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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Amos 1

 

 

Introduction
1The time when Amos prophesied.
3He shews God's judgment upon Syria,
6upon the Philistines,
9upon Tyrus,
11upon Edom,
13upon Ammon.

Verse 1
The words of Amos, who was among the herdmen of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.
The words
Jeremiah 1:1; 7:27
who
7:14; Exodus 3:1; 1 Kings 19:19; Psalms 78:70-72; Matthew 4:18; 1 Corinthians 1:27
Tekoa
2 Samuel 14:2; 2 Chronicles 11:6; 20:20; Jeremiah 6:1
he saw
Isaiah 1:1; Micah 1:1
in the
2 Kings 14:21; 15:1,2
Azariah
2 Chronicles 26:1-23; Hosea 1:1; Matthew 1:8,9
and in
7:9-11; 2 Kings 14:23-29
the earthquake
Zechariah 14:5

Verse 2
And he said, The LORD will roar from Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the habitations of the shepherds shall mourn, and the top of Carmel shall wither.
The Lord
3:7,8; Proverbs 20:2; Isaiah 42:13; Jeremiah 25:30; Hosea 13:8; Joel 2:11; 3:16
the habitations
4:7,8; Isaiah 33:9; Jeremiah 12:4; 14:2; Joel 1:9-13,16-18
Carmel
1 Samuel 25:2; Isaiah 35:2; Jeremiah 50:19; Nahum 1:4

Verse 3
Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron:
For
6,9,11,13; 2:1,4,6; Job 5:19; 19:3; Proverbs 6:16; Ecclesiastes 11:2
Damascus
Isaiah 7:8; 8:4; 17:1; Jeremiah 49:23-27; Zechariah 9:1
and for four
or, yea, for four. turn away the punishment thereof. or, convert it, or, let it be quiet, and so.
6,9-2:16
because
1 Kings 19:17; 2 Kings 8:12; 10:32,33; 13:3,7; Isaiah 41:15

Verse 4
But I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, which shall devour the palaces of Benhadad.
I will
7,10,12,14; 2:2,5; Judges 9:19,20,57; Jeremiah 17:27; 49:27; Ezekiel 30:8; Ezekiel 39:6; Hosea 8:14
Hazael
1 Kings 19:15; 2 Kings 8:7-15
Benhadad
1 Kings 20:1-22; 2 Kings 6:24; 13:3,25; 2 Chronicles 16:2

Verse 5
I will break also the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant from the plain of Aven, and him that holdeth the sceptre from the house of Eden: and the people of Syria shall go into captivity unto Kir, saith the LORD.
break
Isaiah 43:14; Jeremiah 50:36; 51:30; Lamentations 2:9; Nahum 3:13
the plain of Aven
or, Bikath-aven. Probably Heliopolis, now Baalbek, situated between Libanus and Antilibanus, 56 miles N. W. of Damascus, according to Antoninus, and celebrated for its temple of the sun.
the house of Eden
or, Beth-eden. Probably the village of Eden, in Mount Lebanon, marks the site of this place. It is delightfully situated by the side of a most rich and cultivated valley, contains about 400 or 500 families, and is, according to modern authorities, about 20 miles S. E. of Tripoli, and five miles from the cedars.
the people
9:7; 2 Kings 16:9

Verse 6
Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Gaza, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they carried away captive the whole captivity, to deliver them up to Edom:
three
3,9,11
Gaza
1 Samuel 6:17; 2 Chronicles 28:18; Isaiah 14:29-31; Jeremiah 47:4,5; Ezekiel 25:15,16; Zephaniah 2:4-7; Zechariah 9:5; Acts 8:26
carried, etc
or, carried them away with an entire captivity.
2 Chronicles 21:16,17; 28:18; Joel 3:6
to Edom
9,11; Ezekiel 35:5; Obadiah 1:11

