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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 118

Introduction

1An exhortation to praise God for his mercy.
5The psalmist by his experience shews how good it is to trust in God.
19Under the type of the psalmist the coming of Christ in his kingdom is expressed.

Verse 1

O give thanks unto the LORD; for he is good: because his mercy endureth for ever.
A. M. 2962. B.C. 1042. (Title.) This Psalm was probably composed by David after Nathan's prophetic address; and sung by alternate choirs at some public festival. It largely partakes of David's spirit, and everywhere shews the hand of a master; the style is grand and sublime; the subject noble and majestic
29; 103:17; 106:1; 107:1; 136:1; 1 Chronicles 16:8,34; Jeremiah 33:11
Reciprocal: Genesis 19:16 - the Lord; 2 Chronicles 7:6 - because his mercy; Psalm 95:1 - Come; Psalm 100:5 - his mercy; Psalm 135:3 - for the Lord; Psalm 135:19 - General

Verse 2

Let Israel now say, that his mercy endureth for ever.
115:9-11; 135:19,20; 145:10; 147:19,20; Galatians 6:16; Hebrews 13:15; 1 Peter 2:9,10

Verse 3

Let the house of Aaron now say, that his mercy endureth for ever.
134:1-3; 1 Peter 2:5; Revelation 1:6; 4:7-11; 5:8-10

Verse 4

Let them now that fear the LORD say, that his mercy endureth for ever.
22:23; Revelation 19:5
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 13:15 - God smote; Psalm 115:11 - General; Luke 1:50 - General

Verse 5

I called upon the LORD in distress: the LORD answered me, and set me in a large place.
called
18:6; 40:1-3; 77:2; 107:13,19; 116:3,4; 120:1; 130:1,2; Genesis 32:7,9-11; 1 Samuel 30:6-8; Mark 14:31-36
in distress
Heb. out of distress.
130:1
set me
18:19; 31:8
Reciprocal: Genesis 26:22 - the Lord; 1 Samuel 1:27 - and the Lord; 2 Samuel 22:20 - brought; Job 36:16 - a broad; Psalm 6:9 - hath heard; Psalm 22:24 - but; Psalm 28:6 - General; Isaiah 58:9 - shalt thou; Luke 11:9 - Ask; James 5:13 - any among

Verse 6

The LORD is on my side; I will not fear: what can man do unto me?
The Lord
27:1-3; 46:1,11; 56:4,9,11; 146:5; Isaiah 51:12; Jeremiah 20:11; Micah 7:8-10; Romans 8:31; Hebrews 13:6
on my side
Heb. for me.
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 20:1 - the Lord; Joshua 10:42 - because; 2 Samuel 18:2 - I will surely; 2 Kings 9:32 - Who is on my side; Psalm 23:4 - I will; Psalm 28:7 - heart; Psalm 54:4 - General; Psalm 108:13 - Through; Psalm 112:7 - heart; Psalm 124:1 - The Lord; Hebrews 11:23 - and they

Verse 7

The LORD taketh my part with them that help me: therefore shall I see my desire upon them that hate me.
taketh
54:4; 55:18; 1 Chronicles 12:18
therefore
54:7; 59:10; 92:11; 112:8
Reciprocal: Esther 9:15 - gathered themselves; Psalm 18:17 - them; Psalm 124:1 - The Lord; Hebrews 13:6 - The Lord

Verse 8

It is better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in man.
40:4; 62:8,9; Jeremiah 17:5-7; Micah 7:5-7
Reciprocal: Genesis 30:31 - General; Judges 5:19 - kings; 1 Samuel 23:12 - They will; 1 Samuel 30:6 - David; 2 Samuel 20:2 - every man; 2 Kings 6:27 - whence; Esther 6:3 - There is nothing; Psalm 112:7 - trusting; Psalm 125:1 - that trust; Psalm 146:3 - Put; Proverbs 29:25 - whoso; Isaiah 30:7 - Their; Ezekiel 29:7 - thou didst; Daniel 6:16 - Thy God; Daniel 6:23 - because; Micah 1:14 - houses; 1 Timothy 4:10 - because; 1 Timothy 6:17 - but

