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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Samuel 22

 

 

Introduction
1David's psalm of thanksgiving for God's powerful deliverance, and manifold blessings.

Verse 1
And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:
David
Psalms 50:14; 103:1-6; 116:1-19
words
Exodus 15:1; Judges 5:1
in
49; Psalms 18:1; *title; Psalms 34:19; Isaiah 12:1-6; 2 Corinthians 1:10; 2 Timothy 4:18; Revelation 7:9-17
and out
1 Samuel 23:14; 24:15; 25:29; 26:24; 27:1

Verse 2
And he said, The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer;
Deuteronomy 32:4; 1 Samuel 2:2; Psalms 18:2-50; 31:3; 42:9; 71:3; 91:2; 144:2; Matthew 16:18

Verse 3
The God of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence.
in him
Hebrews 2:13
shield
Genesis 15:1; Deuteronomy 33:29; Psalms 3:3; 5:12; 28:7; 84:9,11; 115:9-11; Proverbs 30:5
the horn
1 Samuel 2:1; Luke 1:69
my high
51; Psalms 61:3; 144:2; Proverbs 18:10
my refuge
Psalms 9:9; 14:6; 18:2; 27:5; 32:7; 46:1,7,11; 59:16; 71:7; 142:4; Isaiah 32:2; Jeremiah 16:9
my saviour
Isaiah 12:2; 45:21; Luke 1:47,71; Titus 3:4,6
thou savest
49; Psalms 55:9; 72:14; 86:14; 140:1,4,11

Verse 4
I will call on the LORD, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies.
I will
Psalms 116:2,4,13,17
worthy
Nehemiah 9:5; Psalms 18:3; 66:2; 106:2; 148:1-4; Revelation 4:11; 5:12
so
Psalms 34:6; 50:15; 55:16; 56:9; 57:1-3; Romans 10:13

Verse 5
When the waves of death compassed me, the floods of ungodly men made me afraid;
waves
or, pangs.
1 Thessalonians 5:3
the floods
Psalms 18:4; 69:14,15; 93:3,4; Isaiah 59:19; Jeremiah 46:7,8; Revelation 12:15,16; Revelation 17:1,15
ungodly men
Heb. Belial.

Verse 6
The sorrows of hell compassed me about; the snares of death prevented me;
sorrows
or, cords.
Job 36:8; Psalms 18:5; 116:3; 140:5; Proverbs 5:22; Jonah 2:2; Acts 2:24
the snares
Proverbs 13:14; 14:27

Verse 7
In my distress I called upon the LORD, and cried to my God: and he did hear my voice out of his temple, and my cry did enter into his ears.
my distress
Psalms 116:4; 120:1; Matthew 26:38,39; Luke 22:44; Hebrews 5:7
did hear
Exodus 3:7; Psalms 34:6,15-17
out
1 Kings 8:28-30; Psalms 18:6; 27:4; Jonah 2:4,7; Habakkuk 2:20
my cry
James 5:4

Verse 8
Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because he was wroth.
the earth
Judges 5:4; Psalms 18:7; 77:18; 97:4; Habakkuk 3:6-11; Matthew 27:51; 28:2; Acts 4:31
foundations
Job 26:11; Nahum 1:5

Verse 9
There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.
went
16; Exodus 15:7,8; 19:18; 24:17; Deuteronomy 32:22; Job 4:9; 41:20,21; Psalms 18:8,15; Psalms 97:3-5; Isaiah 30:27,33; Jeremiah 5:14; 15:14; Hebrews 12:29
out of his
Heb. by his, etc. coals.
Habakkuk 3:5

Verse 10
He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness was under his feet.
bowed
Psalms 144:5; Isaiah 64:1-3
darkness
Exodus 20:21; Deuteronomy 4:11; 1 Kings 8:12; Psalms 97:2; 104:3; Matthew 27:45; Luke 23:44,45

Verse 11
And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: and he was seen upon the wings of the wind.
a cherub
Genesis 3:24; Exodus 25:19; 1 Samuel 4:4; Psalms 18:10; 68:17; 80:1; 99:1; Ezekiel 9:3; Ezekiel 10:2-14; Hebrews 1:14
upon the
Psalms 104:3; 139:9

Verse 12
And he made darkness pavilions round about him, dark waters, and thick clouds of the skies.
made
10; Psalms 18:11,12; 27:5; 97:2
dark waters
Heb. binding waters.

