acts 8:31 - How Ephesians 3:8 - who am

Verse 4

Who hath ascended: Deuteronomy 30:12, John 3:13, Romans 10:6, Ephesians 4:9, Ephesians 4:10

who hath gathered: Job 38:4-41, Psalms 104:2-35, Isaiah 40:12-31, Isaiah 53:8

what is his name: Exodus 3:13-15, Exodus 6:3, Exodus 34:5-7, Deuteronomy 28:58

and what: Genesis 32:29, Judges 13:18, Psalms 2:7, Isaiah 7:14, Isaiah 9:6, Jeremiah 23:6, Matthew 1:21-23, Matthew 11:27, Luke 10:22

Reciprocal: 2 Kings 2:12 - he saw him Job 26:8 - bindeth up Job 37:23 - we Ecclesiastes 8:17 - that a man Jeremiah 10:12 - established Jeremiah 31:37 - If Daniel 3:25 - the Son of God Luke 8:25 - being John 9:36 - Who 1 Corinthians 13:9 - General

Verse 5

word: Psalms 12:6, Psalms 18:30, Psalms 19:8, Psalms 119:140, Romans 7:12, James 3:17

pure: Heb. purified, Genesis 15:1, Psalms 84:11, Psalms 91:2, Psalms 115:9-11, Psalms 144:2

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:3 - shield 2 Samuel 22:31 - the word Psalms 33:4 - the word Psalms 47:9 - shields Psalms 115:11 - General Psalms 119:128 - I esteem Psalms 119:160 - Thy word is true from the beginning Proverbs 2:7 - a buckler Proverbs 29:25 - whoso Isaiah 45:19 - speak righteousness Matthew 15:9 - teaching Matthew 24:35 - my Romans 7:14 - but

Verse 6

Add: Deuteronomy 4:2, Deuteronomy 12:32, Revelation 22:18, Revelation 22:19

and: Job 13:7-9, 1 Corinthians 15:15

Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 3:14 - nothing Isaiah 29:13 - their fear Matthew 15:9 - teaching 1 Corinthians 3:12 - wood Galatians 1:9 - than

Verse 7

have: 1 Kings 3:5-9, 2 Kings 2:9, Psalms 27:4, Luke 10:42

deny me them not: Heb. withhold them not from me, Psalms 21:2

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 2:16 - deny me not

Verse 8

Remove: Proverbs 21:6, Proverbs 22:8, Proverbs 23:5, Psalms 62:9, Psalms 62:10, Psalms 119:29, Psalms 119:37, Ecclesiastes 1:2, Isaiah 5:18, Isaiah 59:4, John 2:8, Acts 14:15

feed: Genesis 28:20, Genesis 48:15, Genesis 48:16, Exodus 16:15, Exodus 16:18, Exodus 16:21, Exodus 16:22, Exodus 16:29, Exodus 16:35, Matthew 6:11, Matthew 6:33, Luke 11:3, 1 Timothy 6:6-8

convenient for me: Heb. of my allowance, 2 Kings 25:30, Jeremiah 37:21, Jeremiah 52:34

Reciprocal: Genesis 27:24 - I am Exodus 16:4 - a certain rate every day Deuteronomy 6:11 - when thou Deuteronomy 17:17 - neither shall he Ruth 1:6 - in giving 1 Chronicles 4:10 - that thou Psalms 10:7 - vanity Psalms 119:163 - hate Proverbs 13:5 - righteous Proverbs 27:27 - enough Matthew 6:13 - lead Matthew 19:23 - That Luke 22:40 - Pray 1 Timothy 6:8 - General

