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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 49

Introduction

1An earnest persuasion to build the faith of resurrection, not on worldly power, but on God.
16Worldly prosperity is not to be admired.

Verse 1

Hear this, all ye people; give ear, all ye inhabitants of the world:
A. M. cir. 3464. B.C. cir. 540. (Title.) A Psalm. This Psalm was probably written by one of the descendants of the sons of Korah, during the Babylonian captivity
for
or, of.
46:1; 48:1; *titles
Hear
34:11; 78:1; Proverbs 1:20-23; Matthew 11:15; 13:9; Revelation 2:7,11,17,29
inhabitants
50:1; Isaiah 49:6; Malachi 1:11; Matthew 28:19,20; Romans 3:29; 10:18
Reciprocal: Numbers 26:11 - General; Deuteronomy 32:1 - General; Judges 5:3 - O ye kings; 1 Chronicles 6:37 - Korah; 1 Chronicles 9:19 - Korah; 1 Chronicles 26:1 - Korhites; 2 Chronicles 15:2 - Hear ye me; 2 Chronicles 20:19 - Korhites; Job 26:3 - plentifully; Job 33:1 - hear; Psalm 42:1 - the sons; Proverbs 4:2 - good; Proverbs 8:4 - General; Proverbs 22:2 - rich; Isaiah 18:3 - All ye; Isaiah 32:9 - give ear; Isaiah 34:1 - Come; Isaiah 43:9 - all the; Isaiah 46:12 - Hearken; Jeremiah 17:20 - General; Jeremiah 25:2 - General; Daniel 4:35 - the inhabitants; Joel 1:2 - Hear; Micah 1:2 - hearken; Mark 7:14 - when; John 12:19 - the world; Acts 13:16 - give; Revelation 6:15 - the kings

Verse 2

Both low and high, rich and poor, together.
62:9; 1 Samuel 2:7,8; Job 34:19; Proverbs 22:2; Jeremiah 5:4,5; James 1:9-11; 2:1-7; Revelation 6:15-17
Reciprocal: Judges 5:3 - O ye kings; 2 Chronicles 15:2 - Hear ye me; Job 3:19 - The small; Psalm 50:1 - called; Isaiah 2:9 - the mean; Isaiah 18:3 - All ye; Isaiah 32:9 - give ear; Isaiah 34:1 - Come; Isaiah 43:9 - all the; Jeremiah 17:20 - General; Jeremiah 25:2 - General; Micah 1:2 - hearken; Zechariah 9:13 - and raised; Mark 7:14 - when; Revelation 13:16 - rich

Verse 3

My mouth shall speak of wisdom; and the meditation of my heart shall be of understanding.
mouth
Deuteronomy 32:2; Job 33:3,33; Proverbs 4:1,2; 8:6-11; 22:17,20,21; 2 Timothy 3:15-17
meditation
19:14; 45:1; 104:34; Matthew 12:35
Reciprocal: Job 20:3 - the spirit; Job 28:21 - hid; Job 36:4 - in; 1 Corinthians 14:2 - howbeit; 1 Timothy 4:15 - Meditate

Verse 4

I will incline mine ear to a parable: I will open my dark saying upon the harp.
incline
78:2; Matthew 13:35
parable
Numbers 23:7; Ezekiel 20:49; Matthew 13:11-15
dark
Proverbs 1:6; Daniel 8:23; Luke 12:3; 2 Corinthians 3:12
Reciprocal: Numbers 12:8 - dark speeches; Judges 14:12 - a riddle; 1 Samuel 10:5 - a psaltery; 1 Kings 10:1 - prove him; 2 Chronicles 9:1 - questions; Job 27:1 - Job; Job 28:21 - hid; Mark 3:23 - in parables; Mark 4:2 - by parables; John 16:25 - proverbs; 1 Corinthians 14:2 - howbeit

Verse 5

Wherefore should I fear in the days of evil, when the iniquity of my heels shall compass me about?
Wherefore
27:1,2; 46:1,2; Isaiah 41:10,11; Acts 27:24; Romans 8:33,34; Philippians 1:28
days
Proverbs 24:10; Amos 5:13; Ephesians 5:16
iniquity
38:4; Proverbs 5:22; Hosea 7:2
heels
22:16; 56:6,7; Genesis 49:17; 1 Samuel 26:20
Reciprocal: Psalm 37:18 - the days; Psalm 49:16 - Be not; Zephaniah 3:11 - shalt thou; Luke 12:19 - Soul

