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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Exodus 13



1The firstborn are sanctified to God.
3The memorial of the passover is commanded.
11The firstlings of man and beast are set apart.
17The Israelites go out of Egypt, and carry Joseph's bones with them.
20They come to Etham.
21God guides them by a pillar of a cloud, and a pillar of fire.

Verse 2
Sanctify unto me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine.
The word kadash is to consecrate, separate, and set apart a person or thing from all common or secular purposes to some religious use; and exactly answers to the Greek [hagiazo] from [a] privative, and [gé] the earth; because everything offered or consecrated to God was separated from all earthly uses.
12-15; 4:22; 22:29,30; 23:19; 34:19,20; Leviticus 27:26; Numbers 3:13; 8:16,17; Numbers 18:15; Deuteronomy 15:19; Luke 2:23; Hebrews 12:23

Verse 3
And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten.
12:42; 20:8; 23:15; Deuteronomy 5:15; 15:15; 16:3,12; 24:18,22; 1 Chronicles 16:12; Psalms 105:5; Luke 22:19; 1 Corinthians 11:24
out of the
14; 20:2; Deuteronomy 5:6; 6:12; 8:14; 13:5,10; Joshua 24:17
Heb. servants. strength.
6:1; Deuteronomy 4:34; 11:2,3; Nehemiah 9:10; Ephesians 1:19
12:8,15; Matthew 10:12; 1 Corinthians 5:8

Verse 4
This day came ye out in the month Abib.
23:15; 34:18; Deuteronomy 16:1-3

Verse 5
And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt keep this service in this month.
shall bring
3:8; 34:11; Genesis 15:18-21; Deuteronomy 7:1; 12:29; 19:1; 26:1; Joshua 24:11
6:8; 33:1; Genesis 17:7,8; 22:16-18; 26:3; 50:24; Numbers 14:16,30; 32:11
a land
thou shalt keep

Verse 6
Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to the LORD.
12:15-20; 34:18; Leviticus 23:8

Verse 7
Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters.
12:19; Matthew 16:6

Verse 8
And thou shalt shew thy son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.
14; 12:26,27; Deuteronomy 4:9,10; Psalms 44:1; 78:3-8; Isaiah 38:19; Ephesians 6:4

Verse 9
And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD'S law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt.
a sign
This expression, says Michaelis, alludes to the custom of the Orientals, of burning in their right hand all kinds of marks with the ashes of henna, which gives an indelible colour; and this is done even to this day. They were likewise accustomed to write all kinds of sayings, and frequently superstitious words, on slips or pieces of linen, which they wore as ornaments on their foreheads.
16; 12:14; Numbers 15:39; Deuteronomy 6:6,8; 11:18,19; Proverbs 1:9; 3:21; 6:20-23; Proverbs 7:23; Song of Solomon 8:6; Isaiah 49:16; Jeremiah 22:24; Matthew 23:5
may be
Deuteronomy 30:14; Joshua 1:8; Isaiah 59:21; Romans 10:8
strong hand
3; 6:1-30; Joshua 1:9; Nehemiah 1:10; Psalms 89:13; Isaiah 27:1; 40:10; 51:9; Joel 2:11; Revelation 18:8

Verse 10
Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year.
12:14,24; 23:15; Leviticus 23:6; Deuteronomy 16:3,4

Verse 11
And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, as he sware unto thee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee,
as he sware

Verse 12
That thou shalt set apart unto the LORD all that openeth the matrix, and every firstling that cometh of a beast which thou hast; the males shall be the LORD'S.
thou shalt
2; 22:29; 34:19; Leviticus 27:26; Numbers 8:17; 18:15; Deuteronomy 15:19; Ezekiel 44:30
set apart
Heb. cause to pass over. openeth.
34:19; Numbers 3:12; 18:15

Verse 13
And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among thy children shalt thou redeem.
of an ass
34:20; Numbers 18:15-17
or, kid.
shalt thou
Numbers 3:46-51; 18:15,16; Revelation 14:4

Verse 14
And it shall be when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What is this? that thou shalt say unto him, By strength of hand the LORD brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage:
thy son
12:26; Deuteronomy 6:20-24; Joshua 4:6,21-24; Psalms 145:4
in time to come
Heb. tomorrow.
12:26; Genesis 30:33; Deuteronomy 6:20; Joshua 4:6; 22:24
By strength

Verse 15
And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem.
the Lord slew
therefore I

Verse 16
And it shall be for a token upon thine hand, and for frontlets between thine eyes: for by strength of hand the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt.
a token
9; 12:13
Deuteronomy 6:7-9; 11:18; Matthew 23:5
for by
9,14; Deuteronomy 26:8

Verse 17
And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt:
the people repent
14:11,12; Numbers 14:1-4; Deuteronomy 20:8; Judges 7:3; 1 Kings 8:47; Luke 14:27-32; Acts 15:38
16:2,3; Deuteronomy 17:16; Nehemiah 9:17; Acts 7:39

Verse 18
But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt.
led the
14:2; Numbers 33:6-8; Deuteronomy 32:10; Psalms 107:7
or, by five in a rank.

Verse 19
And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.
for he had
Genesis 50:24,25; Joshua 24:32; Acts 7:16
4:31; Genesis 48:21; Luke 1:58; 7:16

Verse 20
And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.
Numbers 33:5,6

Verse 21
And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:
14:19-24; 40:34-38; Numbers 9:15-23; 10:34; 14:14; Deuteronomy 1:33; Nehemiah 9:12,19; Psalms 78:14; 99:7; 105:39; Isaiah 4:5,6; 1 Corinthians 10:1,2

Verse 22
He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.
He took
Psalms 121:5-8
pillar of fire
Revelation 10:1


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 13:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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