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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
John 14

 

 

Other Authors
Verses 1-31

The Coming of the Holy Spirit - The emphasis in John 14:1-31 is on the coming of the Holy Spirit, which has been made necessary because of Jesus' departure.

Outline - Here is a proposed outline:

1. The Other Comforter — John 14:1-27

2. Jesus Discusses His Own Departure — John 14:28-31

Jesus is the Way, Truth, Life - In John 14:1-31 Jesus teaches the disciples about His departure and the coming of the Holy Spirit. In order to help them understand their relationship with Him after His departure, He speaks of Himself figuratively as the Way, the Truth and the Life. Note how the topics of this passage follow His names:

1. The Way ( John 14:1-6) - Jesus is going to prepare a way.

2. The Truth ( John 14:7-15) - Jesus says to keep His commandments.

3. The Life ( John 14:16-26) - The Holy Spirit, who gives us life, will be given to us, See especially verse 17, "for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you."

4. John 14:27 - Closing remarks that restate His opening remarks in John 14:1.

5. John 14:28-31 refers to the hour of His Crucifixion.

Jesus Christ has become our Wisdom of Solomon , as we learn to be led by the Holy Spirit. It is He who leads us along this spiritual journey in life to a place of peace and rest. When Jesus told His disciples that they knew the way which leads to the Father, Philip asked to see the Father ( John 14:1-11). He wanted to be able to walk this path by natural sight so that it would be easy to follow. He wanted to see the destination. Jesus explained to them that by following Him, they were on the right path to the Father. They had been on the right path since forsaking all and following Him. They knew this path, but they were expecting this path to lead to an earthly kingdom with Jesus reigning as king. The disciples thought that Jesus Christ was about to set up His earthly kingdom where they would enjoy a position of power and honor. They did not realize until later that the path to the Heavenly Father was a path of shame and sacrifice. Jesus' path took Him to the Cross. People often look for the easy path to follow. When given a choice, many will choose the door that reads "Fame and Pleasure". Instead, Jesus chose the door of "Shame and Sacrifice" and this door led down the path to honor and eternal joy in heaven. The door that promised fame and pleasure takes its victims into disgrace and torment in hell.

The path for the disciples took them through great persecutions and even death. The Lord is calling us down a path, but we must choose. The fool in the book of Proverbs always takes the easy path, while the wise chooses the difficult journey. Which path will you choose today?

John 14:1-27 — The Other Comforter- The theme of John 14:1-27 is the coming of the Holy Spirit, whom Jesus refers to as "another Comforter." This passage opens and closes with the phrase, "Let not your heart be troubled."

We may think that this is the first time that Jesus taught His disciples about the office and ministry of the Holy Spirit. However, we find two instances in Luke's Gospel where Jesus taught them about the work of the Spirit in their lives in their lives before His Passion ( Luke 11; Luke 13; Luke 12:12).

Luke 11:13, "If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?"

Luke 12:12, "For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what ye ought to say."

We often read John 14:1-3 as a reference to our eternal homes in heaven because of the phrase "My Father's house." However, the emphasis in John 14:1-27 is on the coming of the Holy Spirit as the "other Comforter" which comes to indwell every believer when Jesus departs. Thus, the passage in John 14:1-3 is actually referring to the presence of the Holy Spirit abiding within us so that we may abide with Jesus and the Father. Thus, the Father will now be in us and we in the Father. This is what Jesus means in these verses when He said that there are many mansions, or "abiding places," in the Father's house ( John 14:2), and that Jesus is departing in order to prepare these abiding places for us ( John 14:3).

John 14:1Comments- Jesus is about to be glorified. His hour is at hand and He wants to put the apostles at ease to better understand what is about to take place. Jesus closes this discourse with these same words of comfort in verse 27.

John 14:27, "Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid."

John 14:2 — "In my Father"s house are many mansions" - Comments- The Lord spoke this verse to my wife one Sunday morning during a large altar call at church. As she was thinking of the large number of souls that were at the altar, the Lord assured her that thru Jesus, He has prepared room for as many as will come to Him. What great mansions these are, as described in Ephesians chapter 1where Paul describes how we are seated with Christ in heavenly places with all spiritual blessings given to us.

