corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible
Psalms 84



Verse 1

Psalm 84:1-12. (See on Psalm 8:1, title, and see on Psalm 42:1, title). The writer describes the desirableness of God‘s worship and prays for a restoration to its privileges.

amiable — not lovely, but beloved.

tabernacles — (Psalm 43:3).

Verse 2

longeth — most intensely (Genesis 31:30; Psalm 17:12).

fainteth — exhausted with desire.

courts — as tabernacles (Psalm 84:1) - the whole building.

crieth out — literally, “sings for joy”; but here, and Lamentations 2:19, expresses an act of sorrow as the corresponding noun (Psalm 17:1; Psalm 61:2).

heart and … flesh — as in Psalm 63:1.

Verse 3

thine altars — that is, of burnt offering and incense, used for the whole tabernacle. Its structure afforded facilities for sparrows and swallows to indulge their known predilections for such places. Some understand the statement as to the birds as a comparison: “as they find homes, so do I desire thine altars,” etc.

Verse 4

This view is favored by the language here, which, as in Psalm 15:1; Psalm 23:6, recognizes the blessing of membership in God‘s family by terms denoting a dwelling in His house.

Verse 5

(Compare Psalm 68:28).

in whose heart … the ways — that is, who knows and loves the way to God‘s favor (Proverbs 16:17; Isaiah 40:3, Isaiah 40:4).

Verse 6

valley of Baca — or, “weeping.” Through such, by reason of their dry and barren condition, the worshippers often had to pass to Jerusalem. As they might become wells, or fountains, or pools, supplied by refreshing rain, so the grace of God, by the exercises of His worship, refreshes and revives the hearts of His people, so that for sorrows they have “rivers of delight” (Psalm 36:8; Psalm 46:4).

Verse 7

The figure of the pilgrim is carried out. As such daily refit their bodily strength till they reach Jerusalem, so the spiritual worshipper is daily supplied with spiritual strength by God‘s grace till he appears before God in heaven.

appeareth … God — the terms of the requisition for the attendance on the feasts (compare Deuteronomy 16:16),

Verse 9

God is addressed as a shield (compare Psalm 84:11).

thine anointed — David (1 Samuel 16:12).

Verse 10

I had … doorkeeper — literally, “I choose to sit on the threshold,” the meanest place.

Verse 11-12

As a sun God enlightens (Psalm 27:1); as a shield He protects.

grace — God‘s favor, its fruit -

glory — the honor He bestows.

uprightly — (Psalm 15:2; Psalm 18:23).

Verse 12

that trusteth — constantly.


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Psalms 84:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". 1871-8.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, April 8th, 2020
Wednesday in Easter Week
There are 4 days til Easter!
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology