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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 107

Introduction

1The psalmist exhorts the redeemed, in praising God, to observe his manifold providence,
4over travellers;
10over captives;
17over sick men;
23over seamen;
33and in divers varieties of life.

Verse 1

O give thanks unto the LORD, for he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever.
A. M. 3468. B.C. 536. (Title.) The author of this Psalm is unknown; but it was evidently written to commemorate the return of the Jews from the Babylonian captivity; and it may easily be perceived that it must have been sung in alternate parts, having a double burden, or two intercalary verses often recurring. Bp. Lowth considers it as written "after the method of the ancient pastorals, where, be the subject of their verse what it will, each swain endeavours to excel the other; and one may perceive their thoughts and expressions gradually to rise upon each other." "No doubt," he adds, "the composition of this Psalm is admirable throughout; and the descriptive part of it adds at least its share of beauty to the whole; but what is most to be admired is its conciseness, and withal the expressiveness of the diction, which strikes the imagination with illimitable elegance. The weary and bewildered traveller--the miserable captive in the dungeon--the sick and dying man--the seaman foundering in a storm--are described in so affecting a manner, that they far exceed any thing of the kind, though never so much laboured."
Give
106:1; 118:1; 136:1-26; 1 Chronicles 16:34,41; 2 Chronicles 5:13; 7:3,6; 20:21
good
119:68; Matthew 19:17
for his mercy
103:17; Luke 1:50
Reciprocal: Genesis 13:4 - called; Genesis 19:16 - the Lord; Genesis 24:21 - wondering at; Ezra 3:11 - because; Psalm 22:23 - all ye; Psalm 25:6 - for they; Psalm 52:1 - goodness; Psalm 92:1 - good; Psalm 100:5 - For the; Psalm 106:47 - to give; Psalm 122:4 - to give; Psalm 135:3 - for the Lord; Isaiah 24:16 - uttermost part; Jeremiah 33:11 - Praise the

Verse 2

Let the redeemed of the LORD say so, whom he hath redeemed from the hand of the enemy;
Let the
31:5; 130:8; Exodus 15:16; Deuteronomy 15:15; Isaiah 35:9; 43:1; 44:22; Luke 1:68; Luke 24:21; Galatians 3:13; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 1:18,19
from
106:10; Deuteronomy 7:8; Jeremiah 15:21; 31:11; Micah 4:10; Luke 1:74
Reciprocal: Exodus 18:8 - how the Lord; Deuteronomy 9:26 - which thou hast brought forth; 2 Samuel 4:9 - who hath; 1 Chronicles 17:21 - redeem; Ezra 8:21 - to seek; Job 6:23 - Redeem; Psalm 22:23 - all ye; Song of Solomon 8:5 - from the; Isaiah 41:9 - whom; Isaiah 56:8 - which; Isaiah 62:12 - The redeemed; Ezekiel 36:24 - General; Hosea 7:13 - though; Zechariah 8:7 - I:1 Timothy 4:10 - the saviour

Verse 3

And gathered them out of the lands, from the east, and from the west, from the north, and from the south.
gathered
106:47; Isaiah 11:11-16; 43:5,6; 49:12; Jeremiah 29:14; 31:8,10; Ezekiel 36:24; Ezekiel 39:27; Revelation 5:9
south
Heb. sea.
Reciprocal: Isaiah 41:9 - whom; Isaiah 56:8 - which; Hosea 7:13 - though; Zechariah 8:7 - I

Verse 4

They wandered in the wilderness in a solitary way; they found no city to dwell in.
wandered
40; Genesis 21:14-16; Numbers 14:33; Deuteronomy 8:15; 32:10; Job 12:24; Ezekiel 34:6,12; Hebrews 11:38; Revelation 12:6
they found
This is the first similitude; in which the Israelites in captivity are compared to travellers in a dreary, uninhabited, and barren desert, spent with hunger and thirst, as well as by the fatigues of the journey.
Reciprocal: Genesis 21:17 - fear; Job 5:24 - sin; Psalm 107:7 - that they; Ecclesiastes 10:15 - because; Isaiah 49:11 - General

