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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 51

Introduction

Overview

Psalms 51:1, David prays for remission of sins, whereof he makes a deep confession; Psalms 51:6, He prays for sanctification; Psalms 51:16, God delights not in sacrifice, but in sincerity; Psalms 51:18, He prays for the church.

2 Samuel 12:1-1 Chronicles :

Verse 1

after: 2 Samuel 11:2-Daniel :

O God: Psalms 25:6, Psalms 25:7, Psalms 109:21, Psalms 119:124, Exodus 34:6, Exodus 34:7, Numbers 14:18, Numbers 14:19, Daniel 9:9, Daniel 9:18, Micah 7:18, Micah 7:19, Romans 5:20, Romans 5:21, Ephesians 1:6-Ruth :, Ephesians 2:4-Judges :

multitude: Psalms 5:7, Psalms 69:13, Psalms 69:16, Psalms 106:7, Psalms 106:45, Isaiah 63:7, Isaiah 63:15, *marg. Lamentations 3:32

tender: Psalms 40:11, Psalms 77:9, Psalms 145:9

blot: Psalms 51:9, Nehemiah 4:5, Isaiah 43:25, Isaiah 44:22, Jeremiah 18:23, Acts 3:19, Colossians 2:14

Reciprocal: Numbers 5:23 - blot 2 Samuel 11:4 - he lay 2 Samuel 12:1 - he came 2 Samuel 24:14 - for his 1 Kings 15:5 - save only 1 Chronicles 21:8 - do away 1 Chronicles 21:13 - great Nehemiah 13:22 - spare me Psalms 9:13 - Have Psalms 30:10 - Hear Psalms 31:16 - save Psalms 41:4 - Lord Psalms 103:3 - forgiveth Psalms 119:26 - declared Psalms 119:58 - I entreated Psalms 119:77 - thy tender Psalms 119:149 - according unto Psalms 119:156 - are thy Proverbs 6:33 - and his Proverbs 28:13 - whoso Isaiah 55:7 - for Jeremiah 9:24 - lovingkindness Ezekiel 18:22 - his transgressions Luke 7:42 - he Luke 11:4 - forgive us Luke 18:13 - God 2 Corinthians 7:7 - mourning Galatians 5:17 - the flesh James 5:11 - the Lord is

Verse 2

Wash: Psalms 51:7, Ezekiel 36:25, Zechariah 13:1, 1 Corinthians 6:11, Hebrews 9:13, Hebrews 9:14, Hebrews 10:21, Hebrews 10:22, 1 John 1:7-1 Samuel :, Revelation 1:5, Revelation 7:14

cleanse: Psalms 51:7, Psalms 19:12

Reciprocal: Genesis 35:2 - clean Leviticus 8:6 - washed Leviticus 11:25 - and be unclean Leviticus 13:58 - be washed Leviticus 14:7 - seven times Leviticus 15:5 - General Leviticus 16:30 - General Numbers 8:7 - wash their Numbers 14:19 - Pardon Deuteronomy 21:6 - wash their hands Deuteronomy 23:11 - wash himself 2 Samuel 24:17 - I have sinned 2 Kings 5:13 - Wash 1 Chronicles 21:13 - great 2 Chronicles 4:6 - ten lavers Psalms 30:10 - Hear Psalms 65:3 - transgressions Proverbs 30:12 - not Jeremiah 33:8 - General Hosea 14:2 - away John 13:5 - to wash John 13:9 - not 1 John 1:9 - we confess

Verse 3

For I: Psalms 32:5, Psalms 38:18, Leviticus 26:40, Leviticus 26:41, Nehemiah 9:2, Job 33:27, Proverbs 28:13, Luke 15:18-Ecclesiastes :

my sin: Psalms 40:12, Isaiah 59:12, Jeremiah 3:25

Reciprocal: Leviticus 13:45 - Unclean Leviticus 16:21 - confess over Joshua 7:19 - make Psalms 65:3 - transgressions Jeremiah 14:20 - We acknowledge Lamentations 1:20 - for

