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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 77

Introduction

1The psalmist shews what fierce combat he had with diffidence.
10The victory which he had by consideration of God's great and gracious works.

Verse 1

I cried unto God with my voice, even unto God with my voice; and he gave ear unto me.
A. M. cir. 3463. B.C. cir. 541. (Title.) Jeduthun
39:1; 62:1; *titles; 1 Chronicles 16:41,42; 25:3,6
A Psalm
This Psalm is allowed by the best judges to have been written during the Babylonian captivity.
of Asaph
or, for Asaph.
50:1; *title
I cried
3:4; 34:6; 55:16,17; 142:1-3
gave
116:1,2
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 6:39 - Asaph; 1 Chronicles 25:2 - Asaph; 2 Chronicles 35:15 - according; Nehemiah 9:4 - cried; Job 5:8 - seek; Job 16:6 - my grief; Psalm 9:9 - in times; Psalm 28:1 - Unto; Psalm 30:8 - unto; Psalm 34:4 - sought; Psalm 86:7 - General; Psalm 138:3 - In the day; Song of Solomon 5:8 - I am; Isaiah 26:16 - in trouble; Jonah 2:4 - I said; Romans 8:26 - with

Verse 2

In the day of my trouble I sought the Lord: my sore ran in the night, and ceased not: my soul refused to be comforted.
In the
18:6; 50:15; 88:1-3; 102:1,2; 130:1,2; Genesis 32:7-12,28; 2 Kings 19:3,4,15-20; Isaiah 26:9,16; Jonah 2:1,2; 2 Corinthians 12:7,8; Hebrews 5:7
my
6:2,3; 38:3-8; 2 Chronicles 6:28; Isaiah 1:5,6; Hosea 5:13; 6:1
sore
Heb. hand. my soul.
Genesis 37:35; Esther 4:1-4; Proverbs 18:14; Jeremiah 31:15; John 11:31
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 4:20 - neither did she regard it; Esther 4:4 - but he received it not; Job 5:8 - seek; Job 9:27 - General; Job 23:2 - my complaint; Psalm 6:6 - I am; Psalm 9:9 - in times; Psalm 13:2 - take; Psalm 16:7 - in the; Psalm 25:17 - General; Psalm 27:5 - For in; Psalm 30:8 - unto; Psalm 34:4 - sought; Psalm 38:17 - sorrow; Psalm 59:16 - day; Psalm 86:7 - General; Psalm 88:3 - soul; Psalm 92:2 - every night; Psalm 94:19 - General; Psalm 118:5 - called; Psalm 138:3 - In the day; Psalm 142:1 - with my voice; Ecclesiastes 2:23 - his heart; Song of Solomon 3:1 - night; Isaiah 22:4 - labour; Jeremiah 17:17 - a terror; Lamentations 1:2 - weepeth; Lamentations 3:49 - and; John 14:1 - not; Acts 16:25 - prayed; Revelation 7:9 - a great

Verse 3

I remembered God, and was troubled: I complained, and my spirit was overwhelmed. Selah.
I remembered
Job 6:4; 23:15,16; 31:23; Jeremiah 17:17
I complained
88:3-18; 102:3-28; Job 7:11; Lamentations 3:17,39
spirit
55:4,5; 61:2; 142:2,3; 143:4,5
Reciprocal: Job 9:27 - General; Job 21:4 - is my complaint; Job 21:6 - Even when; Psalm 6:3 - My; Psalm 38:17 - sorrow; Psalm 102:1 - poureth; Psalm 102:4 - heart; Proverbs 18:14 - but; Song of Solomon 5:6 - my soul; Isaiah 26:9 - have I; Jeremiah 45:3 - I fainted; Lamentations 1:7 - remembered; John 14:1 - not; Romans 7:24 - wretched

Verse 4

Thou holdest mine eyes waking: I am so troubled that I cannot speak.
holdest
6:6; Esther 6:1; Job 7:13-15
I am
Job 2:13; 6:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 45:15 - talked; Job 7:4 - When; Psalm 63:6 - General; Psalm 102:7 - watch; Jeremiah 45:3 - I fainted; Daniel 6:18 - and

Verse 5

I have considered the days of old, the years of ancient times.
74:12-18; 143:5; Deuteronomy 32:7; Isaiah 51:9; 63:9-15; Micah 7:14,15
Reciprocal: Job 35:14 - yet; Psalm 77:10 - the years; Psalm 119:52 - remembered; Isaiah 63:11 - he remembered; Jeremiah 2:6 - Where; Lamentations 1:7 - remembered; Haggai 1:9 - Why

