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Monday, July 22nd, 2024
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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Bible Commentaries
Psalms 4

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole BibleCommentary Critical



:-. On Neginoth, that is, stringed instruments, as the kind of musical accompaniment. On other parts of title, see :-, The historical occasion was probably the same as that of the foregoing [see on :-]. The writer, praying for further relief, admonishes his enemies of the vanity of attacking God's servant, exhorts them to repentance, and avows his confidence and peace in God's favor.

Verse 1

1. Hear—as in :-.

God of my righteousness—or, "my righteous God, as my holy hill" ( :-), who will act towards me on righteous principles.

thou hast enlarged—expresses relief afforded in opposition to "distress," which is expressed by a word denoting straits or pressure. Past favor is a ground of hope for the future.

Verse 2

2. sons of men—men of note or prominence (compare 2 Chronicles 21:9).

turn my glory—or, "royal dignity."

into shame—or, "reproach."

vanity—a foolish and hopeless enterprise (Psalms 2:1).

leasing—a lie.

Verse 3

3. godly—an object as well as subject of divine favor (compare Psalms 105:14; Psalms 105:15).

Verse 4

4. Stand in awe— ( :-), from Septuagint, "be angry." Both clauses are qualified by "not."

Verse 5

5. Not only repent, but manifest penitence by sacrifices or righteousness or righteous sacrifices, &c.

Verse 6

6, 7. Contrast true with vain confidence.

light of thy countenance upon us—figure for favor (Numbers 6:26; Psalms 44:3; Psalms 81:16).

Verse 7

7. corn and wine—literally, "new corn and wine."

increased—an abundant harvest giving great joy (Isaiah 9:3).

Verse 8

8. both lay me down, &c.—or, will lie down at once, and sleep in sure confidence and quiet repose (Psalms 3:5).

Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Psalms 4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/jfb/psalms-4.html. 1871-8.
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