Verse 4

Against: Genesis 9:6, Genesis 20:6, Genesis 39:9, Leviticus 5:19, Leviticus 6:2-Judges :, 2 Samuel 12:9, 2 Samuel 12:10, 2 Samuel 12:13, 2 Samuel 12:14, James 2:9, James 2:11

evil: Genesis 38:7, 2 Kings 17:17, 2 Kings 21:6, Luke 15:21

that thou: Psalms 50:4, Psalms 50:6, Luke 7:29, Romans 3:4

when: Acts 17:31, Romans 2:5, Revelation 15:3, Revelation 15:4, Revelation 16:5, Revelation 19:11

Reciprocal: Genesis 15:14 - that Leviticus 26:41 - and they 1 Samuel 2:17 - before 1 Samuel 2:25 - if a man 2 Samuel 11:15 - Set ye 2 Samuel 11:27 - displeased 1 Kings 18:2 - went to show 1 Chronicles 21:17 - Is it not I Job 40:4 - Behold Job 40:8 - Wilt Job 42:7 - ye have Psalms 32:5 - iniquity Psalms 78:1 - General Ecclesiastes 3:18 - that God Isaiah 5:3 - judge Jeremiah 12:1 - Righteous Jeremiah 14:20 - for Jeremiah 50:14 - for she Lamentations 1:20 - for Daniel 9:7 - righteousness Micah 6:3 - testify Matthew 15:27 - Truth

Verse 5

shapen: Psalms 58:3, Genesis 5:3, Genesis 8:21, Job 14:4, Job 15:14-Nehemiah :, John 3:6, Romans 5:12, Ephesians 2:3

conceive: Heb. warm

Reciprocal: Leviticus 12:2 - If a woman Leviticus 13:45 - Unclean Leviticus 15:18 - unclean 2 Samuel 11:27 - displeased Job 11:12 - man be Job 14:1 - born Job 25:4 - how can Job 40:4 - Behold Psalms 19:12 - cleanse Proverbs 20:9 - General Proverbs 20:11 - General Proverbs 22:15 - Foolishness Ecclesiastes 9:3 - also Isaiah 7:15 - know Isaiah 48:8 - a transgressor Isaiah 64:6 - are all Jeremiah 17:9 - General Matthew 11:11 - born Matthew 15:27 - Truth Mark 9:21 - How Luke 1:35 - that Luke 11:13 - being John 9:34 - wast Romans 7:18 - that in me Romans 9:11 - the children

Verse 6

Behold: Psalms 26:2, Psalms 125:4, Genesis 20:5, Genesis 20:6, 2 Kings 20:3, 1 Chronicles 29:17, 2 Chronicles 31:20, 2 Chronicles 31:21, Proverbs 2:21, Jeremiah 5:3, John 4:23, John 4:24, 2 Corinthians 1:12, James 4:8

inward: Psalms 5:9, 1 Samuel 16:7, Job 38:36, Luke 11:39, Romans 7:22

in the hidden: Job 32:8, Jeremiah 31:33, Jeremiah 32:40, 1 Peter 3:4

Reciprocal: Exodus 40:31 - washed Leviticus 1:9 - inwards Leviticus 7:3 - General 2 Samuel 22:24 - upright Job 28:12 - General Psalms 51:16 - desirest Psalms 62:4 - inwardly Proverbs 11:20 - upright Matthew 5:8 - are Matthew 23:28 - ye also John 3:10 - and knowest Romans 7:14 - the law Hebrews 5:9 - eternal

Verse 7

Purge: Leviticus 14:4-Judges :, Leviticus 14:49-1 Thessalonians :, Numbers 19:18-Proverbs :, Hebrews 9:19

and: Hebrews 9:13, Hebrews 9:14, 1 John 1:7, Revelation 1:5

whiter: Isaiah 1:18, Ephesians 5:26, Ephesians 5:27, Revelation 7:13, Revelation 7:14

