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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 109

Introduction

Overview

Psalms 109:1, David, complaining of his slanderous enemies, under the person of Judas devotes them; Psalms 109:16, He shews their sin; Psalms 109:21, Complaining of his own misery, he prays for help; Psalms 109:29, He promises thankfulness.

Verse 1

am 2942, bc 1062 - Title It is generally supposed that this Psalm was composed by David, when persecuted by Saul, who was rendered more implacable by the base and malicious calumnies of Doeg and others; though some are of opinion, that it was written when David fled from Absalom, and that Ahithophel, rather than Doeg, is the typical person against whom it is principally directed.

Hold: Psalms 28:1, Psalms 35:22, Psalms 35:23, Psalms 83:1, Isaiah 42:14

O God: Psalms 118:28, Exodus 15:2, Deuteronomy 10:21, Jeremiah 17:14

Reciprocal: Psalms 50:21 - I kept Psalms 120:2 - from lying lips

Verse 2

the mouth: Psalms 31:13, Psalms 31:18, Psalms 64:3, Psalms 64:4, Psalms 140:3, 2 Samuel 15:3-Ruth :, 2 Samuel 17:1, Proverbs 15:28, Matthew 26:59-1 John :

of the deceitful: Heb. of deceit

are opened: Heb. have opened themselves

with: Psalms 120:3, Proverbs 6:17, Proverbs 12:19, Jeremiah 9:3, Jeremiah 9:5, Acts 6:13

Reciprocal: Psalms 52:2 - working Psalms 55:11 - deceit Psalms 59:7 - swords Psalms 64:2 - secret Psalms 83:1 - Keep Psalms 119:69 - proud Psalms 120:2 - from lying lips Psalms 144:8 - mouth Lamentations 2:16 - thine Matthew 27:39 - reviled

Verse 3

compassed: Psalms 17:11, Psalms 22:12, Psalms 88:17, 2 Samuel 16:7, 2 Samuel 16:8, Hosea 11:12

fought: Psalms 35:7, Psalms 35:20, Psalms 59:3, Psalms 59:4, Psalms 69:4, 1 Samuel 19:4, 1 Samuel 19:5, 1 Samuel 26:18, 2 Samuel 15:12, John 15:24, John 15:25

Reciprocal: Numbers 20:6 - they fell 1 Samuel 25:21 - he hath requited 2 Samuel 15:31 - O Lord Psalms 25:3 - without Psalms 35:12 - They Psalms 35:19 - that hate Psalms 38:20 - render Psalms 55:11 - deceit Psalms 59:7 - swords Psalms 64:2 - secret Psalms 69:14 - let me Psalms 89:23 - plague Psalms 119:69 - proud Psalms 119:78 - without Psalms 144:8 - mouth Lamentations 3:52 - without Matthew 5:22 - without Mark 3:6 - Pharisees Luke 6:12 - that

Verse 4

For my: Psalms 35:7, Psalms 35:12, Psalms 38:20, 2 Samuel 13:39, John 10:32, 2 Corinthians 12:15

but I: Psalms 55:16, Psalms 55:17, Psalms 69:12, Psalms 69:13, 2 Samuel 15:31, 2 Samuel 15:32, Daniel 6:10, Luke 6:11, Luke 6:12, Luke 23:34

Reciprocal: Genesis 37:18 - conspired Numbers 20:6 - they fell Judges 9:18 - are risen Judges 12:1 - Wherefore 1 Samuel 8:6 - prayed 1 Samuel 15:11 - he cried 1 Samuel 19:4 - because his works 2 Samuel 10:4 - and shaved 1 Chronicles 19:4 - took David's 2 Chronicles 24:22 - remembered Job 16:20 - poureth Job 19:19 - they whom Proverbs 17:13 - General Jeremiah 18:19 - Give Jeremiah 18:20 - evil Jeremiah 43:3 - to deliver Micah 7:7 - I will look Mark 1:35 - General Mark 3:6 - Pharisees Mark 14:32 - while Luke 9:28 - into Luke 20:43 - General Luke 24:44 - in the psalms John 11:53 - put John 11:57 - had Romans 12:12 - continuing Colossians 4:2 - Continue

