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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 27

Introduction

1David sustains his faith by prayer.

Verse 1

The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?
light
18:28; 84:11; Job 29:3; Isaiah 2:5; 60:1-3,19,20; Micah 7:7,8; Malachi 4:2; John 1:1-5,9; 8:12; Revelation 21:23; 22:5
salvation
3:8; 18:2; 62:2,6; 68:19,20; 118:14,15,21; Exodus 15:2; Isaiah 12:2; 51:6-8; Isaiah 61:10; Luke 2:30; 3:6; Revelation 7:10
strength
18:1,2,46; 19:14; 28:7,8; 43:2; Isaiah 45:24; 2 Corinthians 12:9; Philippians 4:13
of whom
11:1; 46:1,2; 56:2-4; 118:6; Matthew 8:26; Romans 8:31; Hebrews 13:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:1 - Fear; Genesis 26:24 - fear; Exodus 14:13 - Fear ye not; Numbers 13:30 - General; Deuteronomy 1:21 - fear not; Deuteronomy 7:18 - shalt not; Deuteronomy 20:3 - let not; Deuteronomy 30:20 - thy life; Deuteronomy 31:6 - fear not; Joshua 1:9 - be not; Joshua 8:1 - Fear not; Joshua 10:8 - General; Joshua 11:6 - Be not; Joshua 14:12 - if so be; Joshua 17:18 - for thou shalt; 1 Samuel 17:11 - dismayed; 1 Samuel 17:32 - thy; 1 Samuel 17:48 - David hasted; 1 Samuel 23:17 - shall not; 1 Samuel 30:6 - David; 2 Samuel 18:2 - I will surely; 2 Samuel 22:29 - lamp; 2 Samuel 22:33 - strength; 1 Kings 18:2 - went to show; 2 Kings 1:15 - be not afraid of him; 2 Kings 18:5 - trusted; 1 Chronicles 28:20 - fear not; Ezra 3:3 - for fear; Nehemiah 4:14 - General; Job 11:15 - thou shalt be; Job 13:16 - my salvation; Psalm 3:6 - I will; Psalm 23:4 - I will; Psalm 34:4 - from; Psalm 36:9 - in thy; Psalm 38:22 - O Lord; Psalm 42:8 - the God; Psalm 49:5 - Wherefore; Psalm 55:18 - He hath; Psalm 56:4 - in God I have; Psalm 56:11 - I will not; Psalm 59:9 - his strength; Psalm 85:4 - O God; Psalm 88:1 - Lord; Psalm 91:5 - Thou; Psalm 94:22 - But; Psalm 112:7 - shall not; Psalm 121:4 - he that; Psalm 124:1 - The Lord; Psalm 125:1 - that trust; Psalm 140:7 - the strength; Proverbs 3:25 - Be; Proverbs 18:10 - a strong; Proverbs 28:1 - the righteous; Isaiah 7:2 - And his heart; Isaiah 10:17 - the light; Isaiah 33:6 - strength; Isaiah 37:22 - hath despised; Isaiah 41:10 - Fear; Jeremiah 20:11 - my; Daniel 3:17 - our God; Habakkuk 3:18 - the God; Habakkuk 3:19 - my strength; Matthew 24:6 - see; Luke 21:9 - when; John 9:22 - because; John 14:27 - afraid; 1 John 1:5 - that God; 1 John 2:8 - and the

Verse 2

When the wicked, even mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell.
wicked
3:7; 18:4; 22:16; 62:3,4
came upon
Heb. approached against. to.
14:4; 53:4; Job 19:22; 31:31
they
18:38-42; 118:12; Isaiah 8:15; John 18:3-6
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:13 - Fear ye not; Numbers 13:30 - General; Deuteronomy 7:18 - shalt not; Joshua 1:9 - be not; Joshua 10:8 - General; Joshua 11:6 - Be not; Joshua 17:18 - for thou shalt; Judges 6:33 - Then all; 2 Kings 18:5 - trusted; 1 Chronicles 28:20 - fear not; Ezra 3:3 - for fear; Esther 7:6 - this wicked; Psalm 25:19 - Consider; Psalm 34:4 - from; Psalm 35:3 - stop; Psalm 37:40 - from; Psalm 49:5 - Wherefore; Psalm 56:1 - swallow; Psalm 56:9 - then; Psalm 59:2 - save; Psalm 119:95 - wicked; Psalm 119:150 - draw nigh; Psalm 124:3 - Then they; Proverbs 3:25 - Be; Proverbs 28:1 - the righteous; Isaiah 7:2 - And his heart; Isaiah 33:6 - strength; Jeremiah 10:25 - eaten; Jeremiah 15:21 - deliver; Jeremiah 20:11 - my; Jeremiah 46:6 - stumble; Daniel 3:17 - our God; Daniel 11:19 - but; Mark 6:24 - The head; John 9:22 - because; John 11:10 - General; John 18:6 - they went; Romans 5:4 - and experience; Revelation 17:16 - eat

