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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 21

Introduction

1A thanksgiving for victory;
7with confidence of further success.

Verse 1

The king shall joy in thy strength, O LORD; and in thy salvation how greatly shall he rejoice!
(Title
&) A psalm. This is the people's [epinikion] or song of triumph, after the victory for which they prayed in the former Psalm.
The king
2:6; 20:6,9; 63:11; 72:1,2; Isaiah 9:6,7; Matthew 2:2
joy
28:7; 62:7; 95:1; 99:4
in thy
20:5; 71:17-24; 118:14,15; Hebrews 12:2
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 33:7 - and be thou; 1 Samuel 2:10 - he shall; 2 Samuel 22:51 - the tower; Psalm 9:14 - I will; Psalm 16:6 - in pleasant; Psalm 22:19 - O my; Psalm 24:7 - King; Psalm 27:6 - I will; Psalm 35:9 - General; Psalm 37:4 - and; Psalm 51:12 - joy; Psalm 62:2 - He only; Psalm 63:7 - therefore; Psalm 68:3 - exceedingly rejoice; Psalm 124:2 - when men; Proverbs 13:19 - The desire; Isaiah 25:9 - we will

Verse 2

Thou hast given him his heart's desire, and hast not withholden the request of his lips. Selah.
2:8,9; 20:4,5; 92:11; Isaiah 49:6-12; Hebrews 7:25
Reciprocal: Psalm 37:4 - and; Psalm 95:4 - In; Psalm 124:2 - when men; Proverbs 10:24 - the desire; Proverbs 13:19 - The desire; Proverbs 30:7 - deny me them not

Verse 3

For thou preventest him with the blessings of goodness: thou settest a crown of pure gold on his head.
preventest
18:18; 1 Samuel 16:13; 2 Samuel 2:4; 5:3; Job 41:11; Romans 11:35
blessings
31:19; 2 Chronicles 6:41; Romans 2:4; Ephesians 1:3
settest
2 Samuel 12:30; 1 Chronicles 20:2; Hebrews 2:9; Revelation 19:12
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 11:12 - put the crown; 2 Chronicles 23:11 - put upon; Psalm 8:5 - hast; Psalm 15:1 - Lord; Psalm 59:10 - prevent; Psalm 79:8 - let thy; Psalm 88:13 - prevent thee; Psalm 103:4 - crowneth; Psalm 119:147 - I prevented; Zechariah 6:11 - make; Revelation 4:4 - crowns; Revelation 14:14 - a golden

Verse 4

He asked life of thee, and thou gavest it him, even length of days for ever and ever.
asked
13:3; 16:10,11; 61:5,6; 119:77,175
length
72:17; 89:29,36,37; 91:16; Revelation 1:18
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 3:14 - I will lengthen; 1 Chronicles 4:10 - God granted; Psalm 23:6 - for ever; Psalm 34:12 - What; Psalm 37:18 - their; Psalm 72:15 - And he; Psalm 133:3 - even life; Proverbs 3:2 - long life; Proverbs 3:16 - Length; Proverbs 10:27 - fear; Isaiah 53:10 - he shall prolong; John 5:39 - ye think; Acts 2:28 - made

Verse 5

His glory is great in thy salvation: honour and majesty hast thou laid upon him.
glory
3:3; 62:7; 2 Samuel 7:8,9,19; Isaiah 49:5-7; 63:1; John 13:31,32; 17:1,5,22; Philippians 2:9-11; Hebrews 8:1; Revelation 5:8-13
honour
110:1; 1 Chronicles 17:11-15,27; Matthew 28:18; Ephesians 1:20-22; 1 Peter 3:22
Reciprocal: Esther 1:4 - excellent; Job 40:10 - majesty; Psalm 16:11 - in thy; Psalm 24:7 - King; Psalm 45:3 - glory; Psalm 138:5 - for great; Zechariah 6:13 - bear

