Recommended!
If you haven't seen it already, I would recommend "The Chosen"! The first episode of Season 2 can be viewed by clicking here!

Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 109

Introduction

1David, complaining of his slanderous enemies, under the person of Judas devotes them.
16He shews their sin.
21Complaining of his own misery, he prays for help.
29He promises thankfulness.

Verse 1

Hold not thy peace, O God of my praise;
A. M. 2942. B.C. 1062. (Title.) It is generally supposed that this Psalm was composed by David, when persecuted by Saul, who was rendered more implacable by the base and malicious calumnies of Doeg and others; though some are of opinion, that it was written when David fled from Absalom, and that Ahithophel, rather than Doeg, is the typical person against whom it is principally directed
Hold
28:1; 35:22,23; 83:1; Isaiah 42:14
O God
118:28; Exodus 15:2; Deuteronomy 10:21; Jeremiah 17:14
Reciprocal: Psalm 50:21 - I kept; Psalm 120:2 - from lying lips

Verse 2

For the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of the deceitful are opened against me: they have spoken against me with a lying tongue.
the mouth
31:13,18; 64:3,4; 140:3; 2 Samuel 15:3-8; 17:1; Proverbs 15:28; Matthew 26:59-62
of the deceitful
Heb. of deceit. are opened. Heb. have opened themselves. with.
120:3; Proverbs 6:17; 12:19; Jeremiah 9:3,5; Acts 6:13
Reciprocal: Psalm 52:2 - working; Psalm 55:11 - deceit; Psalm 59:7 - swords; Psalm 64:2 - secret; Psalm 83:1 - Keep; Psalm 119:69 - proud; Psalm 120:2 - from lying lips; Psalm 144:8 - mouth; Lamentations 2:16 - thine; Matthew 27:39 - reviled

Verse 3

They compassed me about also with words of hatred; and fought against me without a cause.
compassed
17:11; 22:12; 88:17; 2 Samuel 16:7,8; Hosea 11:12
fought
35:7,20; 59:3,4; 69:4; 1 Samuel 19:4,5; 26:18; 2 Samuel 15:12; John 15:24,25
Reciprocal: Numbers 20:6 - they fell; 1 Samuel 25:21 - he hath requited; 2 Samuel 15:31 - O Lord; Psalm 25:3 - without; Psalm 35:12 - They; Psalm 35:19 - that hate; Psalm 38:20 - render; Psalm 55:11 - deceit; Psalm 59:7 - swords; Psalm 64:2 - secret; Psalm 69:14 - let me; Psalm 89:23 - plague; Psalm 119:69 - proud; Psalm 119:78 - without; Psalm 144:8 - mouth; Lamentations 3:52 - without; Matthew 5:22 - without; Mark 3:6 - Pharisees; Luke 6:12 - that

Verse 4

For my love they are my adversaries: but I give myself unto prayer.
For my
35:7,12; 38:20; 2 Samuel 13:39; John 10:32; 2 Corinthians 12:15
but I
55:16,17; 69:12,13; 2 Samuel 15:31,32; Daniel 6:10; Luke 6:11,12; 23:34
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:18 - conspired; Numbers 20:6 - they fell; Judges 9:18 - are risen; Judges 12:1 - Wherefore; 1 Samuel 8:6 - prayed; 1 Samuel 15:11 - he cried; 1 Samuel 19:4 - because his works; 2 Samuel 10:4 - and shaved; 1 Chronicles 19:4 - took David's; 2 Chronicles 24:22 - remembered; Job 16:20 - poureth; Job 19:19 - they whom; Proverbs 17:13 - General; Jeremiah 18:19 - Give; Jeremiah 18:20 - evil; Jeremiah 43:3 - to deliver; Micah 7:7 - I will look; Mark 1:35 - General; Mark 3:6 - Pharisees; Mark 14:32 - while; Luke 9:28 - into; Luke 20:43 - General; Luke 24:44 - in the psalms; John 11:53 - put; John 11:57 - had; Romans 12:12 - continuing; Colossians 4:2 - Continue

Verse 5

And they have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred for my love.
they
35:7-12; Genesis 44:4; Proverbs 17:13
hatred
55:12-15; 2 Samuel 15:12,31; Mark 14:44,45; Luke 6:16; 22:47,48; John 13:18
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 19:4 - because his works; 2 Samuel 10:4 - and shaved; 1 Chronicles 19:4 - took David's; Job 19:19 - they whom; Psalm 7:4 - If I; Psalm 55:20 - at peace; Jeremiah 18:20 - evil; Jeremiah 38:6 - took; Jeremiah 41:1 - they did; John 10:32 - for; John 11:53 - put; 2 Timothy 4:14 - reward