Verse 3

Though an host should encamp against me, my heart shall not fear: though war should rise against me, in this will I be confident.
host
3:6; 52:6; 2 Kings 6:15-17; 2 Chronicles 20:15; Philippians 1:28; 1 Peter 3:14
war
1 Samuel 28:15,16; Isaiah 41:11,12; 54:16,17; Romans 8:35-37; Revelation 2:10; 12:7-11
in
2 Corinthians 5:6-8
Reciprocal: Judges 6:33 - Then all; 1 Samuel 19:8 - David; 2 Kings 6:16 - Fear not; Esther 5:9 - he was full; Job 5:20 - in war; Psalm 46:2 - will; Mark 13:7 - when; John 18:4 - Whom; Romans 5:4 - and experience

Verse 4

One thing have I desired of the LORD, that will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of the LORD all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of the LORD, and to enquire in his temple.
One
26:8; Luke 10:42; Philippians 3:13
seek
8; Jeremiah 29:13; Daniel 9:3; Matthew 6:33; 7:7,8; Luke 11:9,10; 13:24; 18:1; Hebrews 11:6
dwell
23:6; 26:6; 65:4; 84:4,10; 1 Samuel 1:11; Luke 2:37; 1 Timothy 5:5
behold
50:2; 63:2; 90:17; Zechariah 9:9; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 4:6
beauty
or, delight.
63:2-5
enquire
1 Samuel 22:10; 30:8; 2 Samuel 21:1; 1 Chronicles 10:13,14
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 18:6 - and come with; 1 Samuel 1:9 - General; 1 Samuel 1:22 - and there; 1 Samuel 3:3 - the temple; 2 Samuel 2:1 - inquired; 2 Samuel 15:25 - he will bring; 2 Samuel 22:7 - out; 2 Samuel 23:5 - desire; 1 Chronicles 14:14 - inquired; 1 Chronicles 16:27 - strength; 1 Chronicles 22:19 - set your; 1 Chronicles 29:3 - I have set; 2 Chronicles 9:7 - General; 2 Chronicles 18:4 - Inquire; Psalm 15:1 - Lord; Psalm 18:6 - heard; Psalm 29:2 - worship; Psalm 42:2 - when; Psalm 61:4 - abide; Psalm 73:17 - Until; Psalm 77:13 - Thy way; Psalm 80:19 - cause; Psalm 96:6 - strength; Proverbs 8:34 - watching; Proverbs 11:23 - desire; Proverbs 30:7 - have; Song of Solomon 5:13 - as a; Isaiah 58:13 - call; Ezekiel 24:21 - the desire; Luke 8:38 - besought; Luke 9:33 - it is; Luke 18:22 - one; John 1:38 - where; 2 Corinthians 5:6 - we are always

Verse 5

For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me; he shall set me up upon a rock.
For in
10:1; 32:6,7; 46:1; 50:15; 77:2; 91:15; 138:7; Proverbs 1:24-28; Isaiah 26:16; Jeremiah 2:27,28
hide
57:1; 83:3; 119:114; Proverbs 18:10; Isaiah 4:5,6; 26:20; 32:2; Matthew 23:37; Colossians 3:3
secret
31:20; 91:1; 2 Chronicles 22:12; Nehemiah 6:10,11
set me
18:33; 40:2; 61:2; Habakkuk 3:18,19; Matthew 7:24,25; 16:16-18
Reciprocal: Exodus 26:14 - a covering; Deuteronomy 33:27 - refuge; 2 Samuel 15:25 - he will bring; 2 Samuel 22:3 - my refuge; 2 Samuel 22:12 - made; Job 29:4 - the secret; Psalm 18:6 - heard; Psalm 18:11 - secret; Psalm 64:2 - Hide; Isaiah 37:14 - and Hezekiah went; Isaiah 38:20 - therefore; Jeremiah 16:19 - my strength; Jeremiah 36:26 - but; Jeremiah 43:10 - his royal; Nahum 1:7 - strong hold