Verse 6

I call to remembrance my song in the night: I commune with mine own heart: and my spirit made diligent search.
my song
42:8; Job 35:10; Habakkuk 3:17,18; Jonah 1:2; Acts 16:25
commune
4:4; Ecclesiastes 1:16
and
139:23,24; Job 10:2; Lamentations 3:40; 1 Corinthians 11:28-32
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:7 - ask; Judges 5:16 - great; Job 13:24 - hidest thou; Psalm 16:7 - in the; Psalm 42:6 - therefore; Psalm 119:55 - night; Psalm 143:5 - remember; Isaiah 49:14 - The Lord; Micah 7:18 - he retaineth; 2 Timothy 1:5 - I call

Verse 7

Will the Lord cast off for ever? and will he be favourable no more?
the Lord
13:1,2; 37:24; 74:1; 89:38,46; Jeremiah 23:24-26; Lamentations 3:31,32; Romans 11:1,2
and will
79:5; 85:1,5
Reciprocal: Genesis 19:19 - lest some; Judges 6:13 - why then; Job 30:21 - become cruel; Psalm 6:3 - how; Psalm 25:6 - for they; Psalm 43:2 - why dost; Psalm 88:14 - Lord; Song of Solomon 3:2 - I sought; Isaiah 40:27 - sayest; Isaiah 63:15 - Are; Jeremiah 3:5 - he reserve; Lamentations 3:21 - recall to my mind; Lamentations 5:20 - dost; Ezekiel 37:11 - Our bones; Mark 4:38 - carest

Verse 8

Is his mercy clean gone for ever? doth his promise fail for evermore?
Is his
Isaiah 27:11; Luke 16:25,26
doth
Numbers 14:34; 23:19; Jeremiah 15:18; Romans 9:6
for evermore
Heb. to generation and generation.
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:7 - many generations; Lamentations 3:22 - because

Verse 9

Hath God forgotten to be gracious? hath he in anger shut up his tender mercies? Selah.
God
Isaiah 40:27; 49:14,15; 63:15
shut up
Luke 13:25-28; Romans 11:32; *marg:; 1 John 3:17
Reciprocal: Psalm 10:12 - forget; Psalm 42:9 - Why hast; Psalm 51:1 - tender; Psalm 85:5 - angry; Psalm 89:49 - where

Verse 10

And I said, This is my infirmity: but I will remember the years of the right hand of the most High.
This is, etc
Or, as Dr. Waterland renders, "This my affliction is a change of the right hand of the Most High," i.e., it proceeds from a change of God's conduct towards me. De Dieu renders, Precari, hoc meum est; mutare dextram Altissimi: "To pray, this is my business: to change the right hand of the Most High." I can do nothing else than pray: God is the Ruler of events. Mr. N. M. Berlin translates, Dolere meum hoc est: mutare est dextræ Altissimi: "To grieve is my portion: to change (my condition) belongs to the right hand of the Most High."
31:22; 73:22; 116:11; Job 42:3; Lamentations 3:18-23; Mark 9:24
the years
5; Exodus 15:6; Numbers 23:21,22; Deuteronomy 4:34; Habakkuk 3:2-13
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 4:14 - remember; Psalm 48:9 - thought; Psalm 77:11 - General; Psalm 78:7 - not forget; Psalm 89:39 - void; Psalm 89:49 - where; Psalm 138:7 - thou shalt stretch; Psalm 143:5 - remember; Isaiah 26:8 - desire; Jeremiah 10:19 - Truly; Jonah 2:7 - I remembered; John 14:1 - not

Verse 11

I will remember the works of the LORD: surely I will remember thy wonders of old.
10; 28:5; 78:11; 111:4; 1 Chronicles 16:12; Isaiah 5:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:63 - to meditate; Deuteronomy 7:18 - remember; Deuteronomy 8:2 - remember; Deuteronomy 32:7 - ask; Joshua 10:25 - Fear not; 1 Samuel 17:37 - The Lord; Psalm 48:9 - thought; Psalm 105:5 - Remember; Psalm 107:31 - his wonderful; Psalm 111:2 - sought; Psalm 119:52 - remembered; Jonah 2:7 - I remembered; Mark 1:45 - and began; Acts 2:11 - wonderful

Verse 12

I will meditate also of all thy work, and talk of thy doings.
meditate
104:34; 143:5
talk
71:24; 105:2; 145:4,11; Deuteronomy 6:7; Luke 24:14-32
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:63 - to meditate; Deuteronomy 32:7 - ask; Psalm 48:9 - in the; Psalm 111:2 - sought; Psalm 119:52 - remembered; 1 Timothy 4:15 - Meditate

Verse 13

Thy way, O God, is in the sanctuary: who is so great a God as our God?
Thy way
27:4; 63:2; 68:25; 73:17
who
89:6-8; Exodus 15:11; Deuteronomy 32:31; Isaiah 40:18,25; 46:5
Reciprocal: Job 37:3 - He; Ezekiel 48:35 - The Lord; Acts 13:17 - and with