Verse 13
Through the brightness before him were coals of fire kindled.
coals of fire

Verse 14
The LORD thundered from heaven, and the most High uttered his voice.
thundered
Exodus 19:6; Judges 5:20; 1 Samuel 2:10; 7:10; 12:17,18; Job 37:2-5; 40:9; Psalms 29:3-9; 77:16-19; Isaiah 30:30; Ezekiel 10:5; Revelation 11:19

Verse 15
And he sent out arrows, and scattered them; lightning, and discomfited them.
arrows
Deuteronomy 32:23; Joshua 10:10; Psalms 7:12,13; 18:14; 45:5; 144:6,7; Habakkuk 3:11

Verse 16
And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.
the channels
Exodus 14:21-27; 15:8-10; Psalms 18:15-17; 114:3-7
rebuking
Exodus 15:8; Job 38:11; Psalms 106:9; Nahum 1:4; Habakkuk 3:8-10; Matthew 8:26,27
nostrils
or, anger.
9; Psalms 74:1

Verse 17
He sent from above, he took me; he drew me out of many waters;
sent
Psalms 18:16; 144:7
he drew
Psalms 32:6; 59:1,2; 93:3,4; 124:4,5; 130:1; Isaiah 43:2; Lamentations 3:54; Revelation 17:15
many
or, great.

Verse 18
He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them that hated me: for they were too strong for me.
delivered
1; Psalms 3:7; 56:9; 2 Corinthians 1:10; 2 Timothy 4:17

Verse 19
They prevented me in the day of my calamity: but the LORD was my stay.
prevented
15:10-13; 1 Samuel 19:11-17; 23:26,27; Psalms 18:18,19; 118:10-13; Matthew 27:39-44
the Lord
Psalms 71:20,21; Isaiah 26:19; 50:10

Verse 20
He brought me forth also into a large place: he delivered me, because he delighted in me.
brought
Genesis 26:22; 1 Chronicles 4:10; Psalms 31:8; 118:5; Hosea 4:16
delighted
15:26; Psalms 22:8; 147:11; 149:4; Isaiah 42:1; Matthew 3:17; 17:5; 27:43; Acts 2:32-36

Verse 21
The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness: according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me.
rewarded
25; 1 Samuel 26:23; 1 Kings 8:32; Psalms 7:3,4,8; 18:20-25; 19:11; 1 Corinthians 15:58
cleanness
Job 17:9; Psalms 24:4; James 4:8

Verse 22
For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God.
I have kept
Numbers 16:15; 1 Samuel 12:3; Job 23:10-12; 2 Corinthians 1:12
the ways
Genesis 18:19; Psalms 119:1; 128:1; Proverbs 8:32
have not
Psalms 36:3; 125:5; Zephaniah 1:6; John 15:10; Hebrews 10:38,39

Verse 23
For all his judgments were before me: and as for his statutes, I did not depart from them.
For all
Psalms 119:6,86,128; Luke 1:6; John 15:14
judgments
Deuteronomy 6:1,2; 7:12; Psalms 19:8,9; 119:13,30,102
I did not
Deuteronomy 8:11

Verse 24
I was also upright before him, and have kept myself from mine iniquity.
upright
Genesis 6:9; 17:1; Job 1:1; Psalms 51:6; 84:11; John 1:47; 2 Corinthians 5:11
before him
Heb. to him. kept.
Proverbs 4:23; Hebrews 12:1

Verse 25
Therefore the LORD hath recompensed me according to my righteousness; according to my cleanness in his eye sight.
recompensed
21; Isaiah 3:10; Romans 2:7,8; 2 Corinthians 5:10
in his eye sight
Heb. before his eyes.
Proverbs 5:21

