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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
John 8

 

 

Verse 1

John 8:1Comments - In John 8:1 the author refers to the Mount of Olives as a foreshadowing to Jesus' final prayer and arrest in the Mount of Olives. It would be about six months from the Feast of Tabernacles ( John 7:1 to John 10:21) to the third and final Passover in which is crucified. However, while in Jerusalem, the Mount of Olives had become the customary place where Jesus retreated for prayer and rest ( John 18:2).

John 18:2, "And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples."


Verses 2-11

The Woman Caught in Adultery - John 8:2-11 tells us of the story of the woman caught in adultery. This event takes place the day after the Feast of Tabernacles. There in the Temple, the scribes and the Pharisees tempt Jesus to break the Law of Moses by presenting to Him a woman who was caught in adultery and should be stoned according to the Law of Moses.

Application- The religious Pharisees did not care about this poor woman. They wanted to make her a public, shameful display in order to trick Jesus Christ into violating the law of Moses. Religious people do not care about individual souls. They simply want to promote themselves. However, Jesus cares about souls. He loved this woman caught in adultery, and forgave her sins.

Textual Criticism - John 7:53 to John 8:11 is found in numerous locations in ancient Greek manuscripts. For this reason, scholars debate as to its authenticity in the original text. It is obvious that the Greek vocabulary is more complex in this passage of Scripture. However, there are statements made within this controversial passage that are clearly connected to text outside this passage. For example, there are three references to Jesus teaching in the Temple in John 8:2; John 8:20; John 8:59.

John 8:2 And early in the morning he came again into the temple, and all the people came unto him; and he sat down, and taught them.

John 8:2Comments- The phrase "early in the morning" would have been the day after the festival of tabernacles had ended. This passage of Scripture makes two other references to Jesus being in the Temple while teaching the people ( John 8:20; John 8:59).

John 8:20, "These words spake Jesus in the treasury, as he taught in the temple: and no man laid hands on him; for his hour was not yet come."

John 8:59, "Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by."

John 8:5Comments- Note what the Law says about this situation in Deuteronomy 22:22. The Law commanded that both the man and the woman be killed. These scribes and Pharisees knew this Law well. They disobeyed the Law by only bringing the woman, and not the Prayer of Manasseh , to be stoned. John 8:6 says they were trying to tempt Jesus, to see if He consented to stoning her without stoning the man.

John 8:6 This they said, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him. But Jesus stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground, as though he heard them not.

John 8:6 — "This they said, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him" - Comments - Many of the people in the Temple were now surrounding Jesus to hear His teaching. They were watching His every move. If Jesus had condemned this woman to be stoned, the crowds would have lost their respect for Him. If Jesus disagreed with stoning her, then the scribes and Pharisees would have accused Him of teaching contrary to the Law. In a similar way, the Herodians tried to trick Jesus on another occasion when asking Him if the Jews should give tribute to Caesar or not ( Matthew 22:15-22).

John 8:6 — "But Jesus stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground, as though he heard them not" - Comments - What did Jesus write in the sand in John 8:6? Jesus could have written this passage of the Law in Deuteronomy 22:22. Their hearts were evil and they were disobeying the Law. Therefore, they themselves were with sin ( John 8:7).

Deuteronomy 22:22, "If a man be found lying with a woman married to an husband, then they shall both of them die, both the man that lay with the woman, and the woman: so shalt thou put away evil from Israel."

Sadhu Sundar Singh says that Jesus wrote the sins of each of her accusers in the sand with his finger.

"With my finger I wrote upon the ground the sinful state of each of those who, regardless of their inner vileness, brought the woman taken in adultery for condemnation, so that they left her one by one and went away abashed and ashamed. With My finger, too, I point out in secret to My servants their wounds of sin, and when they repent, with a touch of the same finger I heal them; and in the same way as a child grasps his father's finger and by it help walks along with him, so I with My finger lead My children along the road from this world to their home of rest and everlasting peace (John xiv 2, 3)." 205]

205] Sadhu Sundar Singh, At the Master's Feet, translated by Arthur Parker (London: Fleming H. Revell Co, 1922) [on-line], accessed 26 October 2008, available from http://www.ccel.org/ccel/singh/feet.html; Internet, "III Prayer," section 3, part 6.

John 8:7 So when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her.

John 8:7 — "So when they continued asking him" - Comments- Many situations in life do not require a quick answer. Often, people have deliberately come to me with a staged crisis, trying to get me to sign a check, give them some money, or something that appears to need a quick response. However, years of dealing with people have brought caution into my decision-making. I have learned to take the time to listen to God before making decisions.

The Pharisees were trying to get Jesus to teach other to break the Law. As Jesus gave the Holy Spirit a few minutes to give Him the words to say, so do we need to learn to speak slowly under false pretenses.

Jesus" response was according to the Mosaic Law and according to the commandment of love.

John 8:8 — "he lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her" - Comments - Jesus was the only one without sin, so He was the only one qualified to stone her; yet, He chose to extend God's grace and forgiveness unto her. John opens his Gospel saying, "For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ." ( John 1:17) On this occasion, Jesus respected the Law of Moses, but undergirded it with grace and truth in order to bring about the redemption that the Law was originally intended to produce in the lives of the Jews.

John 8:8 And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground.

John 8:8Textual Criticism- Several later Greek manuscripts give a variant reading for John 8:8, "And again, bending down, he wrote upon the ground each one of their sins." (UBS3) However, even though this variant reading is not well testified, it does show what the early church must have speculated that Jesus wrote on the ground.

John 8:9 And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, even unto the last: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst.

John 8:9Comments - Perhaps the eldest Jews departed first because they had sinned the most and were more aware of their failure to live according the Mosaic Law.

John 8:10 When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman, he said unto her, Woman, where are those thine accusers? hath no man condemned thee?

John 8:11 She said, No Prayer of Manasseh , Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no more.

John 8:11Comments- When I read John 8:11, I feel the love of God for humanity. Jesus Christ came not to condemn the world, but to save it ( John 3:12). He loved us while we were sinners ( Romans 5:8).

John 3:17, "For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved."

Romans 5:8, "But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us."


Verses 2-59

Jesus Testifies of His Deity: The Light of the World- In John 8:2-59 Jesus is in the Temple teaching the Word of God. The Feast of Tabernacles ended the day before and may people were still in Jerusalem. There in the Temple, the scribes and the Pharisees tempt Jesus to break the Law of Moses. Thus, Jesus declares Himself as the Light of the World ( John 8:12), which, according to John 8:12, requires men to follow Him as the source of instruction and guidance. This testimony follows Jesus' testimony of His deity by the doctrine that He teaches ( John 7:1-36) and precedes the miracle of Jesus opening the eyes of the blind man ( John 9:1-34), which both have relevance to light, symbolizing man's need to walk daily in God's Word and fellowship with Jesus Christ. However, this light is revealed to the inner man through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit ( John 7:37 to John 8:1), for the natural man cannot understand the things of God since they are spiritually discerned ( 1 Corinthians 2:14).

Outline - Here is a proposed outline:

1. The Woman Caught in Adultery — John 8:2-11

2. Jesus Testifies to the Jewish Leaders — John 8:12-59


Verses 12-59

Jesus Testifies to the Jewish Leaders - Perhaps the most confrontational event in John's Gospel outside of the arrest, trial, and crucifixion of Jesus Christ is His debate with the Jewish leaders in the Temple on the day after the Feast of Tabernacles ( John 8:12-59). In this passage, Jesus Christ declares Himself to be the Light of the World ( John 8:12), which, according to John 8:31-32, is figurative for Jesus enlightening men to an understanding in God"s Word so that they can walk as Jesus walks, in freedom from sin. This declaration by Jesus follows the testimony of His doctrine that He teaches ( John 7:1-36) and it precedes the miracle of Jesus opening the eyes of the blind man ( John 9:1-34), which both have relevance to Jesus as the Light of the Word, both in the figurative meaning as the understanding of divine doctrine and in the literally meaning of physical eyesight for the man that was healed.

