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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
Isaiah 5

 

 

Verses 1-30

Isaiah 5:5 And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down:

Isaiah 5:5 — "I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down" - Comments- God has placed a wall of protection around His people Israel. We find a reference to a hedge of protection that God had place around Job.

Job 1:10, "Hast not thou made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land."

I believe that Job's hedge was God's host of angels or even just one angel, encamping about Job and all of his household, as in Psalm 34:7, Psalm 91:11-12, and 2 Kings 6:17.

Psalm 34:7, "The angel of the LORD encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them."

Psalm 91:1-16, "For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone."

2 Kings 6:17, "And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, I pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see. And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw: and, behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha."

Isaiah spoke of a hedge of protection that had been place around the people of Israel.

Isaiah 5:5, "And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down:"

The angels of the Lord are sent forth by God for our protection today. Note:

Matthew 18:10, "Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven."

Hebrews 1:14, "Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?"

Isaiah 5:10 Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

Isaiah 5:10 — "Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath" - Comments - The phrase "ten acres of vineyard" literally means, "ten yokes of vineyard" (TWOT) The area of land that one pair of oxen could plow in a day was considered one yoke, which John Watts says is about 2 ,000 square meters, so that ten yokes (of oxen) would refer to about 6¼ acres. John Watts says a bath ( בַּת) is a liquid measurement equal to about 21-23liters or 5¼ gallons. 19] Thus, the Lord is saying about six acres of land would only yield about five gallons of wine or grape juice, a poor harvest because God's blessings are no longer upon the people nor the land.

19] John D. W. Watts, Isaiah 1-33, in Word Biblical Commentary: 58 Volumes on CD-Rom, vol 24, eds. Bruce M. Metzger, David A. Hubbard and Glenn W. Barker (Dallas: Word Inc, 2002), in Libronix Digital Library System, v 30b [CD-ROM] Bellingham, WA: Libronix Corp, 2004, comments on Isaiah 5:9-10.

"and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah" - Comments - The TWOT says that if the homer ( חֹמֶר) was equal to 10 ephahs, and if the ephah ( אֵיפָה) is equal to 22liters of dry measurement, or 3/8's to 2/3's of a bushel, then the homer held 6¼ bushels. Thus, the Lord is saying that the planting of six bushels of seed would only yield 2/3's of a bushel.

Isaiah 5:18 Woe unto them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as it were with a cart rope:

Isaiah 5:18Word Study on "draw" - Strong says the Hebrew word "draw" ( מָשַׁךְ) (H 4900) means, "to draw (along, out)," and "to sow, sound, prolong, develop, march, remove, delay, be tall."

Isaiah 5:18Word Study on "cords" - Strong says the Hebrew word "cords" ( חֶבֶל) (H 2256) means, "a rope (as twisted), a measuring line."

Isaiah 5:18Word Study on "cart" - Strong says the Hebrew "cart" ( עֲגָלָה) (H 5699) means, "something revolving, i.e, a wheeled vehicle."

Isaiah 5:18Word Study on "rope" - Strong says the Hebrew word "rope" ( עֲבׂת) (H 5688) means, "something intwined, a string, wreath, foliage, band, cord, rope."

Isaiah 5:18Comments- A man has sin in his life due to the vanity that he lives with. Song of Solomon , picture a man pulling a rope behind him attached to a large object. The rope is the vanities of life. The object is the sins in a man's life.

Isaiah 5:19 That say, Let him make speed, and hasten his work, that we may see it: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know it!

Isaiah 5:19"see....know" - Comments- A carnal mind wants to experience the five senses, rather than to trust God's Word by faith.

Isaiah 5:20 Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!

Isaiah 5:21 Woe unto them that are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight!

Isaiah 5:21Comments- Isaiah 5:21 is quoted in the Epistle of Barnabas when it warns believers not to separate themselves from other believers.

"Do not, by retiring apart, live a solitary life, as if you were already [fully] justified; but coming together in one place, make common inquiry concerning what tends to your general welfare. For the Scripture saith, ‘Woe to them who are wise to themselves, and prudent in their own sight!'" (Epistle of Barnabas 4) 20]

20] The Epistle of Barnabas, in The Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol 1, eds. Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1913), 139.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Isaiah 5:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/isaiah-5.html. 2013.


Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 22nd, 2017
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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