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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
Proverbs 27

 

 

Verses 1-5

Proverbs About Misc Activities - Proverbs 27:1 to Proverbs 29:27 make up a collection of proverbs that deal with miscellaneous activities.

Proverbs 27:1 Boast not thyself of to morrow; for thou knowest not what a day may bring forth.

Proverbs 27:1 Scripture References- Note a similar passage:

James 4:13, "Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain: Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away. For that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that. But now ye rejoice in your boastings: all such rejoicing is evil."

Proverbs 27:2 Let another man praise thee, and not thine own mouth; a stranger, and not thine own lips.

Proverbs 27:2Scripture References- Proverbs 27:2 makes a similar statement to Proverbs 25:27 :

Proverbs 25:27, "It is not good to eat much honey: so for men to search their own glory is not glory."

Proverbs 27:3 A stone is heavy, and the sand weighty; but a fool"s wrath is heavier than them both.

Proverbs 27:4 Wrath is cruel, and anger is outrageous; but who is able to stand before envy?

Proverbs 27:4Comments- Note that the same Hebrew word "envy (H 7068) is translated "jealousy" in Proverbs 6:34-35.

Proverbs 6:34-35, "For jealousy is the rage of a man: therefore he will not spare in the day of vengeance. He will not regard any ransom; neither will he rest content, though thou givest many gifts."

Proverbs 27:5 Open rebuke is better than secret love.

Proverbs 27:5Illustration- Paul rebukes Peter:

Galatians 2:14, "But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?"


Verses 1-27

Proverbs 28:1 The wicked flee when no man pursueth: but the righteous are bold as a lion.

Proverbs 28:1Comments- Proverbs 28:1 tells us that the wicked make fear-based decisions even when danger is not present. The wicked flee because they are afraid. This is because the world is fear-based, while God's children are faith-based. In other words, the world makes decisions based upon fear, but we make our decisions based upon faith in God's Word.

Proverbs 28:2 For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof: but by a man of understanding and knowledge the state thereof shall be prolonged.

Proverbs 28:2Comments- A nation with just leaders will have longer years of reigns than a wicked nation where kings are quickly cut off. A corrupt land is an unstable land. There is much infighting over power and politics. For example, in 922 B.C. the nation of Israel is divided into southern Judah and northern Israel. While the more stable southern Judah had nineteen kings in period of three hundred thirty-five (335) years before its destruction in 586 B.C. by the king of Babylon, northern Israel had twenty kings in a period of only two hundred years. Thus, politically, Judah was more stable than northern Israel.

Judah has 19 kings, 1queen and lasts for 335 years (922-587 B.C.).

Israel has 20 kings and only lasts 200 years (922 - 724B.C.).

Proverbs 28:3 A poor man that oppresseth the poor is like a sweeping rain which leaveth no food.

Proverbs 28:4 They that forsake the law praise the wicked: but such as keep the law contend with them.

Proverbs 28:5 Evil men understand not judgment: but they that seek the LORD understand all things.

Proverbs 28:5Scripture References- Note a similar verse in 1 Corinthians 2:14-15, "But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of no man.

Proverbs 28:6 Better is the poor that walketh in his uprightness, than he that is perverse in his ways, though he be rich.

Proverbs 28:7 Whoso keepeth the law is a wise son: but he that is a companion of riotous men shameth his father.

Proverbs 28:8 He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.

Proverbs 28:8Scripture References- Note similar verses:

Proverbs 13:22, "A good man leaveth an inheritance to his children"s children: and the wealth of the sinner is laid up for the just."

Ecclesiastes 2:26, "For God giveth to a man that is good in his sight Wisdom of Solomon , and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he giveth travail, to gather and to heap up, that he may give to him that is good before God. This also is vanity and vexation of spirit."

Proverbs 28:9 He that turneth away his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer shall be abomination.

Proverbs 28:10 Whoso causeth the righteous to go astray in an evil way, he shall fall himself into his own pit: but the upright shall have good things in possession.

Proverbs 28:10 — "Whoso causeth the righteous to go astray in an evil way, he shall fall himself into his own pit" - Scripture References- Note a similar verse:

Proverbs 26:27, "Whoso diggeth a pit shall fall therein: and he that rolleth a stone, it will return upon him."

Proverbs 28:10 — "the upright shall have good things in possession" - Illustration- In 1990 I had just bought an old used car from a fellow employee of Brown Trail Apartments for only US$ 12500. I had done it out of good will because he had desperately needed the cash. But the Lord then spoke to me and said, "You have to stop buying the worst so that you can have the best." I soon took courage, gave this car back to the person I had purchased it from as a free give to him and went out and purchased a new car.

Proverbs 28:12 When righteous men do rejoice, there is great glory: but when the wicked rise, a man is hidden.

Proverbs 28:12Scripture References- Note a similar verse:

Proverbs 28:28, "When the wicked rise, men hide themselves: but when they perish, the righteous increase."

Proverbs 28:13 He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy.

Proverbs 28:13 Scripture References- Note a similar verse:

1 John 1:9, "If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness."

Proverbs 28:18 Whoso walketh uprightly shall be saved: but he that is perverse in his ways shall fall at once.

Proverbs 28:18Scripture References- Note a similar verse:

Proverbs 10:9, "He that walketh uprightly walketh surely: but he that perverteth his ways shall be known."

Proverbs 28:19 He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of bread: but he that followeth after vain persons shall have poverty enough.

Proverbs 28:20 A faithful man shall abound with blessings: but he that maketh haste to be rich shall not be innocent.

Proverbs 28:20Illustration- Abraham:

Genesis 14:22-24, "And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth, That I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich: Save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion."

Scripture References- Note similar verses:

Proverbs 10:22, "The blessing of the LORD, it maketh rich, and he addeth no sorrow with it."

1 Timothy 6:10, "For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows."

Proverbs 28:28 When the wicked rise, men hide themselves: but when they perish, the righteous increase.

Proverbs 28:28Scripture Reference- Note a similar verse:

Proverbs 28:12, "When righteous men do rejoice, there is great glory: but when the wicked rise, a man is hidden."

Proverbs 29:1 Hebrews , that being often reproved hardeneth his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.

Proverbs 29:1"and that without remedy" - Word Study on "remedy" - The Enhanced Strong says the Hebrew word ( מַרְפֵּא) (H 4832) is used 16 times in the Old Testament, being translated in the KJV as, "health 5, healing 3, remedy 3, incurable 1, cure 1, sound 1, wholesome 1, yielding 1."

Comments- Note other uses of this same Hebrew word, "remedy":

2 Chronicles 36:16, "But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till there was no remedy.

Proverbs 6:15, "Therefore shall his calamity come suddenly; suddenly shall he be broken without remedy."

The opposite of "remedy" would be "trouble or calamity." Note the use of the same Hebrew as it is translated "health, healing":

Jeremiah 8:15, "We looked for peace, but no good came; and for a time of health, and behold trouble!"

Jeremiah 14:19, "Hast thou utterly rejected Judah? hath thy soul lothed Zion? why hast thou smitten us, and there is no healing for us? we looked for peace, and there is no good; and for the time of healing, and behold trouble!


Verses 6-8

Proverbs 27:6 Faithful are the wounds of a friend; but the kisses of an enemy are deceitful.

Proverbs 27:6 — — "but the kisses of an enemy are deceitful" - Illustration:

Luke 22:48, "But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?"

Proverbs 27:6Comments- In Matthew 7:1-6 Jesus teaches us about judging our neighbour. We are to avoid being critical of our neighbour ( Proverbs 7:1-4). Instead, we are to live a lifestyle of godliness so that we can speak words of wisdom and advice into the lives of others ( Proverbs 7:5). If they reject what we have to offer, we are not to push Christian teachings into their face, lest they become offended at God's Word and further bring judgment upon themselves ( Proverbs 7:6). Rather, we are to discern their hearts and help those who will accept our ministry ( Proverbs 7:6). This is why Paul wrote to the church at Corinth and told them that he that is spiritual is to judge (or discern) all things while not being found guilty of sin and judged by others ( 1 Corinthians 2:15). That Isaiah , we are supposed to live a godly lifestyle without sin by being mature enough to be able to discern between good and evil in our lives as well as those around us.