Verse 5

they: Psalms 35:7-2 Kings :, Genesis 44:4, Proverbs 17:13

hatred: Psalms 55:12-Ezra :, 2 Samuel 15:12, 2 Samuel 15:31, Mark 14:44, Mark 14:45, Luke 6:16, Luke 22:47, Luke 22:48, John 13:18

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 19:4 - because his works 2 Samuel 10:4 - and shaved 1 Chronicles 19:4 - took David's Job 19:19 - they whom Psalms 7:4 - If I Psalms 55:20 - at peace Jeremiah 18:20 - evil Jeremiah 38:6 - took Jeremiah 41:1 - they did John 10:32 - for John 11:53 - put 2 Timothy 4:14 - reward

Verse 6

Set thou: Dr. Sykes, Michaelis, and others, contend that these imprecations are those of David's enemies against himself; and they would render, "Set, say they, a wicked," etc, but this is rendered highly improbable by the Psalms 109:8, being applied by St. Peter to the traitor Judas, of whom David was certainly not a type. - See Psalms 109:20. Bp. Horsley and others, however, render the verbs in the future tense, the first verb alone being in the imperative; justly considering the Psalmist as merely uttering prophetic denunciations of God's displeasure against sinners. Matthew 27:4

and let: Zechariah 3:1, John 13:2, John 13:27

Satan: or, an adversary, Matthew 5:25

Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:16 - appoint 1 Kings 2:33 - return upon Psalms 5:10 - let Psalms 40:15 - desolate Psalms 41:10 - that Psalms 55:15 - Let death Jeremiah 20:12 - let me Matthew 4:10 - Satan Matthew 26:24 - but Mark 14:21 - but Luke 22:22 - but John 6:71 - for John 17:12 - that 1 Corinthians 5:5 - deliver 1 Peter 5:8 - your Revelation 12:9 - and Satan

Verse 7

be condemned: Heb. go out guilty, or wicked, Romans 3:19, Galatians 3:10

and let: 2 Samuel 15:7, 2 Samuel 15:8, Proverbs 15:8, Proverbs 21:27, Proverbs 28:9, Isaiah 1:15, Isaiah 66:3, Matthew 23:14

Reciprocal: Job 27:9 - Will God Malachi 2:2 - and I Acts 1:25 - from

Verse 8

his days: Psalms 55:23, Matthew 27:5

another: Acts 1:16-Ezekiel :

office: or, charge

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 3:29 - let there 1 Kings 2:35 - Zadok 2 Kings 10:17 - he slew Psalms 109:6 - Set thou Jeremiah 29:32 - punish Daniel 11:7 - one stand Luke 19:26 - and from Acts 1:20 - his

Verse 9

Exodus 22:24, Jeremiah 18:21, Lamentations 5:3

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:18 - the fruit of thy body 2 Kings 10:17 - he slew Job 5:4 - children Job 20:26 - it shall go Job 21:19 - for his Ecclesiastes 5:14 - and he Acts 1:20 - Let his

Verse 10

Psalms 37:25, Genesis 4:12-2 Chronicles :, 2 Samuel 3:29, 2 Kings 5:27, Job 24:8-2 Kings :, Job 30:3-1 Samuel :, Isaiah 16:2

Reciprocal: Genesis 4:14 - fugitive Job 15:23 - wandereth Job 18:12 - hungerbitten Job 20:10 - seek Job 30:5 - driven Psalms 59:15 - wander Acts 19:13 - vagabond

Verse 11

extortioner: Job 5:5, Job 18:9-Psalms :, Job 20:18

strangers: Deuteronomy 28:29, Deuteronomy 28:33, Deuteronomy 28:34, Deuteronomy 28:50, Deuteronomy 28:51, Judges 6:3-Joshua :

Verse 12

none: Isaiah 27:11, Luke 6:38, James 2:13

favour: Psalms 137:8, Psalms 137:9, Isaiah 13:18, Matthew 27:25, Luke 11:50, Luke 11:51