Reciprocal: Genesis 35:2 - clean Exodus 12:22 - a bunch Exodus 40:31 - washed Leviticus 8:6 - washed Leviticus 11:25 - and be unclean Leviticus 14:7 - seven times Leviticus 15:5 - General Leviticus 16:30 - General Numbers 8:7 - water Numbers 19:6 - General Numbers 19:12 - He shall purify Deuteronomy 21:6 - wash their hands Deuteronomy 23:11 - wash himself 1 Kings 4:33 - the hyssop 2 Kings 5:13 - Wash 2 Chronicles 35:6 - sanctify Psalms 39:8 - Deliver Psalms 51:2 - Wash Psalms 65:3 - transgressions Psalms 68:14 - as snow Proverbs 30:12 - not Lamentations 4:7 - purer Ezekiel 16:9 - washed Ezekiel 36:25 - will I Daniel 12:10 - shall be Zechariah 13:1 - a fountain Mark 9:3 - exceeding John 13:9 - not John 15:2 - and John 19:29 - hyssop John 19:34 - came 1 Corinthians 6:11 - but ye are washed Colossians 1:22 - in his James 4:8 - purify

Verse 8

Make: Psalms 13:5, Psalms 30:11, Psalms 119:81, Psalms 119:82, Psalms 126:5, Psalms 126:6, Matthew 5:4

bones: Psalms 6:2, Psalms 6:3, Psalms 38:3, Job 5:17, Job 5:18, Isaiah 57:15-Job :, Hosea 6:1, Hosea 6:2, Luke 4:18, Acts 2:37-Mark :, Acts 16:29-Nahum :

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:10 - that it may Job 20:14 - his meat Psalms 25:18 - forgive Psalms 30:2 - and Psalms 32:3 - bones Psalms 35:10 - All Proverbs 6:33 - A wound Isaiah 38:13 - as a lion Lamentations 3:4 - he hath Luke 15:32 - was meet Romans 4:7 - General Hebrews 5:9 - eternal

Verse 9

Hide: Isaiah 38:17, Jeremiah 16:17, Micah 7:18, Micah 7:19

blot: Psalms 51:1, Colossians 2:14

Reciprocal: Numbers 5:23 - blot Nehemiah 4:5 - their sin Job 20:14 - his meat Psalms 25:18 - forgive Psalms 109:15 - before Isaiah 43:25 - even I Isaiah 44:22 - blotted Zechariah 3:4 - I have Matthew 7:5 - first Luke 6:42 - cast Acts 1:15 - Peter Acts 3:19 - that Romans 4:7 - General

Verse 10

Create: 2 Corinthians 5:17, Ephesians 2:10

clean: Psalms 73:1, Proverbs 20:9, Jeremiah 13:27, Jeremiah 32:39, Ezekiel 11:19, Ezekiel 18:31, Ezekiel 36:25-Daniel :, Ezekiel 36:37, Matthew 5:8, Acts 15:9, 1 Peter 1:22

renew: Romans 12:2, Ephesians 4:22-Jeremiah :, Colossians 3:10, Titus 3:5

right: or, constant, Psalms 78:8, Psalms 78:37, Joshua 14:14, 1 Kings 15:3-Deuteronomy :, Acts 11:23, 1 Corinthians 15:58, James 1:8

Reciprocal: Leviticus 16:30 - General 1 Chronicles 29:18 - keep Psalms 23:3 - restoreth Psalms 24:4 - pure Psalms 73:13 - washed Psalms 80:7 - Turn Psalms 119:5 - General Psalms 119:36 - Incline Proverbs 28:13 - whoso Ezekiel 36:26 - new heart Matthew 18:3 - Except Luke 8:15 - in an Luke 8:35 - in his John 3:6 - born of the flesh John 3:10 - and knowest 2 Corinthians 4:16 - is 2 Corinthians 7:1 - let Galatians 5:17 - the flesh Ephesians 4:23 - be 1 Timothy 1:5 - a pure Hebrews 6:6 - to renew Hebrews 10:22 - a true James 4:8 - purify

Verse 11

Cast: Psalms 43:2, Psalms 71:9, Psalms 71:18, Genesis 4:14, 2 Kings 13:23, 2 Kings 17:18-Isaiah :, 2 Kings 23:27, 2 Thessalonians 1:9

take: Genesis 6:3, Judges 13:25, Judges 15:14, Judges 16:20, 1 Samuel 10:10, 1 Samuel 16:14, 2 Samuel 7:15, Isaiah 63:10, Isaiah 63:11

holy: Luke 11:13, John 14:26, Romans 1:4, Romans 8:9, Ephesians 4:30

Reciprocal: Leviticus 22:3 - from my Judges 3:10 - the Spirit Judges 6:34 - the Spirit 1 Samuel 18:12 - departed 1 Samuel 28:15 - God 2 Chronicles 32:31 - left him Psalms 27:9 - put Psalms 66:20 - General Psalms 119:8 - O forsake Jeremiah 14:21 - not abhor Jeremiah 23:39 - cast Haggai 2:5 - so 1 Thessalonians 5:19 - the Spirit