Verse 5

Hungry and thirsty, their soul fainted in them.
Judges 15:18,19; 1 Samuel 30:11,12; Isaiah 44:12; Jeremiah 14:18; Lamentations 2:19; Mark 8:2,3
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:10 - found; Isaiah 41:17 - I the Lord; Acts 27:21 - after

Verse 6

Then they cried unto the LORD in their trouble, and he delivered them out of their distresses.
Then
13,19,28; 50:15; 91:15; Isaiah 41:17,18; Jeremiah 29:12-14; Hosea 5:15; Hebrews 4:15,16
he delivered
2 Corinthians 1:8-10; 12:8-10; 2 Timothy 3:11
Reciprocal: Genesis 32:7 - distressed; Genesis 35:3 - who answered; Exodus 14:10 - cried out; Jonah 1:6 - arise; Matthew 2:22 - being; Acts 27:21 - after; 1 Timothy 4:10 - the saviour

Verse 7

And he led them forth by the right way, that they might go to a city of habitation.
he led
77:20; 78:52; 136:16; Ezra 8:21-23; Isaiah 30:21; 35:8-10; 48:17; Isaiah 49:8-11; 63:13,14; Jeremiah 6:16; 31:9; 2 Peter 2:15,21
that they
4,36; Nehemiah 11:3; Jeremiah 31:24,38-40; 33:10-13; Hebrews 11:9,10,16; 12:22; Revelation 21:2-4,10-27
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:48 - led me; Exodus 13:18 - led the; Numbers 9:22 - abode; Deuteronomy 26:9 - he hath; Nehemiah 9:12 - in the way; Psalm 25:5 - Lead; Ecclesiastes 10:15 - because; Isaiah 49:11 - General; Jeremiah 2:17 - when he; Matthew 2:22 - being

Verse 8

Oh that men would praise the LORD for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!
Oh that men
15,21,31; 81:13-16; Deuteronomy 5:29; 32:29; Isaiah 48:18
praise
34:3; 92:1,2; 147:1; Isaiah 63:7
his wonderful
40:5; 78:4; 111:4; Daniel 4:2,3; 6:27
Reciprocal: Genesis 13:4 - called; Genesis 24:21 - wondering at; Genesis 35:3 - who answered; Exodus 3:3 - General; Exodus 15:1 - Then; Leviticus 7:12 - a thanksgiving; Deuteronomy 26:9 - he hath; Job 36:24 - magnify; Psalm 95:1 - Come; Psalm 100:5 - For the; Psalm 135:1 - Praise ye the Lord; Isaiah 25:1 - thou hast; Daniel 4:34 - I blessed; Nahum 1:15 - perform; Mark 8:8 - and were; Luke 1:53 - filled; Luke 2:20 - General; Luke 18:43 - followed; Acts 2:11 - wonderful; Romans 11:33 - the depth

Verse 9

For he satisfieth the longing soul, and filleth the hungry soul with goodness.
34:10; 132:15; 146:7; Isaiah 55:1-3; Jeremiah 31:14,25; Matthew 5:6; Luke 1:53; Revelation 7:16,17
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 12:20 - I will; Psalm 103:5 - satisfieth; Psalm 145:16 - openest; Matthew 15:37 - all; Mark 8:8 - and were; Luke 6:21 - for ye shall be; Luke 9:17 - were

Verse 10

Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, being bound in affliction and iron;
Such
Here begins the second comparison; in which the state of the captives in Babylon is illustrated by that of prisoners in a dreary dungeon.
as sit
Job 3:5; Isaiah 9:2; Matthew 4:16; 22:13; Luke 1:79
bound
105:18; Exodus 2:23,24; 2 Chronicles 33:11; Job 36:8,9; Lamentations 3:6,7; Romans 6:20,21
Reciprocal: Judges 16:21 - bound him; 2 Samuel 3:34 - hands; 2 Kings 25:7 - bound him; Job 36:13 - bindeth; Job 38:17 - the shadow; Psalm 31:9 - my soul; Psalm 68:6 - God; Psalm 69:33 - his prisoners; Psalm 107:14 - brought; Psalm 146:7 - looseth; Isaiah 42:7 - to bring; Isaiah 49:9 - to the; Jeremiah 39:7 - chains; Amos 5:8 - and turneth; Micah 7:8 - when I sit; Zechariah 9:11 - I have; Luke 4:18 - to preach deliverance

