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Bible Commentaries

Scofield's Reference Notes
Psalms 22



Verse 1

Aijeleth Shahar

Or, Ay-ys-leth Shachar, "hind of the morning," a title, not a musical instrument.

My God, My God

Psalms 22, 23, , 24. form a trilogy. In Psalms 22, the good Shepherd gives His life for the sheep John 10:11, in Psalms 23 the great Shepherd, "brought again from the dead through the blood of the everlasting covenant." Hebrews 13:20 tenderly cares for the sheep; in Psalms 24, the chief Shepherd appears as King of glory to own and reward the sheep 1 Peter 5:4.

Verse 7

All they that see me

Psalms 22. is a graphic picture of death by crucifixion. The bones (of the hands, arms, shoulders, and pelvis) out of joint (Psalms 22:14) the profuse perspiration caused by intense suffering (Psalms 22:14); the action of the heart affected (v .14); strength exhausted, and extreme thirst (Psalms 22:15); the hands and feet pierced (Psalms 22:16) partial nudity with hurt to modesty (Psalms 22:17), are all incidental to that mode of death. The accompanying circumstances are precisely those fulfilled in the crucifixion of Christ. Psalms 22:14-17. The desolate cry of; Psalms 22:1; Matthew 27:46, the periods of light and darkness of; Psalms 22:2; Matthew 27:45 the contumely of; Psalms 22:6-8; Psalms 22:12; Psalms 22:13; Psalms 22:18; Matthew 27:29-43 the casting lots of verse Psalms 22:18 (Matthew 27:35), all were literally fulfilled. When it is remembered that crucifixion was a Roman, not Jewish form of execution, the proof of inspiration is irresistible.

Verse 22

I will declare

At Psalms 22:22 the Psalm breaks from crucifixion to resurrection; fulfilled in the "Go to my brethren," etc., of John 20:17. The risen Christ declares to His brethren the name, "Father."

Verse 23


(See Scofield "Psalms 19:9").

Verse 25


(See Scofield "Psalms 19:9").

Verse 28

For the kingdom is

CF. Psalms 22:30. The kingdom is Jehovah's. In Psalms 22:30 Adonai is in view as ruling on behalf of Jehovah. See Psalms 110, with Matthew 22:42-45. The great end and object of the rule of Adonai (Lord) is the restoration of the kingdom to Jehovah (Lord).

See 1 Corinthians 15:23; 1 Corinthians 15:24. See "Names of Deity,"

1 Corinthians 15:23; 1 Corinthians 15:24 (See Scofield "Genesis 2:4"), See Scofield "Genesis 15:2".


Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Psalms 22:4". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". 1917.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, December 14th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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