corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible
Psalms 102



Verses 1-3

Psalm 102:1-28. A Prayer of the afflicted, etc. - The general terms seem to denote the propriety of regarding the Psalm as suitably expressive of the anxieties of any one of David‘s descendants, piously concerned for the welfare of the Church. It was probably David‘s composition, and, though specially suggested by some peculiar trials, descriptive of future times. Overwhelmed - (compare Psalm 61:2). Poureth out - pouring out the soul - (Psalm 62:8). Complaint - (Psalm 55:2). The tone of complaint predominates, though in view of God‘s promises and abiding faithfulness, it is sometimes exchanged for that of confidence and hope.

The terms used occur in Psalm 4:1; Psalm 17:1, Psalm 17:6; Psalm 18:6; Psalm 31:2, Psalm 31:10; Psalm 37:20.

Verse 4

(Compare Psalm 121:6).

so that I forget — or, “have forgotten,” that is, in my distress (Psalm 107:18), and hence strength fails.

Verse 5

voice … groaning — effect put for cause, my agony emaciates me.

Verse 6-7

The figures express extreme loneliness.

Verse 8

sworn against me — or literally, “by me,” wishing others as miserable as I am (Numbers 5:21).

Verse 9

ashes — a figure of grief, my bread; weeping or tears, my drink (Psalm 80:5).

Verse 10
cast me down — or, “cast me away” as stubble by a whirlwind (Isaiah 64:6).

Verse 11

shadow … declineth — soon to vanish in the darkness of night.

Verse 12

Contrast with man‘s frailty (compare Psalm 90:1-7).

thy remembrance — that by which Thou art remembered, Thy promise.

Verse 13-14

Hence it is here adduced.

for — or, “when.”

the set time, etc. — the time promised, the indication of which is the interest felt for Zion by the people of God.

Verses 15-17

God‘s favor to the Church will affect her persecutors with fear.

Verse 16

When the Lord shall build — or better, “Because the Lord hath built,” etc., as a reason for the effect on others; for in thus acting and hearing the humble, He is most glorious.

Verse 18
created — (compare Psalm 22:31), an organized body, as a Church.

Verses 19-22

For — or, “That,” as introducing the statement of God‘s condescension. A summary of what shall be written.

to loose … appointed — or, “deliver” them (Psalm 79:11).

Verse 21

To declare, etc. — or, that God‘s name may be celebrated in the assemblies of His Church, gathered from all nations (Zechariah 8:20-23), and devoted to His service.

Verses 23-28

The writer, speaking for the Church, finds encouragement in the midst of all his distresses. God‘s eternal existence is a pledge of faithfulness to His promises.

in the way — of providence.

weakened — literally, “afflicted,” and made fearful of a premature end, a figure of the apprehensions of the Church, lest God might not perform His promise, drawn from those of a person in view of the dangers of early death (compare Psalm 89:47). Paul (Hebrews 1:10) quotes Psalm 102:26-28 as addressed to Christ in His divine nature. The scope of the Psalm, as already seen, so far from opposing, favors this view, especially by the sentiments of Psalm 102:12-15 (compare Isaiah 60:1). The association of the Messiah with a day of future glory to the Church was very intimate in the minds of Old Testament writers; and with correct views of His nature it is very consistent that He should be addressed as the Lord and Head of His Church, who would bring about that glorious future on which they ever dwelt with fond delightful anticipations.


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Psalms 102:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". 1871-8.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, December 1st, 2020
the First Week of Advent
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology