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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
Proverbs 19

 

 

Verses 1-29

Proverbs 19:5 A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaketh lies shall not escape.

Proverbs 19:5Illustration- In Acts 5:1-11, especially Proverbs 19:4, Ananias and Sapphira lied to the Holy Spirit and faced swift punishment.

Acts 5:4, "Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power? why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God."

Proverbs 19:7Comments- Proverbs 19:7 is the only tristitch within this collection of distitch proverbs in Proverbs 10:1 to Proverbs 22:16. Some scholars suggest that this is a textual scribal error.

Proverbs 19:9 A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaketh lies shall perish.

Proverbs 19:9Illustration- In Acts 5:1-11, especially Proverbs 19:4, Ananias and Sapphira lied to the Holy Spirit and faced swift punishment.

Acts 5:4, "Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power? why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God."

Proverbs 19:10 Delight is not seemly for a fool; much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

Proverbs 19:11 The discretion of a man deferreth his anger; and it is his glory to pass over a transgression.

Proverbs 19:11Word Study on "discretion" - Gesenius says the Hebrew word "understanding" ( שֶׂכֶל) (H 7922) means, "understanding, intelligence, prudence." Strong says it means, "intelligence, success." The Enhanced Strong says it is used 16 times in the Old Testament, being translated in the KJV as, "understanding 7, Wisdom of Solomon 3, wise 1, prudence 1, knowledge 1, sense 1, discretion 1, policy 1."

Strong says ( שֶׂכֶל) (H 7922) comes from the primitive root ( שָׂכַל) (H 7919), which means, "to be circumspect, and hence, intelligent." The Enhanced Strong says it is used 63times in the Old Testament, being translated in the KJV as, "understand 12, wise 12, prosper 8, wisely 6, understanding 5, consider 4, instruct 3, prudent 2, skill 2, teach 2, misc 7."

Comments- The Hebrew noun ( שֶׂכֶל) (H 7922) is a key word woven throughout in the book of Proverbs being used six times:

Proverbs 3:4, "So shalt thou find favour and good understanding in the sight of God and man."

Proverbs 12:8, "A man shall be commended according to his wisdom: but he that is of a perverse heart shall be despised."

Proverbs 13:15, "Good understanding giveth favour: but the way of transgressors is hard."

Proverbs 16:22, "Understanding is a wellspring of life unto him that hath it: but the instruction of fools is folly."

Proverbs 19:11, "The discretion of a man deferreth his anger; and it is his glory to pass over a transgression."

Proverbs 23:9, "Speak not in the ears of a fool: for he will despise the wisdom of thy words."

This word refers to the ability of a man to think straight in contrast to the person who has a twisted mind.

Proverbs 19:12 The king"s wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favour is as dew upon the grass.

Proverbs 19:12"The king"s wrath is as the roaring of a lion" - Comments- In nature, there is probably no greater terror than the sudden attack of an ambushing lion's roar. This represents God judgment.

Proverbs 19:12 — "but his favour is as dew upon the grass" - Comments- Dew represents the blessings and favor of God. See other passages with this description of dew.

Genesis 27:28, "Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine:"

Deuteronomy 33:28, "Israel then shall dwell in safety alone: the fountain of Jacob shall be upon a land of corn and wine; also his heavens shall drop down dew."

Psalm 133:3, "As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there the LORD commanded the blessing, even life for evermore."

Hosea 14:5, "I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon."

Micah 5:7, "And the remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst of many people as a dew from the LORD, as the showers upon the grass, that tarrieth not for Prayer of Manasseh , nor waiteth for the sons of men."

This is the concept that Ezekiel is referring to in Ezekiel 34:26 :

Ezekiel 34:26, "And I will make them and the places round about my hill a blessing; and I will cause the shower to come down in his season; there shall be showers of blessing."

Proverbs 19:12Comments- God's wrath brings curses and judgment worse that the mind can comprehend but to be under God's blessings is greater than the mind can be believe.

Illustration- Once at seminary one Sunday afternoon, I was lying on my bed, and such an over whelming depth of how great God's blessings are filled my soul. I saw that to be under God's blessings and favour has a depth of wonderfulness that we have never yet seen nor understand. I also felt the horrors of being under the curse and judgment of eternal damnation ( Romans 11:33).

Romans 11:33, "O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!"

Proverbs 19:13 A foolish son is the calamity of his father: and the contentions of a wife are a continual dropping.

Proverbs 19:14 House and riches are the inheritance of fathers: and a prudent wife is from the LORD.

Proverbs 19:14 — "and a prudent wife is from the LORD" - Comments- If anyone had experienced the problems that come with choosing a wife outside of God"s will, it was Solomon. He had been led into idolatry because of this one issue. It is not easy to find a virtuous wife ( Proverbs 31:10).

Proverbs 31:10, "Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies."

Scripture References- Note a similar verse:

Proverbs 18:22, "Whoso findeth a wife findeth a good thing, and obtaineth favour of the LORD."