John 14:2-3Comments- Jesus Refers to His Future Office Over the Church - In John 14:2-3 Jesus tells His disciples that He is going to prepare a place for them. This means that when He departs, that He will be busy doing something. We know from other Scriptures, especially the epistle of Hebrews , that Jesus will now enter into the ministry as our Great High Priest interceding for the saints. Jesus may well be referring to this ministry, since His intercessions for us after we are saved are what maintain our status of righteousness before God, so that our sins are no longer seen by the Father through the blood of Jesus Christ.

John 14:6Comments- In John 14:6 Jesus tells His disciples that He is "the way, the truth, and the life". We must remember that the context of this passage is on the departure of Jesus Christ and the coming of the Holy Spirit. These three names reveal the office and ministry of the Holy Spirit in preparing the Church to walk in fellowship with the Heavenly Father. When the Holy Spirit comes to indwell us, He will sanctify us wholly: spirit, soul and body. Thus, the Holy Spirit will enable us to walk in "the way" with our bodies, and to know "the truth" in our minds, and to have the "life" of God within our spirits. This is the walk that will keep us from falling away so that we can maintain fellowship with the Father and with Jesus Christ.

John 14:1-6Comments- Jesus Promises His Disciples Continued Fellowship With Him After His Departure - John 14:1-6 refers to Him departing and preparing a place for His disciples to have continued fellowship with Him. The way He would accomplish this is by sending the Holy Spirit to abide within them forever. Thus, these opening verses reveal the purpose of the coming of the Holy Spirit, which is to give us continued fellowship and communion with Jesus and the Father. It should be noted in this passage of Scripture that the Greek personal pronoun "you" is in the second personal plural, thus revealing that Jesus has directed His conversation from Peter in John 13:38 back to all of His disciples.

John 14:8Comments- Philip was accustomed to walking in the natural. Now, he wants to see who Jesus is talking about. However, the indwelling of the Holy Spirit will demand that we walk by faith and not by sight. We are to be led by the Spirit of God, who speaks to our inner man.

John 14:7-9Comments- Jesus and the Father- Hebrews 1:3 tells us that Jesus Christ is "the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person." Jesus is the glory of the Father.

Hebrews 1:3, "Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;"

John 14:10 — "but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works" - Comments- At the baptism of Jesus, the Holy Spirit anointed Him, and the power of God rested upon Jesus and began to work miracles through Him. Song of Solomon , Jesus said we also, through the power of the Holy Spirit, could do these same works.

John 14:10-11Comments - Doing the Works of Jesus- When we speak the words that God has laid upon our heart and when we follow what God has led us to do, we can be sure that the Father will show up and do His works and miracles. Lester Sumerall said that you can always tell who did the work because they will have their name on it. In other words, when God works a miracle that no man could have done, then it will most certainly have God's name on it.

John 14:12 — "Verily, verily, I say unto you" - Comments- God cannot lie ( Titus 1:2). His words are sure.

Titus 1:2, "In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;"

John 14:12 — "He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do" - Comments- This principle is clearly illustrated by some of the greatest ministers in these last days before the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ. Oral Roberts and Kenneth Hagin laid a foundation for the full-gospel message to be understood and accepted around the world. The foundation of teachings that they laid down in the body of Christ made a way for many larger healing crusades to be conducted by Reinhard Bonnke, Benny Hinn, and others.

John 14:12"because I go unto my Father" - Comments- Jesus has being given all authority in heaven and in earth ( Matthew 28:18). He delegated His authority to the Church. We will do greater works because Jesus has given us His name ( John 14:13), and because believers are greater number. We will do these works through faith in His name ( Mark 16:17). Now, we also can heal the sick and cast out demons in Jesus' name. Also, Jesus is at right hand of the Father so that we can pray fervently in His name and be heard.

Matthew 28:18, "And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth."

John 14:14, "If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it."

Mark 16:17, "And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues;"

John 14:12Comments- The Father, dwelling in Jesus by the presence of the Holy Spirit, does the works ( John 14:10). The Holy Spirit dwelling in us will do the works also.

Philippians 2:13, "For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure."

We now have the empowering through the Holy Spirit to walk as Jesus walked.

Ephesians 4:13, "Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect Prayer of Manasseh , unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:"

1 Peter 2:21, "For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps:"

1 John 2:6, "He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked."

There is a judgment for not following Christ"s example:

2 Corinthians 5:10, "For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad."

It is a sin not to do what we know to do:

James 4:17, "Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin."

