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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Ezekiel 36

 

 

Introduction
1The land of Israel is comforted, both by destruction of the heathen, who spitefully used it,
8and by the blessings of God promised unto it.
16Israel was rejected for their sin,
21and shall be restored without their desert.
25The blessings of Christ's kingdom.

Verse 1
Also, thou son of man, prophesy unto the mountains of Israel, and say, Ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the LORD:
the mountains
6:2,3; 33:28; 34:14; 37:22
hear
4,8; 20:47; 37:4; Jeremiah 22:29

Verse 2
Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because the enemy hath said against you, Aha, even the ancient high places are ours in possession:
Because
5; 25:3; 26:2
even
Deuteronomy 32:13; Psalms 78:69; Isaiah 58:14; Habakkuk 3:19
our's
35:10; Jeremiah 49:1

Verse 3
Therefore prophesy and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because they have made you desolate, and swallowed you up on every side, that ye might be a possession unto the residue of the heathen, and ye are taken up in the lips of talkers, and are an infamy of the people:
Because
Heb. Because for because.
13:10; Leviticus 26:43
they have made
Jeremiah 39:1-18; 41:1-18; 52:1-34; Lamentations 1:1-5
swallowed
Psalms 35:25; 61:1; Proverbs 1:12; Jeremiah 51:34; Lamentations 2:2,5,16
and ye
Deuteronomy 28:37; 1 Kings 9:7,8; Psalms 44:13,14; 79:10; Jeremiah 18:16; 24:9; 33:24; Lamentations 2:15; Daniel 9:16
taken up in the lips of talkers
or, made to come upon the lip of the tongue. and are.
Job 30:1-10; Psalms 35:15,16; 69:12; Matthew 27:39-44; 1 Corinthians 4:13

Verse 4
Therefore, ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord GOD; Thus saith the Lord GOD to the mountains, and to the hills, to the rivers, and to the valleys, to the desolate wastes, and to the cities that are forsaken, which became a prey and derision to the residue of the heathen that are round about;
mountains
1,6; Deuteronomy 11:11
rivers
or, bottoms, or dales. desolate.
33-35; 6:14; 2 Chronicles 36:17-21; Isaiah 6:11; 24:1-12
a prey
34:28; Psalms 79:4; Isaiah 64:10,11; Jeremiah 25:9-13; 29:10

Verse 5
Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Surely in the fire of my jealousy have I spoken against the residue of the heathen, and against all Idumea, which have appointed my land into their possession with the joy of all their heart, with despiteful minds, to cast it out for a prey.
Surely
38:19; Deuteronomy 4:24; Isaiah 66:15,16; Zephaniah 3:8; Zechariah 1:15
against the
3; Jeremiah 25:9,15-29; Zephaniah 2:8-10
against all
25:8-14; 35:1-15; Psalms 137:7; Isaiah 34:1-17; 63:1-6; Jeremiah 49:7-22; Lamentations 4:21; Amos 1:11,12; Obadiah 1:1-9; Malachi 1:2-4
appointed
35:10-12; Psalms 83:4-12; Jeremiah 49:1
with the
35:15; Proverbs 17:5; 24:17,18; Obadiah 1:12; Micah 7:8
with despiteful
25:12,15; Amos 1:11

Verse 6
Prophesy therefore concerning the land of Israel, and say unto the mountains, and to the hills, to the rivers, and to the valleys, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I have spoken in my jealousy and in my fury, because ye have borne the shame of the heathen:
4,5,15; 34:29; Psalms 74:10,18,23; 123:3,4

Verse 7
Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; I have lifted up mine hand, Surely the heathen that are about you, they shall bear their shame.
I have lifted
20:5,15; Deuteronomy 32:40; Revelation 10:5,6
the heathen
25:1-35; Jeremiah 25:9,15-29; 47:1-51; Amos 1:1-15; Zephaniah 2:1-15

