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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 17

Introduction

1David, in confidence of his integrity, craves defence of God against his enemies.
10He shews their pride, craft, and eagerness.
13He prays against them in confidence of his hope.

Verse 1

Hear the right, O LORD, attend unto my cry, give ear unto my prayer, that goeth not out of feigned lips.
A. M. 2942. B.C. 1062. (Title.)
86:1; 142:1; *titles
Hear
7:8; 18:20; 43:1; 140:12; 1 John 3:21
the right
Heb. justice. attend.
5:2; 55:2,3; 61:1; 66:19; 142:6; 2 Chronicles 7:15; Nehemiah 1:6; Daniel 9:18,19
not out of feigned lips
Heb. without lips of deceit.
18:44; *marg:; 145:18; Jeremiah 3:10; Matthew 15:8; John 1:47
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 6:40 - thine ears; 2 Chronicles 20:15 - Be not afraid; Psalm 5:1 - Give; Psalm 55:1 - Give; Psalm 86:6 - General; Psalm 130:2 - let thine ears; Proverbs 15:8 - the prayer; Isaiah 29:13 - Forasmuch; John 4:23 - in truth; 2 Timothy 1:5 - unfeigned; 2 Timothy 2:22 - call

Verse 2

Let my sentence come forth from thy presence; let thine eyes behold the things that are equal.
Let my
37:6,33; 2 Thessalonians 1:6-9; Jude 1:24
things
Ezekiel 18:25,29; 33:17,20
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 20:15 - Be not afraid; Job 31:6 - Let me be weighed in an even balance; Psalm 7:8 - according; Psalm 71:2 - in thy

Verse 3

Thou hast proved mine heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast tried me, and shalt find nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.
proved
11:5; 26:2; 66:10; 139:1; Job 23:10; Zechariah 13:9; Malachi 3:2; 1 Corinthians 4:4; 1 Peter 1:7
thou hast
16:7; Job 24:14; Hosea 7:6; Micah 2:1; Acts 16:9; 18:9,10
shalt
7:4; 44:17-21; 1 Samuel 24:10,12; 26:11,23; 2 Corinthians 1:12
I am
39:1; 119:106; Proverbs 13:3; Acts 11:23; James 3:2
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 12:5 - in my hand; 1 Samuel 20:12 - O Lord; Job 10:7 - Thou knowest; Job 31:6 - Let me be weighed in an even balance; Job 34:36 - My desire is that Job may be tried; Psalm 7:8 - according; Psalm 7:9 - for; Psalm 18:23 - upright; Psalm 69:5 - and my sins; Psalm 94:9 - hear; Psalm 139:24 - And see; Psalm 141:3 - Set a watch; Psalm 142:3 - then thou; Proverbs 5:21 - General; Proverbs 24:12 - doth not he that; Jeremiah 12:3 - knowest; Jeremiah 15:15 - thou; Jeremiah 20:12 - that; Matthew 6:4 - seeth; John 21:17 - thou knowest that; 1 Corinthians 8:3 - is; 2 Corinthians 13:5 - Examine; 1 Thessalonians 2:4 - but God

Verse 4

Concerning the works of men, by the word of thy lips I have kept me from the paths of the destroyer.
works
14:1-3; Genesis 6:5,11; Job 15:16; 31:33; 1 Corinthians 3:3; 1 Peter 4:2,3
word
119:9-11; Proverbs 2:10-15; Matthew 4:4,7,10; John 17:17; Ephesians 6:17; James 1:18; Revelation 12:11
destroyer
1 Peter 5:8; Revelation 9:11; *marg:
Reciprocal: Job 33:22 - his life; Psalm 18:21 - For I; Proverbs 2:12 - deliver; Proverbs 6:22 - General; John 8:23 - Ye are from; Galatians 5:19 - the works; 1 John 4:5 - are; 1 John 5:18 - keepeth

Verse 5

Hold up my goings in thy paths, that my footsteps slip not.
Hold
119:116,117,133; 121:3,7; 1 Samuel 2:9; Jeremiah 10:23
that
18:36; 38:16; 94:18
slip not
Heb. be not moved.
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:37 - feet; Job 12:5 - ready; Psalm 16:1 - Preserve; Psalm 37:23 - steps; Psalm 37:31 - steps; Psalm 40:2 - established; Psalm 51:12 - uphold; Psalm 56:13 - wilt; Psalm 73:2 - steps; Psalm 140:4 - overthrow; Proverbs 2:12 - deliver; Matthew 26:33 - yet; Luke 22:40 - Pray; Romans 14:4 - he shall

