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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 51

Introduction

1David prays for remission of sins, whereof he makes a deep confession.
6He prays for sanctification.
16God delights not in sacrifice, but in sincerity.
18He prays for the church.

Verse 1

Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions.
A. M. 2970. B.C. 1034. (Title.) when
2 Samuel 12:1-13
after
2 Samuel 11:2-27
O God
25:6,7; 109:21; 119:124; Exodus 34:6,7; Numbers 14:18,19; Daniel 9:9,18; Micah 7:18; 7:19; Romans 5:20,21; Ephesians 1:6-8; 2:4-7
multitude
5:7; 69:13,16; 106:7,45; Isaiah 63:7,15; *marg:; Lamentations 3:32
tender
40:11; 77:9; 145:9
blot
9; Nehemiah 4:5; Isaiah 43:25; 44:22; Jeremiah 18:23; Acts 3:19; Colossians 2:14
Reciprocal: Numbers 5:23 - blot; 2 Samuel 11:4 - he lay; 2 Samuel 12:1 - he came; 2 Samuel 24:14 - for his; 1 Kings 15:5 - save only; 1 Chronicles 21:8 - do away; 1 Chronicles 21:13 - great; Nehemiah 13:22 - spare me; Psalm 9:13 - Have; Psalm 30:10 - Hear; Psalm 31:16 - save; Psalm 41:4 - Lord; Psalm 103:3 - forgiveth; Psalm 119:26 - declared; Psalm 119:58 - I entreated; Psalm 119:77 - thy tender; Psalm 119:149 - according unto; Psalm 119:156 - are thy; Proverbs 6:33 - and his; Proverbs 28:13 - whoso; Isaiah 55:7 - for; Jeremiah 9:24 - lovingkindness; Ezekiel 18:22 - his transgressions; Luke 7:42 - he; Luke 11:4 - forgive us; Luke 18:13 - God; 2 Corinthians 7:7 - mourning; Galatians 5:17 - the flesh; James 5:11 - the Lord is

Verse 2

Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.
Wash
7; Ezekiel 36:25; Zechariah 13:1; 1 Corinthians 6:11; Hebrews 9:13,14; 10:21,22; 1 John 1:7-9; Revelation 1:5; 7:14
cleanse
7; 19:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 35:2 - clean; Leviticus 8:6 - washed; Leviticus 11:25 - and be unclean; Leviticus 13:58 - be washed; Leviticus 14:7 - seven times; Leviticus 15:5 - General; Leviticus 16:30 - General; Numbers 8:7 - wash their; Numbers 14:19 - Pardon; Deuteronomy 21:6 - wash their hands; Deuteronomy 23:11 - wash himself; 2 Samuel 24:17 - I have sinned; 2 Kings 5:13 - Wash; 1 Chronicles 21:13 - great; 2 Chronicles 4:6 - ten lavers; Psalm 30:10 - Hear; Psalm 65:3 - transgressions; Proverbs 30:12 - not; Jeremiah 33:8 - General; Hosea 14:2 - away; John 13:5 - to wash; John 13:9 - not; 1 John 1:9 - we confess

Verse 3

For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin is ever before me.
For I
32:5; 38:18; Leviticus 26:40,41; Nehemiah 9:2; Job 33:27; Proverbs 28:13; Luke 15:18-21
my sin
40:12; Isaiah 59:12; Jeremiah 3:25
Reciprocal: Leviticus 13:45 - Unclean; Leviticus 16:21 - confess over; Joshua 7:19 - make; Psalm 65:3 - transgressions; Jeremiah 14:20 - We acknowledge; Lamentations 1:20 - for

