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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Acts 18

 

 

Introduction
1Paul labours with his hands, and preaches at Corinth to the Gentiles.
9The Lord encourages him in a vision.
12He is accused before Gallio the deputy, but is dismissed.
18Afterwards passing from city to city, he strengthens the disciples.
24Apollos, being more perfectly instructed by Aquila and Priscilla, preaches Christ with great efficacy.

Verse 1
After these things Paul departed from Athens, and came to Corinth;
departed
17:32,33
Corinth
19:1; 1 Corinthians 1:2; 2 Corinthians 1:1,23; 2 Timothy 4:20

Verse 2
And found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, lately come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla; (because that Claudius had commanded all Jews to depart from Rome:) and came unto them.
Aquila
26; Romans 16:3,4; 1 Corinthians 16:19; 2 Timothy 4:19
Pontus
2:9; 1 Peter 1:1
Claudius
11:28

Verse 3
And because he was of the same craft, he abode with them, and wrought: for by their occupation they were tentmakers.
and wrought
20:34,35; 1 Corinthians 4:12; 9:6-12; 2 Corinthians 11:9; 1 Thessalonians 2:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:8,9

Verse 4
And he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks.
he
13:14-52; 14:1; 17:1-3,11,17; 19:8; Luke 4:16
persuaded
13; 13:43; 19:26; 26:28; 28:23; Genesis 9:27; 2 Chronicles 32:11; Luke 16:31; 2 Corinthians 5:11

Verse 5
And when Silas and Timotheus were come from Macedonia, Paul was pressed in the spirit, and testified to the Jews that Jesus was Christ.
Silas
17:14,15; 1 Thessalonians 3:2
was
4:20; 17:16; Job 32:18-20; Jeremiah 6:11; 20:9; Ezekiel 3:14; Micah 3:8; Luke 12:50; 2 Corinthians 5:14; Philippians 1:23; *Gr:
and testified
28; 2:36; 9:22; 10:42; 17:3; 20:21; John 15:27; 1 Peter 5:12
was Christ
or, is the Christ.
Daniel 9:25,26; John 1:41; 3:28; 10:24

Verse 6
And when they opposed themselves, and blasphemed, he shook his raiment, and said unto them, Your blood be upon your own heads; I am clean: from henceforth I will go unto the Gentiles.
they
13:45; 19:9; 26:11; Luke 22:65; 1 Thessalonians 2:14-16; 2 Timothy 2:25; James 2:6,7; 1 Peter 4:4,14
he shook
13:51; Nehemiah 5:13; Matthew 10:14; Luke 9:5; 10:10,11
Your
20:26,27; Leviticus 20:9,11,12; 2 Samuel 1:16; Ezekiel 3:18,19; 18:13; 33:4,8,9; 1 Timothy 5:22
from
13:46,47; 19:9,10; 26:20; 28:28; Matthew 8:11; 21:43; 22:10; Romans 3:29; Romans 9:25,26,30-33; 10:12,13; 11:11-15

Verse 7
And he departed thence, and entered into a certain man's house, named Justus, one that worshipped God, whose house joined hard to the synagogue.
Justus
Colossians 4:11
worshipped
10:2,22; 13:42; 16:14; 17:4

Verse 8
And Crispus, the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hearing believed, and were baptized.
Crispus
1 Corinthians 1:14
the chief
17; 13:15; Mark 5:35
believed
10:2; 16:14,15,34; Genesis 17:27; 18:19; Joshua 24:15
hearing
2:37-41; 8:12,35-38; Matthew 28:19; Mark 16:15,16; Romans 10:14-17; 1 Corinthians 1:13-17

Verse 9
Then spake the Lord to Paul in the night by a vision, Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not thy peace:
spake
16:9; 22:18; 23:11; 27:23-25; 2 Corinthians 12:1-3
Be
Isaiah 58:1; Jeremiah 1:17; Ezekiel 2:6-8; 3:9-11; Jonah 3:2; Micah 3:8; Ephesians 6:19,20; 1 Thessalonians 2:2

Verse 10
For I am with thee, and no man shall set on thee to hurt thee: for I have much people in this city.
I am
Exodus 4:12; Joshua 1:5,9; Judges 2:18; Isaiah 8:10; 41:10; 43:2; Jeremiah 1:18,19; Matthew 1:23; 28:20; 2 Corinthians 12:9; 2 Timothy 4:17,22
and no
Isaiah 54:17; Jeremiah 15:20,21; Matthew 10:30; Luke 21:18; Romans 8:31
for
15:14,18; John 10:16; 11:52; Romans 10:20,21; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11

Verse 11
And he continued there a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them.
he
14:3; 19:10; 20:31
continued there
Gr. sat there.

Verse 12
And when Gallio was the deputy of Achaia, the Jews made insurrection with one accord against Paul, and brought him to the judgment seat,
Cir
A.M. 4059. A.D. 55. the deputy.
13:7,12
Achaia
27; Romans 15:26; 16:5; 1 Corinthians 16:15; 2 Corinthians 1:1; 9:2; 11:10; 1 Thessalonians 1:7,8
the Jews
13:50; 14:2,19; 17:5,13; 21:27-36
the judgment
16,17; 25:10; Matthew 27:19; John 19:13; James 2:6

Verse 13
Saying, This fellow persuadeth men to worship God contrary to the law.
4; 6:13; 21:28; 24:5,6; 25:8

Verse 14
And when Paul was now about to open his mouth, Gallio said unto the Jews, If it were a matter of wrong or wicked lewdness, O ye Jews, reason would that I should bear with you:
when
21:39,40; 22:1,2; 26:1,2; Luke 21:12-15; 1 Peter 3:14,15
If
23:27-29; 25:11,18-20,26
bear
13:18; Mark 9:19; Romans 13:3; 2 Corinthians 11:1,4; Hebrews 5:2