Verse 11

Because they rebelled against the words of God, and contemned the counsel of the most High:
Because
68:6,18; 106:43; Isaiah 63:10,11; Lamentations 3:39-42; 5:15-17
contemned
73:24; 113:7-9; 119:24; 2 Chronicles 25:15,16; 33:10; Proverbs 1:25,30,31; 1 Samuel 2:5-8; Isaiah 5:19; Jeremiah 44:16; Luke 7:30; 16:14; Acts 20:27; Romans 1:28
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 15:23 - rebellion; 2 Samuel 3:34 - hands; 2 Kings 25:7 - bound him; Jeremiah 39:7 - chains; Lamentations 1:18 - for I; Revelation 3:18 - counsel

Verse 12

Therefore he brought down their heart with labour; they fell down, and there was none to help.
he brought
Exodus 2:23; 5:18,19; Judges 10:16-18; 16:21,30; Nehemiah 9:37; Isaiah 51:19,20,23; Isaiah 52:5; Lamentations 5:5,6; Luke 15:14-17
and there
18:40,41; 22:11; 142:4; 2 Kings 6:26,27,33; Job 9:13; Isaiah 63:5
Reciprocal: Jonah 1:6 - arise

Verse 13

Then they cried unto the LORD in their trouble, and he saved them out of their distresses.
6,19,28; 18:6; 116:3-6; Exodus 3:7,8; Judges 4:3; 6:6-10; 10:10-18; 2 Chronicles 33:12,13,18,19; Jeremiah 31:18-20
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:10 - cried out; Judges 3:9 - cried; Judges 16:22 - the hair; Psalm 118:5 - called; Psalm 120:1 - my distress; Jonah 1:6 - arise

Verse 14

He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death, and brake their bands in sunder.
brought
10; 68:6; Job 3:5; 10:21,22; 15:22,30; 19:8; 33:30; 42:10-12; Isaiah 42:16; 49:9; 60:1-3; Ephesians 5:8; 1 Peter 2:9
brake
102:20; 105:19,20; 116:16; 146:7; Job 36:8; Isaiah 61:1; Jeremiah 52:31-34; Zechariah 9:11,12; Acts 5:19,25; 12:7-10; 16:26-40
Reciprocal: Judges 16:22 - the hair; Job 38:17 - the shadow; Isaiah 9:2 - in the land; Nahum 1:13 - will burst; Luke 1:79 - and

Verse 15

Oh that men would praise the LORD for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!
8,21,31; 116:17-19
Reciprocal: Genesis 13:4 - called; Genesis 24:21 - wondering at; Exodus 15:1 - Then; Numbers 31:50 - an oblation; Deuteronomy 32:29 - O that; Job 36:24 - magnify; Psalm 66:2 - General; Psalm 92:1 - good; Psalm 95:1 - Come; Psalm 100:5 - For the; Psalm 135:1 - Praise ye the Lord; Isaiah 63:7 - mention; Daniel 4:34 - I blessed; Nahum 1:15 - perform; Luke 2:20 - General; Luke 18:43 - followed; Acts 2:11 - wonderful; Romans 7:25 - thank God

Verse 16

For he hath broken the gates of brass, and cut the bars of iron in sunder.
Judges 16:3; Isaiah 45:1,2; Micah 2:13
Reciprocal: Isaiah 28:22 - lest; Jeremiah 40:1 - bound; Jeremiah 51:30 - her bars; Nahum 3:13 - the gates; Romans 7:25 - thank God

Verse 17

Fools because of their transgression, and because of their iniquities, are afflicted.
Fools
This is the third comparison; the captives being compared to persons in a dangerous malady, as the consequences of their own sins.
14:1; 92:6; Proverbs 1:22; 7:7,22
because
38:1-8; Numbers 11:33,34; 12:10-13; 21:5-9; Isaiah 57:17,18; Jeremiah 2:19; Lamentations 3:39
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 18:12 - they obeyed not; Job 5:2 - the foolish; Job 33:20 - his life; Psalm 30:2 - and; Psalm 103:3 - healeth; Isaiah 38:9 - writing; Jeremiah 4:18 - Thy way; Jeremiah 5:25 - General; Micah 6:13 - I make; Luke 5:20 - Man; Luke 6:17 - to be