1 Corinthians 2:15, "But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of no man."

Solomon made a similar statement in Proverbs 9:8, "Reprove not a scorner, lest he hate thee: rebuke a wise Prayer of Manasseh , and he will love thee." We are to correct those who are in error. If they are rebellious, the burden to correct them is not upon us. However, we are to have enough discernment to recognize when someone is receptive to correction, and offer such in a spirit of love. Solomon as well said, "Faithful are the wounds of a friend; but the kisses of an enemy are deceitful." ( Proverbs 27:6) If we speak the truth in love when correcting others, we may initially wound someone's heart, but such wounds in the lives of the humble will quickly heal.

Proverbs 27:7 The full soul loatheth an honeycomb; but to the hungry soul every bitter thing is sweet.

Proverbs 27:7Comments- In Psalm 19:10; Psalm 119:103, God's Word is likened to honey. A man who is satisfied and full of this world's goods is a man who loathes God's Words and the things of God. However, to a man who is seeking fellowship with God, even the bitter things of the Christian live, such as persecutions and even the chastisement of our heavenly Father, are sweeter than the pleasures of this world's goods.

Psalm 19:10, "More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb."

Psalm 119:103, "How sweet are thy words unto my taste! yea, sweeter than honey to my mouth!"

When we learned to walk in the path that Jesus has called us, we find of peace, fullness and abundance. This is a path that drops fatness.

Psalm 65:11, "Thou crownest the year with thy goodness; and thy paths drop fatness."

However, mixed within these manifold blessings is a life of self-discipline that crucifies the flesh, as well as unpleasant experiences, such as persecutions and suffering for the name of Jesus. But this does not means that these experiences are leanness to our soul, for the Scriptures declare that to a hungry soul, even the bitter things in life are sweet Proverbs 27:7).

This means that when we continue to follow Jesus in the difficult times, He has a way of bringing us through such bitter experiences within an inner peace and joy that passes understanding, for this inner joy is s divine joy placed there by God, a joy that does not precede from the flesh, but from the spirit of man. Thus, does our walk with Jesus drop fatness at all times, both in the easy times and in the difficult times.

Proverbs 27:8 As a bird that wandereth from her nest, so is a man that wandereth from his place.

Proverbs 27:8Comments- In the realm of nature, a bird's nest is a place of rest ( Luke 9:58), of refuge, and of reproduction, which a bird needs in order to fulfill its designed destiny in nature. The concept of a wandering bird describes a creature without rest, refuge and reproduction, a situation that foreshadows the death of any creature in nature. There are species of birds that fly and nest in flocks for protection against predators. Their sheer numbers decrease the likelihood of one individual's capture out of a vast multitude, and that one nest of hatchlings will survive although some are eaten. Such animals that live in large social groups become disoriented when alone, and wander, as Proverbs 27:8 describes.

Luke 9:58, "And Jesus said unto him, Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head."

My family and I went on a safari to Lake Mburo, Uganda. We sent out on the lake and a game warden showed us some large bird nests in trees by the lake, with monkeys climbing the trees trying to gain access to the bird eggs. He explained that the hammerkop, a small stork of the East African wetlands, builds an enormously large nest of twigs and branches in a tree over hanging the water to protect itself from larger predators. It also makes the entrance to this next at the bottom of the large nest, so that the monkeys who climb the same tree and branches cannot enter the nest.

When a man is walking in the path of Wisdom of Solomon , in the plan of God for his life, he has entered into a place of rest. When a man wanders outside this path, he no longer has rest, but becomes lost in despair. He encounters continuous problems in life.