Verse 6

They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches;
trust
52:7; 62:10; Job 31:24,25; Proverbs 10:15; 23:5; Mark 10:24; 1 Timothy 6:17
boast
Esther 5:11; Jeremiah 9:23; Ezekiel 28:4,5; Hosea 12:8; Luke 12:19
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 21:4 - We will; Esther 8:1 - give the house; Job 3:14 - kings; Job 3:19 - The small; Job 21:16 - Lo; Job 34:19 - regardeth; Psalm 10:3 - boasteth; Psalm 22:29 - and none; Proverbs 10:2 - Treasures; Proverbs 11:4 - Riches; Proverbs 13:8 - ransom; Proverbs 18:11 - General; Ecclesiastes 8:8 - is no; Isaiah 14:10 - Art thou also; Jeremiah 41:8 - Slay; Jeremiah 48:7 - because; Jeremiah 49:4 - trusted; Daniel 11:4 - he shall stand; Zephaniah 1:18 - their silver; Matthew 19:23 - That; Luke 6:24 - woe; Luke 9:25 - what; Luke 16:22 - the rich; John 1:4 - the life; Romans 1:30 - boasters; 1 Corinthians 1:29 - General; Galatians 6:14 - that I:2 Timothy 3:2 - boasters; James 1:11 - so; James 5:1 - ye

Verse 7

None of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him:
give
Matthew 16:26; 20:28; 1 Timothy 2:6; 1 Peter 1:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 5:5 - and he died; Genesis 47:29 - must die; Exodus 30:12 - a ransom; Leviticus 25:31 - they may be redeemed; 1 Kings 20:39 - or else; Job 5:20 - redeem; Job 6:23 - Redeem; Job 21:16 - Lo; Job 31:24 - General; Job 33:24 - I; Job 34:19 - regardeth; Job 36:18 - then; Psalm 26:11 - redeem; Psalm 89:48 - What; Jeremiah 48:7 - because; Matthew 19:23 - That; Matthew 25:9 - lest; Mark 8:37 - General; Mark 10:24 - trust; Luke 6:24 - woe; Luke 7:42 - when; John 11:39 - Lord; Philippians 3:11 - by

Verse 8

(For the redemption of their soul is precious, and it ceaseth for ever:)
Job 36:18,19
Reciprocal: Leviticus 25:31 - they may be redeemed; 1 Samuel 26:21 - my soul; 2 Kings 1:14 - let my life; Job 6:23 - Redeem; Job 33:24 - I; Matthew 16:26 - or; Mark 8:37 - General; Luke 7:42 - when; 1 Corinthians 15:55 - is thy victory; 1 Peter 1:18 - ye

Verse 9

That he should still live for ever, and not see corruption.
That he
89:48; Proverbs 10:2; 11:4; Ecclesiastes 8:8; Zechariah 1:5; Luke 16:22,23
see
16:10; John 8:51,52; Acts 2:27,31; 13:33,35-37
Reciprocal: Genesis 47:29 - must die; Job 17:14 - corruption; John 11:39 - Lord; Acts 13:36 - and saw; 1 Corinthians 15:42 - in corruption; 1 Peter 4:14 - reproached

Verse 10

For he seeth that wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others.
wise
Ecclesiastes 2:16-21; 9:1,2; Romans 5:12-14; Hebrews 9:27
fool
73:22; 92:6,7; 94:8; Proverbs 12:1; 30:2; Jeremiah 10:8
leave
17; 17:14; 39:6; Proverbs 11:4; Ecclesiastes 2:18,19,21,26; 5:13-16; Jeremiah 17:11; Luke 12:20; 1 Timothy 6:6-10
Reciprocal: Joshua 24:33 - died; Job 30:8 - children; Psalm 37:10 - wicked; Psalm 94:11 - General; Proverbs 14:24 - foolishness; Ecclesiastes 2:14 - one; Ecclesiastes 12:5 - because; Jeremiah 9:23 - wise; Daniel 11:7 - one stand; Matthew 5:22 - fool; Luke 16:8 - in; 2 Peter 2:12 - as natural

Verse 11

Their inward thought is, that their houses shall continue for ever, and their dwelling places to all generations; they call their lands after their own names.
Their inward, etc
Or, "Their grave is their house for ever, their dwelling place through all generations, though their names are celebrated over countries."
5:9; 64:6; Ezekiel 38:10; Luke 11:39; Acts 8:22
all generations
Heb. generation and generation. they call.
Genesis 4:17; 1 Samuel 15:12; 2 Samuel 18:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 11:4 - and let; Psalm 10:3 - and blesseth; Psalm 39:6 - he heapeth; Ecclesiastes 2:4 - I builded; Habakkuk 2:9 - set; Luke 16:25 - thy good; Colossians 3:2 - not

Verse 12

Nevertheless man being in honour abideth not: he is like the beasts that perish.
in honour
20; 39:5; 82:7; James 1:10,11; 1 Peter 1:24
abideth
The word yalin, rendered abideth, signifies to lodge for a night. Man's continuance in the world, or in honour or distinction, resembles a traveller's lodging at an inn, whence he removes in the morning; and is frequently far more transient and evanescent.
beasts
Ecclesiastes 3:18-21; 9:12
Reciprocal: Psalm 7:5 - lay; Ecclesiastes 3:19 - that which; Luke 16:28 - lest