Luis Palau said, "Dream great dreams and plan great plans for the glory of God because He makes Himself available to us. Why? So that the Father may be glorified in the Song of Solomon , Jesus Christ. Pray great prayers. Do great works. Obey." 237]

237] Luis Palau, Chapel service, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, Texas, 21April 1983.

John 14:13Comments - As we go forth preaching the Gospel in the name of Jesus Christ, performing signs and wonders, people will glorify God.

John 14:14Comments - Jesus repeats His call again in John 14:14 for believers to take authority on earth through the name of Jesus, having made this statement in John 14:12.

John 14:13-14Word Study on "ask" - Strong says the Greek word "ask" ( αιτέ ω) (G 154) means, "to ask." However, it can mean, "demand" (BDAG). The Enhanced Strong says it is used 71times in the New Testament, being translated in the KJV as, "ask 48, desire 17, beg 2, require 2, crave 1, call for 1." Note other uses of this same Greek word that fix the meaning, "demand":

Matthew 27:20, "But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus."

Acts 16:29, "Then he called for a light, and sprang in, and came trembling, and fell down before Paul and Silas,"

1 Corinthians 1:22, "For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom:"

John 14:12-14Comments - Jesus Gave the Church Authority- Kenneth Hagin notes that this passage in John 14:12-14 is teaching us to use the name of Jesus Christ when taking authority over the works of darkness rather than praying to Jesus Christ to do something for us. 238] Jesus tells us when He departs we can ask anything in His name and it shall be done. He is talking about taking spiritual authority upon the earth within the context of this statement, so that the word "ask" ( αιτέ ω) (G 154) should carry the stronger translation of "demand." In contrast, we find in John 16:23-25 that Jesus teaches us to pray and petition ( ἐρωτάω) (G 2065) the Heavenly Father. The Greek text uses an entirely different word for "ask" in both passages.

238] Kenneth Hagin, Bible Prayer Study Course (Tulsa, Oklahoma: Faith Library Publications, c 1991, 1999), 158-9.

Thus, Hagin translates this passage in John 14:13-14 as "whatever you demand as your rights and privileges…" For example, when Peter and John entered the Temple in Acts 3:1-11, the apostle did not pray for the lame man to be healed, but rather, he demanded that the lame man stand up and walk by the authority of the name of Jesus Christ. Jesus will later teach us to ask the Father in Jesus' name for our requests in John 16:23-24.

John 16:23-24, "And in that day ye shall ask me nothing. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give it you. Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name: ask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may be full."

John 14:15Comments- Jesus told His disciples in John 14:15 that if they loved Him they would keep His commandments. The first commandment that God gave mankind was when the Lord told Adam not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. God gave Adam this commandment in order to test his love, to see if he would serve God out of devotion. God wants us to serve Him because we love Him and are committed to serving Him.

The psalmist makes a similar statement when he tells us to delight in the law of the Lord ( Psalm 1:1). When our passion becomes a desire to please the Lord, then it becomes natural to keep His commandment.

Psalm 1:1-2, "Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. But his delight is in the law of the LORD and in his law doth he meditate day and night."

John 14:16 — "And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter" - Word Study- The Greek word "parakletos" ( παρά κλητος) (G 3875) has several important shades of meaning. (1) Comforter- BDAG tells us this word originally means, "one who is called to someone's aid." Thayer says this word properly means, "summoned, called to one's side, especially, called to one's aid." Thus Strong gives the meaning, "comforter." (2) Advocate- BDAG explains that this word was also used "in pre-Christian and extra-Christian literature" to mean, "one who appears in another's behalf, mediator, intercessor, helper." Thayer says this word also means, "one who pleads another's cause before a Judges , a pleader, counsel for defence, legal assistant, an advocate," and used universally, "one who pleads another's cause with one, an intercessor." Thus, Strong gives a second meaning, "advocate." Thayer says this word means, "in the widest sense, a helper, succorer, aider, assistant; so of the Holy Spirit destined to take the place of Christ with the apostles (after his ascension to the Father), to lead them to a deeper knowledge of the gospel truth, and give them divine strength needed to enable them to undergo trials and persecutions on behalf of the divine kingdom."