Verse 8
But ye, O mountains of Israel, ye shall shoot forth your branches, and yield your fruit to my people of Israel; for they are at hand to come.
ye shall
34:26-29; Psalms 67:6; 85:12; Isaiah 4:2; 27:6; 30:23; Hosea 2:21-23; Amos 9:13-15
for
The Edomites, and other enemies of the Jews, who thought they would soon be in possession of the whole land of Judea, might be assured that the predicted seventy years of the captivity were wearing away, and the time would soon arrive when the Jews would repossess and cultivate their own land, and eat its fruits.
at hand
12:25; Philippians 4:5; Hebrews 10:37; James 5:8,9

Verse 9
For, behold, I am for you, and I will turn unto you, and ye shall be tilled and sown:
Psalms 46:11; 99:8; Hosea 2:21-23; Joel 3:18; Haggai 2:19; Zechariah 8:12; Malachi 3:10,11; Romans 8:31

Verse 10
And I will multiply men upon you, all the house of Israel, even all of it: and the cities shall be inhabited, and the wastes shall be builded:
I will
37; Isaiah 27:6; 41:17-23; Jeremiah 30:19; 31:27,28; 33:12; Zechariah 8:3-6
the wastes
33; Isaiah 51:3; 52:9; 58:12; 61:4; Jeremiah 31:10-14; Amos 9:14

Verse 11
And I will multiply upon you man and beast; and they shall increase and bring fruit: and I will settle you after your old estates, and will do better unto you than at your beginnings: and ye shall know that I am the LORD.
I will multiply
Jeremiah 31:27; 33:12
and I will settle
The circumstances of the Jews were never so prosperous after the captivity as they had been before; hence this prophecy must refer to the times of the Gospel and the future conversion and restoration of the Jews.
Jeremiah 30:18; 31:38-40; Obadiah 1:19-21; Micah 7:14
will do
35; Isaiah 30:26; 54:7-10; Jeremiah 23:5-8; Joel 3:18-21; Amos 9:15; Haggai 2:6-9; Zechariah 8:11-15; Hebrews 8:8-13; 11:40
and ye
35:9; 37:6,13; Isaiah 52:4-6; Hosea 2:20; 1 John 5:20

Verse 12
Yea, I will cause men to walk upon you, even my people Israel; and they shall possess thee, and thou shalt be their inheritance, and thou shalt no more henceforth bereave them of men.
I will cause
The prophet is still personifying the mountains, valleys, and wastes of Judea.
they shall
Jeremiah 32:15,44; Obadiah 1:17-21
no more
13; Numbers 13:32; Jeremiah 15:7

Verse 14
Therefore thou shalt devour men no more, neither bereave thy nations any more, saith the Lord GOD.
no more
37:25-28; Isaiah 60:21; Amos 9:15
bereave
or, cause to fail.

Verse 15
Neither will I cause men to hear in thee the shame of the heathen any more, neither shalt thou bear the reproach of the people any more, neither shalt thou cause thy nations to fall any more, saith the Lord GOD.
men
6; 34:29; Isaiah 54:4; 60:14; Micah 7:8-10; Zephaniah 3:19,20
thou bear
Psalms 89:50; Zephaniah 2:8

Verse 17
Son of man, when the house of Israel dwelt in their own land, they defiled it by their own way and by their doings: their way was before me as the uncleanness of a removed woman.
they defiled
Leviticus 18:24-28; Numbers 35:33,34; Psalms 106:37,38; Isaiah 24:5; Jeremiah 2:7; 3:1,2,9; Jeremiah 16:18; Micah 2:10
as the
Leviticus 15:19-33; Isaiah 64:6

Verse 18
Wherefore I poured my fury upon them for the blood that they had shed upon the land, and for their idols wherewith they had polluted it:
I poured
7:8; 14:19; 21:31; 2 Chronicles 34:21,26; Isaiah 42:25; Jeremiah 7:20; 44:6; Lamentations 2:4; Lamentations 4:11; Nahum 1:6; Revelation 14:10; 16:1-21
for the
16:36-38; 23:37

Verse 19
And I scattered them among the heathen, and they were dispersed through the countries: according to their way and according to their doings I judged them.
I scattered
5:12; 22:15; Leviticus 26:38; Deuteronomy 28:64; Amos 9:9
according to their way
7:3,8; 18:30; 22:31; 39:24; Romans 2:6; Revelation 20:12-15