Reciprocal: Esther 9:10 - ten sons

Verse 13

Let his: Psalms 37:28, 1 Samuel 2:31-Micah :, 1 Samuel 3:13, 2 Kings 10:10, 2 Kings 10:11, Job 18:19, Isaiah 14:20-Song of Solomon :, Jeremiah 22:30

their name: Deuteronomy 9:14, Deuteronomy 25:19, Deuteronomy 29:20, Proverbs 10:7

Reciprocal: Exodus 32:33 - my book Leviticus 20:20 - childless Numbers 27:4 - Why Deuteronomy 25:6 - that his name 2 Samuel 18:18 - I have no son Esther 9:10 - ten sons Job 18:17 - General Job 27:14 - children Job 31:8 - let my Psalms 21:10 - General Psalms 109:15 - cut off Ecclesiastes 6:4 - his name Isaiah 26:14 - and made Isaiah 48:19 - his name Jeremiah 11:19 - that his Hosea 13:15 - his spring Amos 6:9 - if Nahum 1:14 - that Revelation 3:5 - blot

Verse 14

Let the: Exodus 20:5, Leviticus 26:39, 2 Samuel 3:29, 2 Samuel 21:1, 2 Samuel 21:8, 2 Samuel 21:9, Matthew 23:31-Zephaniah :

let not: 2 Kings 8:27, 2 Kings 9:27, 2 Kings 10:13, 2 Kings 10:14, 2 Kings 11:1, 2 Chronicles 22:3, 2 Chronicles 22:4

blotted: Nehemiah 4:5, Isaiah 43:25, Jeremiah 18:23

Reciprocal: Exodus 32:33 - my book Psalms 25:7 - Remember Isaiah 44:22 - blotted Jeremiah 14:10 - he will Lamentations 1:22 - all their

Verse 15

before: Psalms 51:9, Psalms 90:8, Deuteronomy 32:34, Jeremiah 2:22, Hosea 7:2, Amos 8:7

cut off: Psalms 109:13, Psalms 34:16, Job 18:17, Isaiah 65:15

Reciprocal: Ruth 4:10 - the name 2 Samuel 4:11 - from Job 13:12 - remembrances Proverbs 10:7 - the name Ecclesiastes 9:5 - for the Jeremiah 14:10 - he will Jeremiah 18:23 - forgive Lamentations 1:22 - all their

Verse 16

he remembered: 2 Samuel 17:1, 2 Samuel 17:2, Matthew 5:7, Matthew 18:33-Habakkuk :, James 2:13

persecuted: Psalms 10:2, Psalms 10:14, Genesis 42:21, Job 19:2, Job 19:3, Job 19:21, Job 19:22, Matthew 27:35-1 Corinthians :

slay: Psalms 34:18, Psalms 69:20-Joel :, 2 Samuel 16:11, 2 Samuel 16:12, Mark 14:34-Zephaniah :

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 16:5 - cursed Job 24:4 - turn Psalms 25:7 - Remember Psalms 69:26 - For Psalms 109:22 - and my Psalms 109:31 - poor Ezekiel 35:6 - I will

Verse 17

Psalms 52:4, Psalms 52:5, Psalms 59:12, Psalms 59:13, Proverbs 14:14, Ezekiel 35:6, Matthew 7:2, 2 Thessalonians 2:10, 2 Thessalonians 2:11, Revelation 16:6

Reciprocal: Numbers 22:6 - curse me Numbers 23:11 - General Numbers 23:13 - and curse me Judges 9:27 - cursed 1 Kings 22:22 - Thou shalt 2 Chronicles 18:21 - Thou shalt Esther 9:25 - return Job 20:12 - he hide Psalms 18:26 - froward Psalms 28:4 - the work Psalms 69:27 - iniquity Psalms 109:28 - Let them Psalms 109:29 - be clothed Lamentations 3:65 - thy Hosea 4:9 - reward them Zechariah 5:3 - the curse Romans 3:14 - General James 3:9 - therewith curse