Verse 4

Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest.
Against
Genesis 9:6; 20:6; 39:9; Leviticus 5:19; 6:2-7; 2 Samuel 12:9,10,13,14; James 2:9,11
evil
Genesis 38:7; 2 Kings 17:17; 21:6; Luke 15:21
that thou
50:4,6; Luke 7:29; Romans 3:4
when
Acts 17:31; Romans 2:5; Revelation 15:3,4; 16:5; 19:11
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:14 - that; Leviticus 26:41 - and they; 1 Samuel 2:17 - before; 1 Samuel 2:25 - if a man; 2 Samuel 11:15 - Set ye; 2 Samuel 11:27 - displeased; 1 Kings 18:2 - went to show; 1 Chronicles 21:17 - Is it not I; Job 40:4 - Behold; Job 40:8 - Wilt; Job 42:7 - ye have; Psalm 32:5 - iniquity; Psalm 78:1 - General; Ecclesiastes 3:18 - that God; Isaiah 5:3 - judge; Jeremiah 12:1 - Righteous; Jeremiah 14:20 - for; Jeremiah 50:14 - for she; Lamentations 1:20 - for; Daniel 9:7 - righteousness; Micah 6:3 - testify; Matthew 15:27 - Truth

Verse 5

Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.
shapen
58:3; Genesis 5:3; 8:21; Job 14:4; 15:14-16; John 3:6; Romans 5:12; Ephesians 2:3
conceive
Heb. warm.
Reciprocal: Leviticus 12:2 - If a woman; Leviticus 13:45 - Unclean; Leviticus 15:18 - unclean; 2 Samuel 11:27 - displeased; Job 11:12 - man be; Job 14:1 - born; Job 25:4 - how can; Job 40:4 - Behold; Psalm 19:12 - cleanse; Proverbs 20:9 - General; Proverbs 20:11 - General; Proverbs 22:15 - Foolishness; Ecclesiastes 9:3 - also; Isaiah 7:15 - know; Isaiah 48:8 - a transgressor; Isaiah 64:6 - are all; Jeremiah 17:9 - General; Matthew 11:11 - born; Matthew 15:27 - Truth; Mark 9:21 - How; Luke 1:35 - that; Luke 11:13 - being; John 9:34 - wast; Romans 7:18 - that in me; Romans 9:11 - the children

Verse 6

Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom.
Behold
26:2; 125:4; Genesis 20:5,6; 2 Kings 20:3; 1 Chronicles 29:17; 2 Chronicles 31:20,21; Proverbs 2:21; Jeremiah 5:3; John 4:23,24; 2 Corinthians 1:12; James 4:8
inward
5:9; 1 Samuel 16:7; Job 38:36; Luke 11:39; Romans 7:22
in the hidden
Job 32:8; Jeremiah 31:33; 32:40; 1 Peter 3:4
Reciprocal: Exodus 40:31 - washed; Leviticus 1:9 - inwards; Leviticus 7:3 - General; 2 Samuel 22:24 - upright; Job 28:12 - General; Psalm 51:16 - desirest; Psalm 62:4 - inwardly; Proverbs 11:20 - upright; Matthew 5:8 - are; Matthew 23:28 - ye also; John 3:10 - and knowest; Romans 7:14 - the law; Hebrews 5:9 - eternal

Verse 7

Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.
Purge
Leviticus 14:4-7,49-52; Numbers 19:18-20; Hebrews 9:19
and
Hebrews 9:13,14; 1 John 1:7; Revelation 1:5
whiter
Isaiah 1:18; Ephesians 5:26,27; Revelation 7:13,14
Reciprocal: Genesis 35:2 - clean; Exodus 12:22 - a bunch; Exodus 40:31 - washed; Leviticus 8:6 - washed; Leviticus 11:25 - and be unclean; Leviticus 14:7 - seven times; Leviticus 15:5 - General; Leviticus 16:30 - General; Numbers 8:7 - water; Numbers 19:6 - General; Numbers 19:12 - He shall purify; Deuteronomy 21:6 - wash their hands; Deuteronomy 23:11 - wash himself; 1 Kings 4:33 - the hyssop; 2 Kings 5:13 - Wash; 2 Chronicles 35:6 - sanctify; Psalm 39:8 - Deliver; Psalm 51:2 - Wash; Psalm 65:3 - transgressions; Psalm 68:14 - as snow; Proverbs 30:12 - not; Lamentations 4:7 - purer; Ezekiel 16:9 - washed; Ezekiel 36:25 - will I; Daniel 12:10 - shall be; Zechariah 13:1 - a fountain; Mark 9:3 - exceeding; John 13:9 - not; John 15:2 - and; John 19:29 - hyssop; John 19:34 - came; 1 Corinthians 6:11 - but ye are washed; Colossians 1:22 - in his; James 4:8 - purify