Verse 20
And when they entered unto the heathen, whither they went, they profaned my holy name, when they said to them, These are the people of the LORD, and are gone forth out of his land.
they profaned
The Jews, when thus scattered, appeared to them an abject and wretched company of people. They were recognized as the worshippers of Jehovah wherever they went; but they were looked upon as a viler and more worthless race than any of the idolaters among whom they were driven. Many would ascribe their wickedness to the tendency of their religion, which they abhorred, and not to their having acted inconsistently with it; and regard their miseries, not as the punishment of their sins, but as proofs of God's inability to protect them. This profanation of his holy name, Jehovah was determined to wipe away, by shewing mercy unto them.
Isaiah 52:5; Romans 2:24
These
Exodus 32:11-13; Numbers 14:15,16; Joshua 7:9; 2 Kings 18:30,35; 19:10-12; Jeremiah 33:24; Daniel 3:15

Verse 21
But I had pity for mine holy name, which the house of Israel had profaned among the heathen, whither they went.
20:9,14,22; Deuteronomy 32:26,27; Psalms 74:18; Isaiah 37:35; 48:9

Verse 22
Therefore say unto the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord GOD; I do not this for your sakes, O house of Israel, but for mine holy name's sake, which ye have profaned among the heathen, whither ye went.
32; Deuteronomy 7:7,8; 9:5-7; Psalms 106:8; 115:1,2

Verse 23
And I will sanctify my great name, which was profaned among the heathen, which ye have profaned in the midst of them; and the heathen shall know that I am the LORD, saith the Lord GOD, when I shall be sanctified in you before their eyes.
sanctify
20:41; 38:22,23; Numbers 20:12,13; Psalms 46:10; Isaiah 5:16; 1 Peter 3:15
and the heathen
39:28; Exodus 15:4-16; Psalms 102:13-16; 126:1-3; Daniel 2:47; 3:28,29; 4:2,3; Daniel 4:34-37; 6:26,27
when I shall
28:22; 1 Peter 2:9
their
or, your.

Verse 24
For I will take you from among the heathen, and gather you out of all countries, and will bring you into your own land.
11:17; 34:13; 37:21,25; 39:27,28; Deuteronomy 30:3-5; Psalms 107:2,3; Isaiah 11:11-16; 27:12,13; 43:5,6; Jeremiah 23:3-8; 30:3,18; 31:8; 32:37; Jeremiah 50:17-20; Hosea 1:11; Amos 9:14,15; Romans 11:25,26

Verse 25
Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you.
will I
Leviticus 14:5-7; Numbers 8:7; 19:13-20; Psalms 51:7; Isaiah 52:15; John 3:5; Titus 3:5,6; Hebrews 9:13,14,19; 10:22; 1 John 5:6
filthiness
17,29; 37:23; Psalms 51:2; Proverbs 30:12; Isaiah 4:4; Jeremiah 33:8; Zechariah 13:1; Acts 22:16; 1 Corinthians 6:11; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Ephesians 5:26,27; Titus 2:14; 1 John 1:7; Revelation 1:5; Revelation 7:14
from all your idols
Isaiah 2:18-20; 17:7,8; Jeremiah 3:22,23; Hosea 14:3,8; Zechariah 13:2

Verse 26
A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.
new heart
Deuteronomy 30:6; Psalms 51:10; Jeremiah 32:39; John 3:3-5; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 5:17; Galatians 6:15; Ephesians 2:10; Revelation 21:5
the stony
11:19,20; Zechariah 7:12; Matthew 13:5,20,21; Mark 4:16,17; 2 Corinthians 3:3

Verse 27
And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.
I will
37:14; 39:29; Proverbs 1:23; Isaiah 44:3,4; 59:21; Joel 2:28,29; Zechariah 12:10; Luke 11:13; Romans 8:9,14-16; 1 Corinthians 3:16; Galatians 5:5,22,23; Ephesians 1:13,14; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; Titus 3:3-6; 1 Peter 1:2,22; 1 John 3:24
cause
37:24; Jeremiah 31:33; Galatians 5:16; Colossians 2:6; Philippians 2:12,13; Titus 2:11-14; Hebrews 13:21; 1 John 1:6,7; 2 John 1:6

