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Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible
Psalms 107

 

 

Verse 1-2

Psalm 107:1-43. Although the general theme of this Psalm may have been suggested by God‘s special favor to the Israelites in their restoration from captivity, it must be regarded as an instructive celebration of God‘s praise for His merciful providence to all men in their various emergencies. Of these several are given - captivity and bondage, wanderings by land and sea, and famine; some as evidences of God‘s displeasure, and all the deliverances as evidence of His goodness and mercy to them who humbly seek Him.

This call for thankful praise is the burden or chorus (compare Psalm 107:8, Psalm 107:15, etc.).


Verse 2

redeemed of the Lord — (compare Isaiah 35:9, Isaiah 35:10).

say — that is, that His mercy, etc.

hand of — or, “power of enemy.”


Verse 3

gathered — alluding to the dispersion of captives throughout the Babylonian empire.

from the south — literally, “the sea,” or, Red Sea (Psalm 114:3), which was on the south.


Verses 4-7

A graphic picture is given of the sufferings of those who from distant lands returned to Jerusalem; or,

city of habitation — may mean the land of Palestine.


Verse 5

fainted — was overwhelmed (Psalm 61:3; Psalm 77:3).


Verse 8-9

To the chorus is added, as a reason for praise, an example of the extreme distress from which they had been delivered - extreme hunger, the severest privation of a journey in the desert.


Verses 10-16

Their sufferings were for their rebellion against (Psalm 105:28) the words, or purposes, or promises, of God for their benefit. When humbled they cry to God, who delivers them from bondage, described as a dark dungeon with doors and bars of metal, in which they are bound in iron - that is, chains and fetters.

shadow of death — darkness with danger (Psalm 23:4).


Verse 16

broken — literally, “shivered” (Isaiah 45:2).


Verses 17-22

Whether the same or not, this exigency illustrates that dispensation of God according to which sin brings its own punishment.

are afflicted — literally, “afflict themselves,” that is, bring on disease, denoted by loathing of food, and drawing


Verse 18

near unto — literally, “even to”

gates — or, “domains” (Psalm 9:13).


Verse 20

sent his word — that is, put forth His power.

their destructions — that is, that which threatened them. To the chorus is added the mode of giving thanks, by a sacrifice and joyful singing (Psalm 50:14).


Verses 23-32

Here are set forth the perils of seafaring, futility of man‘s, and efficiency of God‘s, help.

go … sea — alluding to the elevation of the land at the coast.


Verse 24
deep — illustrated both by the storm He raises and the calm He makes with a word (Psalm 33:9).


Verse 25

waves thereof — literally, “His waves” (God‘s, Psalm 42:7).


Verse 27

are … end — literally, “all their wisdom swallows up itself,” destroys itself by vain and contradictory devices, such as despair induces.


Verses 29-32

He maketh … calm — or, “to stand to stillness,” or “in quiet.” Instead of acts of temple-worship, those of the synagogue are here described, where the people with the

assembly — or session of elders, convened for reading, singing, prayer, and teaching.


Verses 33-41

He turneth rivers into a wilderness, etc. — God‘s providence is illustriously displayed in His influence on two great elements of human prosperity, the earth‘s productiveness and the powers of government. He punishes the wicked by destroying the sources of fertility, or, in mercy, gives fruitfulness to deserts, which become the homes of a busy and successful agricultural population. By a permitted misrule and tyranny, this scene of prosperity is changed to one of adversity. He rules rulers, setting up one and putting down another.


Verse 40
wilderness — reduced to misery (Job 12:24).


Verse 42-43

In this providential government, good men will rejoice, and the cavils of the wicked will be stopped (Job 5:16; Isaiah 52:15), and all who take right views will appreciate God‘s unfailing mercy and unbounded love.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Psalms 107:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/psalms-107.html. 1871-8.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, September 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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