Verse 6

For thou hast made him most blessed for ever: thou hast made him exceeding glad with thy countenance.
made
Heb. set him to be blessings.
72:17-19; Genesis 12:2; Luke 2:10,11,30-32; Acts 3:26; Galatians 3:9,14; Ephesians 1:3
made him exceeding glad
Heb. gladdened him with joy.
4:6,7; 16:11; 45:7; 63:2-5; Acts 2:28
Reciprocal: Genesis 39:5 - for Joseph's; Numbers 6:25 - The Lord; 1 Kings 2:45 - blessed; Psalm 11:7 - his; Psalm 45:2 - God; Psalm 61:6 - wilt prolong the king's life; Psalm 63:3 - Because; Proverbs 16:15 - the light; Luke 1:42 - blessed is

Verse 7

For the king trusteth in the LORD, and through the mercy of the most High he shall not be moved.
For the
13:5; 18:2; 20:7,8; 26:1; 61:4,6,7; 91:2,9,10; 1 Samuel 30:6; Matthew 27:43; Hebrews 2:13
most
9:2; Deuteronomy 32:8,9
he shall
16:8; Daniel 7:14
Reciprocal: Numbers 24:19 - shall destroy; 1 Samuel 2:10 - he shall; Psalm 16:5 - thou; Psalm 36:11 - hand; Proverbs 20:28 - his; Acts 2:25 - I should not

Verse 8

Thine hand shall find out all thine enemies: thy right hand shall find out those that hate thee.
2:9; 18:1; *title; 72:9; 89:22,23; 110:1,2; 1 Samuel 25:29; 31:3; 2 Samuel 7:1; Amos 9:2,3; Luke 19:14,27; 1 Corinthians 15:25; Hebrews 10:28,29; Revelation 19:15
Reciprocal: Exodus 17:16 - will have war; Deuteronomy 7:10 - repayeth; Deuteronomy 20:13 - thou shalt smite; Deuteronomy 33:7 - and be thou; Joshua 10:28 - them; 1 Samuel 2:10 - adversaries; 1 Samuel 11:12 - Who is he; 2 Samuel 12:31 - and put them; 2 Samuel 22:38 - General; 2 Samuel 22:41 - 1might; 1 Chronicles 17:10 - Moreover; 1 Chronicles 20:3 - And he; 2 Chronicles 19:2 - hate the Lord; Ezra 6:12 - destroy; Ezra 8:22 - his power and his wrath; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 6:10 - sore; Psalm 11:5 - wicked; Psalm 36:11 - hand; Psalm 41:10 - that; Psalm 45:4 - right; Psalm 68:1 - that hate; Psalm 92:9 - For; Psalm 97:3 - General; Psalm 99:1 - people; Psalm 109:20 - Let this; Psalm 110:5 - in the day; Psalm 132:18 - His enemies; Isaiah 26:11 - fire; Isaiah 45:24 - and all; Isaiah 59:18 - fury; Daniel 2:44 - break; Micah 5:9 - hand; Matthew 21:44 - but; Luke 20:16 - destroy; Luke 20:43 - General; Acts 2:35 - thy foes; 1 Corinthians 15:28 - all things; 2 Thessalonians 1:8 - flaming; Hebrews 1:13 - until; James 4:4 - is the; Revelation 6:16 - and from; Revelation 17:14 - the Lamb shall

