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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Kings 14

 

 


Introduction
1Amaziah's good reign.
5His justice on the murderers of his father.
7His victory over Edom.
8Amaziah, provoking Jehoash, is overcome and spoiled.
15Jeroboam succeeds Jehoash.
17Amaziah slain by a conspiracy.
21Azariah succeeds him.
23Jeroboam's wicked reign.
28Zachariah succeeds him.

Verse 1
In the second year of Joash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel reigned Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah.
A. M. 3165. B.C. 839. Joash
15; 13:10
reigned Amaziah
1 Chronicles 3:12; 2 Chronicles 25:1-4

Verse 3
And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, yet not like David his father: he did according to all things as Joash his father did.
A. M. 3165-3194. B.C. 839-810. he did
12:2; 1 Kings 11:4; 15:3; 2 Chronicles 25:2,3
he did according
2 Chronicles 24:2,17; 25:14-16; Jeremiah 16:19; Zechariah 1:4-6; 1 Peter 1:18

Verse 4
Howbeit the high places were not taken away: as yet the people did sacrifice and burnt incense on the high places.
the high places
12:3; 15:4,35

Verse 5
And it came to pass, as soon as the kingdom was confirmed in his hand, that he slew his servants which had slain the king his father.
A. M. 3166. B.C. 838. that he slew
Genesis 9:6; Exodus 21:12-14; Numbers 35:33
his servants
12:20,21; 2 Chronicles 25:3,4

Verse 6
But the children of the murderers he slew not: according unto that which is written in the book of the law of Moses, wherein the LORD commanded, saying, The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, nor the children be put to death for the fathers; but every man shall be put to death for his own sin.
The fathers
Deuteronomy 24:16; Ezekiel 18:4,20

Verse 7
He slew of Edom in the valley of salt ten thousand, and took Selah by war, and called the name of it Joktheel unto this day.
A. M. 3177. B.C.827. slew
8:20-22; 2 Chronicles 25:11,12
the valley of salt
Some suppose that the Valley of Salt was south of the Dead, or Salt Sea, towards the land of Edom; and others suppose it to be the Valley of Salt, about three or four miles south-east of Palmyra, which now supplies, in a great measure, the surrounding country with salt.
2 Samuel 8:13; 1 Chronicles 18:12; Psalms 60:1; *title
Selah
or, the rock. Selah is generally supposed to be the same as Petra, which in Greek signifies a rock, the celebrated capital of Arabia Petræa. Strabo places it three or four days' journey from Jericho, and five days' journey from the forest of palm trees on the Red Sea. Pliny places it 600 miles from Gaza, and 125 from the Persian Gulf; but Cellarius and Reland very justly consider that the numbers have been changed, and that we ought to read 125 miles from Gaza, and 600 from the Persian Gulf. Eusebius places Beerothbenejaakan 30 miles west from Petra, and Elath ten miles east; and Burckhardt discovered the ruins of this ancient city in a valley called Wady Mousa.
Joktheel
Joshua 15:38

Verse 8
Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash, the son of Jehoahaz son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Come, let us look one another in the face.
A. M. 3178. B.C. 826. Amaziah
2 Chronicles 25:17-24
Come
11; 2 Samuel 2:14-17; Proverbs 13:10; 17:14; 18:6; 20:18; 25:8

Verse 9
And Jehoash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife: and there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, and trode down the thistle.
The thistle
Judges 9:8-15; 2 Samuel 12:1-4; 1 Kings 4:33; Ezekiel 20:49; The word {choach,} which is rendered here, and in 2; 25:18; Job 31:18,; 13:6,; 33:11; Proverbs 26:9; Song of Solomon 2:2; Hosea 9:6; thorn, is probably the black thorn, or sloe tree, the {prunus spinosa} of Linnæus, as the same word signifies in Arabic. There is a vast deal of insolent dignity in this remonstrance of Jehoash; but it has nothing conciliatory; no proposal of making amends for the injury his army had done to the unoffending inhabitants of Judah. (2; 25:10-13.)

Verse 10
Thou hast indeed smitten Edom, and thine heart hath lifted thee up: glory of this, and tarry at home: for why shouldest thou meddle to thy hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee?
thine heart
Deuteronomy 8:14; 2 Chronicles 26:16; 32:25; Proverbs 16:18; Ezekiel 38:2,5,17; Daniel 5:20-23; Habakkuk 2:4; James 4:6
glory of this
Exodus 8:9; Jeremiah 9:23,24; James 1:9
home
Heb. thy house. why shouldest.
2 Chronicles 35:21; Proverbs 3:30; 15:18; 17:14; 20:3; 25:8; 26:17; Luke 14:31,32

Verse 11
But Amaziah would not hear. Therefore Jehoash king of Israel went up; and he and Amaziah king of Judah looked one another in the face at Bethshemesh, which belongeth to Judah.
Amaziah
2 Chronicles 25:16,20
Beth-shemesh
Joshua 19:38; 21:16; 1 Samuel 6:9-19

Verse 12
And Judah was put to the worse before Israel; and they fled every man to their tents.
was put to the worse
Heb. was smitten. they fled.
1 Samuel 4:10; 2 Samuel 18:17; 1 Kings 22:36