Verse 13

This their way is their folly: yet their posterity approve their sayings. Selah.
folly
Luke 12:20; 1 Corinthians 3:19
approve their sayings
Heb. delight in their mouth.
Jeremiah 44:17; Luke 11:47,48; 16:27,28
Reciprocal: Luke 16:15 - for

Verse 14

Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling.
Like
44:11; Jeremiah 12:3; Romans 8:36
they
Job 17:13,14; 21:13,26; 30:23; Ecclesiastes 12:7; Isaiah 38:10,11
death
Job 24:19,20
upright
47:3; Daniel 7:22; Malachi 4:3; Luke 22:30; 1 Corinthians 6:2; Revelation 2:26,27; 20:4,5
morning
30:5; Hosea 6:3
their
39:11; Job 4:21
beauty
or, strength. in the grave, etc. or, the grave being an habitation to every one of them.
Job 30:23
Reciprocal: Numbers 26:53 - General; Judges 5:13 - he made; Job 3:14 - kings; Job 3:19 - and the servant; Job 21:32 - he be; Job 40:13 - Hide; Psalm 17:15 - I awake; Psalm 31:22 - I am; Proverbs 14:19 - General; Ecclesiastes 3:18 - concerning; Ecclesiastes 3:20 - go; Isaiah 5:14 - hell; Ezekiel 32:27 - but; Matthew 22:29 - not; Luke 16:26 - between; John 11:24 - I know; John 11:39 - Lord; Acts 13:36 - and saw; 1 Corinthians 15:42 - in corruption

Verse 15

But God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave: for he shall receive me. Selah.
God
31:5; 56:13; 73:24; Hosea 13:14; Revelation 5:9; 14:13
power
Heb. hand. the grave. or, hell.
16:10; 86:13; 89:48
shall
Luke 23:46; John 14:3; Acts 7:59
Reciprocal: Job 6:23 - Redeem; Psalm 26:11 - redeem; Psalm 107:20 - delivered; Matthew 22:29 - not; Luke 16:23 - in hell; John 11:24 - I know; Acts 2:27 - leave; Philippians 1:23 - with; 1 Thessalonians 4:17 - and so

Verse 16

Be not thou afraid when one is made rich, when the glory of his house is increased;
Be not
5; 37:1,7; Esther 3:1-6; Proverbs 28:12
glory
Genesis 31:1; Esther 5:11; Revelation 21:24,26
Reciprocal: Job 15:29 - neither shall; Job 19:9 - stripped; Psalm 4:6 - many; Proverbs 4:7 - with; Isaiah 10:3 - where; Jeremiah 9:23 - wise; Matthew 4:8 - and showeth; Matthew 19:23 - That; Luke 6:24 - woe; Luke 16:22 - the rich

Verse 17

For when he dieth he shall carry nothing away: his glory shall not descend after him.
he shall
Job 1:21; 27:19; Ecclesiastes 5:15; Luke 12:20; 16:24; 1 Timothy 6:7
his
Isaiah 5:14; 10:3; 1 Corinthians 15:43
Reciprocal: Genesis 31:1 - glory; Esther 5:11 - the glory; Job 15:29 - neither shall; Job 19:9 - stripped; Job 21:23 - in his full strength; Job 31:24 - General; Psalm 17:14 - portion; Psalm 49:10 - leave; Matthew 4:8 - and showeth; Mark 8:36 - what

Verse 18

Though while he lived he blessed his soul: and men will praise thee, when thou doest well to thyself.
while he lived
Heb. in his life. blessed.
Deuteronomy 29:19; Hosea 12:8; Luke 12:19
praise
1 Samuel 25:6; Esther 3:2; Acts 12:20-22; Revelation 13:3,4
Reciprocal: Psalm 10:3 - and blesseth; Psalm 36:2 - For he; Proverbs 28:4 - that; Malachi 3:15 - we call; Luke 16:15 - for

Verse 19

He shall go to the generation of his fathers; they shall never see light.
He
Heb. The soul.
Ecclesiastes 3:21; 12:7; Luke 12:20; 16:22,23
to the generation
Genesis 15:15; 1 Kings 16:6
never
56:13; Job 33:30; Matthew 8:12; 22:13; Jude 1:13
Reciprocal: Job 33:28 - see; Ecclesiastes 3:18 - concerning; Luke 6:25 - mourn; John 3:36 - see; John 8:12 - shall have; 1 Peter 3:10 - see

Verse 20

Man that is in honour, and understandeth not, is like the beasts that perish.
Man
12; Esther 5:11-14; 7:10
understandeth
Job 4:21
is like
73:18,19; Ecclesiastes 3:18,19 Reciprocal: Isaiah 14:10 - Art thou also; Daniel 4:30 - and for

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 49". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-49.html.