Verse 18

As he: Psalms 73:6, Job 29:14, Colossians 3:8, Colossians 3:12, 1 Peter 5:5

so let: Numbers 5:22, Numbers 5:27, Job 20:12-Nehemiah :, Job 20:20-Isaiah :, Matthew 26:24, Matthew 27:3-Deuteronomy :, Acts 1:18, Acts 1:25

into his bowels: Heb. within him

Reciprocal: Numbers 22:6 - curse me 2 Chronicles 21:15 - thy bowels fall Esther 9:25 - return Psalms 59:12 - cursing Psalms 109:19 - as the garment Jeremiah 24:9 - a curse Jeremiah 43:12 - putteth Lamentations 3:65 - thy Ezekiel 26:16 - clothe Ezekiel 32:27 - but Hosea 4:9 - reward them Romans 3:14 - General James 3:9 - therewith curse

Verse 19

as the garment: Psalms 109:18, Psalms 109:29, Psalms 35:26, Psalms 132:18

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 24:9 - a curse Jeremiah 43:12 - putteth

Verse 20

Let this: Psalms 2:5, Psalms 2:6, Psalms 2:12, Psalms 21:8-2 Kings :, Psalms 40:14, Psalms 40:15, Psalms 110:1, Psalms 110:5, Psalms 110:6, 2 Samuel 17:23, 2 Samuel 18:32, 1 Kings 2:44, Luke 19:27, 1 Thessalonians 2:15, 1 Thessalonians 2:16

them: Matthew 11:19, Matthew 12:24, Matthew 26:66, Matthew 26:67, Mark 9:39, 1 Corinthians 12:3

Reciprocal: Psalms 109:6 - Set thou

Verse 21

But do: Psalms 25:11, Psalms 31:3, Psalms 69:29, Psalms 79:9, Psalms 79:10, Psalms 143:11, Psalms 143:12, John 17:1, Philippians 2:8-1 Kings :

thy mercy: Psalms 36:7-1 Samuel :, Psalms 63:3, Psalms 86:5, Psalms 86:15

Reciprocal: Job 10:2 - Do not Psalms 41:10 - be merciful Psalms 51:1 - O God Psalms 69:14 - let me Psalms 69:16 - for thy Psalms 119:149 - according unto

Verse 22

For I: Psalms 22:6, Psalms 40:17, Psalms 86:1, Psalms 102:17-Proverbs :, Matthew 8:20, 2 Corinthians 8:9

and my: Psalms 109:16, Psalms 88:15, Psalms 88:16, Psalms 102:4, 2 Kings 4:27, Job 6:4, Isaiah 53:3, Luke 22:44, John 12:27

Reciprocal: Job 24:12 - wounded Psalms 69:29 - I am poor Psalms 70:5 - I am Psalms 74:21 - O let not Psalms 88:4 - as a man Proverbs 15:4 - a breach Proverbs 18:14 - but

Verse 23

gone: Psalms 102:11, Psalms 144:4, 1 Chronicles 29:15, Job 14:2, Ecclesiastes 6:12, Ecclesiastes 8:13, James 4:14

I am tossed: Psalms 102:10, Exodus 10:13, Exodus 10:19

Reciprocal: Job 7:4 - tossings Job 17:7 - shadow

Verse 24

knees: Psalms 22:14, Psalms 35:13, Psalms 35:14, Psalms 69:10, Matthew 4:2, 2 Corinthians 11:27, Hebrews 12:12

my flesh: Psalms 32:3, Psalms 32:4, Psalms 38:5-Ruth :, Psalms 102:4, Psalms 102:5, Job 19:20

Reciprocal: Matthew 6:16 - when

Verse 25

a reproach: Psalms 31:11-1 Chronicles :, Psalms 35:15, Psalms 35:16, Psalms 69:9-2 Kings :, Psalms 69:19, Psalms 69:20, Romans 15:3, Hebrews 12:2, Hebrews 13:13

when they: Psalms 22:6, Psalms 22:7, Job 16:4, Isaiah 37:22, Matthew 27:39, Matthew 27:40

