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Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible
Psalms 3



Verse 1

Psalm 3:1-8. For the historical occasion mentioned, compare 2 Samuel 15:1-17:29. David, in the midst of great distress, with filial confidence, implores God‘s aid, and, anticipating relief, offers praise.

Lord … increased — The extent of the rebellion (2 Samuel 15:13) surprises and grieves him.

Verse 2

say of my soul — that is, “of me” (compare Psalm 25:3). This use of “soul” is common; perhaps it arose from regarding the soul as man‘s chief part.

no help … in God — rejected by Him. This is the bitterest reproach for a pious man, and denotes a spirit of malignant triumph.

Selah — This word is of very obscure meaning. It probably denotes rest or pause, both as to the music and singing, intimating something emphatic in the sentiment (compare Psalm 9:16).

Verse 3

But — literally, “and” (Psalm 2:6). He repels the reproach by avowing his continued trust.

shield — a favorite and often-used figure for protection.

my glory — its source.

lifter up of mine head — one who raises me from despondency.

Verse 4
heard — Such has been my experience. The latter verb denotes a gracious hearing or answering.

out of — or, “from.”

his holy hill — Zion (Psalm 2:6). His visible earthly residence.

Verse 5

the Lord sustained me — literally, “will sustain me,” as if his language or thought when he laid down, and the reason of his composure.

Verse 6

ten thousands of people — or, “myriads,” any very great number (compare 2 Samuel 16:18).

Verse 7

Arise, O Lord — God is figuratively represented as asleep to denote His apparent indifference (Psalm 7:6). The use of “cheekbone” and “teeth” represents his enemies as fierce, like wild beasts ready to devour (Psalm 27:2), and smiting their cheekbone (1 Kings 22:24) denotes violence and insult.

thou hast broken — God took his part, utterly depriving the enemy of power to injure.

Verse 8

An ascription of praise to a delivering God, whose favor is an efficient benefit.


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Psalms 3:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". 1871-8.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, October 22nd, 2020
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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