Verse 9

I be full: Deuteronomy 6:10-12, Deuteronomy 8:10-14, Deuteronomy 31:20, Deuteronomy 32:15, Nehemiah 9:25, Nehemiah 9:26, Job 31:24-28, Jeremiah 2:31, Ezekiel 16:14, Ezekiel 16:15, Ezekiel 16:49, Ezekiel 16:50, Daniel 4:17, Daniel 4:30, Hosea 13:6, Acts 12:22, Acts 12:23

deny thee: Heb. belie thee

Who: Exodus 5:2, 2 Chronicles 32:15-17

or: Proverbs 6:30, Proverbs 6:31, Psalms 125:3

and take the name: Proverbs 29:24, Exodus 20:7, Leviticus 5:1, Matthew 26:72, Matthew 26:74

Reciprocal: Exodus 22:11 - an oath of the Lord Leviticus 6:3 - sweareth Deuteronomy 6:11 - when thou Deuteronomy 8:11 - General Deuteronomy 8:12 - Lest when Deuteronomy 17:17 - neither shall he Joshua 24:27 - deny 1 Kings 8:31 - an oath be laid upon him 2 Chronicles 6:22 - and an oath Job 21:15 - What is Job 31:28 - for Psalms 10:4 - will not Psalms 37:16 - General Proverbs 27:27 - enough Jeremiah 22:21 - I spake Jeremiah 43:2 - all the Ezekiel 28:5 - and thine Zechariah 5:3 - every one Matthew 19:23 - That Luke 6:25 - full Luke 16:4 - General Luke 18:24 - How Luke 22:40 - Pray Ephesians 4:28 - him that 1 Timothy 6:8 - General 1 Timothy 6:17 - that they 2 Timothy 2:12 - if we deny Revelation 3:8 - and hast not Revelation 3:17 - have need

Verse 10

Accuse not: Heb. Hurt not with thy tongue, Proverbs 24:23, Deuteronomy 23:15, 1 Samuel 22:9, 1 Samuel 22:10, 1 Samuel 24:9, 1 Samuel 26:19, 1 Samuel 30:15, 2 Samuel 16:1-4, 2 Samuel 19:26, 2 Samuel 19:27, Daniel 3:8-18, Daniel 6:13, Daniel 6:24, Romans 14:4

lest: Proverbs 11:26, Proverbs 24:24, Proverbs 28:27, Deuteronomy 15:9, 2 Chronicles 24:22-24

Verse 11

a generation: Proverbs 30:12-14, Matthew 3:7, 1 Peter 2:9

that curseth: Proverbs 30:17, Proverbs 20:20, Leviticus 20:9, Deuteronomy 21:20, Deuteronomy 21:21, Deuteronomy 27:16, Matthew 15:4-6, Mark 7:10-13

doth: 1 Timothy 5:4, 1 Timothy 5:8

Reciprocal: Exodus 20:12 - Honour Exodus 21:15 - General Exodus 21:17 - curseth Leviticus 19:3 - fear Deuteronomy 21:18 - have a stubborn 2 Samuel 15:3 - there is Proverbs 6:20 - General Proverbs 19:26 - wasteth Proverbs 23:22 - despise Ezekiel 22:7 - set Micah 7:6 - son Malachi 1:6 - son Ephesians 6:1 - obey Colossians 3:20 - obey 1 Timothy 1:9 - murderers

Verse 12

that are: Proverbs 21:2, Judges 17:5, Judges 17:13, 1 Samuel 15:13, 1 Samuel 15:14, Job 33:9, Psalms 36:2, Isaiah 65:5, Jeremiah 2:22-24, Jeremiah 2:35, Luke 11:39, Luke 11:40, Luke 16:15, Luke 18:11, 2 Timothy 3:5, Titus 1:15, Titus 1:16, 1 John 1:8-10

not: Psalms 51:2, Psalms 51:7, Isaiah 1:16, Jeremiah 4:14, Ezekiel 36:25, Zechariah 13:1, 1 Corinthians 6:11, Titus 3:5, 1 John 1:7, Revelation 1:5

Reciprocal: Leviticus 13:46 - the days Psalms 18:27 - bring Proverbs 12:15 - way Proverbs 14:12 - General Proverbs 16:2 - the ways Proverbs 21:8 - but Proverbs 30:11 - a generation Jeremiah 2:23 - How canst Hosea 12:8 - they Luke 15:7 - which Luke 18:9 - which 2 Corinthians 7:1 - let