Verse 8

Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.
Make
13:5; 30:11; 119:81,82; 126:5,6; Matthew 5:4
bones
6:2,3; 38:3; Job 5:17,18; Isaiah 57:15-18; Hosea 6:1,2; Luke 4:18; Acts 2:37-41; 16:29-34
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:10 - that it may; Job 20:14 - his meat; Psalm 25:18 - forgive; Psalm 30:2 - and; Psalm 32:3 - bones; Psalm 35:10 - All; Proverbs 6:33 - A wound; Isaiah 38:13 - as a lion; Lamentations 3:4 - he hath; Luke 15:32 - was meet; Romans 4:7 - General; Hebrews 5:9 - eternal

Verse 9

Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities.
Hide
Isaiah 38:17; Jeremiah 16:17; Micah 7:18,19
blot
1; Colossians 2:14
Reciprocal: Numbers 5:23 - blot; Nehemiah 4:5 - their sin; Job 20:14 - his meat; Psalm 25:18 - forgive; Psalm 109:15 - before; Isaiah 43:25 - even I; Isaiah 44:22 - blotted; Zechariah 3:4 - I have; Matthew 7:5 - first; Luke 6:42 - cast; Acts 1:15 - Peter; Acts 3:19 - that; Romans 4:7 - General

Verse 10

Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.
Create
2 Corinthians 5:17; Ephesians 2:10
clean
73:1; Proverbs 20:9; Jeremiah 13:27; 32:39; Ezekiel 11:19; 18:31; 36:25-27,37; Matthew 5:8; Acts 15:9; 1 Peter 1:22
renew
Romans 12:2; Ephesians 4:22-24; Colossians 3:10; Titus 3:5
right
or, constant.
78:8,37; Joshua 14:14; 1 Kings 15:3-5; Acts 11:23; 1 Corinthians 15:58; James 1:8
Reciprocal: Leviticus 16:30 - General; 1 Chronicles 29:18 - keep; Psalm 23:3 - restoreth; Psalm 24:4 - pure; Psalm 73:13 - washed; Psalm 80:7 - Turn; Psalm 119:5 - General; Psalm 119:36 - Incline; Proverbs 28:13 - whoso; Ezekiel 36:26 - new heart; Matthew 18:3 - Except; Luke 8:15 - in an; Luke 8:35 - in his; John 3:6 - born of the flesh; John 3:10 - and knowest; 2 Corinthians 4:16 - is; 2 Corinthians 7:1 - let; Galatians 5:17 - the flesh; Ephesians 4:23 - be; 1 Timothy 1:5 - a pure; Hebrews 6:6 - to renew; Hebrews 10:22 - a true; James 4:8 - purify

Verse 11

Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me.
Cast
43:2; 71:9,18; Genesis 4:14; 2 Kings 13:23; 17:18-23; 23:27; 2 Thessalonians 1:9
take
Genesis 6:3; Judges 13:25; 15:14; 16:20; 1 Samuel 10:10; 16:14; 2 Samuel 7:15; Isaiah 63:10,11
holy
Luke 11:13; John 14:26; Romans 1:4; 8:9; Ephesians 4:30
Reciprocal: Leviticus 22:3 - from my; Judges 3:10 - the Spirit; Judges 6:34 - the Spirit; 1 Samuel 18:12 - departed; 1 Samuel 28:15 - God; 2 Chronicles 32:31 - left him; Psalm 27:9 - put; Psalm 66:20 - General; Psalm 119:8 - O forsake; Jeremiah 14:21 - not abhor; Jeremiah 23:39 - cast; Haggai 2:5 - so; 1 Thessalonians 5:19 - the Spirit