The claim made by Jesus that He is the Light of the World ( John 8:12) evokes a challenge by the Jews for Him to prove His testimony ( John 8:13). Jesus does so using their own Law to offer two witnesses ( Deuteronomy 19:15), that of Himself and of the Father ( John 8:14-18). The Jews respond to Jesus by asking Him to identify the Father ( John 8:19). Jesus responds with the the claim that He came forth from the Father and He is returning to Him ( John 8:21-27). He offers the Jews proof of this claim by telling them to that the miracle of the Crucifixion and Resurrection will support this claim when Jesus returning to the Father ( John 8:28-29).

Deuteronomy 19:15, "One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established."

Jesus continues to teach those who had opened their heart to His words by believing in Him ( John 8:30). He now explains how they can walk in the revelation of Jesus as the Light of the World, which is by walking in His Word. Those who continue in His Word follow the Father and will have eternal life ( John 8:31-36), while those who reject this revelation will continue to follow the devil and perish in their sins ( John 8:37-47). When the Jews rejected this teaching, Jesus responded by revealing His pre-incarnate existence with Abraham ( John 8:48-58), only to be rejected by them ( John 8:59).

John 8:16Comments - The Jews accused Jesus of have no evidence to support His claim of deity ( John 8:13). Therefore, based upon the Law ( Deuteronomy 19:15), the Jews tell Jesus that His testimony lacks credibility. Jesus responds by telling the Jews that His testimony is not alone because God the Father is confirming it. Earlier in John 5:19-47, Jesus offered the Jews four testimonies of His deity in addition to Himself, which were the testimonies of John the Baptist, His works, the Father, and the Old Testament Scriptures.

John 8:17 It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true.

John 8:17Comments - Jesus is referring to Deuteronomy 19:15, "One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established."

John 8:24Comments - John 8:24 contains one of the seven ἐ γώ εἰ μι (I Am) statements in the Gospel of John that stands without a predicate ( John 4:26; John 6:20; John 8:24; John 8:28; John 8:58; John 13:19; John 18:5). This statement by Jesus saying, "If you believe not that I am He…" encompasses the progressive revelation of Himself as deity, the Son of God.

John 8:25 Then said they unto him, Who art thou? And Jesus saith unto them, Even the same that I said unto you from the beginning.

John 8:26Comments - In John 8:26 Jesus Christ tells His disciples that He had many things to speak unto them. This implies that Jesus has been giving them progressive revelation of His divinity throughout His earthly ministry as recorded in John's Gospel as they were able to receive it. For example, Jesus made only a brief comment about His impending atonement at the wedding of Cana when He reveals that His hour had not yet come ( John 2:4). He continues to reveal more and more about His divinity to His disciples. He tells them He is has been sent by the Father as the Saviour of the world, justified by the fourfold witness of John the Baptist, God the Father, His works, and the Scriptures, offering Himself as the bread of life, calling men to partake of the Holy Spirit as the Living Water so that He can guide them in life as the Light of the World, while protecting them and leading them as the Good Shepherd, bringing them to the Resurrection of Life.

John 8:27 They understood not that he spake to them of the Father.

John 8:27Comments - The primary emphasis of the Gospel of John is the testimony of God the Father that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. Therefore, Jesus makes numerous references to the Father throughout this Gospel.

John 8:28 Then said Jesus unto them, When ye have lifted up the Son of Prayer of Manasseh , then shall ye know that I am Hebrews , and that I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things.

John 8:28 — "but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things" - Comments- Billy Brim said that a woman by the name of Clara Grace, a modern-day prophetess, received a vision from the Lord. In this vision, she saw the Lord Jesus Christ as a young man building his last piece of furniture before entering into the ministry. As He finished His work that day and turned to put up His tools, He looked at Clara Grace. She was then brought within Jesus Christ and received insight into the eighteen silent years of Jesus' life from the age of twelve until He was baptized by John in the river Jordan. In this vision, Jesus Christ told her that He never laid his head to rest without first meditating about who He was and what He was in God's divine plan. Billye Brim refers to Deuteronomy 6:7 where it tells us to speak and meditate on God's Word when we lay down and when we awake as an example of how Jesus did the same.

Deuteronomy 6:7, "And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up."