Verse 15
But if it be a question of words and names, and of your law, look ye to it; for I will be no judge of such matters.
a question
23:29; 25:11,19; 26:3; 1 Timothy 1:4; 6:4; 2 Timothy 2:23; Titus 3:9
look
Matthew 27:4,24
for
24:6-8; John 18:31

Verse 16
And he drave them from the judgment seat.
Psalms 76:10; Romans 13:3,4; Revelation 12:16

Verse 17
Then all the Greeks took Sosthenes, the chief ruler of the synagogue, and beat him before the judgment seat. And Gallio cared for none of those things.
Sosthenes
1 Corinthians 1:1
the chief
And Gallio
17:32; Amos 6:6; 1 Corinthians 1:23

Verse 18
And Paul after this tarried there yet a good while, and then took his leave of the brethren, and sailed thence into Syria, and with him Priscilla and Aquila; having shorn his head in Cenchrea: for he had a vow.
Syria
15:23,41; 21:3; Galatians 1:21
Priscilla
having
21:24; Numbers 6:5-9,18; 1 Corinthians 9:20
Cenchrea
Cenchrea, now Kenkri, was the port of Corinth, on the east side of the isthmus, and about nine miles from the city.
Romans 16:1

Verse 19
And he came to Ephesus, and left them there: but he himself entered into the synagogue, and reasoned with the Jews.
Ephesus
24; 19:1,17,26; 20:16; 1 Corinthians 16:8; Ephesians 1:1; 1 Timothy 1:3; 2 Timothy 1:18; 4:12; Revelation 1:11; 2:1
but
4; 17:2,3

Verse 20
When they desired him to tarry longer time with them, he consented not;
he
20:16; 21:13,14; Mark 1:37,38; 1 Corinthians 16:12

Verse 21
But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast that cometh in Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if God will. And he sailed from Ephesus.
bade
15:29; Luke 9:61; 2 Corinthians 13:11
I must
20:16; Deuteronomy 16:1
if God
19:21; 21:14; Matthew 26:39; Romans 1:10; 15:32; 1 Corinthians 4:19; Philippians 2:19-24; Hebrews 6:3; James 4:15

Verse 22
And when he had landed at Caesarea, and gone up, and saluted the church, he went down to Antioch.
Caesarea
8:40; 10:1,24; 11:11; 18:22; 23:23
gone
25:1,9
the church
21; 11:22; 15:4; 21:17-19
he went
11:19-27; 13:1; 14:26; 15:23,30,35

Verse 23
And after he had spent some time there, he departed, and went over all the country of Galatia and Phrygia in order, strengthening all the disciples.
the country
16:6; 1 Corinthians 16:1; Galatians 1:2; 4:14
strengthening
14:22; 15:32,41; 16:40; Deuteronomy 3:28; Ezra 1:6; Isaiah 35:3,4; Daniel 11:1; Luke 22:32,43; 1 Thessalonians 3:2; 4:18; 5:14; Hebrews 12:12,13

Verse 24
And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus.
Apollos
19:1; 1 Corinthians 1:12; 3:5,6; 4:6; 16:12; Titus 3:13
Alexandria
6:9; 27:6
an
Exodus 4:10; Isaiah 3:3; 1 Corinthians 2:1,2; 2 Corinthians 10:10
mighty
28; 7:22; Ezra 7:6,12; Matthew 13:52; Luke 24:19; Colossians 3:16

Verse 25
This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John.
instructed
13:10; 16:17; 19:9,23; Genesis 18:19; Judges 2:22; 1 Samuel 12:23; Psalms 25:8,9; Psalms 119:1; Isaiah 40:3; Jeremiah 6:16; Hosea 14:9; Matthew 3:3; Mark 1:3; 12:14; Luke 3:4; John 1:23
fervent
Romans 12:11; Colossians 1:28,29; 2 Timothy 2:4; James 5:16
knowing
19:3; Matthew 3:1-17; Luke 3:1-38; John 1:19-36

Verse 26
And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto them, and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly.
to speak
14:3; Isaiah 58:1; Ephesians 6:19,20
Aquila
2,3
expounded
8:31; 28:23; Proverbs 1:5; 9:9; 22:17,18; 25:12; Matthew 18:3,4; Mark 10:15; Luke 19:26; 24:27; John 7:17; 1 Corinthians 3:18; 8:2; 12:21; Hebrews 6:1; 2 Peter 3:18

Verse 27
And when he was disposed to pass into Achaia, the brethren wrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him: who, when he was come, helped them much which had believed through grace:
the brethren
9:27; Romans 16:1,2; 1 Corinthians 16:3; 2 Corinthians 3:1,2
exhorting
Colossians 4:10; 3 John 1:8-10
helped
1 Corinthians 3:6,10-14; 2 Corinthians 1:24; Philippians 1:25
believed
John 1:12,13; Romans 1:5; 1 Corinthians 15:10; Ephesians 2:8-10; Philippians 1:29; Colossians 2:12; 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14; Titus 3:4-6; James 1:16-18; 1 Peter 1:2,3

Verse 28
For he mightily convinced the Jews, and that publickly, shewing by the scriptures that Jesus was Christ.
convinced
5,25; 9:22; 17:3; 26:22,23; Luke 24:27,44; 1 Corinthians 15:3,4; Hebrews 7:1-10
shewing
John 5:39
was Christ
or, is the Christ.

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Acts 18:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/acts-18.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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