Verse 18

Their soul abhorreth all manner of meat; and they draw near unto the gates of death.
abhorreth
Job 33:19-22
and they
9:13; 88:3; Isaiah 38:10
Reciprocal: Job 33:20 - his life; Job 38:17 - the gates; Jonah 1:6 - arise; Micah 6:13 - I make; Matthew 16:18 - and the; Luke 5:20 - Man; Philippians 2:27 - nigh

Verse 19

Then they cry unto the LORD in their trouble, and he saveth them out of their distresses.
6,13,28; 30:8-12; 34:4-6; 78:34,35; 116:4-8; Jeremiah 33:3
Reciprocal: Exodus 2:23 - cry; Exodus 14:10 - cried out; Judges 10:10 - cried; Psalm 28:6 - General; Psalm 50:15 - call; Psalm 118:5 - called; Mark 5:23 - besought; Philippians 2:27 - but God

Verse 20

He sent his word, and healed them, and delivered them from their destructions.
He sent
147:15,19; 2 Kings 20:4,5; Matthew 8:8
healed
30:2,3; 103:3,4; 147:3; Numbers 21:8,9; Job 33:23-26
delivered
49:15; 56:13; Job 33:28-30
Reciprocal: Exodus 2:23 - cry; Jeremiah 30:17 - For I; Mark 5:29 - straightway; Luke 5:25 - glorifying; Luke 6:10 - Stretch; Luke 7:7 - but; Luke 13:12 - Woman; Luke 13:13 - and immediately; Luke 17:15 - General; Luke 18:42 - Receive; John 4:53 - at the; John 5:14 - in the; Acts 3:8 - praising

Verse 21

Oh that men would praise the LORD for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!
8,15,31; 66:5; 2 Chronicles 32:25; Luke 17:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:52 - worshipped; Exodus 15:1 - Then; Leviticus 7:12 - a thanksgiving; Numbers 31:50 - an oblation; 2 Chronicles 20:26 - blessed; Psalm 50:14 - Offer; Psalm 92:1 - good; Psalm 95:1 - Come; Psalm 100:2 - Serve; Psalm 145:6 - I will declare thy greatness; Psalm 147:7 - General; Isaiah 63:7 - mention; Amos 5:22 - peace offerings; Nahum 1:15 - perform; Malachi 3:3 - an; Luke 2:20 - General; Luke 8:38 - saying; Luke 18:43 - followed; Acts 2:11 - wonderful; Acts 12:17 - declared; Ephesians 5:4 - but; Colossians 1:12 - Giving; Hebrews 13:15 - the sacrifice

Verse 22

And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and declare his works with rejoicing.
sacrifice
50:14; 116:12,17; Leviticus 7:12; Hebrews 13:15; 1 Peter 2:5,9
declare
9:11; 73:28; 105:1,2; 118:17; Isaiah 12:4
rejoicing
Heb. singing.
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:52 - worshipped; Exodus 15:1 - Then; Leviticus 22:29 - General; Numbers 31:50 - an oblation; Deuteronomy 33:19 - they shall; 2 Chronicles 20:26 - blessed; Psalm 27:6 - therefore; Psalm 51:17 - sacrifices; Psalm 54:6 - freely; Psalm 66:2 - General; Psalm 92:1 - good; Psalm 100:2 - Serve; Psalm 100:5 - For the; Psalm 145:6 - I will declare thy greatness; Psalm 147:7 - General; Jeremiah 17:26 - sacrifices of; Jeremiah 33:11 - sacrifice; Daniel 4:34 - I blessed; Amos 5:22 - peace offerings; Jonah 1:16 - offered; Jonah 2:9 - I will sacrifice; Nahum 1:15 - perform; Malachi 3:3 - an; Luke 8:38 - saying; Luke 18:43 - followed; Acts 12:17 - declared; Ephesians 5:4 - but; Colossians 1:12 - Giving; Colossians 3:15 - and be; Revelation 7:12 - thanksgiving

