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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Exodus 1

 

 

Introduction
1The children of Israel, after Joseph's death, increase.
8The more they are oppressed by a new king, the more they multiply.
15The godliness of the midwives, in saving the men children alive.
22Pharaoh commands the male children to be cast into the river.

Verse 1
Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob.
6:14-16; Genesis 29:31-35; 30:1-21; 35:18,23-26; 46:8-26; 49:3-27; 1 Chronicles 2:1,2; 12:23-40; 27:16-22; Revelation 7:4-8

Verse 2
Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah,
Reuben
Genesis 35:22

Verse 3
Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin,
Issachar
Genesis 35:23
Benjamin
28:20

Verse 4

Dan: Genesis 35:25; 1 Chronicles 2:2

Asher: Genesis 35:26, Genesis href="/desk/?q=ge+46:17&sr=1">Genesis 46:17


Verse 5
And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already.
loins
Heb. thigh.
Genesis 46:26; Judges 8:30; *marg:
seventy
20; Genesis 46:26,27; Deuteronomy 10:22

Verse 6
And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.
A. M. 2369. B.C. 1635
Genesis 50:24,26; Acts 7:14-16

Verse 7
And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.
fruitful
12:37; Genesis 1:20,28; 9:1; 12:2; 13:16; 15:5; 17:4-6,16; 22:17; 26:4; Genesis 28:3,4,14; 35:11; 46:3; 47:27; 48:4,16; Deuteronomy 10:22; 26:5; Nehemiah 9:23; Psalms 105:24; Acts 7:17,18

Verse 8
Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph.
a new king
Probably Rameses Miamum, or his son Amenophis, who succeeded him about this period; and by his not knowing Joseph is meant his not acknowledging his obligation to him.
Ecclesiastes 2:18,19; 9:15; Acts 7:18

Verse 9
And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we:
the people
Numbers 22:4,5; Job 5:2; Psalms 105:24,25; Proverbs 14:28; 27:4; Ecclesiastes 4:4; Titus 3:3; James 3:14-16; 4:5

Verse 10
Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.
Come on
Psalms 10:2; 83:3,4; Proverbs 1:11
wisely
Numbers 22:6; Job 5:13; Psalms 105:25; Proverbs 16:25; 21:30; Acts 7:19; 23:12; 1 Corinthians 3:18-20; James 3:15-18

Verse 11
Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.
to afflict
3:7; 5:15; Genesis 15:13; Numbers 20:15; Deuteronomy 26:6
burdens
2:11; 5:4,5; Psalms 68:13; 81:6; 105:13
Raamses
Genesis 47:11; Proverbs 27:4

Verse 12
But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel.
But the more, etc
Heb. and as they afflicted them, so they multiplied, etc.
Psalms 105:24; Proverbs 21:30; Romans 8:28; Hebrews 12:6-11
grieved
9; Job 5:2; Proverbs 27:4; John 12:19; Acts 4:2-4; 5:28-33

Verse 14
And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.
their lives
2:23; 6:9; Genesis 15:13; Numbers 20:15; Deuteronomy 4:20; 26:6; Ruth 1:20; Acts 7:19,34
in mortar
Psalms 68:13; 81:6; Nahum 3:14
was with rigour
13; 5:7-21; 20:2; Leviticus 25:43,46,53; Isaiah 14:6; 51:23; 52:5; 58:6; Jeremiah 50:33,34; Micah 3:3

Verse 16
And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.
and see them
Or, rather, "and ye see them by the stone-troughs;" for so ovnayim, from aven, a stone, seems to signify (compare ch. 7:19), in which they washed the new-born infants. See this subject fully illustrated in Fragments to Calmet, Nos. 312, 313.
then ye shall
22; Matthew 21:38; Revelation 12:4

Verse 17
But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive.
feared God
Genesis 20:11; 42:18; Nehemiah 5:15; Psalms 31:19; Proverbs 8:13; 16:6; 24:11,12; Ecclesiastes 8:12; Ecclesiastes 12:13; Daniel 3:16-18; 6:13; Hosea 5:11; Micah 6:16; Matthew 10:28; Luke 12:5; Acts 4:19; 5:29

Verse 18
And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, and have saved the men children alive?
Why have
2 Samuel 13:28; Ecclesiastes 8:4

Verse 19
And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them.
Joshua 2:4-24; 1 Samuel 21:2; 2 Samuel 17:19,20

Verse 20
Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty.
God
Psalms 41:1,2; 61:5; 85:9; 103:11; 111:5; 145:19; Proverbs 11:18; 19:17; Ecclesiastes 8:12; Isaiah 3:10; Matthew 10:42; 25:40; Luke 1:50; Hebrews 6:10
the people
7,12

Verse 21
And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he made them houses.
made them
1 Samuel 2:35; 25:28; 2 Samuel 7:11-13,27-29; 1 Kings 2:24; 11:38; Psalms 37:3; Psalms 127:1,3; Proverbs 24:3; Ecclesiastes 8:12; Jeremiah 35:2

Verse 22
And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.
A. M. 2431. B.C. 1573. Every son
16; 7:19-21; Psalms 105:25; Proverbs 1:16; 4:16; 27:4; Acts 7:19; Revelation 16:4-6

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/exodus-1.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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