Verse 12

Restore: Psalms 85:6-Ruth :, Job 29:2, Job 29:3, Isaiah 57:17, Isaiah 57:18, Jeremiah 31:9-2 Chronicles :

joy: Psalms 13:5, Psalms 21:1, Psalms 35:9, Isaiah 49:13, Isaiah 61:10, Luke 1:47, Romans 5:2-1 Kings :

uphold: Psalms 17:5, Psalms 19:13, Psalms 119:116, Psalms 119:117, Psalms 119:133, Isaiah 41:10, Jeremiah 10:23, Romans 14:4, 1 Peter 1:5, Jude 1:24

free: Romans 8:15, 2 Corinthians 3:17, Galatians 4:6, Galatians 4:7

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 4:10 - that it may 2 Chronicles 32:31 - left him Psalms 9:14 - I will Psalms 23:3 - restoreth Psalms 32:6 - For this Psalms 35:3 - say Psalms 37:17 - Lord Psalms 86:4 - Rejoice Psalms 116:12 - General Haggai 2:5 - so Zechariah 12:10 - the spirit Luke 22:32 - strengthen Romans 8:2 - hath Galatians 2:4 - liberty Galatians 5:1 - the liberty

Verse 13

Then: Psalms 32:5, Psalms 32:8-2 Samuel :, Zechariah 3:1-Ruth :, Luke 22:32, John 21:15-Esther :, Acts 2:38-Mark :, Acts 9:19-Song of Solomon :, 2 Corinthians 5:8-Proverbs :

ways: Psalms 25:4, Psalms 25:8, Isaiah 2:3, Acts 13:10

converted: Psalms 19:7, Isaiah 6:10, Jeremiah 31:18, Matthew 18:3, Acts 3:19, Acts 15:3, Acts 26:18-Proverbs :, James 5:19, James 5:20

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 17:7 - he sent Psalms 32:6 - For this Psalms 138:4 - when they hear Proverbs 15:7 - lips Romans 12:7 - or he

Verse 14

Deliver: Psalms 26:9, Psalms 55:23, Genesis 9:6, Genesis 42:22, 2 Samuel 3:28, 2 Samuel 11:15-Esther :, 2 Samuel 12:9, 2 Samuel 21:1

bloodguiltiness: Heb. bloods, Ezekiel 33:8, Hosea 4:2, Acts 18:6, Acts 20:26

thou God: Psalms 38:22, Psalms 68:20, Psalms 88:1, Isaiah 12:2, Isaiah 45:17, Habakkuk 3:18

tongue: Psalms 35:28, Psalms 71:15-Jeremiah :, Psalms 86:12, Psalms 86:13

righteousness: Ezra 9:13, Nehemiah 9:33, Daniel 9:7, Daniel 9:16, Romans 10:3

Reciprocal: Numbers 35:31 - Moreover Deuteronomy 21:6 - wash their hands 2 Samuel 11:17 - there fell 2 Samuel 16:7 - bloody man 1 Chronicles 21:17 - on my father's Psalms 7:17 - according Psalms 39:8 - Deliver Psalms 71:8 - General Psalms 71:16 - thy righteousness Psalms 102:21 - General Psalms 119:43 - take not Psalms 119:175 - Let my Psalms 145:7 - sing Daniel 4:2 - I thought it good Daniel 9:14 - the Lord James 3:9 - Therewith

Verse 15

O Lord: Genesis 44:16, 1 Samuel 2:9, Ezekiel 16:63, Matthew 22:12, Romans 3:19

open: Exodus 4:11, Ezekiel 3:27, Ezekiel 29:21, Mark 7:34

mouth: Psalms 63:3-Deuteronomy :, Psalms 119:13, Hebrews 13:15

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:1 - my mouth 1 Chronicles 21:26 - and called Psalms 9:1 - show Psalms 9:14 - That Psalms 19:14 - Let Psalms 35:28 - General Psalms 71:8 - General Psalms 102:21 - General Psalms 119:43 - take not Psalms 119:175 - Let my Psalms 145:21 - My mouth Isaiah 35:6 - the tongue Isaiah 38:20 - therefore Ezekiel 3:26 - I will Ezekiel 24:27 - thy Matthew 12:22 - blind Luke 1:64 - his mouth 2 Corinthians 6:11 - our mouth Philippians 4:6 - in