Verse 26
With the merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful, and with the upright man thou wilt shew thyself upright.
the merciful
Matthew 5:7; James 2:13

Verse 27
With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure; and with the froward thou wilt shew thyself unsavoury.
the pure
Matthew 5:8
forward
Leviticus 26:23-28; Deuteronomy 28:58-61; Psalms 125:5
shew thyself unsavoury
or, wrestle.
Exodus 18:11; Psalms 18:26; Isaiah 45:9

Verse 28
And the afflicted people thou wilt save: but thine eyes are upon the haughty, that thou mayest bring them down.
afflicted
Exodus 3:7,8; Psalms 12:5; 72:12,13; 140:12; Isaiah 61:1-3; 63:9; Matthew 5:3
but thine
Exodus 9:14-17; 10:3; 18:11; Job 40:11,12; Psalms 138:6; Proverbs 21:4; Isaiah 2:11; Isaiah 5:15; 37:23,28,29; Daniel 4:37; James 4:6,7; 1 Peter 5:5,6

Verse 29
For thou art my lamp, O LORD: and the LORD will lighten my darkness.
lamp
or, candle.
Job 29:3; Psalms 27:1; 84:11; John 8:12; Revelation 21:23
lighten
Psalms 4:6; 18:28; 97:11; 112:4; Isaiah 50:10; 60:19,20; Micah 7:9; Malachi 4:2; John 12:46

Verse 30
For by thee I have run through a troop: by my God have I leaped over a wall.
run through
or, broken.
Psalms 18:29; 118:10-12; Romans 8:37; Philippians 4:13

Verse 31
As for God, his way is perfect; the word of the LORD is tried: he is a buckler to all them that trust in him.
his way
Deuteronomy 32:4; Daniel 4:37; Matthew 5:48; Revelation 15:3
the word
Psalms 12:6; 18:30; 119:140; Proverbs 30:5
tried
or, refined. a buckler.
3; Psalms 35:2; 91:4; 2:7

Verse 32
For who is God, save the LORD? and who is a rock, save our God?
For who
Deuteronomy 32:31,39; 1 Samuel 2:2; Isaiah 44:6,8; 45:5,6,21; Jeremiah 10:6,7,16
a rock
2,3

Verse 33
God is my strength and power: and he maketh my way perfect.
strength
Exodus 15:2; Psalms 18:32; 27:1; 28:7,8; 31:4; 46:1; Isaiah 41:10; Zechariah 10:12; 2 Corinthians 12:9; Ephesians 6:10; Philippians 4:13
maketh
Heb. riddeth, or looseth. my way.
Hebrews 13:21
perfect
Deuteronomy 18:13; Job 22:3; Psalms 101:2,6; 119:1

Verse 34
He maketh my feet like hinds' feet: and setteth me upon my high places.
maketh
Heb. equalleth to. like hinds'.
2:18; Deuteronomy 33:25; Habakkuk 3:19
setteth
Deuteronomy 32:13; Isaiah 33:16; 58:14

Verse 35
He teacheth my hands to war; so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms.
teacheth
Psalms 18:33,34; 144:1
to war
Heb. for the war. a bow.
Psalms 46:9; Ezekiel 39:3,9,10

Verse 36
Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy gentleness hath made me great.
the shield
Genesis 15:1; Psalms 84:11; Ephesians 6:16
gentleness
Psalms 18:35
made me great
Heb. multiplied me.
Genesis 12:2; 22:17; Psalms 115:14

Verse 37
Thou hast enlarged my steps under me; so that my feet did not slip.
enlarged
Psalms 4:1; 18:36; Proverbs 4:12
feet
Heb. ankles.
1 Samuel 2:9; Psalms 17:5; 94:18; 121:3

Verse 38
I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.
5:18-25; 8:1,2,13,14; 10:14; Psalms 21:8,9; Romans 8:37

