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Bible Commentaries

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary
1 Timothy 3



Verse 1

He desireth a good work. No doubt but the work, or office, and charge of a bishop is good; but the motive of desiring to be a bishop not always good. However, in those days, the desire could scarce be grounded on temporal advantages. (Witham)

Verse 2



See St. John Chrysostom, p. 285.



Sobrium, Greek: nephalion. Vigilantem.



Pudicum: some Greek manuscripts, Greek: semnon.

Verse 3

Not given to wine, or a lover of wine. This, says St. John Chrysostom, is less than to be a drunkard; for such are excluded from the kingdom of heaven, whoever they be. (1 Corinthians vi. 10.) --- No striker. St. John Chrysostom understands not striving, fighting or quarreling even with his tongue. --- Not covetous (4) of money, as appears by the Greek text. (Witham)



Cupidum, Greek: aphilarguron.

Verse 4

Ruleth well his own house, &c. Before he is set over the Church, let him have given proofs of his talents for governing within his own house, by the regularity he has made all his dependants observe. In the infancy of the Church, it was frequently necessary to ordain the most regular fathers of families bishops, for want of others of a sufficient age who had observed perpetual continency. --- With all chastity. The Greek implies, grave, sober, temperate; but as this seems to answer what is said Titus i. 6. it seems to be properly understood of chastity. (Witham)

Verse 6

Not a neophyte. Not one newly as it were planted, or newly instructed in the faith. (Witham) --- That is, one lately baptized, a young convert. (Challoner) --- He fall into the judgment and condemnation of the devil, by returning to his evil habits he has so lately quitted. (Witham) --- Devil; i.e. into the same punishment to which the devil is condemned; (Theodoret) or into the power of the devil, who will accuse him at the judgment. (Calmet) --- Or again, seeing himself so soon after his conversion raised to the first dignities of the Church, might imitate in his pride the devil, who could not bear the weight of glory in which God had created him. (Bible de Vence)

Verse 8

Deacons, &c. By the Greek, grave, sober, &c. But why does he pass from bishops to deacons, not naming priests? St. John Chrysostom answers, that priests were comprehended under the name of bishops, their functions being much the same, except as to the ordination of the ministers of God. (Witham) --- After speaking of bishops he passes on to deacons, because priests are included in the former title; and every thing that he has said of the first, is applicable to them. (Estius)

Verse 11



Non detrahentes, Greek: me diabolous.

Verse 15

The pillar and ground of the truth. By the promises of Christ to direct his Church by the infallible spirit of truth; (see John xvi. 7; Matthew xxviii. 20; &c. (Witham)) and therefore, the Church of the living God can never uphold error, nor bring in corruptions, superstition, or idolatry. (Challoner) --- That the Church, the pillar and ground of truth, is to be conducted by the constant superintendence and guidance of the Holy Spirit into all truth to the consummation of days, every one whose mind is not strangely prejudiced may easily discover in various places of the inspired writings.

Verse 16



Quod manifestatum est; Greek: Theos ephanerothe en sarki. See St. John Chrysostom.



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Bibliography Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 3:4". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". 1859.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 26th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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