Comments- Four times during the Lord's final discourse to His beloved disciples He refers to the coming Holy Spirit as their Comforter ( John 14:16; John 14:26; John 15:26; John 16:7), for this would be the first grace that the Holy Spirit provides to these early believers. They are about to go through a traumatic time of pain at the crucifixion of the Master and even a time of uncertainty and confusion at His resurrection and ascension.

When Jesus tells His disciples about "another Comforter" in John 14:17, He is referring to the Holy Spirit. The Greek word for "another" literally means, "another of the same type." Thus, Jesus implies that He Himself was their first Comforter. Because He must depart, He promises them another Comforter of the same type, for He tells them later that He will not leave them "orphans" ( John 14:18.) However, as our intercessor, Jesus will never cease to also be our "Comforter" throughout eternity.

Illustration- A child well understands the need of a comforter. My six year old girl told me yesterday about an occasion at school that day in which she cut her finger and no one took her to the nurse for mending. At home she would have been given much attention and comfort during her time of pain. I heard in her voice the cry for comfort. Often in the world, we find no one who really understands our need for comfort. (December 4, 2004)

John 14:16 — "that he may abide with you for ever" - Comments- Once the Father sends the Holy Spirit at the request of Jesus, our first Comforter and present intercessor, the Spirit will be with us forever. He will be with us throughout this earth-life, and into eternity.

John 14:17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.

John 14:17 — "Even the Spirit of truth" - Comments- These early introductory titles that Jesus Christ gives to the Holy Spirit are significant in that they refer to His role as He works in the lives of the early Church. Jesus calls the Holy Spirit our "Comforter" because He understood their need of comfort during the next hours and days ahead. He is called the "Spirit of truth" because it is by an understanding of these events that these disciples will find much comfort to persevere.

"whom the world cannot receive- Comments- The indwelling of the Holy Spirit is not for the lost world, but for believers only. Matthew 9:17 says that new wine must be put into new wine skins; for an old wine skin cannot hold it, lest it perish.

Matthew 9:17, "Neither do men put new wine into old bottles: else the bottles break, and the wine runneth out, and the bottles perish: but they put new wine into new bottles, and both are preserved."

"because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him" - Comments- The world is driven by sense knowledge, and not by the leadership of their inner Spirit from a pure conscience.

"but ye know him" - Comments- The disciples knew the Holy Spirit because they knew Jesus, and they are one.

"for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you" - Comments- Jesus now says, "for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you." Benny Hinn teaches on John 14:17 by saying this phrase means that the Holy Spirit is with us leading us to the Cross. He is with us to convict us of our adamic sins so that we might come to Calvary and received salvation. When we do come to Jesus for salvation, then the Holy Spirit comes to live "in us." When the Holy Spirit is sent upon the earth, then He will be with us "forever," as Jesus said in John 14:16. He will be with us forever, even in Heaven. Jesus will soon tell His disciples, "But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you." ( Acts 1:8) These disciples had walked with Jesus Christ for over three years and so they had the Holy Spirit dwelling with them. Then Jesus breathed upon them in John 20:22 and they received the indwelling of the Holy Spirit; for Jesus said, "Receive ye the Holy Ghost." Now, the Holy Spirit will begin to come upon them on occasions for the work of the ministry. This is an outward manifestation of the anointing that we see operating in the Old Testament as well as in the book of Acts. Under this anointing, a man of God works miracles in the name of Jesus Christ; but, we should make the distinction that the Holy Spirit coming upon us for a season and for a reason. It is not permanent like His indwelling presence in every believer. This anointing is for divine service rather than for salvation. 239]

239] Benny Hinn, "Fire Conference," 5-6 June 2009, Miracle Center Cathedral, Kampala, Uganda.

John 14:16-17Comments- The Promise of the Holy Spirit- This promise that Jesus gives His disciples of the coming of the Holy Ghost was fulfilled in Acts 2:32-33, "the promise of the Holy Ghost." A divine personality comes to take up residence in our bodies.

Acts 2:32-33, "This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear."

In these two verses Jesus describes the Holy Spirit as our "Comforter" and as the "Spirit of truth." This reveals to us the two primary roles of the Holy Spirit in the life of every believer, which is to give us fellowship and to give us guidance.