Verse 9

It is better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in princes.
than to put
146:3-5; Isaiah 30:2,3,15-17; 31:1,8; 36:6,7; Ezekiel 29:7
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 16:21 - loved him; 2 Kings 6:27 - whence; Esther 6:3 - There is nothing; Psalm 40:4 - Blessed; Psalm 60:10 - Wilt; Psalm 62:9 - of high; Psalm 112:7 - trusting; Psalm 125:1 - that trust; Isaiah 30:7 - Their; Jeremiah 17:5 - Cursed; Daniel 6:9 - signed; Daniel 6:16 - Thy God; Daniel 6:23 - because; Micah 1:14 - houses; Micah 7:5 - ye not in; 1 Timothy 6:17 - but

Verse 10

All nations compassed me about: but in the name of the LORD will I destroy them.
All nations
2 Samuel 5:1-25; 8:1-18; 10:1-19; Zechariah 12:3; 14:1-3; Revelation 19:19-21; 20:8,9
destroy them
Heb. cut them off.
Reciprocal: Numbers 13:30 - General; Joshua 11:5 - all these; Joshua 14:12 - if so be; Judges 6:33 - Then all; Judges 7:12 - grasshoppers; Judges 16:2 - compassed; 1 Samuel 17:45 - in the name; 2 Samuel 22:19 - prevented; 2 Samuel 22:30 - run through; 2 Samuel 22:39 - General; Psalm 3:6 - I will; Psalm 44:5 - Through thee; Psalm 55:18 - He hath; Psalm 56:2 - many; Psalm 60:10 - Wilt; Psalm 119:157 - Many; Habakkuk 3:14 - they; Zechariah 12:5 - The inhabitants; Acts 26:22 - obtained; Revelation 12:8 - prevailed not

Verse 11

They compassed me about; yea, they compassed me about: but in the name of the LORD I will destroy them.
22:12-16; 88:17; 1 Samuel 23:26; 1 Chronicles 19:10
Reciprocal: Numbers 13:30 - General; Judges 15:14 - the cords; 1 Samuel 17:45 - in the name; 2 Kings 6:16 - Fear not; Esther 9:19 - gladness; Psalm 18:37 - General; Psalm 56:9 - When

Verse 12

They compassed me about like bees; they are quenched as the fire of thorns: for in the name of the LORD I will destroy them.
like bees
Deuteronomy 1:44
quenched
83:14,15; Ecclesiastes 7:6; Isaiah 27:4; Nahum 1:10
in the name
8:9; 20:1,5; 1 Samuel 17:45; 2 Samuel 23:6; 1 Chronicles 14:10,11,14-16; 2 Chronicles 14:11,12; 2 Chronicles 16:7-9; 20:17-22; 22:7,8
destroy them
Heb. cut them down.
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 6:16 - Fear not; Psalm 18:37 - General; Psalm 27:2 - they; Psalm 58:9 - thorns; Isaiah 7:18 - fly

Verse 13

Thou hast thrust sore at me that I might fall: but the LORD helped me.
18:17,18; 56:1-3; 1 Samuel 20:3; 25:29; 2 Samuel 17:1-3; Micah 7:8; Matthew 4:1-11; Hebrews 2:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:23 - General; 2 Chronicles 18:31 - the Lord; Psalm 28:7 - heart; Psalm 54:4 - General; Psalm 94:17 - Unless; Psalm 124:6 - who hath not; Psalm 129:2 - yet they have

Verse 14

The LORD is my strength and song, and is become my salvation.
is my strength
18:2; Exodus 15:2-6; Isaiah 12:2; 45:17,22-25; Matthew 1:21-23
Reciprocal: Judges 8:3 - God; 1 Samuel 2:1 - I rejoice; Job 13:16 - my salvation; Psalm 18:1 - my; Psalm 21:1 - in thy; Psalm 27:1 - salvation; Psalm 63:5 - with joyful; Psalm 118:21 - and art; Habakkuk 3:18 - the God

