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Bible Commentaries

Vincent's Word Studies

2 Corinthians 9

Verse 4

Confident boasting [υποστασει] . Primarily something put under, foundation, ground; so substance (sub, stans, standing under), substantial quality : thence steadiness, confidence. Compare Hebrews 3:14; Hebrews 11:1. In the Septuagint the word represents fifteen different Hebrew words.

Verse 5

Go before. Notice the thrice repeated before, emphasizing the injunction to have everything ready before Paul 's arrival.

Make up beforehand [προκαταρτισωσιν] . Adjust. See on Matthew 4:21; Matthew 21:16; Luke 6:40; 1 Peter 5:10.

Bounty [ευλογιαν] . Lit., blessing. In this sense only here in the New Testament. In the Septuagint indifferently of gift or blessing. See Genesis 33:11; Jude 1:15; Ezekiel 34:26. In Proverbs 11:25, liberal soul is rendered by Sept., eujlogoumenh blessed.

Whereof ye had notice before [προεπηγγελημενην] . Rev., better, your afore - promised bounty. The bounty promised by you, or by me on your behalf.

Verse 6

Bountifully [επ ευλογιαις] . Lit., with blessings. Compare 1 Corinthians 9:10, "plow in hope [επ ελπιδι] ."

Verse 7

Purposeth [προαιρειται] . Read prohrhtai, perfect tense, hath purposed.

Grudgingly [εκ λυπης] . Lit., out of sorrow.

Cheerful [ιλαρον] . Only here in the New Testament. See on the kindred iJlarothv cheerfulness, note on Romans 12:8.

God loveth, etc. From Proverbs 22:9, where the Hebrew is, a kind man shall be blessed. Sept., God blesseth a man who is cheerful and a giver.

Verse 8

Always - all - in everything. Nearly reproducing the play on the word all in the Greek.

Sufficiency [αυταρκειαν] . Only here and 1 Timothy 6:6. The kindred adjective aujtarkhv A. V., content, occurs Philippians 4:11 (see note). The word properly means self - sufficiency, and is one of those which show Paul 's acquaintance with Stoicism, and the influence of its vocabulary upon his own. It expressed the Stoic conception of the wise man as being sufficient in himself, wanting nothing and possessing everything. 152 Here, not in the sense of sufficiency of worldly goods, but of that moral quality, bound up with self - consecration and faith, which renders the new self in Christ independent of external circumstances.

Verse 9

He hath dispersed abroad [εσκορπισεν] . As in sowing, ver. 6. Psalms 112:9. Almost literally after the Hebrew and Septuagint.

Verse 10

Ministereth [επιχορηγων] . Rev., supplieth. See on add, 2 Peter 1:5. Both minister bread, etc. Construe bread with supplieth, as Rev., supplieth seed to the sow and bread for food.

Minister and multiply [χορηγησαι και πληθυναι] . The correct reading is the future, corhghsei kai plhqunei shall supply and multiply. The fruits [τα γενηματα] . Lit., what has been begotten or born. Used of men, Matthew 3:7, A. V., generation, Rev., offspring. Elsewhere of fruits, as fruit of the vine, Mark 14:25.

Verse 11

Liberality [απλοτητα] . Better singleness or simplicity of heart. See on Romans 12:8.

Verse 12

Service [λειτουργιας] . Also rendered ministry or ministration (A. V. and Rev.), as Luke 1:23; Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 9:21. See on Luke 1:23. The word is used of this same contribution, Romans 14:7.

Supplieth [εστιν προσαναπληρουσα] . Lit., fills up by adding to. Only here and ch. 11 9. Supplementing what the saints lack.

Through many thanksgivings. The need of the poor is filled, like an empty vessel, to the brim, and the supply overflows in the thanksgiving which it calls out. Thus christian beneficence does a double work, in giving relief and in generating thankfulness.

Verse 13

Experiment of this ministration [δοκιμης της διακονιας ταυτης] . Commentators differ as to the interpretation; the difference hinging on the question whether the trial (experiment) applies to the service itself, or to those who render it : hence either "the proving of you by this ministration," as Rev., or the tried character of this ministration. Dokimh may mean, either the process of proving or the state of being approved, approvedness. The difference is immaterial.

Your professed subjection [υποταγη της ομολογιας υμων] . A vicious hendiadys. Lit., as Rev., the obedience of your confession; that is, the obedience which results from your christian confession. Omologia is once rendered in A. V. confession, 1 Timothy 6:13; and elsewhere profession. Both renderings occur in 1 Timothy 6:12, 1 Timothy 6:13. Rev., in every case, confession. A similar variation occurs in the rendering of oJmologew, though in all but five of the twenty - three instances confess is used. Rev. retains profess in Matthew 7:23; Titus 1:16, and changes to confess in 1 Timothy 6:12. In Matthew 14:7, promised (A. V. and Rev., see note), and in Hebrews 13:15, giving thanks; Rev., which make confession.

Etymologically, confession is the literal rendering of oJmologia, which is from oJmon together, legw to say; con together, fateor to say. The fundamental idea is that of saying the same thing as another; while profess (pro forth, fateor to say) is to declare openly. Hence, to profess Christ is to declare Him publicly as our Lord : to confess Christ is to declare agreement with all that He says. When Christ confesses His followers before the world, He makes a declaration in agreement with what is in His heart concerning them. Similarly, when He declares to the wicked "I never knew you" (" then will I profess, oJmologhsw "), a similar agreement between His thought and His declaration is implied. The two ideas run into each other, and the Rev. is right in the few cases in which it retains profess, since confess would be ambiguous. See, for example, Titus 1:16.

Liberal distribution [απλοτητι της κοινωνιας] . Rev., correctly, liberality of your contribution. Koinwnia communion includes the idea of communication of material things, and hence sometimes means that which is communicated. See on Acts 2:42; so Romans 14:26; Hebrews 13:16. Compare the similar use of koinwnew, Romans 12:13, distributing; Philippians 4:15, communicated.

Verse 15

Thanks, etc. These abrupt thanksgivings are common in Paul 's writings. See Romans 9:5; Romans 11:33; 1 Corinthians 14:57; Galatians 1:5; Ephesians 3:20.

Unspeakable [ανεκδιηγητω] . Lit., not to be told throughout. Only here in the New Testament.

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Bibliographical Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on 2 Corinthians 9". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.