John 14:18 — "I will not leave you comfortless" - Comments- The Greek reads, "I will not leave you orphans." A child is destined to grow into maturity, so that God has ordained this child's parents to guide him during the early years of his earthly journey. An orphan is a child that lacks needed parental guidance. God has birthed children in the kingdom of God, and He is not going to abandon them as "orphans." He will be with them just as earthly parents keep watch over their children and raise them. A true orphan needs a comforter, and since we have been separated from this world, we too, in that spiritual sense, become spiritual orphans in need of a divine comforter.

John 14:18 — "I will come to you" - Comments- Jesus promises to come back to His disciples after His resurrection and to be with them. He will do this in the form and presence of the Holy Spirit.

John 14:18Comments- In John 8:29 Jesus said that the Father had not left Him alone. Neither will He leave us alone.

John 14:19 Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more; but ye see me: because I live, ye shall live also.

John 14:19Comments- Jesus' time on earth was always used to minister to others. However, His earthly ministry has come to an end and He will depart. He will live because He rose from the dead to live forever, and to give eternal life to those who believe in Him. Thus, Jesus says, "because I live, ye shall also live." This life will begin when the Holy Spirit comes to dwell within them at the new birth.

John 14:20Comments- The day that Jesus is referring to in John 14:20 is the day of when the Holy Spirit came to indwell the Church, which initially took place in John 20:22 when Jesus breathed upon His disciples and said, "Receive ye the Holy Ghost," and was manifested on the day of Pentecost, when the Holy Spirit came upon the disciples to anoint them for Christian service. The indwelling of the Spirit gives the Church salvation, and the Pentecostal experience is for divine service. At this time the disciples will then understand what Jesus meant when He said that He would be with them and in them and that they would be one with Him; for the Holy Spirit in them would bear witness to this truth.

John 20:22, "And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:"

John 14:21Comments - When I rededicated my life to Jesus Christ at the age of twenty-one, I became faithful in serving my local church and in obeying God's Word as I read daily from the Holy Scriptures. As I continued in His commandments as John 14:21 teaches, He began to manifest Himself to me in numerous ways, which I have recorded in my spiritual diary. Jesus desires to manifest Himself to us. He longs to bring us into our gifts and callings in life. However, we must be willing to follow Him. As we pursue Him, He will reveal Himself to us in magnificent ways.

John 14:22Comments- Jesus manifested Himself unto His disciples when the Holy Spirit came to indwell the Church. On the day of Pentecost, the manifested power of the Holy Spirit was demonstrated by the cloven tongues of fire, and the gift of speaking in tongues.

John 14:23 — "and make our abode with him" - Comments- The Greek word "abode" ( μονή) used in John 14:23 is the same Greek word that is used in John 14:2 and translated "mansions" in the KJV.

John 14:2, "In my Father"s house are many mansions: if it were not Song of Solomon , I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you."

Jesus is saying that if we will prepare Him a dwelling place on earth, that Isaiah , in our hearts, then He will prepare for us a dwelling place in heaven. When we are born again, we become the temple of God and the Holy Spirit comes to dwell within us. Note:

1 Corinthians 3:16, "Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?"

2 Corinthians 6:16, "And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people."

This is what Jesus is referring to here in John 14:23.

John 14:21-23Comments - Jesus Manifests Himself- Judas asked Jesus in what way God will manifest Himself to those who obey Him. Jesus' reply was that God would come and make His abode with that person. God's presence in one's life brings His manifold blessings. Thus, God will manifest Himself in a number of ways to those who keep His commandments. God will bless him spiritually, mentally, physically and financially. Thus, one of the manifestations of God's love for Abraham was the wealth that he accumulated. Another manifestation was God's divine protection over his life. Still another was the peace that Abraham walked in while obeying the Lord.

John 14:26 — "But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things" - Comments- Divine revelation is the disclosure of who God is and what He is doing. This impartation of wisdom and revelation comes from the Father and is given to the Holy Spirit, who are one, and is imparted unto us by the Holy Spirit who dwells within in us. This is what Paul was saying when he said that God has revealed them unto us by His Spirit.

1 Corinthians 2:10, "But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God."

What does the word "them" refer to in 1 Corinthians 2:10? It refers to "the things which God hath prepared for them that love him." Thus, divine wisdom and revelation is not for the world. They cannot receive it nor understand it.