Verse 13
And Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Bethshemesh, and came to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim unto the corner gate, four hundred cubits.
took Amaziah
25:6; 2 Chronicles 33:11; 36:6,10; Job 40:11,12; Proverbs 16:18; 29:23; Isaiah 2:11,12; Daniel 4:37; Luke 14:11
the gate of Ephraim
2 Chronicles 25:23,24; Nehemiah 8:16; 12:39
the corner
Jeremiah 31:38; Zechariah 14:10

Verse 14
And he took all the gold and silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house, and hostages, and returned to Samaria.
all the gold
24:13; 25:15; 1 Kings 7:51; 14:26; 15:18
and hostages
18:23; *marg:

Verse 15
Now the rest of the acts of Jehoash which he did, and his might, and how he fought with Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
A. M. 3163-3179. B.C. 841-825. the rest
10:34,35; 13:12; 1 Kings 14:19,20

Verse 16
And Jehoash slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel; and Jeroboam his son reigned in his stead.
A. M. 3179. B.C. 825. Jehoash
2 Samuel 7:12; 1 Kings 1:21
was buried
13:9
Jeroboam
13:13; Hosea 1:1; Amos 1:1; 7:10,11

Verse 17
And Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah lived after the death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel fifteen years.
A. M. 3179-3194. B.C. 825-810. Amaziah
1,2,23; 13:10; 2 Chronicles 25:25-28

Verse 18
And the rest of the acts of Amaziah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
13:8,12; 1 Kings 11:41; 14:29

Verse 19
Now they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem: and he fled to Lachish; but they sent after him to Lachish, and slew him there.
A. M. 3194. B.C. 810. they made
12:20,21; 15:10,14,25,30; 21:23; 2 Chronicles 25:27,28
fled to Lachish
Joshua 10:31; Micah 1:13

Verse 20
And they brought him on horses: and he was buried at Jerusalem with his fathers in the city of David.
he was buried
8:24; 9:28; 12:21; 1 Kings 2:10; 11:43; 2 Chronicles 21:20; 26:23; 33:20

Verse 21
And all the people of Judah took Azariah, which was sixteen years old, and made him king instead of his father Amaziah.
Azariah
15:13; 2 Chronicles 26:1
Uzziah
Matthew 1:8,9
Ozias
made him king.
21:24; 1 Chronicles 3:12

Verse 22
He built Elath, and restored it to Judah, after that the king slept with his fathers.
Elath
Elath, the Æla or Elana of the Greek and Roman writers, was a celebrated port situated at the extremity of the eastern branch of the Red Sea, hence called the Elanitic Gulf, ten miles east from Petra, according to Eusebius, and 150 Roman miles from Gaza, according to Pliny, but 1,260 stadia, or 157 miles, according to Strabo and Marcianus Herecleota. It is now called Akaba, and is nothing but a tower or castle, surrounded by a large grove of date trees, the residence of a governor, dependent on him of Grand Cairo.
16:6; Deuteronomy 2:8; 1 Kings 9:26; 2 Chronicles 26:2
Eloth

Verse 23
In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel began to reign in Samaria, and reigned forty and one years.
A. M. 3179-3220. B.C. 825-784. the fifteenth
Jeroboam
27; Hosea 1:1; Amos 1:1; 7:9-11
began to reign
"Now he begins to reign alone."

Verse 24
And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD: he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.
in the sight
21:6; Genesis 38:7; Deuteronomy 9:18; 1 Kings 21:25
he departed
13:2,6,11; 1 Kings 12:28-31; Psalms 106:20

Verse 25
He restored the coast of Israel from the entering of Hamath unto the sea of the plain, according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which he spake by the hand of his servant Jonah, the son of Amittai, the prophet, which was of Gathhepher.
from the entering
Numbers 13:21; 34:7,8; Ezekiel 47:16-18; Amos 6:14
unto the sea
Genesis 14:3; Deuteronomy 3:17
Jonah
Jonah 1:1; Matthew 12:39,40; 16:4
Jonas
Gath-hepher.
Joshua 19:13
Gittah-hepher

Verse 26
For the LORD saw the affliction of Israel, that it was very bitter: for there was not any shut up, nor any left, nor any helper for Israel.
saw the affliction
13:4; Exodus 3:7,9; Judges 10:16; Psalms 106:43-45; Isaiah 63:9
not any shut
Deuteronomy 32:36; 1 Kings 14:10; 21:21

Verse 27
And the LORD said not that he would blot out the name of Israel from under heaven: but he saved them by the hand of Jeroboam the son of Joash.
said not
13:23; Hosea 1:6
blot out
Exodus 32:32,33; Deuteronomy 9:14; 25:19; 29:20; Psalms 69:28; Romans 11:2-12; Revelation 3:5
he saved
5:1; 13:5; Hosea 1:7; Titus 3:4-6

Verse 28
Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, and all that he did, and his might, how he warred, and how he recovered Damascus, and Hamath, which belonged to Judah, for Israel, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
the rest
Damascus
2 Samuel 8:6; 1 Kings 11:24; 1 Chronicles 18:5,6; 2 Chronicles 8:3,4
which belonged to Judah
These places belonged to Judah by David's conquest, (2 Sa 3:11,) but had been repossessed by the Syrians.

Verse 29
And Jeroboam slept with his fathers, even with the kings of Israel; and Zachariah his son reigned in his stead.
A. M. 3220. B.C. 784. Zachariah
15:8
reigned
"After an interregnum of eleven years."

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-14.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 3rd, 2020
the First Week of Advent
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