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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Deuteronomy 6

 

 

Introduction
1The end of the law is obedience.
3An exhortation thereto.
20What they are to teach their children.

Verse 1
Now these are the commandments, the statutes, and the judgments, which the LORD your God commanded to teach you, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go to possess it:
the commandments
4:1,5,14,45; 5:31; 12:1; Leviticus 27:34; Numbers 36:13; Ezekiel 37:24
go to possess it
Heb. pass over.

Verse 2
That thou mightest fear the LORD thy God, to keep all his statutes and his commandments, which I command thee, thou, and thy son, and thy son's son, all the days of thy life; and that thy days may be prolonged.
fear
4:10; 10:12,13,20; 13:4; Genesis 22:12; Exodus 20:20; Job 28:28; Psalms 111:10; Psalms 128:1; Proverbs 16:6; Ecclesiastes 12:13; Luke 12:5; 1 Peter 1:17
and thy son
7; Genesis 18:19; Psalms 78:4-8
thy days
4:40; 5:16,33; 22:7; Proverbs 3:1,2,16; 1 Peter 3:10,11

Verse 3
Hear therefore, O Israel, and observe to do it; that it may be well with thee, and that ye may increase mightily, as the LORD God of thy fathers hath promised thee, in the land that floweth with milk and honey.
and observe
4:6; 5:32; Ecclesiastes 8:12; Isaiah 3:10
that ye may
Genesis 12:2; 13:16; 15:5; 22:17; 26:4; 28:14; Exodus 1:7; Acts 7:17
in the land
Exodus 3:8

Verse 4
Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:
4:35,36; 5:6; 1 Kings 18:21; 2 Kings 19:5; 1 Chronicles 29:10; Isaiah 42:8; 44:6,8; Isaiah 45:5,6; Jeremiah 10:10,11; Mark 12:29-32; John 17:3; 1 Corinthians 8:4-6; 1 Timothy 2:5

Verse 5
And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.
thou shalt
10:12; 11:13; 30:6; Matthew 22:37; Mark 12:30,33; Luke 10:27; 1 John 5:3
God with all
4:29; 2 Kings 23:25; Matthew 10:37; John 14:20,21; 2 Corinthians 5:14,15

Verse 6
And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart:
shall be
11:18; 32:46; Psalms 37:31; 40:8; 119:11,98; Proverbs 2:10,11; 3:1-3,5; 7:3; Isaiah 51:7; Jeremiah 31:33; Luke 2:51; 8:15; 2 Corinthians 3:3; Colossians 3:16; 2 John 1:2

Verse 7
And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up.
And thou shalt
2; 4:9,10; 11:19; Genesis 18:19; Exodus 12:26,27; 13:14,15; Psalms 78:4-6; Ephesians 6:4
teach
Heb. whet, or sharpen. shalt talk.
Ruth 2:4,12; 4:11; Psalms 37:30; 40:9,10; 119:46; 129:8; Proverbs 6:22; 10:21; Proverbs 15:2,7; Malachi 3:16; Matthew 12:35; Luke 6:45; Ephesians 4:29; Colossians 4:6; 1 Peter 3:15

Verse 8
And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes.
11:18; Exodus 13:9,16; Numbers 15:38,39; Proverbs 3:3; 6:21; 7:3; Matthew 23:5; Hebrews 2:1

Verse 9
And thou shalt write them upon the posts of thy house, and on thy gates.
11:20; Exodus 12:7; Job 19:23-25; Isaiah 30:8; 57:8; Habakkuk 2:2

Verse 10
And it shall be, when the LORD thy God shall have brought thee into the land which he sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give thee great and goodly cities, which thou buildedst not,
land
Genesis 13:15-17; 15:18; 26:3; 28:13
great
Joshua 24:13; Nehemiah 9:25; Psalms 78:55; 105:44

Verse 11
And houses full of all good things, which thou filledst not, and wells digged, which thou diggedst not, vineyards and olive trees, which thou plantedst not; when thou shalt have eaten and be full;
when thou
7:12-18; 8:10-20; 32:15; Judges 3:7; Proverbs 30:8,9; Jeremiah 2:31,32; Ezekiel 16:10-20; Matthew 19:23,24

Verse 12
Then beware lest thou forget the LORD, which brought thee forth out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.
bondage
Heb. bondmen, or servants.