Verse 6

Set thou a wicked man over him: and let Satan stand at his right hand.
Set thou
Dr. Sykes, Michaelis, and others, contend that these imprecations are those of David's enemies against himself; and they would render, "Set, say they, a wicked," etc: but this is rendered highly improbable by the 8th verse being applied by St. Peter to the traitor Judas, of whom David was certainly not a type. (See ver. 20.) Bp. Horsley and others, however, render the verbs in the future tense, the first verb alone being in the imperative; justly considering the Psalmist as merely uttering prophetic denunciations of God's displeasure against sinners.
Matthew 27:4
and let
Zechariah 3:1; John 13:2,27
Satan
or, an adversary.
Matthew 5:25
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:16 - appoint; 1 Kings 2:33 - return upon; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 40:15 - desolate; Psalm 41:10 - that; Psalm 55:15 - Let death; Jeremiah 20:12 - let me; Matthew 4:10 - Satan; Matthew 26:24 - but; Mark 14:21 - but; Luke 22:22 - but; John 6:71 - for; John 17:12 - that; 1 Corinthians 5:5 - deliver; 1 Peter 5:8 - your; Revelation 12:9 - and Satan

Verse 7

When he shall be judged, let him be condemned: and let his prayer become sin.
be condemned
Heb. go out guilty, or wicked.
Romans 3:19; Galatians 3:10
and let
2 Samuel 15:7,8; Proverbs 15:8; 21:27; 28:9; Isaiah 1:15; 66:3; Matthew 23:14
Reciprocal: Job 27:9 - Will God; Malachi 2:2 - and I; Acts 1:25 - from

Verse 8

Let his days be few; and let another take his office.
his days
55:23; Matthew 27:5
another
Acts 1:16-26
office
or, charge.
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 3:29 - let there; 1 Kings 2:35 - Zadok; 2 Kings 10:17 - he slew; Psalm 109:6 - Set thou; Jeremiah 29:32 - punish; Daniel 11:7 - one stand; Luke 19:26 - and from; Acts 1:20 - his

Verse 9

Let his children be fatherless, and his wife a widow.
Exodus 22:24; Jeremiah 18:21; Lamentations 5:3
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:18 - the fruit of thy body; 2 Kings 10:17 - he slew; Job 5:4 - children; Job 20:26 - it shall go; Job 21:19 - for his; Ecclesiastes 5:14 - and he; Acts 1:20 - Let his

Verse 10

Let his children be continually vagabonds, and beg: let them seek their bread also out of their desolate places.
37:25; Genesis 4:12-14; 2 Samuel 3:29; 2 Kings 5:27; Job 24:8-12; 30:3-9; Isaiah 16:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:14 - fugitive; Job 15:23 - wandereth; Job 18:12 - hungerbitten; Job 20:10 - seek; Job 30:5 - driven; Psalm 59:15 - wander; Acts 19:13 - vagabond

Verse 11

Let the extortioner catch all that he hath; and let the strangers spoil his labour.
extortioner
Job 5:5; 18:9-19; 20:18
strangers
Deuteronomy 28:29,33,34,50,51; Judges 6:3-6

Verse 12

Let there be none to extend mercy unto him: neither let there be any to favour his fatherless children.
none
Isaiah 27:11; Luke 6:38; James 2:13
favour
137:8,9; Isaiah 13:18; Matthew 27:25; Luke 11:50,51
Reciprocal: Esther 9:10 - ten sons

Verse 13

Let his posterity be cut off; and in the generation following let their name be blotted out.
Let his
37:28; 1 Samuel 2:31-33; 3:13; 2 Kings 10:10,11; Job 18:19; Isaiah 14:20-22; Jeremiah 22:30
their name
Deuteronomy 9:14; 25:19; 29:20; Proverbs 10:7
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:33 - my book; Leviticus 20:20 - childless; Numbers 27:4 - Why; Deuteronomy 25:6 - that his name; 2 Samuel 18:18 - I have no son; Esther 9:10 - ten sons; Job 18:17 - General; Job 27:14 - children; Job 31:8 - let my; Psalm 21:10 - General; Psalm 109:15 - cut off; Ecclesiastes 6:4 - his name; Isaiah 26:14 - and made; Isaiah 48:19 - his name; Jeremiah 11:19 - that his; Hosea 13:15 - his spring; Amos 6:9 - if; Nahum 1:14 - that; Revelation 3:5 - blot

Verse 14

Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered with the LORD; and let not the sin of his mother be blotted out.
Let the
Exodus 20:5; Leviticus 26:39; 2 Samuel 3:29; 21:1,8,9; Matthew 23:31-36
let not
2 Kings 8:27; 9:27; 10:13,14; 11:1; 2 Chronicles 22:3,4
blotted
Nehemiah 4:5; Isaiah 43:25; Jeremiah 18:23
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:33 - my book; Psalm 25:7 - Remember; Isaiah 44:22 - blotted; Jeremiah 14:10 - he will; Lamentations 1:22 - all their