Verse 16

desirest: Psalms 51:6, Exodus 21:14, Numbers 15:27, Numbers 15:30, Numbers 15:31, Numbers 35:31, Deuteronomy 22:22, Hosea 6:6

else would I: or, that I should

delightest: Psalms 40:6, Psalms 50:8, Proverbs 15:8, Proverbs 21:27, Isaiah 1:11-Ezra :, Jeremiah 7:22, Jeremiah 7:23, Jeremiah 7:27, Amos 5:21-Isaiah :, Hebrews 10:5, Hebrews 10:6

Reciprocal: Leviticus 4:31 - a sweet Numbers 7:27 - General Numbers 29:17 - General Deuteronomy 33:19 - they shall 1 Samuel 2:25 - if a man 1 Samuel 3:14 - the iniquity 1 Samuel 15:22 - Hath the Lord 2 Samuel 12:13 - thou Micah 6:7 - pleased Hebrews 9:9 - as pertaining Hebrews 10:4 - not

Verse 17

sacrifices: Psalms 107:22, Mark 12:33, Romans 12:1, Philippians 4:18, Hebrews 13:16, 1 Peter 2:5

a broken spirit: Psalms 34:18, Psalms 147:3, 2 Kings 22:19, Isaiah 57:15, Isaiah 61:1-Leviticus :, Isaiah 66:2, Ezekiel 9:3, Ezekiel 9:4, Ezekiel 9:6, Matthew 5:3, Luke 18:11-2 Chronicles :

thou: Psalms 22:24, Psalms 102:17, 2 Chronicles 33:12, 2 Chronicles 33:13, Amos 5:21, Luke 7:39-Philippians :, Luke 15:2-Judges :, Luke 15:10, Luke 15:21-Jonah :

Reciprocal: Exodus 37:22 - beaten work Leviticus 4:31 - a sweet Leviticus 7:3 - General Leviticus 9:10 - the fat Leviticus 23:32 - afflict Numbers 29:17 - General Deuteronomy 33:19 - they shall 1 Samuel 15:22 - Hath the Lord 2 Chronicles 34:27 - thine heart Job 42:6 - I Psalms 138:6 - Though Song of Solomon 8:1 - yea Jeremiah 7:22 - nor Jeremiah 44:10 - humbled Joel 2:13 - rend Matthew 12:20 - bruised Luke 4:18 - to heal Luke 7:38 - weeping John 4:24 - must

Verse 18

Do: Psalms 25:22, Psalms 102:16, Psalms 122:6-1 Samuel :, Psalms 137:5, Psalms 137:6, Isaiah 62:1, Isaiah 62:6, Isaiah 62:7, Jeremiah 51:50, 2 Corinthians 11:28, 2 Corinthians 11:29

thy: Luke 12:32, Ephesians 1:5, Ephesians 1:9, Philippians 2:13, 2 Thessalonians 1:11

build: Nehemiah 2:17, Isaiah 58:12, Daniel 9:25, Micah 7:11, Zechariah 2:5

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 26:15 - bless thy 2 Samuel 5:7 - Zion 2 Samuel 15:14 - and smite 1 Kings 9:15 - the wall Nehemiah 2:12 - my God Nehemiah 2:20 - memorial Psalms 66:13 - go into Psalms 69:35 - God Psalms 102:13 - Thou Psalms 118:27 - bind Psalms 125:4 - Do good Psalms 141:5 - for yet my Psalms 147:2 - build Psalms 147:13 - he hath Jeremiah 31:4 - build Revelation 21:12 - a wall

Verse 19

pleased: Psalms 66:13-Ezra :, Psalms 118:27, Ephesians 5:2

sacrifices: Psalms 4:5, Malachi 3:3, Romans 12:1

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 33:10 - whole Psalms 25:22 - General Hebrews 13:16 - with such

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 51". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-51.html.