Verses 9-16

Proverbs 27:9 Ointment and perfume rejoice the heart: so doth the sweetness of a man"s friend by hearty counsel.

Proverbs 27:9Word Study on "ointment" - Strong says the Hebrew word "ointment" ( שֶׁמֶן) (H 8081) means, "grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed)," and figuratively, "richness." He says it comes from the primitive root ( שָׁמֵן) (H 8080), which means, "to shine, to be oily or gross." The Enhanced Strong says it is used 193times in the Old Testament, being translated in the KJV as, "oil 165, ointment 14, olive 4, oiled 2, fat 2, things 2, misc 4."

Proverbs 27:9Word Study on "perfume" - Strong says the Hebrew word "perfume" ( קְטֹרֶת) (H 7004) means, "fumigation," and it comes from the primitive root ( מֻקְטָר) (H 6999), which means, "to smoke, i.e. to turn into fragrance by fire." The Enhanced Strong says it is used 60 times in the Old Testament, being translated in the KJV as, "incense 57, perfume 3."

Proverbs 27:10 Thine own friend, and thy father"s friend, forsake not; neither go into thy brother"s house in the day of thy calamity: for better is a neighbour that is near than a brother far off.

Proverbs 27:11 My Song of Solomon , be wise, and make my heart glad, that I may answer him that reproacheth me.

Proverbs 27:12 A prudent man foreseeth the evil, and hideth himself; but the simple pass on, and are punished.

Proverbs 27:12Word Study on "hideth himself" - Strong says the Hebrew word "hideth himself" ( סָתַר) (H 5641) is a primitive root that means, "to hide (by covering), literally or figuratively."

Proverbs 27:12Comments- A prudent man is one who has taken the time to learn how to hear and obey the voice of wisdom. Therefore, he hears the voice of the Holy Spirit warning him about the evil ahead. Now the simple person is not necessary an evil person, but he is someone who has been too lazy to learn the Word of God and how to discern the voice of wisdom.

Sometimes the Lord will warn us of danger through a dream in order that we may pray and bind the devil from bringing harm.

Scripture Reference- Note the same verse in Proverbs 22:3.

Proverbs 22:3, "A prudent man foreseeth the evil, and hideth himself: but the simple pass on, and are punished."

Proverbs 27:14 He that blesseth his friend with a loud voice, rising early in the morning, it shall be counted a curse to him.

Proverbs 27:14Word Study on "a curse" - Strong says the Hebrew word "curse" ( קלָלָה) (H 7045) means "vilification."

Proverbs 27:14Comments- It was the custom to greet others in the morning with a blessing.

Illustration:

Ruth 2:4, "And, behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem, and said unto the reapers, The LORD be with you. And they answered him, The LORD bless thee."

Proverbs 27:15 A continual dropping in a very rainy day and a contentious woman are alike.

Proverbs 27:15Comments- Living in a house with a dripping faucet is very annoying. So can a contentious woman drive away a man.


Verses 17-22

Proverbs 27:17 Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

Proverbs 27:17Comments- A man's countenance shows his spirit. Note:

Proverbs 15:13, "A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken."

Ecclesiastes 10:9-10 says that a blunt axe takes more strength to cut wood:

Ecclesiastes 10:9-10, "Whoso removeth stones shall be hurt therewith; and he that cleaveth wood shall be endangered thereby. If the iron be blunt, and he do not whet the edge, then must he put to more strength: but wisdom is profitable to direct."

A sharp axe allows you to chop wood with greater ease and less strength. A sharp axe is like a cheerful countenance. Therefore, a blunt axe is like a dull countenance. How much easier it is to carry on the tasks of life with a cheerful heart, rather than a dull, unhappy heart.

Also, the countenance of a friend strengthens a man when he is low spiritually. The best place to go is to a friend, for he will sharpen your countenance.