Verse 6

I have called upon thee, for thou wilt hear me, O God: incline thine ear unto me, and hear my speech.
I have
55:16; 66:19,20; 116:2
incline
13:3,4; Isaiah 37:17,20; Daniel 9:17-19
Reciprocal: Psalm 71:2 - incline; Daniel 9:18 - incline

Verse 7

Shew thy marvellous lovingkindness, O thou that savest by thy right hand them which put their trust in thee from those that rise up against them.
Shew
31:21; 78:12; Romans 5:20,21; Revelation 15:3
savest, etc
or, savest them which trust in thee, from those that rise up against thy right hand.
5:11,12; 10:12-16; 1 Samuel 17:45-57; 25:28,29; 2 Kings 19:22,34; 2 Chronicles 16:9
by thy
20:6; 44:3; 60:5; Exodus 15:6; Isaiah 41:10; Acts 2:33
Reciprocal: Psalm 3:1 - many; Psalm 7:1 - save; Psalm 18:30 - a buckler; Psalm 18:35 - right; Psalm 57:1 - shadow; Psalm 138:7 - and thy right; Daniel 9:18 - incline

Verse 8

Keep me as the apple of the eye, hide me under the shadow of thy wings,
apple
Deuteronomy 32:10; Proverbs 7:2; Zechariah 2:8
hide
36:7; 57:1; 61:4; 63:7; 91:1,4; Ruth 2:12; Matthew 23:37; Luke 13:34
Reciprocal: Psalm 16:1 - Preserve; Psalm 25:20 - O; Psalm 31:15 - deliver; Psalm 36:11 - hand; Psalm 64:1 - preserve; Psalm 71:4 - out of the; Psalm 140:4 - Keep me; Psalm 140:5 - The proud; Isaiah 18:1 - shadowing; Isaiah 26:20 - hide; John 17:11 - keep

Verse 9

From the wicked that oppress me, from my deadly enemies, who compass me about.
oppress me
Heb. waste.
1 Chronicles 17:9
deadly enemies
Heb. enemies against the soul.
7:5; 35:4,7,12; 1 Samuel 24:11
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 23:26 - away; Psalm 13:2 - enemy; Psalm 31:15 - deliver; Psalm 64:1 - preserve; Psalm 71:4 - out of the; Psalm 124:6 - who hath not; Psalm 140:4 - Keep me; Psalm 143:3 - the enemy; John 17:11 - keep

Verse 10

They are inclosed in their own fat: with their mouth they speak proudly.
They are
73:7-9; 119:70; Deuteronomy 32:15; Job 15:27; Isaiah 6:10; Matthew 13:15; Acts 28:27
with
12:3,4; 31:18; 123:4; Exodus 5:2; 15:9; 1 Samuel 2:3; 2 Peter 2:18; Revelation 13:5,6
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 31:20 - waxen fat; Judges 3:29 - lusty; Job 21:7 - Wherefore; Job 21:24 - His breasts; Psalm 18:27 - bring; Psalm 73:4 - firm; Isaiah 5:17 - the waste; Isaiah 36:13 - cried; James 3:5 - so

Verse 11

They have now compassed us in our steps: they have set their eyes bowing down to the earth;
compassed
1 Samuel 23:26; 24:2,3; 26:2,3
set
10:8-10; Proverbs 6:13,14
Reciprocal: Psalm 109:3 - compassed

Verse 12

Like as a lion that is greedy of his prey, and as it were a young lion lurking in secret places.
Like, etc
Heb. The likeness of him, (that is, of every one of them,) is as a lion that desireth to ravin.
7:2; 22:13; 2 Timothy 4:17; 1 Peter 5:8
lurking
Heb. sitting.
Reciprocal: Numbers 23:24 - as a great; Psalm 10:9 - He lieth; Psalm 57:4 - among; Psalm 58:6 - young; Proverbs 1:11 - let us lurk; Lamentations 3:10 - in secret; Nahum 2:12 - and filled