Verse 6

And now shall mine head be lifted up above mine enemies round about me: therefore will I offer in his tabernacle sacrifices of joy; I will sing, yea, I will sing praises unto the LORD.
And
3:3; 110:7; Genesis 40:13,20; 2 Kings 25:27
above
2 Samuel 7:9; 22:1,49; 1 Chronicles 22:18
therefore
22:22-25; 26:6,7; 43:3,4; 66:13-16; 107:22; 116:17-19; 2 Chronicles 30:21-26; Jeremiah 33:11; Hebrews 13:15; 1 Peter 2:5
joy
Heb. shouting.
47:1; Ezra 3:11-13; Isaiah 12:6; Jeremiah 31:7; Zephaniah 3:14,15; Zechariah 9:9; Luke 19:37,38
I will
21:1,13; 81:1; 95:1; 100:1,2; 138:5; Ephesians 5:19,20; Revelation 5:9; 15:3
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 12:43 - offered; Psalm 9:2 - I will be; Psalm 30:1 - for; Psalm 50:23 - Whoso; Isaiah 38:20 - therefore; Jeremiah 52:31 - lifted up; John 5:14 - in the; James 4:10 - he

Verse 7

Hear, O LORD, when I cry with my voice: have mercy also upon me, and answer me.
4:1; 5:2; 130:2-4; 143:1,2
Reciprocal: Psalm 64:1 - Hear; Psalm 140:6 - hear

Verse 8

When thou saidst, Seek ye my face; my heart said unto thee, Thy face, LORD, will I seek.
When, etc
or, My heart said unto thee, Let my face seek thy face, etc. Seek.
24:6; 105:4; Isaiah 45:19; 55:6,7; Hosea 5:15
Thy
63:1,2; 119:58; *marg:; Jeremiah 29:12,13
Reciprocal: Exodus 33:7 - sought; 1 Chronicles 16:11 - seek his; Nehemiah 5:7 - I consulted with myself; Psalm 10:4 - will not; Psalm 16:2 - thou hast; Psalm 27:4 - seek; Psalm 53:2 - seek; Psalm 140:6 - hear; Ecclesiastes 2:1 - said; Lamentations 3:25 - unto; Amos 5:4 - Seek; Matthew 7:7 - seek; Luke 11:9 - seek; John 11:29 - General

Verse 9

Hide not thy face far from me; put not thy servant away in anger: thou hast been my help; leave me not, neither forsake me, O God of my salvation.
Hide
13:1; 44:24; 69:17; 102:2; 143:7; Isaiah 59:2
put
51:11; Isaiah 50:1
thou
71:5,6,17,18; 1 Samuel 7:12; Isaiah 46:3,4; 2 Corinthians 1:9,10; 2 Timothy 4:17,18
leave
38:21; 119:121; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Jeremiah 32:40; Hebrews 13:5
O God
24:5; 38:21,22; 88:1
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 31:17 - hide my face; Judges 6:13 - forsaken us; 1 Chronicles 16:11 - seek his; 2 Chronicles 32:31 - left him; Job 34:29 - when he hideth; Psalm 10:1 - hidest; Psalm 80:19 - cause; Isaiah 54:8 - I hid; Jeremiah 14:9 - leave; Mark 15:34 - why; Hebrews 13:6 - The Lord

Verse 10

When my father and my mother forsake me, then the LORD will take me up.
When
69:8; 2 Samuel 16:11; Isaiah 49:15; Matthew 10:21,22,36
the Lord
John 9:35; 16:32; 2 Timothy 4:16
take me up
Heb. gather me.
Isaiah 40:11
Reciprocal: Exodus 2:8 - Go