Verse 15

The voice of rejoicing and salvation is in the tabernacles of the righteous: the right hand of the LORD doeth valiantly.
voice
30:11,12; 32:11; 33:1; 119:54,111; Deuteronomy 12:12; Isaiah 51:11; 65:13; Acts 2:46,47; 16:34; Revelation 18:20; 19:1-5
the right
44:3; 45:4; 60:12; 89:13; 98:1; Isaiah 51:9,10
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:6 - right hand; Numbers 23:21 - the shout; 2 Samuel 21:22 - fell by; Psalm 20:5 - rejoice; Psalm 21:1 - in thy; Psalm 27:1 - salvation; Psalm 63:5 - with joyful; Psalm 149:5 - the saints; Proverbs 29:6 - but; Habakkuk 3:18 - I will rejoice; Luke 1:51 - showed

Verse 16

The right hand of the LORD is exalted: the right hand of the LORD doeth valiantly.
right hand
Exodus 15:6; Acts 2:32-36
Reciprocal: Genesis 48:14 - his right hand; Isaiah 33:5 - The Lord; Isaiah 42:13 - prevail; Acts 2:33 - by

Verse 17

I shall not die, but live, and declare the works of the LORD.
die
6:5; Isaiah 38:16-20; Habakkuk 1:12; John 11:4; Romans 14:7-9
declare
40:5,10; 71:17,18; 73:28; 107:22; 119:13; 145:4; Jeremiah 51:10
Reciprocal: Genesis 42:2 - that we; Genesis 43:8 - that we; 2 Kings 20:5 - thou shalt go; Job 33:30 - To bring; Psalm 9:11 - declare; Psalm 30:9 - What; Psalm 68:20 - unto; Psalm 88:10 - Wilt thou; Psalm 115:18 - General; 2 Corinthians 6:9 - as chastened

Verse 18

The LORD hath chastened me sore: but he hath not given me over unto death.
chastened
66:10-12; 94:12,13; 2 Samuel 12:10; 13:1-39; 16:1-23; Job 5:17,18; Job 33:16-30; Proverbs 3:11,12; Jonah 2:6; 1 Corinthians 11:32; 2 Corinthians 1:9-11; 6:9; Hebrews 12:10,11
Reciprocal: Job 33:30 - To bring; Psalm 30:2 - and; Psalm 68:20 - unto; Psalm 119:175 - Let my; Isaiah 38:9 - writing; Isaiah 38:22 - What; Luke 1:64 - and he; Luke 17:15 - General; John 5:14 - in the; Hebrews 12:5 - despise

Verse 19

Open to me the gates of righteousness: I will go into them, and I will praise the LORD:
Open
Isaiah 26:2; Revelation 22:14
I will go
9:13,14; 66:13-15; 95:2; 100:4; 116:18,19; Isaiah 38:20,22
Reciprocal: Genesis 35:3 - who answered; Psalm 22:25 - I will; Psalm 24:7 - Lift; Psalm 26:7 - That; Psalm 119:175 - Let my; Psalm 122:4 - to give; Psalm 132:7 - will go; Psalm 150:1 - in his sanctuary; Isaiah 38:9 - writing; Luke 1:64 - and he; Luke 17:15 - General; Hebrews 13:15 - the sacrifice

Verse 20

This gate of the LORD, into which the righteous shall enter.
This gate
Dr. Kennicott supposes that this verse was sung by the priest, the next by the king, the three next by a chorus of people, the 25th by the king, the two next by the priest, the 28th by the king, and the last the grand chorus of the whole assembly.
24:3,4,7,9; Isaiah 26:2; 35:8-10; Revelation 21:24-27; 22:14,15
Reciprocal: Psalm 9:14 - in the gates; Psalm 22:25 - I will; Psalm 116:19 - General; Psalm 150:1 - in his sanctuary

Verse 21

I will praise thee: for thou hast heard me, and art become my salvation.
22:23,24; 69:33,34; 116:1
and art
14; Exodus 15:2; Isaiah 12:2; 49:8
Reciprocal: Job 13:16 - my salvation; Psalm 27:1 - salvation; Psalm 69:30 - I will; Psalm 118:20 - This gate; Luke 1:13 - thy prayer

Verse 22

The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner.
The stone
Matthew 21:42; Mark 12:10,11; Luke 20:17; Acts 4:11; Ephesians 2:20-22; 1 Peter 2:4-8
the head
Zechariah 4:7
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:8 - reign over us; Genesis 49:24 - the stone; Judges 11:5 - to fetch; Job 38:6 - fastened; Psalm 118:20 - This gate; Isaiah 28:16 - Behold; Daniel 2:34 - a stone; Zechariah 3:9 - the stone; Mark 8:31 - rejected; Luke 19:38 - Blessed; Luke 24:44 - in the psalms; Acts 2:33 - by; Acts 7:35 - the same; Romans 9:33 - Behold; 1 Corinthians 3:9 - ye are God's building; 1 Peter 2:7 - the stone; Revelation 15:3 - Great

Verse 23

This is the LORD'S doing; it is marvellous in our eyes.
the Lord's doing
Heb. from the Lord.
Acts 2:32-36; 3:14,15; 5:31,32; Ephesians 1:19-22
it is
Job 5:9; Acts 4:13; 13:41
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:50 - The thing; Judges 11:5 - to fetch; Psalm 31:21 - marvellous; Matthew 21:42 - The stone; Mark 12:10 - The stone; John 21:7 - It is; Acts 2:33 - by; Acts 4:11 - the stone; Acts 7:35 - the same; 1 Peter 2:4 - disallowed; 1 Peter 2:7 - the stone; Revelation 15:3 - Great

Verse 24

This is the day which the LORD hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it.
the day
Zechariah 3:9; Matthew 28:1-8; John 20:19,20; Acts 20:7; Revelation 1:10
we will
84:10; 1 Kings 8:66; 2 Chronicles 20:26-28; Nehemiah 8:10; Isaiah 58:13
Reciprocal: Matthew 21:9 - Hosanna; John 20:28 - My Lord

Verse 25

Save now, I beseech thee, O LORD: O LORD, I beseech thee, send now prosperity.
Save
20:9; 22:21; 69:1,13
send now
90:17
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:12 - I pray; Joshua 1:17 - only the Lord; Psalm 118:20 - This gate; Mark 11:9 - Hosanna; John 12:13 - Hosanna

Verse 26

Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the LORD: we have blessed you out of the house of the LORD.
Blessed
Zechariah 4:7; Matthew 21:9; 23:39; Mark 11:9,10; Luke 19:38; John 12:13
we have
134:3; Numbers 6:23-26
Reciprocal: Exodus 5:23 - in thy name; Joshua 1:17 - only the Lord; Ruth 2:4 - The Lord; 1 Kings 8:14 - blessed all; Psalm 20:9 - Save; Psalm 118:20 - This gate; Psalm 128:5 - bless thee; Psalm 129:8 - The blessing; Luke 13:35 - Blessed

Verse 27

God is the LORD, which hath shewed us light: bind the sacrifice with cords, even unto the horns of the altar.
God
1 Kings 18:21,39
shewed
18:28; 37:6; Esther 8:16; Isaiah 9:2; 60:1; Micah 7:9; Malachi 4:2; John 8:12; 1 Peter 2:9
bind
51:18,19; 1 Kings 8:63,64; 1 Chronicles 29:21; Hebrews 13:15
the horns
Exodus 27:2; 38:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:3 - Let; Genesis 22:9 - bound; Leviticus 4:7 - the horns; 1 Kings 1:50 - caught; Psalm 26:7 - That; Psalm 66:13 - go into; Ezekiel 43:15 - four horns; John 18:12 - bound

Verse 28

Thou art my God, and I will praise thee: thou art my God, I will exalt thee.
my God
145:1; 146:2; Exodus 15:2; Isaiah 12:2; 25:1,9
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 16:14 - the Lord; Psalm 63:1 - thou; Psalm 69:30 - I will; Psalm 109:1 - O God; Psalm 118:20 - This gate; Psalm 143:10 - for thou art; Daniel 6:22 - My God; Hosea 2:23 - Thou art my God

Verse 29

O give thanks unto the LORD; for he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever.
1; 103:17; Ezra 3:11; Isaiah 63:7 Reciprocal: Psalm 69:30 - I will; Psalm 118:20 - This gate

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 118". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-118.html.