Verse 23

They that go down to the sea in ships, that do business in great waters;
They
This is the fourth comparison; their captivity was as dangerous and alarming as a dreadful tempest at sea; with a most natural and striking description of which we are here presented.
go down
48:7; Ezekiel 27:26; Acts 27:9-28; Revelation 18:17
Reciprocal: Psalm 104:26 - There go; Isaiah 42:10 - ye that go; Matthew 8:24 - there; Mark 4:37 - great storm; Luke 8:23 - came

Verse 24

These see the works of the LORD, and his wonders in the deep.
his wonders
95:5; 104:24-27; Job 38:8-11
Reciprocal: Jonah 1:4 - the Lord

Verse 25

For he commandeth, and raiseth the stormy wind, which lifteth up the waves thereof.
he commandeth
135:7; 148:8; Jonah 1:4
raiseth
Heb. maketh to stand. lifteth.
93:3; Matthew 8:24; John 6:18
Reciprocal: Exodus 10:13 - east wind; Psalm 89:9 - General; Psalm 147:15 - sendeth; Ecclesiastes 1:6 - The wind; Jeremiah 31:35 - when; Jeremiah 51:15 - hath made; Ezekiel 13:13 - a stormy; Ezekiel 26:3 - as the sea; Matthew 8:9 - Go; Luke 8:24 - he arose; John 3:8 - wind; Acts 27:14 - a tempestuous; Acts 27:20 - and no; James 3:4 - are driven

Verse 26

They mount up to the heaven, they go down again to the depths: their soul is melted because of trouble.
their soul
22:14; 119:28; 2 Samuel 17:10; Isaiah 13:7; Nahum 2:10
Reciprocal: Psalm 93:3 - the floods lift; Jeremiah 49:23 - on the sea

Verse 27

They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man, and are at their wits' end.
stagger
Job 12:25; Isaiah 19:14; 29:9
are at their wit's end
Heb. all their wisdom is swallowed up.
Job 37:20; Isaiah 19:3; *marg:; Acts 27:15-20
Reciprocal: Isaiah 24:20 - reel; Isaiah 28:7 - are swallowed; Jeremiah 49:23 - on the sea; Matthew 14:30 - Lord; Acts 27:18 - being

Verse 28

Then they cry unto the LORD in their trouble, and he bringeth them out of their distresses.
6,13,19; Jonah 1:5,6,14; Matthew 8:25; Acts 27:23-25
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:10 - cried out; Judges 10:10 - cried; Job 41:25 - by; Psalm 50:15 - call; Matthew 8:26 - and rebuked; Mark 6:51 - and the; Acts 27:44 - that

Verse 29

He maketh the storm a calm, so that the waves thereof are still.
65:7; 89:9; Jonah 1:15; Matthew 8:26; Mark 4:39-41; Luke 8:23-25
Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 1:6 - The wind; Jonah 1:6 - arise; Matthew 14:32 - come; John 3:8 - wind

Verse 30

Then are they glad because they be quiet; so he bringeth them unto their desired haven.
he bringeth
John 6:21
Reciprocal: Matthew 14:32 - come; Acts 27:12 - the haven

Verse 31

Oh that men would praise the LORD for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!
Oh that men
8,15,21; 103:2; 105:1; Hosea 2:8; Jonah 1:16; 2:9; Micah 6:4,5; Romans 1:20,21; 2 Timothy 3:2; Hebrews 13:15
his wonderful
71:17; 72:18,19; 77:11,14; 105:2; Revelation 15:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:22 - General; Psalm 104:24 - how; Psalm 145:6 - I will declare thy greatness; Isaiah 63:7 - mention; Daniel 4:34 - I blessed; Luke 8:38 - saying; Luke 18:43 - followed

Verse 32

Let them exalt him also in the congregation of the people, and praise him in the assembly of the elders.
exalt
18:46; 46:10; 99:5,9; Exodus 15:2; Isaiah 12:4; 25:1
in the congregation
22:22,25; 40:9,10; 66:16; 111:1; 119:46; Acts 4:8-12
Reciprocal: Judges 5:10 - ye that sit; Psalm 26:12 - in the; Psalm 68:26 - Bless; Psalm 109:30 - I will praise; Psalm 145:6 - I will declare thy greatness; Luke 8:38 - saying; Luke 18:43 - followed