Verse 15

Let them be before the LORD continually, that he may cut off the memory of them from the earth.
before
51:9; 90:8; Deuteronomy 32:34; Jeremiah 2:22; Hosea 7:2; Amos 8:7
cut off
13; 34:16; Job 18:17; Isaiah 65:15
Reciprocal: Ruth 4:10 - the name; 2 Samuel 4:11 - from; Job 13:12 - remembrances; Proverbs 10:7 - the name; Ecclesiastes 9:5 - for the; Jeremiah 14:10 - he will; Jeremiah 18:23 - forgive; Lamentations 1:22 - all their

Verse 16

Because that he remembered not to shew mercy, but persecuted the poor and needy man, that he might even slay the broken in heart.
he remembered
2 Samuel 17:1,2; Matthew 5:7; 18:33-35; James 2:13
persecuted
10:2,14; Genesis 42:21; Job 19:2,3,21,22; Matthew 27:35-46
slay
34:18; 69:20-29; 2 Samuel 16:11,12; Mark 14:34-36
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 16:5 - cursed; Job 24:4 - turn; Psalm 25:7 - Remember; Psalm 69:26 - For; Psalm 109:22 - and my; Psalm 109:31 - poor; Ezekiel 35:6 - I will

Verse 17

As he loved cursing, so let it come unto him: as he delighted not in blessing, so let it be far from him.
52:4,5; 59:12,13; Proverbs 14:14; Ezekiel 35:6; Matthew 7:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:10,11; Revelation 16:6
Reciprocal: Numbers 22:6 - curse me; Numbers 23:11 - General; Numbers 23:13 - and curse me; Judges 9:27 - cursed; 1 Kings 22:22 - Thou shalt; 2 Chronicles 18:21 - Thou shalt; Esther 9:25 - return; Job 20:12 - he hide; Psalm 18:26 - froward; Psalm 28:4 - the work; Psalm 69:27 - iniquity; Psalm 109:28 - Let them; Psalm 109:29 - be clothed; Lamentations 3:65 - thy; Hosea 4:9 - reward them; Zechariah 5:3 - the curse; Romans 3:14 - General; James 3:9 - therewith curse

Verse 18

As he clothed himself with cursing like as with his garment, so let it come into his bowels like water, and like oil into his bones.
As he
73:6; Job 29:14; Colossians 3:8,12; 1 Peter 5:5
so let
Numbers 5:22,27; Job 20:12-16,20-23; Matthew 26:24; 27:3-5; Acts 1:18,25
into his bowels
Heb. within him.
Reciprocal: Numbers 22:6 - curse me; 2 Chronicles 21:15 - thy bowels fall; Esther 9:25 - return; Psalm 59:12 - cursing; Psalm 109:19 - as the garment; Jeremiah 24:9 - a curse; Jeremiah 43:12 - putteth; Lamentations 3:65 - thy; Ezekiel 26:16 - clothe; Ezekiel 32:27 - but; Hosea 4:9 - reward them; Romans 3:14 - General; James 3:9 - therewith curse

Verse 19

Let it be unto him as the garment which covereth him, and for a girdle wherewith he is girded continually.
as the garment
18,29; 35:26; 132:18
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 24:9 - a curse; Jeremiah 43:12 - putteth

Verse 20

Let this be the reward of mine adversaries from the LORD, and of them that speak evil against my soul.
Let this
2:5,6,12; 21:8-12; 40:14,15; 110:1,5,6; 2 Samuel 17:23; 18:32; 1 Kings 2:44; Luke 19:27; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16
them
Matthew 11:19; 12:24; 26:66,67; Mark 9:39; 1 Corinthians 12:3
Reciprocal: Psalm 109:6 - Set thou

Verse 21

But do thou for me, O GOD the Lord, for thy name's sake: because thy mercy is good, deliver thou me.
But do
25:11; 31:3; 69:29; 79:9,10; 143:11,12; John 17:1; Philippians 2:8-11
thy mercy
36:7-9; 63:3; 86:5,15
Reciprocal: Job 10:2 - Do not; Psalm 41:10 - be merciful; Psalm 51:1 - O God; Psalm 69:14 - let me; Psalm 69:16 - for thy; Psalm 119:149 - according unto

Verse 22

For I am poor and needy, and my heart is wounded within me.
For I
22:6; 40:17; 86:1; 102:17-20; Matthew 8:20; 2 Corinthians 8:9
and my
16; 88:15,16; 102:4; 2 Kings 4:27; Job 6:4; Isaiah 53:3; Luke 22:44; John 12:27
Reciprocal: Job 24:12 - wounded; Psalm 69:29 - I am poor; Psalm 70:5 - I am; Psalm 74:21 - O let not; Psalm 88:4 - as a man; Proverbs 15:4 - a breach; Proverbs 18:14 - but