Verse 13
Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name.
fear
2; 5:29; 10:12,20; 13:4; Matthew 4:10; Luke 4:8
and serve him
Our Saviour quotes these words thus: "And him only [autó monó] shalt thou serve;" from which it would appear, that the word levaddo was anciently in the Hebrew text, as it was in the Septuagint, Coptic, Vulgate (illi soli), and Anglo-Saxon. Dr. Kennicott argues that without the word only, the text would not have conclusive for the purpose for which our Lord advanced it. It is proper, however, to observe, that the word levaddo is not found in any MS. yet collated, though retained in the above versions.
shalt swear
Leviticus 19:12; Joshua 2:12; Psalms 15:4; 63:11; Isaiah 45:23; 65:16; Jeremiah 4:2; 5:2,7; Jeremiah 12:16

Verse 14
Ye shall not go after other gods, of the gods of the people which are round about you;
not go
8:19; 11:28; Exodus 34:14-16; Jeremiah 25:6; 1 John 5:21
of the gods
13:7

Verse 15
(For the LORD thy God is a jealous God among you) lest the anger of the LORD thy God be kindled against thee, and destroy thee from off the face of the earth.
is a jealous
4:24; Exodus 20:5; Amos 3:2; 1 Corinthians 10:22
lest
7:4; 11:17; Numbers 32:10-15; 2 Chronicles 36:16; Psalms 90:7,11
destroy
Genesis 7:4; Exodus 32:12; 1 Kings 13:34; Amos 9:8

Verse 16
Ye shall not tempt the LORD your God, as ye tempted him in Massah.
tempt
Matthew 4:7; Luke 4:12
tempted him
Exodus 17:2,7; Numbers 20:3,4,13; 21:4,5; Psalms 95:8,9; 1 Corinthians 10:9; Hebrews 3:8,9

Verse 17
Ye shall diligently keep the commandments of the LORD your God, and his testimonies, and his statutes, which he hath commanded thee.
1,2; 11:13,22; Exodus 15:26; Psalms 119:4; 1 Corinthians 15:58; Titus 3:8; Hebrews 6:11; 2 Peter 1:5-10; 3:14

Verse 18
And thou shalt do that which is right and good in the sight of the LORD: that it may be well with thee, and that thou mayest go in and possess the good land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers,
shalt do
8:11; 12:25,28; 13:18; Exodus 15:26; Psalms 19:11; Isaiah 3:10; Ezekiel 18:5,19,21; Ezekiel 18:27; 33:14,16,19; Hosea 14:9; John 8:29; Romans 12:2
that it may
4:40; 5:29,33

Verse 19
To cast out all thine enemies from before thee, as the LORD hath spoken.
Exodus 23:28-30; Numbers 33:52,53; Judges 2:1-3; 3:1-4

Verse 20
And when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What mean the testimonies, and the statutes, and the judgments, which the LORD our God hath commanded you?
when thy son
7; Exodus 12:26; 13:14; Joshua 4:6,7,21-24; Proverbs 22:6
in time to come
Heb. to-morrow.

Verse 21
Then thou shalt say unto thy son, We were Pharaoh's bondmen in Egypt; and the LORD brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand:
We were
5:6,15; 15:15; 26:5-9; Exodus 20:2; Nehemiah 9:9,10; Psalms 136:10-12; Isaiah 51:1; Jeremiah 32:20,21; Romans 6:17,18; Ephesians 2:11,12
with a mighty
Exodus 3:19; 13:3

Verse 22
And the LORD shewed signs and wonders, great and sore, upon Egypt, upon Pharaoh, and upon all his household, before our eyes:
shewed
4:34; Exodus 7:1-12; 14:1-31; Psalms 135:9
sore
Heb. evil. before.
1:30; 3:21; 4:3; 7:19; Psalms 58:10,11; 91:8

Verse 23
And he brought us out from thence, that he might bring us in, to give us the land which he sware unto our fathers.
to give us
10,18; 1:8,35; Exodus 13:5

Verse 24
And the LORD commanded us to do all these statutes, to fear the LORD our God, for our good always, that he might preserve us alive, as it is at this day.
to fear
for our good
10:13; Job 35:7,8; Proverbs 9:12; Isaiah 3:10; Jeremiah 32:39; Matthew 6:33; Romans 6:21,22
he might
4:1,4; 8:1,3; Psalms 41:2; 66:9; Proverbs 22:4; Romans 10:5

Verse 25
And it shall be our righteousness, if we observe to do all these commandments before the LORD our God, as he hath commanded us.
24:13; Leviticus 18:5; Psalms 106:30,31; 119:6; Proverbs 12:28; Ezekiel 20:11; Luke 10:28,29; Romans 10:3,5,6; Galatians 3:12; James 2:10

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 6:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/deuteronomy-6.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 13th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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