Proverbs 27:17Comments- Note these insightful words from Frances J. Roberts regarding Proverbs 27:17 :

"Turn thy face toward Me, and leave to Me the responsibility of probing thy soul. I am the Master Surgeon. I am skilled in all cures of the soul as well as those of the body. Let Me care for thy health. Delight thyself in Me, and I shall bring about that which ye desire to see in thy character and personality. Feed upon My Word. It is there that ye shall come to a clearer understanding of My Person. Only as ye know Me can ye come to be more like Me. In association with others, man taketh to himself a measure of the mannerisms and ideologies of these other persons. So shall it be likewise to those who spend much time in My company. Silently, and without conscious effort, thou shalt be changed." 146]

146] Frances J. Roberts, Come Away My Beloved (Ojai, California: King's Farspan, Inc, 1973), 168.

Proverbs 27:18 Whoso keepeth the fig tree shall eat the fruit thereof: so he that waiteth on his master shall be honoured.

Proverbs 27:18Comments- When we support a ministry with prayer and financial giving, we will receive some of the same eternal rewards that the great minister himself will receive.

Proverbs 27:19 As in water face answereth to face, so the heart of man to man.

Proverbs 27:20 Hell and destruction are never full; so the eyes of man are never satisfied.

Proverbs 27:20Comments- Those men who are in positions of much gain, if they have a greedy heart, find themselves dissatisfied with their accumulations of gain. They chase after more, and their eyes are not content with the wealth they now have.

Proverbs 27:21 As the fining pot for silver, and the furnace for gold; so is a man to his praise.

Proverbs 27:21Word Study on "praise" - Strong says the Hebrew word "mahalal" ( מַהֲלָל) (H 4110) means, "fame." It is used only once in the Old Testament, being translated "praise" in Proverbs 27:21. Strong says it comes from the primitive root "halal" ( הָלַל) (H 1984), which literally means, "to be clear, to shine, to make a show, to boast, to be foolish, to rave, to celebrate." The Enhanced Strong says it is used 165 times in the Old Testament, being translated in the KJV as, "praise 117, glory 14, boast 10, mad 8, shine 3, foolish 3, fools 2, commended 2, rage 2, celebrate 1, give 1, marriage 1, renowned 1."

Proverbs 27:22 Though thou shouldest bray a fool in a mortar among wheat with a pestle, yet will not his foolishness depart from him.

Proverbs 27:22Comments- Foolishness is bound in the heart. It is not easily driven out of a person. As an adult, foolishness is hard to change. The Scriptures tell us to deal with this problem when he is a child ( Proverbs 22:15).

Proverbs 22:15, "Foolishness is bound in the heart of a child; but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him."


Verses 23-27

Eleven-Line Ode - Proverbs 27:23-27 forms an eleven-line ode, which teaches on diligence in one's work so provisions can be made for one's household.

Proverbs 27:23 Be thou diligent to know the state of thy flocks, and look well to thy herds.

Proverbs 27:23Word Study on "know" - Gesenius says the Hebrew word "know" ( יָדַע) (H 3045) means, "to see," hence, "to perceive, to acquire knowledge, to know, to be acquainted." Strong says it is a primitive root meaning, "to know, to ascertain by seeing." The Enhanced Strong says it is used 947 times in the Old Testament, being translated in the KJV as, "know 645, known 105, knowledge 19, perceive 18, shew 17, tell 8, wist 7, understand 7, certainly 7, acknowledge 6, acquaintance 6, consider 6, declare 6, teach 5, misc 85." This Hebrew word is used 35 times in the book of Proverbs.

Proverbs 27:23Word Study on "state" - Strong says the Hebrew word "state" "paniym" ( פָּנֶה) (H 6440) literally means "a face," However, it is often used figuratively, as in Proverbs 27:23, to refer to the appearance of something. The Enhanced Strong says it is used 2109 times in the Old Testament.

Proverbs 27:23Comments- The phrase "Be thou diligent to know" is a Hebraism found often in poetry, where a word is repeated twice for emphasis. The Hebrew text literally reads, "You know to know."

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Proverbs 27:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/proverbs-27.html. 2013.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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