Verse 12

Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit.
Restore
85:6-8; Job 29:2,3; Isaiah 57:17,18; Jeremiah 31:9-14
joy
13:5; 21:1; 35:9; Isaiah 49:13; 61:10; Luke 1:47; Romans 5:2-11
uphold
17:5; 19:13; 119:116,117,133; Isaiah 41:10; Jeremiah 10:23; Romans 14:4; 1 Peter 1:5; Jude 1:24
free
Romans 8:15; 2 Corinthians 3:17; Galatians 4:6,7
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:10 - that it may; 2 Chronicles 32:31 - left him; Psalm 9:14 - I will; Psalm 23:3 - restoreth; Psalm 32:6 - For this; Psalm 35:3 - say; Psalm 37:17 - Lord; Psalm 86:4 - Rejoice; Psalm 116:12 - General; Haggai 2:5 - so; Zechariah 12:10 - the spirit; Luke 22:32 - strengthen; Romans 8:2 - hath; Galatians 2:4 - liberty; Galatians 5:1 - the liberty

Verse 13

Then will I teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee.
Then
32:5,8-10; Zechariah 3:1-8; Luke 22:32; John 21:15-17; Acts 2:38-41; 9:19-22; 2 Corinthians 5:8-20
ways
25:4,8; Isaiah 2:3; Acts 13:10
converted
19:7; Isaiah 6:10; Jeremiah 31:18; Matthew 18:3; Acts 3:19; 15:3; 26:18-20; James 5:19,20
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 17:7 - he sent; Psalm 32:6 - For this; Psalm 138:4 - when they hear; Proverbs 15:7 - lips; Romans 12:7 - or he

Verse 14

Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation: and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness.
Deliver
26:9; 55:23; Genesis 9:6; 42:22; 2 Samuel 3:28; 11:15-17; 12:9; 21:1
bloodguiltiness
Heb. bloods.
Ezekiel 33:8; Hosea 4:2; Acts 18:6; 20:26
thou God
38:22; 68:20; 88:1; Isaiah 12:2; 45:17; Habakkuk 3:18
tongue
35:28; 71:15-24; 86:12,13
righteousness
Ezra 9:13; Nehemiah 9:33; Daniel 9:7,16; Romans 10:3
Reciprocal: Numbers 35:31 - Moreover; Deuteronomy 21:6 - wash their hands; 2 Samuel 11:17 - there fell; 2 Samuel 16:7 - bloody man; 1 Chronicles 21:17 - on my father's; Psalm 7:17 - according; Psalm 39:8 - Deliver; Psalm 71:8 - General; Psalm 71:16 - thy righteousness; Psalm 102:21 - General; Psalm 119:43 - take not; Psalm 119:175 - Let my; Psalm 145:7 - sing; Daniel 4:2 - I thought it good; Daniel 9:14 - the Lord; James 3:9 - Therewith

Verse 15

O Lord, open thou my lips; and my mouth shall shew forth thy praise.
O Lord
Genesis 44:16; 1 Samuel 2:9; Ezekiel 16:63; Matthew 22:12; Romans 3:19
open
Exodus 4:11; Ezekiel 3:27; 29:21; Mark 7:34
mouth
63:3-5; 119:13; Hebrews 13:15
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:1 - my mouth; 1 Chronicles 21:26 - and called; Psalm 9:1 - show; Psalm 9:14 - That; Psalm 19:14 - Let; Psalm 35:28 - General; Psalm 71:8 - General; Psalm 102:21 - General; Psalm 119:43 - take not; Psalm 119:175 - Let my; Psalm 145:21 - My mouth; Isaiah 35:6 - the tongue; Isaiah 38:20 - therefore; Ezekiel 3:26 - I will; Ezekiel 24:27 - thy; Matthew 12:22 - blind; Luke 1:64 - his mouth; 2 Corinthians 6:11 - our mouth; Philippians 4:6 - in