Verse 28
And ye shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers; and ye shall be my people, and I will be your God.
dwell
10; 28:25; 37:25; 39:28
be people
11:20; 37:23,27; Song of Solomon 6:3; Jeremiah 30:22,23; 31:33; 32:38; Hosea 1:10; Zechariah 13:9; Matthew 22:32; 2 Corinthians 6:16-18; 7:1; Hebrews 8:10; 11:16; Revelation 21:3,7

Verse 29
I will also save you from all your uncleannesses: and I will call for the corn, and will increase it, and lay no famine upon you.
save
25; Jeremiah 33:8; Hosea 14:2,4,8; Joel 3:21; Micah 7:19; Zechariah 13:1; Matthew 1:21; John 1:7-9; Romans 6:14; 11:26; Titus 2:14
call
8,9; 34:27-29; Psalms 105:6; Hosea 2:21-23; Matthew 6:33

Verse 30
And I will multiply the fruit of the tree, and the increase of the field, that ye shall receive no more reproach of famine among the heathen.
reproach
Deuteronomy 29:23-28; Joel 2:17,26

Verse 31
Then shall ye remember your own evil ways, and your doings that were not good, and shall lothe yourselves in your own sight for your iniquities and for your abominations.
shall ye
6:9; 16:61-63; 20:43; Leviticus 26:39; Ezra 9:6-15; Nehemiah 9:26-35; Jeremiah 31:18-20; Daniel 9:4-20
shall lothe
Job 42:6; Isaiah 6:5; 64:6; Zechariah 12:10,11; Luke 18:13; Romans 6:21; 2 Corinthians 7:10,11

Verse 32
Not for your sakes do I this, saith the Lord GOD, be it known unto you: be ashamed and confounded for your own ways, O house of Israel.
for your
22; Deuteronomy 9:5; Daniel 9:18,19; 2 Timothy 1:9; Titus 3:3-6
be ashamed
16:63; Ezra 9:6; Romans 6:21; 1 Peter 4:2,3

Verse 33
Thus saith the Lord GOD; In the day that I shall have cleansed you from all your iniquities I will also cause you to dwell in the cities, and the wastes shall be builded.
cause
Zechariah 8:7,8
wastes
10; Isaiah 58:12; Jeremiah 32:43; 33:10; 50:19,20; Amos 9:14,15

Verse 34
And the desolate land shall be tilled, whereas it lay desolate in the sight of all that passed by.
6:14; Deuteronomy 29:23-28; 2 Chronicles 36:21; Jeremiah 25:9-11

Verse 35
And they shall say, This land that was desolate is become like the garden of Eden; and the waste and desolate and ruined cities are become fenced, and are inhabited.
they shall
Psalms 58:11; 64:9; 126:2; Jeremiah 33:9
like the
37:13; Genesis 2:8,9; 13:10; Isaiah 51:3; Joel 2:3

Verse 36
Then the heathen that are left round about you shall know that I the LORD build the ruined places, and plant that that was desolate: I the LORD have spoken it, and I will do it.
know
17:24; 34:30; 37:28; 39:27-29; Micah 7:15-17
I the Lord have
22:14; 24:14; 37:14; Numbers 23:19; Hosea 14:4-9; Matthew 24:35

Verse 37
Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will yet for this be enquired of by the house of Israel, to do it for them; I will increase them with men like a flock.
I will yet
14:3; 20:3,31; Psalms 10:17; 102:17; Isaiah 55:6,7; Jeremiah 29:11-13; 50:4,5; Zechariah 10:6,9; 13:9; Matthew 7:7,8; Philippians 4:6; Hebrews 4:16; 10:21,22; James 4:2,3; 1 John 5:14
I will increase

Verse 38
As the holy flock, as the flock of Jerusalem in her solemn feasts; so shall the waste cities be filled with flocks of men: and they shall know that I am the LORD.
holy flock
Heb. flock of holy things. as the flock.
Exodus 23:17; 34:23; Deuteronomy 16:16; 2 Chronicles 7:8; 30:21-27; 35:7-19; Zechariah 8:19-23; Acts 2:5-11
the waste
33-35; 34:31; Jeremiah 30:19; 31:27,28; John 10:16; Revelation 7:4-9

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 36:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezekiel-36.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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