Verse 13

Arise, O LORD, disappoint him, cast him down: deliver my soul from the wicked, which is thy sword:
Arise
3:7; 7:6; 44:23,26; 119:126; Isaiah 51:9
disappoint him
Heb. prevent his face. which is. or, by.
7:11-13
thy
Isaiah 10:5,15; 13:5; 37:26; Habakkuk 1:12; Acts 4:28
Reciprocal: Leviticus 11:29 - creeping things that creep; 2 Samuel 20:1 - a man; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 6:4 - deliver; Psalm 18:27 - bring; Psalm 22:20 - soul; Psalm 31:15 - deliver; Psalm 37:40 - from; Psalm 57:4 - among; Psalm 71:4 - out of the; Psalm 95:2 - come before his presence; Psalm 109:27 - General; Isaiah 30:31 - which smote; Isaiah 34:5 - my sword; Jeremiah 47:6 - thou sword; Ezekiel 21:3 - will draw; Ezekiel 30:24 - and put; Zephaniah 2:12 - my; Revelation 6:4 - and there

Verse 14

From men which are thy hand, O LORD, from men of the world, which have their portion in this life, and whose belly thou fillest with thy hid treasure: they are full of children, and leave the rest of their substance to their babes.
which are
or, by. men of.
Luke 16:8; John 8:23; 15:19; 17:14; 1 John 4:4,5
portion
49:17-19; 73:12; Luke 12:19-21; 16:25; James 5:5
belly
Job 12:6,9; 21:7-15; 22:18
hid
Proverbs 2:4; Matthew 13:44
they are full, etc
or, their children are full. leave.
39:6; Job 21:21; 27:14-17; Luke 16:27,28
Reciprocal: Genesis 25:6 - gifts; Genesis 31:1 - glory; Leviticus 11:20 - General; Leviticus 11:29 - creeping things that creep; Numbers 11:5 - the fish; 1 Samuel 25:2 - man; Job 9:24 - earth; Psalm 10:18 - the man; Psalm 49:10 - leave; Psalm 73:4 - no; Psalm 73:7 - have; Psalm 84:10 - to dwell; Psalm 109:27 - General; Proverbs 16:27 - diggeth; Ecclesiastes 2:18 - I should; Ecclesiastes 6:2 - so; Isaiah 5:17 - the waste; Isaiah 10:5 - the rod; Isaiah 10:15 - the ax; Isaiah 26:18 - the inhabitants; Isaiah 30:31 - which smote; Daniel 7:17 - out; Matthew 6:32 - after; Matthew 19:22 - for; Mark 10:24 - trust; Luke 12:13 - Master; Luke 12:18 - General; Luke 15:12 - give; 1 Corinthians 6:3 - pertain; 1 Corinthians 15:19 - this; Ephesians 2:2 - walked according; Philippians 3:19 - who; Colossians 3:1 - seek; 1 Timothy 6:19 - Laying; James 5:1 - ye

Verse 15

As for me, I will behold thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with thy likeness.
As
5:7; Joshua 24:15
I will
4:6; 119:111; Job 19:26,27; 2 Corinthians 3:18
I shall
16:11; 36:8,9; 65:4; Matthew 5:6; Revelation 7:16,17; 21:3,4,23
I awake
49:14; Job 14:12; Isaiah 26:19; Matthew 27:52,53
with
Genesis 1:26,27; Philippians 3:21; 1 John 3:2,3 Reciprocal: Genesis 25:6 - gifts; Psalm 23:6 - and I; Psalm 41:12 - settest; Psalm 63:5 - my soul; Psalm 73:2 - But; Psalm 73:25 - Whom; Psalm 84:10 - to dwell; Psalm 139:18 - when I awake; Proverbs 13:12 - when; Proverbs 16:27 - diggeth; Ecclesiastes 6:12 - who knoweth; Jeremiah 31:14 - my people; Matthew 18:10 - behold; Matthew 22:29 - not; Luke 6:21 - for ye shall be; Luke 10:42 - chosen; John 11:24 - I know; John 12:26 - where; John 14:8 - show; Acts 2:28 - make; Romans 5:2 - and rejoice; 2 Corinthians 5:8 - present; Ephesians 3:19 - that ye; Philippians 1:23 - far; Philippians 3:20 - our; Colossians 3:1 - seek; Colossians 3:4 - ye; 1 Thessalonians 4:17 - and so; Hebrews 12:10 - partakers; Revelation 22:3 - but

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-17.html.