Verse 13

Proverbs 6:17, Proverbs 21:4, Psalms 101:5, Psalms 131:1, Isaiah 2:11, Isaiah 3:16, Ezekiel 28:2-5, Ezekiel 28:9, Daniel 11:36, Daniel 11:37, Habakkuk 2:4, 2 Thessalonians 2:3, 2 Thessalonians 2:4

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 15:13 - I have performed 2 Kings 19:22 - exalted thy voice Esther 6:6 - To whom Psalms 10:4 - the pride Psalms 73:8 - corrupt Isaiah 3:9 - The show Isaiah 10:12 - the glory Isaiah 37:23 - against whom Jeremiah 48:29 - his loftiness Ezekiel 2:6 - though they Hosea 5:5 - the pride Habakkuk 2:5 - a proud man

Verse 14

whose: Proverbs 12:18, Job 29:17, Psalms 3:7, Psalms 52:2, Psalms 57:4, Psalms 58:6, Daniel 7:5-7, Revelation 9:8

to devour: Proverbs 22:16, Proverbs 28:3, Psalms 10:8, Psalms 10:9, Psalms 12:5, Psalms 14:4, Ecclesiastes 4:1, Isaiah 32:7, Amos 2:7, Amos 4:1, Amos 8:4, Micah 2:1, Micah 2:2, Micah 3:1-5, Habakkuk 3:14, Zephaniah 3:3, Matthew 23:14, James 5:1-4

Reciprocal: Job 4:10 - the teeth Job 24:4 - turn Job 41:14 - his teeth Psalms 64:3 - whet Psalms 73:8 - corrupt Psalms 94:4 - shall Proverbs 1:11 - let us lay Ezekiel 2:6 - though they Joel 1:6 - whose Habakkuk 2:5 - a proud man

Verse 15

The horseleach: Isaiah 57:3, Ezekiel 16:44-46, Matthew 23:32, John 8:39, John 8:44

Give: Isaiah 56:11, Isaiah 56:12, Hosea 4:18, Micah 7:3, Romans 16:18, 2 Peter 2:3, 2 Peter 2:13-15, Jude 1:11, Jude 1:12

There: Proverbs 30:21, Proverbs 30:24, Proverbs 30:29, Proverbs 6:16, Amos 1:3, Amos 1:6, Amos 1:9, Amos 1:11, Amos 1:13, Amos 2:1, Amos 2:4

It is enough: Heb. Wealth

Reciprocal: Genesis 33:9 - have enough Judges 18:20 - heart Proverbs 27:20 - Hell Ecclesiastes 1:8 - the eye Ecclesiastes 5:10 - He that Ecclesiastes 6:9 - wandering of the desire Habakkuk 2:5 - as hell

Verse 16

Proverbs 27:20, Habakkuk 2:5

Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 1:8 - the eye Ecclesiastes 5:10 - He that Ecclesiastes 6:9 - wandering of the desire Hosea 4:18 - her

Verse 17

eye: Proverbs 30:11, Proverbs 20:20, Proverbs 23:22, Genesis 9:21-27, Leviticus 20:9, Deuteronomy 21:18-21, 2 Samuel 18:9, 2 Samuel 18:10, 2 Samuel 18:14-17

the ravens: 1 Samuel 17:44, 2 Samuel 21:10

valley: or, brook

Reciprocal: Genesis 9:22 - told Genesis 27:43 - obey Genesis 28:7 - General Genesis 40:19 - hang thee Exodus 20:12 - Honour Exodus 21:15 - General Exodus 21:17 - curseth Leviticus 11:15 - General Leviticus 19:3 - fear 2 Samuel 15:3 - there is Proverbs 1:8 - hear Proverbs 15:20 - despiseth Proverbs 19:26 - wasteth Ezekiel 22:7 - set Micah 7:6 - son Malachi 1:6 - son Matthew 15:4 - He Matthew 19:19 - Honour Mark 7:10 - Whoso Romans 1:30 - disobedient Ephesians 6:1 - obey Colossians 3:20 - obey 1 Timothy 1:9 - murderers Hebrews 12:9 - we gave

