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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Exodus 24

 

 

Introduction
1Moses is called up into the mountain.
3The people promise obedience.
4Moses builds an altar, and twelve pillars.
6He sprinkles the blood of the covenant.
9The glory of God appears.
14Aaron and Hur have the charge of the people.
15Moses goes into the mountain, where he continues forty days and forty nights.

Verse 1
And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off.
Come up
15; 3:5; 19:9,20,24; 20:21; 34:2
Nadab
6:23; 28:1; Leviticus 10:1,2; 1 Chronicles 6:3
seventy
9; 1:5; Numbers 11:16,24,25; Ezekiel 8:11; Luke 10:1,17

Verse 2
And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him.
13,15,18; 20:21; Numbers 16:5; Jeremiah 30:21; 49:19; Hebrews 9:24; 10:21,22

Verse 3
And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the LORD hath said will we do.
all the judgments
21:1-23; Deuteronomy 4:1,5,45; 5:1,31; 6:1; 11:1
All the words
7; 19:8; Deuteronomy 5:27,28; Joshua 24:22; Galatians 3:19,20

Verse 4
And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.
wrote
Deuteronomy 31:9; Joshua 24:26
and builded
20:24-26
twelve pillars
Genesis 28:18,22; 31:45; Joshua 24:27; Galatians 2:9
according
28:21; Leviticus 24:5; Numbers 17:2; Joshua 4:2,3,8,9,20; 1 Kings 11:30; Ezra 6:17; Luke 22:30; Revelation 21:14

Verse 5
And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD.
young men
19:22
burnt offerings
18:12; Leviticus 1:1-17
peace offerings
Leviticus 3:1-17; 7:11-21

Verse 6
And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar.
the blood he
8; 12:7,22; Colossians 1:20; Hebrews 9:18; 12:24; 1 Peter 1:2,19
on the altar
29:16,20; Leviticus 1:5,11; 3:2,8; 4:6

Verse 7
And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient.
the book
4; Hebrews 9:18-23
read
Deuteronomy 31:11-13; Acts 13:15; Colossians 4:16; 1 Thessalonians 5:27
All that
3; Jeremiah 7:23,24

Verse 8
And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words.
sprinkled
6; Leviticus 8:30; Isaiah 52:15; Ezekiel 36:25; Hebrews 9:18-21
Behold
Zechariah 9:11; Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24; Luke 22:20; 1 Corinthians 11:25; Ephesians 1:7; Hebrews 9:20; 10:4,5; 13:20; 1 Peter 1:2

Verse 9

Exodus href="/desk/?q=ex+24:1&sr=1">Exodus 24:1


Verse 10
And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness.
saw
10; 3:6; 33:20,23; Genesis 32:30; Judges 13:21,22; 1 Kings 22:19; Isaiah 6:1-5; Ezekiel 1:28; John 1:18; 14:9; 1 Timothy 6:16; 1 John 4:12
of a sapphire stone
The Hebrew sappir, is without doubt the sapphire; which is a most beautiful precious stone of a fine blue colour, second only to the diamond in lustre, hardness, and value. The ancient oriental sapphire is supposed to have been the same as the lapis lazuli. It glitters with golden spots; and is of an azure or sky-blue colour, but rarely intermixed with purple. The ruby and topaz are considered of the same genus.
Ezekiel 1:26,27; 10:1; Revelation 4:3; 21:19-23
in his clearness
Song of Solomon 6:10; Matthew 17:2; Revelation 1:16; 21:11,18

Verse 11
And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: also they saw God, and did eat and drink.
nobles
1,9; Numbers 21:18; Judges 5:13; 1 Kings 21:8; 2 Chronicles 23:20; Nehemiah 2:16; Jeremiah 14:3
laid not
19:21; 33:20-23; Genesis 32:24-32; Deuteronomy 4:33; Judges 13:22
they saw
10; Genesis 16:13
did eat
18:12; Genesis 18:18; 31:54; Deuteronomy 12:7; Ecclesiastes 9:7; Luke 15:23,24; 1 Corinthians 10:16-18

Verse 12
And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that thou mayest teach them.
Come up
2,15,18
tables
31:18; 32:15,16; Deuteronomy 5:22; Nehemiah 9:13; Jeremiah 31:33; 2 Corinthians 3:3,7; Hebrews 9:4
that thou
Deuteronomy 4:14; Ezra 7:10; Matthew 5:19

Verse 13
And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God.
his minister
17:9-14; 32:17; 33:11; Numbers 11:28
went up

Verse 14
And he said unto the elders, Tarry ye here for us, until we come again unto you: and, behold, Aaron and Hur are with you: if any man have any matters to do, let him come unto them.
Tarry ye
32:1; Genesis 22:5; 1 Samuel 10:8; 13:8-13
Hur
17:10,12
if any man
18:25,26

Verse 15
And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount.
a cloud
19:9,16; 2 Chronicles 6:1; Matthew 17:5

Verse 16
And the glory of the LORD abode upon mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days: and the seventh day he called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud.
the glory
17; 16:10; Leviticus 9:23; Numbers 14:10; 16:42; Ezekiel 1:28; 2 Corinthians 4:6
seventh day
19:11; 20:10; Revelation 1:10

Verse 17
And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel.
like devouring fire
3:2; 19:18; Deuteronomy 4:24,36; Ezekiel 1:27; Nahum 1:6; Habakkuk 3:4,5; Hebrews 12:18,29

Verse 18
And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights.
went into
17; 9:29,33; 19:20; Proverbs 28:1
forty days
34:28; Deuteronomy 9:9,18,25; 10:10; 1 Kings 19:8; Matthew 4:2; Mark 1:13; Luke 4:2

 


Copyright Statement
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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 24:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/exodus-24.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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