Proverbs 19:18 Chasten thy son while there is hope, and let not thy soul spare for his crying.

Proverbs 19:18Comments- We can see within Proverbs 19:18 the necessity of discipline while a child is still young. We must take a child to the point of pain until a godly fear and reverence is instilled within his tender heart. This cannot be done without inflicting some degree of pain. I have found from raising several children that each child responds differently to discipline. Some require more punishment to reach that point of instilling fear, while other children can be overwhelmed in tears with strong words. Each child is different in his need of punishment, but all children must have reverential fear instilled within them at an early age; for then they are older, the heart is less tender and the job becomes more difficult. Those who have reached adulthood without the fear of parents and a fear of God instilled within their hearts will find themselves having problems all of their lives, being rebellious and having no fear and respect for the authorities that have been placed over them.

Illustration - My two brothers and I, who were close to the same age, received a lot of spakings from our mother when we were young. However, I distinctly remember the day I received a spanking and it did not hurt. I realized that I could endure the pain. This was a time when a mother has to change measures of discipline using godly wisdom.

Proverbs 19:19 A man of great wrath shall suffer punishment: for if thou deliver him, yet thou must do it again.

Proverbs 19:20 Hear counsel, and receive instruction, that thou mayest be wise in thy latter end.

Proverbs 19:21 There are many devices in a man"s heart; nevertheless the counsel of the LORD, that shall stand.

Proverbs 19:21Comments- Note these words from Frances J. Roberts:

"I direct every motion of thy life, as the ocean bears a ship. Your will and intelligence may be at the helm, but divine providence and sovereignty are stronger forces. Ye can trust Me, knowing that any pressure I bring to bear upon thy life is initiated by My love, and I will not do even this except as ye are willing and desire." 117]

117] Frances J. Roberts, Come Away My Beloved (Ojai, California: King's Farspan, Inc, 1973), 18.

Illustration- In Matthew 26:5 the Jewish leaders were determined to control the outcome of the death of the Son of God. The Jewish people had just honored Jesus' entrance into Jerusalem by crying "Hosanna to the Son of David…" ( Matthew 21:8-9) The crowds were willing to accept Him as their new king. Although the Jewish leaders wanted to kill Jesus quietly without the notice of the people, they had not yet factored in the betrayal of Judas Iscariot, which Matthew adds to the plot in Proverbs 26:14-16. When Judas presented himself to the Jewish leaders, they were subject to the time of this betrayal, which took place during the festive days in Jerusalem. It was necessary that prophecy by fulfilled and that the Passover Lamb of God be sacrificed on the Day of Atonement. While the Jewish leaders believed they were organizing this most wicked scheme of all humanity, God was taking control of its outcome for redemptive reasons according to Proverbs 16:9, "A man"s heart deviseth his way: but the LORD directeth his steps," and Proverbs 19:21, "There are many devices in a man"s heart; nevertheless the counsel of the LORD, that shall stand."

Scripture References- Note similar verses:

Psalm 33:10-11, "The LORD bringeth the counsel of the heathen to nought: he maketh the devices of the people of none effect. The counsel of the LORD standeth for ever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations."

Proverbs 16:9, "A man"s heart deviseth his way: but the LORD directeth his steps."

Proverbs 19:24 A slothful man hideth his hand in his bosom, and will not so much as bring it to his mouth again.

Proverbs 19:24Word Study on "bosom" - Strong says the Hebrew word "bosom" ( צַלַּחַת) (H 6747) means, "something advanced, deep, i.e. a bowl," hence the ASV reads, "dish."

ASV, "The sluggard burieth his hand in the dish, And will not so much as bring it to his mouth again."

Comments- The slothful man is too lazy to bring his fork back up to his mouth. In other words, he is too lazy to take care of his basic needs, such as food, clothing and shelter. Also, this proverb means that a slothful man begins many tasks in life, but never finishes them.

Proverbs 19:25 Smite a scorner, and the simple will beware: and reprove one that hath understanding, and he will understand knowledge.

Proverbs 19:25 — "and reprove one that hath understanding, and he will understand knowledge" - Illustration- One illustration of Proverbs 19:25 b is when Paul reproved Peter for separating himself from the Gentiles ( Galatians 2:11-14). Paul"s reproof led Peter to open his heart to the Gentiles.

Galatians 2:11-14, "But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. For before that certain came from James , he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision. And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation. But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?"

Proverbs 19:27 Cease, my Song of Solomon , to hear the instruction that causeth to err from the words of knowledge.

Proverbs 19:27Scripture References- Note similar verses:

Romans 16:17, "Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them."

1 Timothy 6:3-7, "If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, even the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness; He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings, Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself. But godliness with contentment is great gain. For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out."

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Proverbs 19:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/proverbs-19.html. 2013.

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Saturday, December 7th, 2019
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