Verse 14

Thou art the God that doest wonders: thou hast declared thy strength among the people.
the God
72:18; 86:10; 105:5; 136:4; Exodus 15:11; Revelation 15:3
thou hast
Exodus 13:14; 15:6; Joshua 9:9,10; Isaiah 51:9; 52:10; Daniel 3:29; 6:27
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:13 - led; Exodus 18:1 - heard; Exodus 34:10 - I will do marvels; Psalm 63:2 - in the; Psalm 98:1 - for he; Psalm 107:31 - his wonderful

Verse 15

Thou hast with thine arm redeemed thy people, the sons of Jacob and Joseph. Selah.
with
136:11,12; Exodus 6:6; Deuteronomy 9:26,29; Isaiah 63:9
the sons
Genesis 48:3-20
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:13 - led; Exodus 18:1 - heard; Joshua 24:6 - Egyptians; 1 Chronicles 17:21 - redeem; Nehemiah 9:15 - broughtest; Psalm 81:5 - in Joseph; Psalm 86:10 - For

Verse 16

The waters saw thee, O God, the waters saw thee; they were afraid: the depths also were troubled.
114:3-6; Exodus 14:21; Joshua 3:15,16; Habakkuk 3:8-10,15
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:24 - looked unto; Joshua 4:23 - which he dried; 1 Samuel 7:10 - thundered; 2 Samuel 22:14 - thundered; Job 36:29 - the noise; Psalm 29:3 - The voice; Psalm 68:9 - didst; Psalm 104:32 - looketh; Ecclesiastes 12:2 - nor; Ezekiel 1:18 - they were so; Ezekiel 38:22 - an overflowing; Habakkuk 3:10 - the overflowing; Zechariah 10:11 - smite; 1 Corinthians 10:1 - and all

Verse 17

The clouds poured out water: the skies sent out a sound: thine arrows also went abroad.
poured out like water
Heb. were poured forth with water.
68:8,9
thine
18:14; 144:6; 2 Samuel 22:15; Habakkuk 3:11
Reciprocal: Joshua 10:11 - the Lord; Judges 5:4 - dropped; Judges 5:20 - fought; Psalm 68:33 - his voice; Ezekiel 10:5 - the voice; Zechariah 9:14 - his

Verse 18

The voice of thy thunder was in the heaven: the lightnings lightened the world: the earth trembled and shook.
voice
29:3-9; Exodus 19:16; Job 37:1-5; Revelation 11:19
lightnings
97:4; Habakkuk 3:4; Revelation 18:1
earth
Exodus 19:18; 2 Samuel 22:8,14; Matthew 27:51; 28:2; Revelation 20:11
Reciprocal: Exodus 9:23 - the Lord sent; Joshua 10:11 - the Lord; Judges 5:20 - fought; Psalm 29:7 - flames; Psalm 68:8 - earth; Psalm 68:33 - his voice; Psalm 114:7 - Tremble; Psalm 144:6 - Cast forth; Isaiah 5:25 - the hills; Jeremiah 4:24 - mountains; Jeremiah 10:10 - at; Habakkuk 3:10 - mountains; Habakkuk 3:11 - at the light of thine arrows they went; Zechariah 9:14 - his; Revelation 19:6 - and as the voice of mighty

Verse 19

Thy way is in the sea, and thy path in the great waters, and thy footsteps are not known.
way
29:10; 97:2; Nehemiah 9:11; Nahum 1:3,4; Habakkuk 3:15
footsteps
Exodus 14:28; Romans 11:33
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:29 - walked; Exodus 15:11 - like unto thee; Joshua 3:16 - rose up; Judges 20:21 - destroyed; 1 Samuel 12:6 - It is the Lord; Job 9:11 - he goeth; Job 11:7 - Canst; Job 23:14 - many such; Job 38:16 - the springs; Psalm 36:6 - judgments; Psalm 73:16 - When; Psalm 106:9 - so he; Isaiah 43:16 - maketh; Isaiah 45:15 - a God; Isaiah 55:9 - General; Jeremiah 32:25 - for; Daniel 4:3 - great

Verse 20

Thou leddest thy people like a flock by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
78:52; 80:1; Exodus 13:21; 14:19; Isaiah 63:11,12; Hosea 12:13; Acts 7:35,36 Reciprocal: Exodus 3:10 - General; Exodus 6:26 - That Aaron; Exodus 6:27 - to bring; Exodus 14:29 - walked; Exodus 15:13 - led; Exodus 16:6 - the Lord; Leviticus 26:46 - by the hand; Numbers 9:22 - abode; Numbers 26:51 - General; Numbers 33:1 - under the hand; Deuteronomy 1:33 - Who went; Deuteronomy 11:5 - General; 1 Samuel 12:6 - It is the Lord; Psalm 103:7 - He made; Psalm 105:26 - sent; Psalm 106:9 - so he; Psalm 107:7 - he led; Psalm 136:16 - General; Jeremiah 2:17 - when he; Habakkuk 3:13 - with; Hebrews 8:9 - to lead

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 77". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-77.html.