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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
2 Kings 3

 

 

Verses 1-15

The Reign of Jehoram Over Israel (852-841 B.C.) - 2 Kings 2 Kings 3:1 to 2 Kings 8:15 records the reign of Jehoram over the northern kingdom of Israel. However, much of this material discusses the ministry of the prophet Elisha during his reign as a prophet of God.


Verses 1-27

2 Kings 3:4-5Comments- The Moabite Stone- The Moabite stone is a black basalt memorial stone discovered by a German missionary, F. A. Klein, in 1868. This monument is believed to have been erected in Dibon, the capital of Moab by Mesha, their king, to commemorate his successful revolt from Israel and his conquest of Israelite territory (851B.C) after he refused to pay tribute money to Israel. The stone is about three feet tall and two feet wide with a semicircular top. During the process of obtaining this stone, it was heated in fire and broken into many pieces by local Arabs with the intent of obtaining a higher purchase price. This stone was later pieced back together and now stands in the Louvre in Paris. 57]

57] R. F. Youngblood, F. F. Bruce, R. K. Harrison, and Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nelson"s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary, rev. ed. (Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1995), in Libronix Digital Library System, v 21c [CD-ROM] (Bellingham, WA: Libronix Corp, 2000-2004), "Moabite Stone"; Avraham Negev, ed, The Archaelogical Encyclopedia of the Holy Land, 3ed. (New York: Prentice Hall Press, c 1990, 1996), in Libronix Digital Library System, v 21c [CD-ROM] (Bellingham, WA: Libronix Corp, 2000-2004), "Inscriptions: Hebrew Inscriptions."

2 Kings 3:15 But now bring me a minstrel. And it came to pass, when the minstrel played, that the hand of the LORD came upon him.

2 Kings 3:15 — "the hand of the LORD" - Comments - The hand of the Lord is figurative of the Holy Spirit.

2 Kings 3:22 And they rose up early in the morning, and the sun shone upon the water, and the Moabites saw the water on the other side as red as blood:

2 Kings 3:22Comments- We see a similar example of how God uses nature to protect His children and to confound the enemy. He used a pillar of fire to lead the children of Israel, but it appeared as a cloud and darkness to confound the enemy ( Exodus 14:20).

Exodus 14:20, "And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night."

2 Kings 3:27 Then he took his eldest son that should have reigned in his stead, and offered him for a burnt offering upon the wall. And there was great indignation against Israel: and they departed from him, and returned to their own land.

2 Kings 3:27Comments- The Scriptures record a number of accounts in which a person offers his child as a sacrifice upon the altar. God commanded Abraham to offer his son Isaac as a burnt offering ( Genesis 22:2). Jephthah offered his only child as a burnt offering. ( Judges 11:39). The king of Moab offered his firstborn son as a burnt offering ( 2 Kings 3:27). Such forms of pagan worship have been practiced from antiquity.

Genesis 22:2, "And he said, Take now thy Song of Solomon , thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of."

Judges 11:39, "And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her according to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel,"

2 Kings 3:27, "Then he took his eldest son that should have reigned in his stead, and offered him for a burnt offering upon the wall. And there was great indignation against Israel: and they departed from him, and returned to their own land."

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/2-kings-3.html. 2013.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, December 13th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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