Billy Brim makes the point that this statement made by Jesus Christ in this verse in John 8:28 includes the teachings that the Father taught Him before He entered into the ministry. She gives other Scriptures that refer to the fact that the Father taught Jesus how to walk daily and to prepare for the ministry. She says that the passage in Psalm 119:97-102 is Messianic because He is the only one who ever refrained His feet from every evil way (verse 101). In this passage, the Psalmist says, "For thou hast taught me."

Psalm 119:97-102, "MEM. O how love I thy law! it is my meditation all the day. Thou through thy commandments hast made me wiser than mine enemies: for they are ever with me. I have more understanding than all my teachers: for thy testimonies are my meditation. I understand more than the ancients, because I keep thy precepts. I have refrained my feet from every evil way, that I might keep thy word. I have not departed from thy judgments: for thou hast taught me."

The Lord would wake Jesus day by day and reveal to Him His plan for that day and season. This revelation would give Jesus Christ the tongue of the learned to speak a word to him who was weary.

Isaiah 50:4-5, "The Lord GOD hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned. The Lord GOD hath opened mine ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back."

This plan required obedience to His Heavenly Father, even when it included persecutions and death on the Cross.

Isaiah 50:6-7, "I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting. For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed."

To this plan, the Lord was not rebellious ( Isaiah 50:5). This is how Jesus Christ learned to wait on the Heavenly Father and hear from Him. Jesus laid down to sleep meditating on the Word of God and how He fit into God's plan. Jesus awoke with God speaking to Him about His plan for Him that day. 206]

206] Billye Brim, interviewed by Gloria Copeland, Believer's Voice of Victory (Kenneth Copeland Ministries, Fort Worth, Texas), on Trinity Broadcasting Network (Santa Ana, California), television program, 22May 2003.

John 8:28Comments- When He is crucified, this Pharisee will know who He is.

John 8:29 And he that sent me is with me: the Father hath not left me alone; for I do always those things that please him.

John 8:30 As he spake these words, many believed on him.

John 8:30Comments - John 8:30 reflects the third theme of the Gospel of John , which is a call to believe in Jesus Christ as the Son of God. This theme is woven throughout the Gospel of John ( John 2:23; John 4:39; John 4:53; John 12:11; John 12:42; John 16:27; John 17:8; John 20:8) and culminates in the summary of the Evangelist's testimony of seven miracles in John 20:30-31, "And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name."

John 8:31 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed;

John 8:31Comments - Many people believed in Jesus because of the miracles He performed. However, not all of them became disciples because they did not follow the teachings of Jesus Christ. There are two phases of the Christian life: conversion and discipleship. A born-again believer must begin the process of Christian maturity in God's Word in order to become a disciple of Jesus Christ.

John 8:32 And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.

John 8:32Comments- Andrew Wommack say that it is the truth we know that sets us free. The truth itself does not set us free until we understand how to walk in that truth by applying it to our lives. 207]

207] Andrew Wommack, Gospel Truth (Colorado Springs, Colorado: Andrew Wommack Ministries), on Trinity Broadcasting Network (Santa Ana, California), television program.

When we are submitted to God's Word, we will walk in the most freedom. But when we ignore the truth and walk in disobedience, we live in bondage. For example, a train is created and designed to travel down a set of railroad tracks. As long as it stays on the tracks it is free to move and prosper in what it was created to do. But if it jumps the tracks, it is bound in the soil in which it was not designed to travel. So it is with our lives. God has given each of us a destiny and a path to walk. Our greatest freedom will be to follow this divine path.

John 8:35 And the servant abideth not in the house for ever: but the Son abideth ever.

John 8:35Comments - The servant has no legal right to set himself free. He lives as a servant, legally bound in the house of another. In contrast, the son of the householder was born free in his father's house. He is free to live in this house without bondage forever.

John 8:36 If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.

John 8:36Comments - Jesus came to see men entirely free from the bondage of his sinful nature, from the bondage of the devil, and from the bondages of this world. This freedom comes in its fullness by abiding in God's Word ( John 8:31-32).

John 8:31-36Comments - Jesus Came to Set Men Free- Jesus has come to set us free. He declared this in Luke 4:18-19. But in order to be set free and live free, we must know the truth. Anything that is contrary to the Word of God is deception. It is this deception that keeps mankind in bondage to sin.