Verse 7
But I will send a fire on the wall of Gaza, which shall devour the palaces thereof:
I will
Deuteronomy 32:35,41-43; Psalms 75:7,8; 94:1-5; Zephaniah 2:4; Romans 12:19
a fire
4; 2 Kings 18:8; 2 Chronicles 26:6; Jeremiah 25:18-20; 47:1; Zechariah 9:5-7

Verse 8
And I will cut off the inhabitant from Ashdod, and him that holdeth the sceptre from Ashkelon, and I will turn mine hand against Ekron: and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish, saith the Lord GOD.
I will cut
Isaiah 20:1; Jeremiah 47:5; Ezekiel 25:16
turn
Psalms 81:14; Isaiah 1:25; Zechariah 13:7
and the
Isaiah 14:29-31; Jeremiah 47:4,5; Ezekiel 25:16; Zephaniah 2:4-7

Verse 9
Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Tyrus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they delivered up the whole captivity to Edom, and remembered not the brotherly covenant:
Tyrus
Isaiah 23:1-18; Jeremiah 47:4; Ezekiel 26:1-28; Joel 3:4-8; Zechariah 9:2-4
because
6,11
brotherly covenant
Heb. covenant of brethren.
2 Samuel 5:11; 1 Kings 5:1-11; 9:11-14; 2 Chronicles 2:8-16

Verse 10
But I will send a fire on the wall of Tyrus, which shall devour the palaces thereof.
4,7-2:16; Ezekiel 26:12; Zechariah 9:4

Verse 11
Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Edom, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because he did pursue his brother with the sword, and did cast off all pity, and his anger did tear perpetually, and he kept his wrath for ever:
Edom
Isaiah 21:11,12; 34:1-17; 63:1-7; Jeremiah 49:7-22; Ezekiel 25:12-14; 35:1-15; Obadiah 1:1-14; Malachi 1:4
because
Genesis 27:40,41; Numbers 20:14-21; Deuteronomy 2:4-8; 23:7; 2 Chronicles 28:17; Psalms 83:3-8; Psalms 137:7; Lamentations 4:21,22; Ezekiel 25:12; 35:5,6,11; Joel 3:19; Obadiah 1:10-14; Malachi 1:2
did cast off all pity
Heb. corrupted his compassions. kept.
Psalms 85:5; Ecclesiastes 7:9; Isaiah 57:16; Micah 7:18; Ephesians 4:26,27; 5:1

Verse 12
But I will send a fire upon Teman, which shall devour the palaces of Bozrah.
Teman
Genesis 36:11; Jeremiah 49:7,20; Obadiah 1:9,10
Bozrah
Genesis 36:33; Isaiah 34:6; Jeremiah 49:13,22

Verse 13
Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of the children of Ammon, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have ripped up the women with child of Gilead, that they might enlarge their border:
the children
Deuteronomy 2:19; Jeremiah 49:1-6; Ezekiel 25:2-7; Zephaniah 2:8
and for
Deuteronomy 23:3,4; Judges 10:7-9; 11:15-28; 1 Samuel 11:1,2; 2 Samuel 10:1-8; 2 Kings 24:2; 2 Chronicles 20:1,10; Nehemiah 2:19; 4:7-23; Psalms 83:7
because
Hosea 13:16
ripped up the woman with child
or, divided the mountains. enlarge.
Isaiah 5:8; Jeremiah 49:1; Ezekiel 35:10; Habakkuk 2:5,6

Verse 14
But I will kindle a fire in the wall of Rabbah, and it shall devour the palaces thereof, with shouting in the day of battle, with a tempest in the day of the whirlwind:
Rabbah
Deuteronomy 3:11; 2 Samuel 12:26; Jeremiah 49:2; Ezekiel 25:5
with shouting
2:2; Job 39:25; Isaiah 9:5
with a
Psalms 83:15; Isaiah 30:30; Daniel 11:40; Zechariah 7:14

Verse 15
And their king shall go into captivity, he and his princes together, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 49:3

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Amos 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/amos-1.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, May 23rd, 2019
the Fifth Week after Easter
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