Reciprocal: Psalms 69:10 - General Psalms 119:42 - So shall Mark 15:29 - they Luke 10:32 - General

Verse 26

Help: Psalms 40:12, Psalms 119:86, Hebrews 5:7

save me: Psalms 57:1, Psalms 69:13, Psalms 69:16

Reciprocal: Psalms 25:7 - according Jeremiah 15:15 - remember

Verse 27

Psalms 17:13, Psalms 17:14, Psalms 64:8, Psalms 64:9, Psalms 126:2, Exodus 8:19, Numbers 16:28-Amos :, 1 Samuel 17:46, 1 Samuel 17:47, 1 Kings 18:36, 1 Kings 18:37, Job 37:7, Acts 2:32-Zephaniah :, Acts 4:16

Reciprocal: Isaiah 41:20 - General

Verse 28

Let them: Psalms 109:17, Numbers 22:12, Numbers 23:20, Numbers 23:23, 2 Samuel 16:10-1 Chronicles :

but let: Isaiah 65:13-Nehemiah :, John 16:22, Hebrews 12:2

Reciprocal: Numbers 22:6 - I wot 2 Samuel 16:5 - cursed Nehemiah 13:2 - our God Psalms 6:10 - Let all Psalms 35:26 - clothed Proverbs 26:2 - so Jeremiah 15:10 - curse Jeremiah 18:19 - Give Revelation 18:20 - Rejoice

Verse 29

be clothed: Psalms 109:17-:, Psalms 6:10, Psalms 35:26, Psalms 132:18, Psalms 140:9, Jeremiah 20:11, Daniel 12:2, Micah 7:10

Reciprocal: Job 8:22 - clothed Psalms 70:2 - Let Psalms 71:13 - covered Psalms 73:6 - covereth Psalms 83:17 - General Psalms 86:17 - that they Psalms 89:45 - thou Psalms 109:19 - as the garment Jeremiah 3:25 - lie down Jeremiah 14:3 - they were Jeremiah 51:51 - shame Ezekiel 26:16 - clothe Obadiah 1:10 - shame Luke 13:17 - all his Acts 4:24 - they

Verse 30

greatly: Psalms 7:17, Psalms 9:1, Psalms 22:22, Psalms 22:25, Psalms 71:22, Psalms 71:23, Psalms 108:1-Leviticus :

I will praise: Psalms 22:22-Lamentations :, Psalms 35:18, Psalms 107:32, Psalms 111:1, Psalms 116:12-Job :, Psalms 138:1, Psalms 138:4, Hebrews 2:12

Reciprocal: Psalms 9:14 - in the gates Jeremiah 20:13 - for

Verse 31

For he: Psalms 16:8, Psalms 73:23, Psalms 110:5, Psalms 121:5

poor: Psalms 109:16, Psalms 68:5, Psalms 72:4, Psalms 72:12, Psalms 72:13, Psalms 140:12

to save: Psalms 10:14, Exodus 22:22-Jeremiah :, Proverbs 22:22, Proverbs 22:23, Ecclesiastes 5:8, Isaiah 54:17, Acts 4:10-2 Kings :, Acts 5:30, Acts 5:31

those that condemn: Heb. the judges of

Reciprocal: Job 5:15 - he saveth Psalms 9:14 - in the gates Psalms 9:18 - For the Psalms 10:9 - when Psalms 35:10 - which Psalms 37:33 - condemn Psalms 69:29 - I am poor Psalms 103:6 - executeth Isaiah 41:13 - will hold Jeremiah 20:13 - for Jeremiah 22:16 - judged Zechariah 3:2 - the Lord said Matthew 12:7 - condemned John 12:7 - Let Acts 2:25 - for Acts 7:55 - standing Acts 12:11 - and hath Acts 23:11 - the Lord Romans 8:34 - Who 2 Timothy 4:17 - the Lord James 2:4 - judges

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 109". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-109.html.