John 8:39 They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham"s children, ye would do the works of Abraham.

John 8:39Comments- Even the Pharisees had the doctrine of once saved, always saved. They believed that they, as Jews and a descendent of Abraham, could never lose their relationship with God.

John 8:40 But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God: this did not Abraham.

John 8:41 Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God.

John 8:41 — "We be not born of fornication" - Comments- One commentator notes that this could have been a reference to the fact that the Jews believed that Jesus" birth was not divine, but conceived in fornication. However, the context of this passage makes no indication of a reference to Jesus" birth in this passage of Scripture.

John 8:39-41Comments - The Works of Abraham- The works of Abraham were that he believed God:

Galatians 3:6, "Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness."

Galatians 3:29, "And if ye be Christ"s, then are ye Abraham"s seed, and heirs according to the promise."

John 8:44 — "He was a murderer from the beginning" - Comments - Jesus makes a reference to the murder of Abel by his brother Cain.

John 8:44 — "and the lusts of your father ye will do" - Comments- The Greek text reveals a better reading when it says, "and the lusts of your father you desire to do."

John 8:48Comments- Men have not changed even today. Many who walk close to God and work miracles are accused by other Christians of having demons.

John 8:51 Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my saying, he shall never see death.

John 8:51Comments- In John 8:51 death means spiritual separation from God, since every human will experience the death of their mortal body.

Hebrews 9:27, "And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:"

John 8:52 Then said the Jews unto him, Now we know that thou hast a devil. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, If a man keep my saying, he shall never taste of death.

John 8:53 Art thou greater than our father Abraham, which is dead? and the prophets are dead: whom makest thou thyself?

John 8:52-53Comments - The Jews Misunderstand Jesus- They thought that Jesus was speaking of physical death.

John 8:54 Jesus answered, If I honour myself, my honour is nothing: it is my Father that honoureth me; of whom ye say, that he is your God:

John 8:55 Yet ye have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like unto you: but I know him, and keep his saying.

John 8:55Comments - Jesus says, "Ye have not known him ( γινώ σκω); but I know him ( εἴδω)…" Thus, John uses two different Greek words to convey the concept of knowing. W. E. Vine says γινώ σκω usually means a "progress" in knowledge, while εἴδω means a "fullness" of knowledge. 208]

208] W. E. Vine, M. F. Unger, and W. White, Vine"s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words, vol 2 (Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1996), in Libronix Digital Library System, v 21c [CD-ROM] (Bellingham, WA: Libronix Corp, 2000-2009), 346-347.

John 8:56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.

John 8:56Comments- Perhaps the phrase "My day" is a reference to when Abraham when he met Melchisedec in Genesis 14. Note Hebrews 7 for a lengthy discussion of Melchisedec. However, a more likely interpretation is the Abraham was in heaven and was aware of the time when Jesus Christ left Heaven and came to earth in the form of a child. All of Heaven was probably aware of this day when Jesus took upon Himself the form of a man.

John 8:57 Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?

John 8:57Comments - Luke tells us that Jesus was about thirty years old when He began His public ministry, saying, "And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli," ( Luke 3:23) He had been in the public ministry during two Passovers ( John 2:23; John 6:4), or approximately two years. Thus, Jesus was in His early thirties.

John 8:58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.

John 8:58Comments- John 8:58 reveals to us that the Creator of the universe is not bound by the laws of the universe. Jesus Christ and God the Father do not live in the dimensions of time and space. In contrast, man lives in the present, remembers the past and looks forward to the future. But, God sees all of this in a glance. While man can only be in one location at a time, God is omnipresent.

If Jesus Christ would have said, "Before Abraham was, I was" or "I existed," He would have been lying; for Jesus would have limited Himself to existing within the realm of time. But He is the Creator and He exists now, in the past and in the future, all at one time. Therefore, He had to say, "Before Abraham was, I am". In other words, "Before Abraham existed, I am in continual existence."