1 Corinthians 2:14, "But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned."

Paul prays in Ephesians 1:17 that "the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him:" Jesus said that He would send the Comforter, who will teach us all things. This teaching is done by divine impartation.

John 14:26, "But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you."

John the apostle writes that the anointing within us will teach us the truth. This is done by divine impartation.

1 John 2:27, "But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him."

John 14:26"bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you" - Comments - The Holy Scriptures were written from twenty to sixty years after the Ascension of Jesus Christ. While the New Testament epistles were written as the occasion required, the Gospels were not written down until at least twenty years after Jesus' ascension. Until then, the early Church heard the story of Jesus' earthly ministry, His passion and resurrection, from the testimonies apostles and other eyewitnesses through oral tradition. When the Holy Spirit moved on the authors of the Gospels and Acts to write these inspired books, He brought to their remembrance all things that were necessary for them to remember. They recorded each of their messages the way they were needed for our redemption. B. H. Carroll says, "What Christ said in His lifetime, which they had forgotten, the Holy Spirit enabled them to remember and guided them into the completion of the truth." 240] For example, in John 2:22 the disciples remembered what Jesus had said unto them after His resurrection.

240] Malcolm B. Yarnell, III, ed, Southwestern Journal of Theology (Spring 2009): 142.

John 2:22, "When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said."

Jesus said that the Holy Spirit would do the same for every believer. For example, when a student is taught, there is the need to recall this information until it becomes a part of his thinking. Repetition is a part of the learning process so that a person can apply it to everyday life. Many times the Holy Spirit will quicken Bible verses and passages to us, which were studied long ago, for our immediate needs. He will bring to our remembrance things we were taught in the past to help us in the present. Thus, when things come to our mind, we should learn to distinguish between the work of the Holy Spirit bringing things to our remembrance, and our own self-generated thoughts, and demonic thoughts.

John 14:27 — "Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you…Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid" - Comments- This phrase is an example of poetic Hebrew parallelism, found throughout the Gospel of John , especially in the first chapter.

John 14:27Comments- Jesus had very recently taught the end-time passages in Matthew 24-25 to His disciples. Therefore, He could say to them, "Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid". They knew that perilous times were ahead.

Jesus must now teach His disciples how to walk in peace during troubled times. The peace that the world has is dependent upon circumstances. But the peace that God gives is an inner peace that abides during difficult times. It is a peace that the world marvels at, a peace that it does not understand.

The fact that Jesus says, "Let not…" means that man has the ability to choose or to reject fear. He has the ability to choose peace instead of fear. No matter what trouble life brings us, we, as children of God, have the ability to choose fear or to choose peace. It is an act of our will. Jesus would not have commanded us to abide in peace, if the circumstances of this life had the power to rob us of that peace.

In these troubles, God's divine hand of protection is upon us. However, we must follow His plan for our lives. One minister of the Word said, "Correction plus direction equals protection". When we follow God's direction for our lives and receive His correction, we are given His protection. As we experience God's hand of protection around us, we learn to walk in a greater peace than before.

John 14:28-31 — Jesus Discusses His Departure - In John 14:28-31 Jesus discusses His departure in order to emphasize the necessity of sending the Holy Spirit.

John 14:28 — "for my Father is greater than I" - Comments- Jesus tells us that His Father is greater than Himself. This means that there is rank, or an order of authority, among the Godhead, the divine trinity: Father → Son → Holy Spirit.

John 14:31 — "Arise, let us go hence" - Comments- In John 14:31 Jesus tells His disciples to rise up and leave the upper room where they had partaken of the Passover meal. However, we see no movement from them until John 18:1. Perhaps they remained in the room until Jesus prayer, or they were making their way out of the city as Jesus spoke the rest of His message to them and prayed for them ( John 15-17).


Verses 1-33

The Holy Spirit: The Comforter - In John 14:1 to John 16:33 Jesus teaches on the role of the Holy Spirit in the life of the New Testament Church. He will come ( John 14:1-31), abide in us ( John 15:1 to John 16:4), and work through us to offer redemption to the world ( John 16:5-33).

Outline - Here is a proposed outline:

1. The Coming of the Holy Spirit — John 14:1-31

2. Abiding in the Holy Spirit — John 15:1 to John 16:4

3. The Work of the Holy Spirit — John 16:5-33

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on John 14:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/john-14.html. 2013.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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