Verse 33

He turneth rivers into a wilderness, and the watersprings into dry ground;
turneth
1 Kings 17:1-7; Isaiah 13:19-21; 19:5-10; 34:9,10; 42:15; 44:27; 50:2; Ezekiel 30:12; Joel 1:20; Nahum 1:4; Zephaniah 2:9,13
water-springs
1 Kings 18:5; Jeremiah 14:3; Amos 4:7,8
Reciprocal: Judges 6:39 - dry; 2 Kings 2:21 - there shall; Isaiah 32:15 - the spirit; Jeremiah 51:36 - and I will

Verse 34

A fruitful land into barrenness, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein.
a fruitful
Genesis 13:10,13; 19:25; Deuteronomy 29:23-28; Isaiah 32:13-15
barrenness
Heb. saltness.
Genesis 14:3; Ezekiel 47:11
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:17 - bring; Genesis 12:10 - was a; Genesis 19:28 - General; Exodus 10:7 - that Egypt; Leviticus 26:20 - for your land; Judges 9:45 - beat; Ruth 1:1 - a famine; 2 Kings 8:1 - the Lord; 2 Chronicles 7:13 - If I shut up heaven; Job 39:6 - barren land; Psalm 68:6 - the rebellious; Proverbs 14:34 - but; Isaiah 1:7 - country; Isaiah 42:15 - General; Jeremiah 4:26 - the fruitful; Jeremiah 5:25 - General; Jeremiah 9:12 - for; Jeremiah 12:4 - the herbs; Jeremiah 22:6 - surely; Jeremiah 23:10 - the pleasant; Ezekiel 12:19 - because; Ezekiel 32:15 - destitute of that whereof; Hosea 9:6 - nettles; Joel 1:6 - my; Micah 3:12 - Zion; Haggai 1:6 - have; Hebrews 6:8 - beareth

Verse 35

He turneth the wilderness into a standing water, and dry ground into watersprings.
turneth
114:8; Numbers 21:16-18; 2 Kings 3:16-20; Isaiah 35:6,7; 41:17-19; 44:3-5; Ezekiel 47:6-12
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 3:17 - Ye shall not; Job 38:26 - on the wilderness; Psalm 66:12 - wealthy; Psalm 104:10 - He sendeth; Isaiah 30:23 - shall he; Isaiah 41:18 - General; Joel 2:22 - for the tree

Verse 36

And there he maketh the hungry to dwell, that they may prepare a city for habitation;
there he
146:7; Luke 1:53
a city
7; Acts 17:26
Reciprocal: Genesis 47:23 - here is seed; Deuteronomy 28:3 - in the city

Verse 37

And sow the fields, and plant vineyards, which may yield fruits of increase.
sow
Isaiah 37:30; Jeremiah 29:5; 31:5; Ezekiel 28:26; Amos 9:13-15
which may
65:9-13; Genesis 26:12; Joel 1:10-12; Haggai 1:5,6,10,11; 2:16-19; Zechariah 8:12; Acts 14:17; 1 Corinthians 3:7; 2 Corinthians 9:10
Reciprocal: Genesis 47:23 - here is seed; Deuteronomy 28:3 - in the city; Psalm 144:13 - our garners

Verse 38

He blesseth them also, so that they are multiplied greatly; and suffereth not their cattle to decrease.
He blesseth
128:1-6; Genesis 1:28; 9:1; 12:2; 17:16,20; Exodus 1:7; Deuteronomy 28:4,11; 30:9; Jeremiah 30:19; Ezekiel 37:26
suffereth
144:13,14; Genesis 30:43; 31:9; Exodus 9:3-7; 12:38; Deuteronomy 7:14; Proverbs 10:22
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:22 - General; Genesis 8:17 - breed; Genesis 24:35 - flocks; Genesis 47:27 - grew; Exodus 23:26 - shall nothing; Leviticus 26:9 - make you; Job 1:2 - seven sons; Job 1:10 - thou hast blessed; Job 12:23 - increaseth; Job 42:12 - he had; Isaiah 9:3 - hast multiplied

