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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Kings 16

 

 

Introduction
1Ahaz's wicked reign.
5Ahaz, assailed by Rezin and Pekah, hires Tiglath-pileser against them.
10Ahaz, sending a pattern of an altar from Damascus to Urijah, diverts the brazen altar to his own devotions.
17He spoils the temple.
19Hezekiah succeeds him.

Verse 1
In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign.
seventeenth
15:27-30,32,33
Ahaz
15:38; 2 Chronicles 28:1-4; Isaiah 1:1; 7:1; Hosea 1:1; Micah 1:1

Verse 2
Twenty years old was Ahaz when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not that which was right in the sight of the LORD his God, like David his father.
did not
14:3; 15:3,34; 18:3; 22:2; 1 Kings 3:14; 9:4; 11:4-8; 15:3; 2 Chronicles 17:3; 2 Chronicles 29:2; 34:2,3

Verse 3
But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, yea, and made his son to pass through the fire, according to the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel.
he walked
8:18; 1 Kings 12:28-30; 16:31-33; 21:25,26; 22:52,53; 2 Chronicles 22:3; 28:2-4
made his son
17:17; 23:10; Leviticus 18:21; 20:2; Deuteronomy 12:31; 18:10; 2 Chronicles 33:6; Psalms 106:37; Psalms 106:38; Jeremiah 32:35; Ezekiel 16:21; 20:26,31
according
21:2,11; Deuteronomy 12:31; 1 Kings 14:24; 2 Chronicles 33:2; Psalms 106:35; Ezekiel 16:47

Verse 4
And he sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places, and on the hills, and under every green tree.
on the hills
Deuteronomy 12:2; 1 Kings 14:23; Isaiah 57:5-7; 65:4; 66:17; Jeremiah 17:2; Ezekiel 20:28,29

Verse 5
Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to war: and they besieged Ahaz, but could not overcome him.
A. M. 3262. B.C. 742. Rezin
15:37; 2 Chronicles 28:5-15; Isaiah 7:1,2-9
but could not
1 Kings 11:36; 15:4; Isaiah 7:4-6,14; 8:6,9,10; 9:6,7

Verse 6
At that time Rezin king of Syria recovered Elath to Syria, and drave the Jews from Elath: and the Syrians came to Elath, and dwelt there unto this day.
recovered
14:22; Deuteronomy 2:8
Elath
Heb. Eloth.
1 Kings 9:26; 2 Chronicles 26:2

Verse 7
So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.
Tiglath-pileser
Heb. Tilgath-pileser.
15:29; 1 Chronicles 5:26; 2 Chronicles 28:20
Tilgath-pilneser
I am thy servant.
1 Kings 20:4,32,33
and save
Psalms 146:3-5; Jeremiah 17:5; Lamentations 4:17; Hosea 14:3

Verse 8
And Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house, and sent it for a present to the king of Assyria.
the silver
17,18; 12:17,18; 18:15,16; 2 Chronicles 16:2; 28:20,21
to the king
Psalms 7:15,16; Isaiah 7:17; 8:7,8

Verse 9
And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him: for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried the people of it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin.
A. M. 3264. B.C. 740. went up
2 Chronicles 28:5
Foretold
Amos 1:3-5
Damascus
Heb. Dammesek. Kir. Josephus informs us that this place was in Upper Media; and it is clear that it must be understood of some city or country in the dominions of the king of Assyria. It is highly probable that it was the country on the banks of the river [Kuros] Cyrus, or Kyrus, now called Kur, or Kura; and we find cities called Cyropolis, Cyrena, and Carine, mentioned by writers as lying in these parts, and a part of Media, called Syromedia, as it is thought, from the Syrians who were carried captive thither.
Isaiah 22:6; Amos 9:7
slew Rezin
Isaiah 7:16; 9:11

Verse 10
And king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and saw an altar that was at Damascus: and king Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the fashion of the altar, and the pattern of it, according to all the workmanship thereof.
saw an altar
Deuteronomy 12:30; 2 Chronicles 28:23-25; Jeremiah 10:2; Ezekiel 23:16,17; Romans 12:2; 1 Peter 1:18
the pattern
Exodus 24:4; 39:43; 1 Chronicles 28:11,12,19; Psalms 106:39; Ezekiel 43:8,11; Matthew 15:6,9