Verse 23

I am gone like the shadow when it declineth: I am tossed up and down as the locust.
gone
102:11; 144:4; 1 Chronicles 29:15; Job 14:2; Ecclesiastes 6:12; 8:13; James 4:14
I am tossed
102:10; Exodus 10:13,19
Reciprocal: Job 7:4 - tossings; Job 17:7 - shadow

Verse 24

My knees are weak through fasting; and my flesh faileth of fatness.
knees
22:14; 35:13,14; 69:10; Matthew 4:2; 2 Corinthians 11:27; Hebrews 12:12
my flesh
32:3,4; 38:5-8; 102:4,5; Job 19:20
Reciprocal: Matthew 6:16 - when

Verse 25

I became also a reproach unto them: when they looked upon me they shaked their heads.
a reproach
31:11-13; 35:15,16; 69:9-12,19,20; Romans 15:3; Hebrews 12:2; 13:13
when they
22:6,7; Job 16:4; Isaiah 37:22; Matthew 27:39,40
Reciprocal: Psalm 69:10 - General; Psalm 119:42 - So shall; Mark 15:29 - they; Luke 10:32 - General

Verse 26

Help me, O LORD my God: O save me according to thy mercy:
Help
40:12; 119:86; Hebrews 5:7
save me
57:1; 69:13,16
Reciprocal: Psalm 25:7 - according; Jeremiah 15:15 - remember

Verse 27

That they may know that this is thy hand; that thou, LORD, hast done it.
17:13,14; 64:8,9; 126:2; Exodus 8:19; Numbers 16:28-30; 1 Samuel 17:46,47; 1 Kings 18:36,37; Job 37:7; Acts 2:32-36; 4:16
Reciprocal: Isaiah 41:20 - General

Verse 28

Let them curse, but bless thou: when they arise, let them be ashamed; but let thy servant rejoice.
Let them
17; Numbers 22:12; 23:20,23; 2 Samuel 16:10-13
but let
Isaiah 65:13-16; John 16:22; Hebrews 12:2
Reciprocal: Numbers 22:6 - I wot; 2 Samuel 16:5 - cursed; Nehemiah 13:2 - our God; Psalm 6:10 - Let all; Psalm 35:26 - clothed; Proverbs 26:2 - so; Jeremiah 15:10 - curse; Jeremiah 18:19 - Give; Revelation 18:20 - Rejoice

Verse 29

Let mine adversaries be clothed with shame, and let them cover themselves with their own confusion, as with a mantle.
be clothed
17-19; 6:10; 35:26; 132:18; 140:9; Jeremiah 20:11; Daniel 12:2; Micah 7:10
Reciprocal: Job 8:22 - clothed; Psalm 70:2 - Let; Psalm 71:13 - covered; Psalm 73:6 - covereth; Psalm 83:17 - General; Psalm 86:17 - that they; Psalm 89:45 - thou; Psalm 109:19 - as the garment; Jeremiah 3:25 - lie down; Jeremiah 14:3 - they were; Jeremiah 51:51 - shame; Ezekiel 26:16 - clothe; Obadiah 1:10 - shame; Luke 13:17 - all his; Acts 4:24 - they

Verse 30

I will greatly praise the LORD with my mouth; yea, I will praise him among the multitude.
greatly
7:17; 9:1; 22:22,25; 71:22,23; 108:1-3
I will praise
22:22-25; 35:18; 107:32; 111:1; 116:12-18; 138:1,4; Hebrews 2:12
Reciprocal: Psalm 9:14 - in the gates; Jeremiah 20:13 - for

Verse 31

For he shall stand at the right hand of the poor, to save him from those that condemn his soul.
For he
16:8; 73:23; 110:5; 121:5
poor
16; 68:5; 72:4,12,13; 140:12
to save
10:14; Exodus 22:22-24; Proverbs 22:22,23; Ecclesiastes 5:8; Isaiah 54:17; Acts 4:10-12; 5:30,31
those that condemn
Heb. the judges of. Reciprocal: Job 5:15 - he saveth; Psalm 9:14 - in the gates; Psalm 9:18 - For the; Psalm 10:9 - when; Psalm 35:10 - which; Psalm 37:33 - condemn; Psalm 69:29 - I am poor; Psalm 103:6 - executeth; Isaiah 41:13 - will hold; Jeremiah 20:13 - for; Jeremiah 22:16 - judged; Zechariah 3:2 - the Lord said; Matthew 12:7 - condemned; John 12:7 - Let; Acts 2:25 - for; Acts 7:55 - standing; Acts 12:11 - and hath; Acts 23:11 - the Lord; Romans 8:34 - Who; 2 Timothy 4:17 - the Lord; James 2:4 - judges

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 109". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-109.html.