Verse 16

For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it: thou delightest not in burnt offering.
desirest
6; Exodus 21:14; Numbers 15:27,30,31; 35:31; Deuteronomy 22:22; Hosea 6:6
else would I
or, that I should. delightest.
40:6; 50:8; Proverbs 15:8; 21:27; Isaiah 1:11-15; Jeremiah 7:22,23,27; Amos 5:21-23; Hebrews 10:5,6
Reciprocal: Leviticus 4:31 - a sweet; Numbers 7:27 - General; Numbers 29:17 - General; Deuteronomy 33:19 - they shall; 1 Samuel 2:25 - if a man; 1 Samuel 3:14 - the iniquity; 1 Samuel 15:22 - Hath the Lord; 2 Samuel 12:13 - thou; Micah 6:7 - pleased; Hebrews 9:9 - as pertaining; Hebrews 10:4 - not

Verse 17

The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
sacrifices
107:22; Mark 12:33; Romans 12:1; Philippians 4:18; Hebrews 13:16; 1 Peter 2:5
a broken spirit
34:18; 147:3; 2 Kings 22:19; Isaiah 57:15; 61:1-3; 66:2; Ezekiel 9:3,4,6; Matthew 5:3; Luke 18:11-14
thou
22:24; 102:17; 2 Chronicles 33:12,13; Amos 5:21; Luke 7:39-50; 15:2-7,10,21-32
Reciprocal: Exodus 37:22 - beaten work; Leviticus 4:31 - a sweet; Leviticus 7:3 - General; Leviticus 9:10 - the fat; Leviticus 23:32 - afflict; Numbers 29:17 - General; Deuteronomy 33:19 - they shall; 1 Samuel 15:22 - Hath the Lord; 2 Chronicles 34:27 - thine heart; Job 42:6 - I; Psalm 138:6 - Though; Song of Solomon 8:1 - yea; Jeremiah 7:22 - nor; Jeremiah 44:10 - humbled; Joel 2:13 - rend; Matthew 12:20 - bruised; Luke 4:18 - to heal; Luke 7:38 - weeping; John 4:24 - must

Verse 18

Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem.
Do
25:22; 102:16; 122:6-9; 137:5,6; Isaiah 62:1,6,7; Jeremiah 51:50; 2 Corinthians 11:28,29
thy
Luke 12:32; Ephesians 1:5,9; Philippians 2:13; 2 Thessalonians 1:11
build
Nehemiah 2:17; Isaiah 58:12; Daniel 9:25; Micah 7:11; Zechariah 2:5
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 26:15 - bless thy; 2 Samuel 5:7 - Zion; 2 Samuel 15:14 - and smite; 1 Kings 9:15 - the wall; Nehemiah 2:12 - my God; Nehemiah 2:20 - memorial; Psalm 66:13 - go into; Psalm 69:35 - God; Psalm 102:13 - Thou; Psalm 118:27 - bind; Psalm 125:4 - Do good; Psalm 141:5 - for yet my; Psalm 147:2 - build; Psalm 147:13 - he hath; Jeremiah 31:4 - build; Revelation 21:12 - a wall

Verse 19

Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with burnt offering and whole burnt offering: then shall they offer bullocks upon thine altar.
pleased
66:13-15; 118:27; Ephesians 5:2
sacrifices
4:5; Malachi 3:3; Romans 12:1 Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 33:10 - whole; Psalm 25:22 - General; Hebrews 13:16 - with such

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 51". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-51.html.