Verse 18

too: Job 42:3, Psalms 139:6

Reciprocal: Proverbs 6:16 - six Micah 5:5 - seven

Verse 19

way of an: Job 39:27, Isaiah 40:31

midst: Heb. heart

and the: Exodus 22:16

Reciprocal: Isaiah 7:15 - Butter

Verse 20

Proverbs 7:13-23, Numbers 5:11-30

Reciprocal: Genesis 16:4 - her mistress Genesis 37:25 - they sat Numbers 5:13 - General 2 Samuel 11:4 - she was 2 Kings 5:25 - stood before Psalms 32:5 - have Proverbs 9:17 - eaten in secret Proverbs 14:9 - Fools Jeremiah 2:23 - How canst Hosea 12:8 - they Malachi 2:14 - Wherefore Matthew 26:25 - Judas

Verse 21

Reciprocal: Genesis 16:4 - her mistress Proverbs 6:16 - six Proverbs 19:10 - Delight Proverbs 30:15 - There

Verse 22

a servant: Proverbs 19:10, Proverbs 28:3, Ecclesiastes 10:7, Isaiah 3:4, Isaiah 3:5

a fool: 1 Samuel 25:3, 1 Samuel 25:10, 1 Samuel 25:11, 1 Samuel 25:25, 1 Samuel 25:36-38, 1 Samuel 30:16

Reciprocal: Nehemiah 2:10 - the servant Proverbs 26:8 - so Proverbs 29:19 - servant Lamentations 5:8 - Servants

Verse 23

an odious: Proverbs 19:13, Proverbs 21:9, Proverbs 21:19, Proverbs 27:15

an handmaid: Proverbs 29:21

Reciprocal: Genesis 15:3 - born Genesis 16:4 - her mistress

Verse 24

little: Job 12:7

exceeding wise: Heb. wise, made wise

Reciprocal: Proverbs 6:16 - six Proverbs 30:15 - There

Verse 25

The ants may truly be called a people, as they have houses, towns, public roads, etc.; and shew their wisdom and prudence by preparing their meat in due season. Proverbs 6:6-8

Reciprocal: Proverbs 6:8 - General Proverbs 10:5 - gathereth Joel 1:6 - nation

Verse 26

Leviticus 11:5, Psalms 104:18

Verse 27

The locusts: Exodus 10:4-6, Exodus 10:13-15, Psalms 105:34, Joel 1:4, Joel 1:6, Joel 1:7, Joel 2:7-11, Joel 2:25, Revelation 9:3-11

by bands: Heb. gathered together

Verse 29

Reciprocal: Proverbs 6:16 - six Proverbs 30:15 - There Micah 5:5 - seven

Verse 30

Numbers 23:24, Judges 14:18

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 1:23 - stronger

Verse 31

greyhound: or, horse, Heb. girt in the lions

against: Proverbs 16:14, Proverbs 20:2, Daniel 3:15-18

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 21:7 - Dost thou now Ecclesiastes 8:3 - for Ecclesiastes 8:4 - the word Jeremiah 50:8 - he goats

Verse 32

thou hast done: Proverbs 26:12, Ecclesiastes 8:3

lay: Proverbs 17:28, Job 21:5, Job 40:4, Ecclesiastes 8:4, Micah 7:16, Micah 7:17, Romans 3:19

Reciprocal: Numbers 12:11 - lay not Judges 18:19 - lay thine 1 Kings 11:27 - lifted up Job 29:9 - laid

Verse 33

so: Proverbs 15:18, Proverbs 16:28, Proverbs 17:14, Proverbs 26:21, Proverbs 28:25, Proverbs 29:22

Reciprocal: Proverbs 25:8 - hastily Daniel 11:20 - anger

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 30". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/proverbs-30.html.