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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 140

Introduction

1David prays to be delivered from Saul and Doeg.
8He prays against them.
12He comforts himself by confidence in God.

Verse 1

Deliver me, O LORD, from the evil man: preserve me from the violent man;
A. M. 2942. B.C. 1062. Deliver
43:1; 59:1-3; 71:4
violent man
Heb. man of violences.
4,11; 18:48; *marg:; Habakkuk 1:2,3
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 23:26 - away; 2 Samuel 22:3 - thou savest; 2 Samuel 22:49 - the violent; Psalm 25:19 - cruel hatred; Psalm 120:2 - from lying lips; Proverbs 12:5 - counsels; Hosea 5:2 - profound; Micah 2:1 - to; Acts 25:3 - laying

Verse 2

Which imagine mischiefs in their heart; continually are they gathered together for war.
imagine
2:1,2; 21:11; 36:4; 38:12; 62:3; 64:5,6; Proverbs 12:20; Hosea 7:6; Micah 2:1-3; Nahum 1:11
continually
56:6; 120:7; 1 Samuel 23:19-24; 24:11,12; 26:1-25
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 20:7 - seeketh mischief; Psalm 35:20 - but; Psalm 52:2 - Thy; Proverbs 24:2 - General; Zechariah 7:10 - imagine; Matthew 12:34 - how

Verse 3

They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent; adders' poison is under their lips. Selah.
sharpened
52:2,3; 57:4; 59:7; 64:3,4; Proverbs 12:18; Isaiah 59:3-5,13; Jeremiah 9:3,5; James 3:6-8
like a serpent
Genesis 3:13; Proverbs 23:32; Matthew 12:34; 2 Corinthians 11:3
adders
58:4; Romans 3:13,14
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:33 - the poison; Psalm 31:20 - the strife; Psalm 36:3 - The words; Psalm 94:4 - shall; Psalm 109:2 - the mouth; Proverbs 25:18 - General; Isaiah 11:8 - cockatrice'; Lamentations 3:62 - lips; James 3:8 - full

Verse 4

Keep me, O LORD, from the hands of the wicked; preserve me from the violent man; who have purposed to overthrow my goings.
Keep me
17:8,9; 36:11; 37:32,33-40; 55:1-3; 71:4
preserve
overthrow
17:5; Proverbs 18:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:41 - then; 1 Samuel 26:2 - Saul arose; 2 Samuel 22:3 - thou savest; Psalm 18:48 - violent man; Psalm 25:19 - cruel hatred; Psalm 132:16 - clothe

Verse 5

The proud have hid a snare for me, and cords; they have spread a net by the wayside; they have set gins for me. Selah.
The proud
10:4-12; 17:8-13; 35:7; 36:11; 57:6; 119:69,85,110; 123:3,4; 141:9,10; 142:3; Proverbs 29:5; Jeremiah 18:18,20,22; Luke 11:53,54; 20:20-23
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:41 - then; 2 Samuel 22:6 - sorrows; Nehemiah 6:14 - think thou; Psalm 10:2 - The wicked; Psalm 31:4 - Pull; Psalm 31:20 - from; Psalm 38:12 - lay snares; Psalm 64:5 - of laying snares; Psalm 86:14 - O God; Psalm 129:4 - cut asunder; Proverbs 24:15 - Lay; Mark 12:13 - they send; Luke 6:45 - and an

Verse 6

I said unto the LORD, Thou art my God: hear the voice of my supplications, O LORD.
I said unto
16:2,5,6; 31:14; 91:2; 119:57; 142:5; Lamentations 3:24; Zechariah 13:9
hear
27:7,8; 28:1,2; 55:1,2; 64:1
Reciprocal: Psalm 143:10 - for thou art

Verse 7

O GOD the Lord, the strength of my salvation, thou hast covered my head in the day of battle.
the strength
18:1,2,35; 27:1; 28:7,8; 59:17; 62:2,7; 89:26; 95:1; Deuteronomy 33:27-29; Isaiah 12:2
thou hast covered
144:10; 1 Samuel 17:36,37,45-51; 2 Samuel 8:6,14
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:2 - song; Psalm 43:2 - the God; Psalm 44:7 - But; Psalm 61:3 - thou; Psalm 88:1 - Lord; Isaiah 33:6 - strength