Verse 39
And I have consumed them, and wounded them, that they could not arise: yea, they are fallen under my feet.
Psalms 18:37; 110:1,5,6; 118:10-12; Malachi 4:1,3

Verse 40
For thou hast girded me with strength to battle: them that rose up against me hast thou subdued under me.
girded
1 Samuel 17:49-51; 23:5; Psalms 18:32,39; Isaiah 45:5; Colossians 1:11
them
Psalms 44:5; 144:2
subdued
Heb. caused to bow.
Isaiah 60:14; Revelation 5:9

Verse 41
Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies, that I might destroy them that hate me.
necks
Genesis 49:8; Exodus 23:27; Joshua 10:24; Psalms 18:40,41
I might
Psalms 21:8,9; Luke 19:14,27; 2 Thessalonians 1:8,9

Verse 42
They looked, but there was none to save; even unto the LORD, but he answered them not.
unto the Lord
1 Samuel 28:6; Job 27:9; Proverbs 1:28; Isaiah 1:15; Ezekiel 20:3; Micah 3:4; Matthew 7:22,23; Luke 13:25,26

Verse 43
Then did I beat them as small as the dust of the earth, I did stamp them as the mire of the street, and did spread them abroad.
as small
2 Kings 13:7; Psalms 35:5; Daniel 2:35; Malachi 4:1
as the mire
Psalms 18:42; Isaiah 10:6; Micah 7:10; Zechariah 10:5
did spread
Deuteronomy 32:26; Isaiah 26:15; Zechariah 2:6; Luke 21:24

Verse 44
Thou also hast delivered me from the strivings of my people, thou hast kept me to be head of the heathen: a people which I knew not shall serve me.
delivered
3:1; 5:1; 18:6-8; 19:9,14; 20:1,2,22; Psalms 2:1-6; 18:43; Acts 4:25-28; Acts 5:30,31
head
8:1-14; Deuteronomy 28:13; Psalms 2:8; 60:8,9; 72:8,9; 110:6; Isaiah 60:12; Daniel 7:14; Romans 15:12; Revelation 11:15
a people
Isaiah 55:5; 65:1; Hosea 2:23; Romans 9:25

Verse 45
Strangers shall submit themselves unto me: as soon as they hear, they shall be obedient unto me.
Strangers
Heb. Sons of the stranger.
Isaiah 56:3,6
submit themselves
or, yield feigned obedience. Heb. lie.
Deuteronomy 33:29; Psalms 18:44,45; 66:3; 81:15; Acts 8:13,21-23

Verse 46
Strangers shall fade away, and they shall be afraid out of their close places.
fade away
Isaiah 64:6; James 1:11
out
Isaiah 2:19,21; Amos 9:3; Micah 7:17

Verse 47
The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.
Lord
Deuteronomy 32:39,40; Job 19:25
the rock of
Psalms 89:26; Luke 1:47

Verse 48
It is God that avengeth me, and that bringeth down the people under me,
avengeth me
Heb. giveth avengement for me.
18:19,31; 1 Samuel 25:30; Psalms 94:1
that bringeth
Psalms 110:1; 144:2; 1 Corinthians 15:25

Verse 49
And that bringeth me forth from mine enemies: thou also hast lifted me up on high above them that rose up against me: thou hast delivered me from the violent man.
thou also
5:12; 7:8,9; Numbers 24:7,17-19; 1 Samuel 2:8; Psalms 18:48
the violent
Psalms 52:1; 140:1

Verse 50
Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and I will sing praises unto thy name.
among
Romans 15:9
I will sing
Psalms 18:49; 145:1,2; 146:1,2; Isaiah 12:1-6

Verse 51
He is the tower of salvation for his king: and sheweth mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore.
the tower
2; Psalms 3:3; 21:1; 48:3; 89:26; 91:2; 144:10
his anointed
Psalms 18:50; 89:20
seed
7:12,13; Psalms 18:50; 89:29,36; Jeremiah 30:9; Luke 1:31-33; Revelation 11:15

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 22:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-22.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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