Verse 11
And Urijah the priest built an altar according to all that king Ahaz had sent from Damascus: so Urijah the priest made it against king Ahaz came from Damascus.
built an altar
1 Kings 21:11-13; 2 Chronicles 26:17,18; Jeremiah 23:11; Ezekiel 22:26; Daniel 3:7; Hosea 4:6; Hosea 5:11; Malachi 2:7-9; Galatians 1:10
Urijah
Isaiah 8:2

Verse 12
And when the king was come from Damascus, the king saw the altar: and the king approached to the altar, and offered thereon.
approached
1 Kings 13:1; 2 Chronicles 26:16-19; 28:23,25
offered thereon
Numbers 18:4-7

Verse 13
And he burnt his burnt offering and his meat offering, and poured his drink offering, and sprinkled the blood of his peace offerings, upon the altar.
he burnt
Leviticus 1:1-3
of his peace-offerings
Heb. of the peace-offerings which were his.

Verse 14
And he brought also the brasen altar, which was before the LORD, from the forefront of the house, from between the altar and the house of the LORD, and put it on the north side of the altar.
the brasen
Exodus 40:6,29; 2 Chronicles 1:5; 4:1; Matthew 23:35
the altar

Verse 15
And king Ahaz commanded Urijah the priest, saying, Upon the great altar burn the morning burnt offering, and the evening meat offering, and the king's burnt sacrifice, and his meat offering, with the burnt offering of all the people of the land, and their meat offering, and their drink offerings; and sprinkle upon it all the blood of the burnt offering, and all the blood of the sacrifice: and the brasen altar shall be for me to enquire by.
the morning
3:20; Exodus 29:39-41; Numbers 28:2-10; Daniel 9:21,27; 11:31; 12:11
the king's burnt
Leviticus 4:13-26; 2 Samuel 6:17,18; 1 Kings 3:4; 8:64; 2 Chronicles 7:4,5; 29:21-24,32,35; Ezekiel 46:4-7,12-14
for me to enquire by
18:4; Genesis 44:5; 2 Chronicles 33:6; Isaiah 2:6; Hosea 4:12

Verse 16
Thus did Urijah the priest, according to all that king Ahaz commanded.
11; Acts 4:19; 5:29; 1 Thessalonians 2:4; Jude 1:11

Verse 17
And king Ahaz cut off the borders of the bases, and removed the laver from off them; and took down the sea from off the brasen oxen that were under it, and put it upon a pavement of stones.
A. M. 3265. B.C. 739. cut off
2 Chronicles 28:24; 29:19
borders
1 Kings 7:23,27-39; 2 Chronicles 4:14
sea
25:13-16; 1 Kings 7:23-26; 2 Chronicles 4:15; Jeremiah 52:20

Verse 18
And the covert for the sabbath that they had built in the house, and the king's entry without, turned he from the house of the LORD for the king of Assyria.
the covert
There are a great number of conjectures concerning this covert; but it is probable that it was either, as Locke supposes, a sort of shelter or canopy erected for the people on the sabbath when the crowd was too great for the porch to contain them; or, as Dr. Geddes supposes, a seat, covered with a canopy, placed on an elevation, for the king and his court, when they attended public worship.
11:5; 1 Kings 10:5; Ezekiel 46:2

Verse 19
Now the rest of the acts of Ahaz which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
A. M. 3262-3278. B.C. 742-726
15:6,7,36,38; 20:20,21; 1 Kings 14:29

Verse 20
And Ahaz slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David: and Hezekiah his son reigned in his stead.
A. M. 3278. B.C. 726. buried
21:18,26; 2 Chronicles 28:27
Hezekiah
18:1; 1 Chronicles 3:13; 2 Chronicles 29:1; Isaiah 1:1; Hosea 1:1; Micah 1:1; Matthew 1:9
Ezekias

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-16.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, May 23rd, 2019
the Fifth Week after Easter
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