Verse 39

Again, they are minished and brought low through oppression, affliction, and sorrow.
Again
The incidents detailed in these verses, which frequently occur, and mark the superintendence of a benign Providence, and the hand of a just God, appear to be brought forward to illustrate the return of the Israelites from captivity, and the punishment of their oppressors the Babylonians. Wherefore, at last, as in a common chorus, they conclude with exhorting each other to a serious consideration of these things, and to make a proper return to the Almighty.
they are
30:6,7; Genesis 45:11; Ruth 1:20,21; 1 Samuel 2:5-7; 2 Kings 4:8; 8:3; Job 1:10-17
oppression
Exodus 1:13,14; 2:23,24; Judges 6:3-6; 2 Kings 10:32; 13:7,22; 14:26; 2 Chronicles 15:5,6; Jeremiah 51:33,34
Reciprocal: Isaiah 1:7 - country; Isaiah 21:17 - the mighty; Ezekiel 5:11 - will I; Obadiah 1:2 - General

Verse 40

He poureth contempt upon princes, and causeth them to wander in the wilderness, where there is no way.
poureth
Job 12:21,24; Isaiah 23:8,9
contempt
78:66; Exodus 8:3,17,24; Joshua 10:24-26; Judges 1:6,7; 4:21; 1 Samuel 5:9; 6:4; 1 Kings 21:19; 2 Kings 9:35-37; Daniel 4:33; 5:5,6,18-30; Acts 12:23; Revelation 19:18
causeth
4; Job 12:24; Jeremiah 13:15-18
wilderness
or, void place.
Reciprocal: Exodus 8:4 - General; Numbers 14:33 - shall wander in the wilderness; Joshua 8:29 - the king; Judges 4:17 - fled; Job 5:24 - sin; Psalm 68:6 - the rebellious; Isaiah 40:23 - General; Daniel 4:24 - come; Obadiah 1:2 - General; Luke 1:52 - put

Verse 41

Yet setteth he the poor on high from affliction, and maketh him families like a flock.
setteth
113:7,8; Ruth 4:14-17; 1 Samuel 2:8; Esther 8:15-17; Job 5:11; 8:7; 11:15-19; Job 42:10-12; Jeremiah 52:31-34; James 5:11
from
or, after. maketh.
78:52; 128:6; Genesis 23:5-7; 48:11; 1 Samuel 2:21; Job 21:11; 42:16; Proverbs 17:6; Isaiah 49:20-22
Reciprocal: Job 5:15 - he saveth; Job 42:13 - General; Psalm 68:6 - God; Psalm 142:7 - the righteous; Isaiah 25:4 - thou hast; Isaiah 33:16 - shall dwell; Luke 1:52 - put

Verse 42

The righteous shall see it, and rejoice: and all iniquity shall stop her mouth.
righteous
52:6; 58:10,11; Job 22:19; Isaiah 66:10,11,14
iniquity
63:11; 112:10; Exodus 11:7; Job 5:15,16; Proverbs 10:11; Romans 3:19
Reciprocal: Psalm 37:10 - thou; Psalm 64:9 - they; Psalm 142:7 - the righteous; Proverbs 10:6 - violence; Proverbs 24:30 - went; Matthew 22:12 - And he was; Titus 1:11 - mouths; 1 Peter 2:15 - with; Revelation 18:20 - Rejoice; Revelation 19:7 - be glad

Verse 43

Whoso is wise, and will observe these things, even they shall understand the lovingkindness of the LORD.
is wise
28:5; 64:9; Isaiah 5:12; Jeremiah 9:12; Daniel 10:12; Hosea 14:9
they shall understand
50:23; Jeremiah 9:24; Ephesians 3:18,19 Reciprocal: Genesis 19:19 - and thou; Genesis 24:21 - wondering at; Deuteronomy 32:29 - O that; Job 34:27 - would; Psalm 14:2 - any; Psalm 37:10 - thou; Psalm 111:2 - sought; Proverbs 21:12 - wisely; Proverbs 23:26 - let; Proverbs 24:23 - things; Ecclesiastes 7:13 - Consider; Isaiah 42:20 - Seeing; Isaiah 48:6 - hast heard; Daniel 12:10 - but the wise; Micah 6:9 - and; Haggai 2:15 - consider; Romans 11:25 - I would; 1 Timothy 5:21 - that; James 3:13 - is a; Revelation 13:18 - Here

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 107". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-107.html.