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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Corinthians 13

 

 

Introduction
1He threatens severity, and the power of his apostleship, against obstinate sinners.
5And, advising them to a trial of their faith,
7and to a reformation of their sins before his coming,
11he concludes his epistle with a general exhortation and a prayer.

Verse 1
This is the third time I am coming to you. In the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established.
the third
12:14
In
Numbers 35:30; Deuteronomy 17:6; 19:15; 1 Kings 21:10,13; Matthew 18:16; 26:60,61; John 8:17,18; Hebrews 10:28,29

Verse 2
I told you before, and foretell you, as if I were present, the second time; and being absent now I write to them which heretofore have sinned, and to all other, that, if I come again, I will not spare:
told
1:23; 10:1,2,8-11; 12:20; 1 Corinthians 4:19-21; 5:5
being
heretofore
12:21

Verse 3
Since ye seek a proof of Christ speaking in me, which to you-ward is not weak, but is mighty in you.
ye seek
10:8-10
Christ
2:10; Matthew 10:20; 18:18-20; Luke 21:15; 1 Corinthians 5:4,5
which
2:6; 3:1-3; 12:12; 1 Corinthians 9:1-3

Verse 4
For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth by the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but we shall live with him by the power of God toward you.
he was
Luke 22:43,44; John 10:18; 1 Corinthians 15:43; Philippians 2:7,8; Hebrews 5:7; 1 Peter 3:18
yet
Acts 2:36; 4:10-12; Romans 6:4,9,10; 14:9; Ephesians 1:19-23; Philippians 2:9-11; 1 Peter 3:18,22; Revelation 1:17,18
we also
4:7-12; 10:3,4,10; 1 Corinthians 2:3
in him
or, with him.
Philippians 3:10; 2 Timothy 2:11,12
but
Acts 3:16; Romans 6:8-11

Verse 5
Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates?
Examine
Psalms 17:3; 26:2; 119:59; 139:23,24; Lamentations 3:40; Ezekiel 18:28; Haggai 1:5,7; 1 Corinthians 11:28,31; Galatians 6:4; Hebrews 4:1; 12:15; 1 John 3:20,21; Revelation 2:5; 3:2,3
in the faith
Colossians 1:23; 2:7; 1 Timothy 2:15; Titus 1:13; 2:2; 1 Peter 5:9
Know
1 Corinthians 3:16; 6:2,15,19; 9:24; James 4:4
Jesus Christ
6:16; John 6:56; 14:23; 15:4; 17:23,26; Romans 8:10; Galatians 2:20; 4:19; Ephesians 2:20-22; 3:17; Colossians 1:27; 2:19; 1 Peter 2:4,5
reprobates
6,7; Jeremiah 6:30; Romans 1:28; 2 Timothy 3:8; Titus 1:16; 1 Corinthians 9:27; Hebrews 6:8

Verse 6
But I trust that ye shall know that we are not reprobates.
3,4,10; 12:20

Verse 7
Now I pray to God that ye do no evil; not that we should appear approved, but that ye should do that which is honest, though we be as reprobates.
I pray
9; 1 Chronicles 4:10; Matthew 6:13; John 17:15; Philippians 1:9-11; 1 Thessalonians 5:23; 2 Timothy 4:18
approved
6:4; 10:18; Romans 16:10; 1 Corinthians 11:19; 2 Timothy 2:15; James 1:12; *Gr:
honest
8:21; Romans 12:17; 13:13; Philippians 4:8; 1 Timothy 2:2; 1 Peter 2:12
as reprobates
6:8,9; 10:10; 1 Corinthians 4:9-13

Verse 8
For we can do nothing against the truth, but for the truth.
10; 10:8; Numbers 16:28-35; 1 Kings 22:28; 2 Kings 1:9-13; 2:23-25; Proverbs 21:30; Proverbs 26:2; Mark 9:39; 16:17-19; Luke 9:49-56; Acts 4:28-30; 5:1-11; 13:3-12; Acts 19:11-17; 1 Corinthians 5:4,5; 1 Timothy 1:20; Hebrews 2:3,4

Verse 9
For we are glad, when we are weak, and ye are strong: and this also we wish, even your perfection.
when
8; 11:30; 12:5-10; 1 Corinthians 4:10
even
7,11; 7:1; Ephesians 4:13; Philippians 3:12-15; Colossians 1:28; 4:12; 1 Thessalonians 3:10; 2 Timothy 3:17; Hebrews 6:1; 12:23; 13:21; 1 Peter 5:10

Verse 10
Therefore I write these things being absent, lest being present I should use sharpness, according to the power which the Lord hath given me to edification, and not to destruction.
I write
2:3; 10:2; 12:20,21; 1 Corinthians 4:21
lest
2,8; Titus 1:13
according
10:8

Verse 11
Finally, brethren, farewell. Be perfect, be of good comfort, be of one mind, live in peace; and the God of love and peace shall be with you.
farewell
Luke 9:61; Acts 15:29; 18:21; 23:30; Philippians 4:4; 1 Thessalonians 5:16; *Gr:
Be perfect
9; Matthew 5:48; John 17:23; James 1:4; 1 Peter 5:10
be of good
1:4; Mark 10:49; Romans 15:13; 1 Thessalonians 4:18; 2 Thessalonians 2:16,17
be of one
Romans 12:16,18; 15:5,6; 1 Corinthians 1:10; Ephesians 4:3; Philippians 1:27; 2:1-3; 3:16; 4:2; 1 Peter 3:8
live
Genesis 37:4; 45:24; Mark 9:50; Romans 12:18; 14:19; 1 Thessalonians 5:13; 2 Timothy 2:22; Hebrews 12:14; James 3:17,18; 1 Peter 3:11
the God
Romans 15:33; 16:20; Philippians 4:9; 1 Thessalonians 5:23; Hebrews 13:20; 1 John 4:8-16
with
14; Matthew 1:23; 2 Thessalonians 3:16; Revelation 22:21

Verse 12
Greet one another with an holy kiss.
Romans 16:16; 1 Corinthians 16:20; 1 Thessalonians 5:26; 1 Peter 5:14

Verse 13
All the saints salute you.
Romans 16:16,21-23; Philippians 4:21,22; Philemon 1:23,24; Hebrews 13:24; 1 Peter 5:13; 2 John 1:13; 3 John 1:14

Verse 14
The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen.
The grace
Numbers 6:23-27; Matthew 28:19; John 1:16,17; Romans 1:7; 16:20,24; 1 Corinthians 16:23; Revelation 1:4,5
the love
Romans 5:5; 8:39; Ephesians 6:23; 1 John 3:16; Jude 1:21
the communion
John 4:10,14; 7:38; 14:15-17; Romans 8:9,14-17; 1 Corinthians 3:16; 6:19; 12:13; Galatians 5:22; Ephesians 2:18,22; 5:9; Philippians 2:1; 1 John 1:3; 3:24
Amen
Matthew 6:13; 28:20; Romans 16:20,27; 1 Corinthians 14:16

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Corinthians 13:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-corinthians-13.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, January 28th, 2020
the Third Week after Epiphany
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