Verse 8

Grant not, O LORD, the desires of the wicked: further not his wicked device; lest they exalt themselves. Selah.
Grant not
27:12; 94:20,21; 2 Samuel 15:31; Job 5:12,13
lest they exalt themselves
or, let them not be exalted.
Deuteronomy 32:27
Reciprocal: Psalm 30:1 - hast not; Psalm 33:10 - he maketh; Psalm 35:25 - so; Psalm 41:2 - thou wilt not; Lamentations 1:9 - for

Verse 9

As for the head of those that compass me about, let the mischief of their own lips cover them.
let the mischief
7:16; 64:8; 94:23; Esther 5:14; 7:10; Proverbs 10:6,11; 12:13; 18:7; Matthew 27:25
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 2:23 - spoken; Esther 9:25 - return; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 7:15 - and is; Psalm 9:16 - wicked; Psalm 10:7 - mischief; Psalm 31:18 - the lying; Psalm 41:2 - thou wilt not; Psalm 52:5 - God; Psalm 59:12 - For the; Psalm 109:29 - be clothed; Psalm 120:4 - arrows; Psalm 141:10 - the wicked; Ecclesiastes 10:12 - but

Verse 10

Let burning coals fall upon them: let them be cast into the fire; into deep pits, that they rise not up again.
burning coals
11:6; 18:13,14; 21:9; 120:4; Genesis 19:24; Exodus 9:23,24; Revelation 16:8,9
let them
Daniel 3:20-25; Matthew 13:42,50
into deep
55:23; Proverbs 28:10,17; Revelation 20:15; 21:8
Reciprocal: Judges 9:20 - let fire come out; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 7:15 - and is; Psalm 59:12 - For the; Ezekiel 10:2 - coals; Amos 8:14 - shall fall; Romans 12:20 - coals

Verse 11

Let not an evil speaker be established in the earth: evil shall hunt the violent man to overthrow him.
an evil speaker
Heb. a man of tongue.
12:3,4; Proverbs 6:17; 12:13; 17:20; 18:21
evil
7:14-16; 9:16; 34:21; Proverbs 13:21; Isaiah 3:11
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:11 - filled; Numbers 32:23 - be sure your sin; 1 Samuel 24:11 - thou huntest; 2 Samuel 22:3 - thou savest; Job 11:2 - the multitude; Psalm 18:48 - violent man; Psalm 25:19 - cruel hatred; Psalm 32:10 - Many; Psalm 120:4 - arrows; Psalm 140:1 - violent man; Proverbs 13:6 - wickedness; Ecclesiastes 5:8 - regardeth; Lamentations 4:18 - hunt; Ephesians 4:31 - evil speaking; Titus 3:2 - speak; James 4:11 - Speak

Verse 12

I know that the LORD will maintain the cause of the afflicted, and the right of the poor.
the Lord
9:4; 10:17,18; 22:24; 72:4,12-14; 102:17; 1 Kings 8:45,49; Proverbs 22:22; Proverbs 23:10,11; Isaiah 11:4; Jeremiah 22:16; Matthew 11:5
Reciprocal: Exodus 22:23 - I will surely; 2 Samuel 22:28 - afflicted; Job 5:15 - he saveth; Job 36:6 - poor; Psalm 7:11 - General; Psalm 17:1 - Hear; Psalm 35:10 - which; Psalm 82:4 - rid; Psalm 86:1 - for I am; Psalm 109:31 - poor; Proverbs 22:23 - the Lord; Ecclesiastes 5:8 - regardeth; Jeremiah 51:36 - I will plead; Lamentations 3:35 - turn; Amos 4:1 - which oppress; Amos 8:4 - swallow; Ephesians 6:9 - knowing; 1 Thessalonians 4:6 - the Lord

Verse 13

Surely the righteous shall give thanks unto thy name: the upright shall dwell in thy presence.
Surely
32:11; 33:1; Isaiah 3:10
the upright
16:11; 23:6; 73:24; John 14:3; 17:24; 1 Thessalonians 4:17; Revelation 7:14-17; 21:24-27 Reciprocal: Psalm 5:4 - evil; Psalm 7:11 - General; Psalm 54:6 - praise; Proverbs 11:20 - upright

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 140". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-140.html.