In John 8:58 Jesus makes perhaps the clearest declaration He has ever made to humanity that He Himself is God manifested in the flesh when He declares, "Before Abraham was, I am." Since the Fall of man and the subjection of Creation unto vanity, all things have awaited the manifestation of the Son of God, the Messiah, and the Redeemer, who is to come and redeem mankind and creation from corruption. In two simple words "I am" every human being is given a choice whether to accept His redemption, or to reject it. Since the Holy Bible speaks the language of the heart, then the spirit of man will hear so simple a statement that none can misunderstand. Everyone's heart has to make a decision whether to receive these words, or reject them. Most of humanity will reject these words, but the few that accept them will taste of the amazing experience of being regenerated, or born again.

All of creation and every human being, who have all be made subject to vanity, have cried out for redemption from their state of futility and suffering. God chose to bring mankind an answer in a form that tests his heart. This message of redemption did not come as a great oration of speech, for then only the wise would understand it. It did not come from someone who held an earthly position wealth and nobility, for then only those under his dominion would receive it, and that against their will. It did not come as a statement from a descendent of Abraham to his fellow Jew, for then only the Jews would receive it. However, it came in such simplicity that even the most unlearned could understand and believe. It came from a Person who had made himself poor so that men were not compelled to believe. It came from the lips of a sinless Man so that every race of men must recognize his own sinfulness. It came within the context of a human voice, being born of the seed of Prayer of Manasseh , but declaring Himself to be eternal, so that any man of any age could receive it.

John 8:59 Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.

John 8:59Comments- Jesus withdrew from a hostile, negative environment on numerous occasions. He first withdrew from Judea into Galilee when John the Baptist was cast into prison ( Matthew 4:12). The people in His hometown of Nazareth tried to kill Him, and He supernaturally passed through the crowd, and moved His residence to Capernaum ( Luke 4:30-31). He passed through hostile crowds miraculously on a number of other occasions ( John 8:59; John 10:39). The people of the country of the Gergesenes asked Him to depart, and He did so ( Matthew 8:34 to Matthew 9:1). He was persecuted while in Galilee and withdrew Himself ( Matthew 12:14-15). He hid himself several times from those who were hostile ( John 5:13; John 12:36). He stopped His public ministry in Judea because the Jewish leaders sought to kill Him ( John 7:1). Jesus once escaped across the Jordan River because of persecution ( John 10:39-40). At one point Jesus stopped His public ministry and withdrew Himself into the wilderness ( John 11:53-54). Jesus taught His disciples to do the same ( Matthew 10:23).

Matthew 4:12, "Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison, he departed into Galilee;"

Luke 4:30-31, "But he passing through the midst of them went his way, And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days."

John 8:59, "Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by."

John 10:39, "Therefore they sought again to take him: but he escaped out of their hand,"

Matthew 8:34 to Matthew 9:1, "And, behold, the whole city came out to meet Jesus: and when they saw him, they besought him that he would depart out of their coasts. And he entered into a ship, and passed over, and came into his own city."

Matthew 12:14-15, "Then the Pharisees went out, and held a council against him, how they might destroy him. But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew himself from thence: and great multitudes followed him, and he healed them all;"

John 5:13, "And he that was healed wist not who it was: for Jesus had conveyed himself away, a multitude being in that place."

John 12:36, "While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them."

John 7:1, "After these things Jesus walked in Galilee: for he would not walk in Jewry, because the Jews sought to kill him."

John 10:39-40, "Therefore they sought again to take him: but he escaped out of their hand, And went away again beyond Jordan into the place where John at first baptized; and there he abode."

John 11:53-54, "Then from that day forth they took counsel together for to put him to death. Jesus therefore walked no more openly among the Jews; but went thence unto a country near to the wilderness, into a city called Ephraim, and there continued with his disciples."

Matthew 10:23, "But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come."

Each time Jesus saved His own life, He knew that His time was not yet, and so He deliberately avoided being killed ( John 7:30; John 8:20); for this power was in His hand and no man could take His life. However, when His time had come, He willingly gave Himself over into the hands of man ( John 10:17-18).

John 7:30, "Then they sought to take him: but no man laid hands on him, because his hour was not yet come."

John 8:20, "These words spake Jesus in the treasury, as he taught in the temple: and no man laid hands on him; for his hour was not yet come."

John 10:17-18, "Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father."

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on John 8:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/john-8.html. 2013.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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