Verse 9

Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.
Thou
Genesis 19:28; Daniel 3:20-22; Malachi 4:1; Matthew 13:42,50; 25:41,46; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; Revelation 20:14
the Lord
56:1,2; 106:17; Job 6:3; Lamentations 2:2
in his
2:5,12; Matthew 22:7; 1 Thessalonians 2:16; Revelation 6:16,17; 19:15
the fire
18:8; Deuteronomy 32:22; Isaiah 26:11; Nahum 1:6; Matthew 3:10,12
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 4:24 - thy God; Deuteronomy 7:10 - repayeth; Deuteronomy 20:13 - thou shalt smite; Joshua 10:28 - them; Judges 9:20 - let fire come out; 1 Samuel 2:10 - adversaries; 2 Samuel 12:31 - and put them; 2 Samuel 22:38 - General; 2 Samuel 22:41 - 1might; 1 Chronicles 17:10 - Moreover; 1 Chronicles 20:3 - And he; Ezra 8:22 - his power and his wrath; Job 20:26 - a fire; Psalm 2:9 - General; Psalm 6:10 - sore; Psalm 45:4 - right; Psalm 72:9 - his enemies; Psalm 89:23 - plague; Psalm 92:9 - For; Psalm 97:3 - General; Psalm 99:1 - people; Psalm 110:5 - in the day; Psalm 132:18 - His enemies; Psalm 140:10 - burning coals; Isaiah 10:17 - for a flame; Isaiah 33:14 - Who among us shall dwell with the; Isaiah 45:24 - and all; Isaiah 59:18 - fury; Isaiah 66:15 - the Lord; Jeremiah 15:14 - a fire; Ezekiel 22:21 - and blow; Daniel 2:44 - break; Matthew 21:44 - but; Matthew 22:44 - till; Luke 3:17 - but; Luke 19:27 - General; 1 Corinthians 15:28 - all things; 2 Corinthians 2:7 - swallowed; Hebrews 1:13 - until; Hebrews 10:27 - fiery

Verse 10

Their fruit shalt thou destroy from the earth, and their seed from among the children of men.
37:28; 109:13; 1 Kings 13:34; Job 18:16-19; 20:28; Isaiah 14:20; Malachi 4:1
Reciprocal: Judges 9:20 - let fire come out; Esther 9:10 - ten sons; Psalm 28:4 - and; Isaiah 10:12 - punish the fruit of the stout heart; Luke 3:17 - but

Verse 11

For they intended evil against thee: they imagined a mischievous device, which they are not able to perform.
imagined
2:1; 10:2; 31:13; 35:20; Jeremiah 11:18,19; Ezekiel 11:2; Matthew 21:46; 26:4,5; Acts 5:27,28
are not
83:4; Isaiah 7:6,7; 8:9,10; Matthew 2:8,16; 27:63,64; 28:2-6; Acts 4:17,18
Reciprocal: Genesis 50:17 - they did; Job 5:12 - their hands; Psalm 33:10 - he maketh; Psalm 58:2 - in heart; Psalm 62:3 - imagine; Psalm 140:2 - imagine; Proverbs 19:21 - many; Proverbs 24:8 - General; Isaiah 33:5 - The Lord; Jeremiah 18:18 - Come; Nahum 1:9 - do; Zechariah 7:10 - imagine; Acts 9:24 - And they; Acts 23:15 - that he

Verse 12

Therefore shalt thou make them turn their back, when thou shalt make ready thine arrows upon thy strings against the face of them.
Therefore
9:3; 44:10; 56:9
make, etc
or, set them as a butt.
Job 7:20; 16:12,13; Lamentations 3:12
back
Heb. shoulder. thou shalt.
7:13; 18:14; 64:7
Reciprocal: Numbers 24:8 - pierce; Job 6:4 - the arrows; Psalm 11:2 - make; Psalm 38:2 - thine; Psalm 45:5 - Thine; Psalm 144:6 - shoot out; Ezekiel 28:22 - I will

Verse 13

Be thou exalted, LORD, in thine own strength: so will we sing and praise thy power.
Be thou
18:46; 46:10; 57:5,11; 72:18,19; 113:5; *marg:; 1 Chronicles 29:11; Job 9:19; Matthew 6:10,13; Revelation 11:17
so will
58:10,11; Revelation 15:3,4; 16:5-7; 18:20; 19:1-6 Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 17:24 - that thy name; Psalm 13:6 - I; Psalm 27:6 - I will; Psalm 54:6 - praise; Psalm 56:12 - I will; Psalm 59:16 - But; Psalm 65:1 - Praise; Psalm 99:5 - Exalt; Psalm 108:5 - Be thou; Proverbs 17:8 - gift; Isaiah 5:16 - the Lord; Isaiah 12:4 - his name; Isaiah 51:9 - put; Ezekiel 28:22 - I will

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 21". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-21.html.