Verse 11

Teach me thy way, O LORD, and lead me in a plain path, because of mine enemies.
Teach
25:4,5,9,12; 86:11; 119:10; 143:8-10; Proverbs 2:6-9; Isaiah 30:20,21
a plain path
Heb. a way of plainness.
26:12; Proverbs 8:9; 15:19; Isaiah 35:8; Luke 3:4-6
mine enemies
Heb. those which observe me.
5:8; 54:5; *marg:; 56:5,6; 64:6; Jeremiah 20:10; Daniel 6:4,5; Luke 20:20
Reciprocal: Exodus 33:13 - show; Deuteronomy 32:12 - the Lord; 1 Kings 8:36 - thou teach; Psalm 119:26 - teach; Psalm 119:64 - teach; Jeremiah 42:3 - General

Verse 12

Deliver me not over unto the will of mine enemies: for false witnesses are risen up against me, and such as breathe out cruelty.
will
31:8; 35:25; 38:16; 41:11; 140:8
false
35:11; Exodus 20:16; 1 Samuel 22:9,10; 26:19; 2 Samuel 16:7,8; Matthew 26:59,60; Acts 6:11-13
breathe
25:19; Acts 9:1; 26:11
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:1 - an unrighteous witness; Deuteronomy 19:16 - a false witness; 1 Kings 21:13 - the men of Belial; Job 16:11 - turned; Job 35:14 - trust; Psalm 41:2 - thou wilt not; Psalm 55:3 - for they; Proverbs 6:19 - A false; Jeremiah 37:14 - said; Micah 7:7 - wait; Mark 14:55 - sought; Acts 6:13 - set; Acts 25:7 - and laid

Verse 13

I had fainted, unless I had believed to see the goodness of the LORD in the land of the living.
fainted
42:5; 56:3; 116:9-11; 2 Corinthians 4:1,8-14,16; Ephesians 2:8
in the
52:5; 56:13; 142:5; Job 33:30; Isaiah 38:11,19; Jeremiah 11:19; Ezekiel 26:20
Reciprocal: Judges 13:23 - he have showed; Psalm 40:1 - I waited; Psalm 62:5 - wait; Psalm 119:50 - This; Psalm 119:92 - I should; Isaiah 33:2 - be gracious; Isaiah 40:31 - not faint; Isaiah 50:10 - let; Jeremiah 45:3 - I fainted; Ezekiel 32:23 - the land; Jonah 2:7 - my soul; Luke 18:1 - and not; Luke 21:19 - General; 2 Thessalonians 3:13 - be not weary; Hebrews 11:1 - is the; 1 Peter 3:10 - see; 1 Peter 5:7 - Casting

Verse 14

Wait on the LORD: be of good courage, and he shall strengthen thine heart: wait, I say, on the LORD.
Wait
25:3,21; 31:24; 33:20; 62:1,5; 130:5; Genesis 49:18; Isaiah 8:17; 25:9; 26:8; Isaiah 30:18; Lamentations 3:26; Habakkuk 2:3; Luke 2:25,38; Romans 8:25
be
31:24; Acts 28:15; 1 Corinthians 16:13; 2 Timothy 4:5-8
and
138:3; Isaiah 40:31; 2 Corinthians 12:9,10; Ephesians 3:16; 6:10; Philippians 4:13; Colossians 1:11 Reciprocal: Genesis 8:12 - And he; Genesis 49:24 - his bow; Deuteronomy 31:6 - Be strong; Joshua 1:6 - Be strong; 1 Kings 20:22 - strengthen; 2 Kings 6:33 - wait for the; 1 Chronicles 19:13 - of good; 2 Chronicles 15:7 - ye strong; Job 14:14 - all the days; Job 16:5 - But I would; Job 17:13 - If I wait; Psalm 37:7 - wait; Psalm 37:34 - Wait; Psalm 40:1 - I waited; Psalm 42:5 - hope; Psalm 52:9 - wait; Psalm 55:22 - Cast; Psalm 59:9 - his strength; Psalm 73:26 - but; Psalm 112:8 - heart; Psalm 119:28 - strengthen; Proverbs 20:22 - wait; Isaiah 33:2 - be gracious; Isaiah 50:10 - let; Jeremiah 14:22 - wait; Jeremiah 42:7 - General; Lamentations 3:25 - good; Hosea 12:6 - wait; Zephaniah 3:8 - wait; Luke 21:19 - General; John 5:19 - and; Acts 27:36 - they all; Romans 2:7 - patient; James 5:8 - stablish; 1 Peter 5:7 - Casting

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 27". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-27.html.