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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Genesis 10

 

 

Introduction
1The generations of Noah.
2Japheth.
6Ham.
8Nimrod the first monarch, and the descendants of Canaan.
21The sons of Shem.

Verse 1
Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood.
are the
2:4; 5:1; 6:9; Matthew 1:1
and unto
9:1,7,19

Verse 2
The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
21; 1 Chronicles 1:5-7; Isaiah 66:19; Ezekiel 27:7,12-14,19; 38:2,6,15; 39:1; Revelation 20:8

Verse 4
And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.
A. M. 1666. B.C. 2338. Kittim
Numbers 24:24; Isaiah 23:1,12; Daniel 11:30
Chittim
Dodanim. or, Rodanim.

Verse 5
By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.
A. M. 1757. B.C. 2247. isles
25; Psalms 72:10; Isaiah 24:15; 40:15; 41:5; 42:4,10; 49:1; 51:5; 59:18; Isaiah 60:9; Jeremiah 2:10; 25:22; Zephaniah 2:11
after his
20; 11:1-9

Verse 6
And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
A. M. 1676. B.C. 2228. And the
9:22; 1 Chronicles 1:8-16; 4:40; Psalms 78:51; 105:23,27; 106:22
Ham
Ham signifies burnt or black; and this name was peculiarly significant of the regions allotted to his family. To the Cushites, or descendants of Cush, were allotted the hot southern regions of Asia, along the shores of the Persian Gulf, Susiana or Chusistan, etc.; to the sons of Canaan, Palestine and Syria; to the sons of Mizraim, Egypt and Libya, in Africa.
Cush
Isaiah 11:11
Phut
Jeremiah 46:9; *marg:; Ezekiel 27:10

Verse 7
And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtecha: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.
Seba
Psalms 72:10
Havilah
2:11
Sheba
1 Kings 10:1; Ezekiel 27:22
Dedan
Isaiah 21:13; Ezekiel 27:15

Verse 8
And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth.
A. M. 1715. B.C. 2289. Nimrod
Micah 5:6

Verse 9
He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD.
a mighty
6:4; 25:27; 27:30; 27:30; Jeremiah 16:16; Ezekiel 13:18; Micah 7:2
before the Lord
6:11; 13:13
Even
2 Chronicles 28:22; Psalms 52:7

Verse 10
And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
A. M. 1745. B.C. 2259. And the
Jeremiah 50:21; Micah 5:6
Babel
Gr. Babylon.
11:9; Isaiah 39:1; Micah 4:10
Calneh
Isaiah 10:9; Amos 6:2
Shinar
11:2; 14:1; Isaiah 11:11; Daniel 1:2; Zechariah 5:11

Verse 11
Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,
A. M. 1700. B.C. 2304. went forth Asshur. or, he went out into Assyria
Micah 5:6
Asshur
Numbers 24:22,24; Ezra 4:2; Psalms 83:8; Ezekiel 27:23; 32:22; Hosea 14:3
Nineveh
2 Kings 19:36; Isaiah 37:37; Jonah 1:2; 3:1-10; Nahum 1:1; 2:8; 3:7; Zephaniah 2:13
the city of
or, the streets of the city.

Verse 13
And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,
Ludim
1 Chronicles 1:11,12; Jeremiah 46:9; Ezekiel 30:5

Verse 14
And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.
Pathrusim
Isaiah 11:11; Jeremiah 44:1
Philistim
1 Chronicles 1:12; Jeremiah 47:4
Caphtorim
Deuteronomy 2:23; Jeremiah 47:4; Amos 9:7

Verse 15
And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth,
Canaan
1 Chronicles 1:13
Sidon
Heb. Tzidon.
49:13; Joshua 11:8; Isaiah 23:4
Zidon
Heth.
15:18-21; 28:3-20; Exodus 3:8; 34:11; Numbers 34:2-15; Joshua 12:8-24; 2 Samuel 11:3

Verse 16
And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite,
Jebusite
Judges 1:21; 2 Samuel 24:18; Zechariah 9:7

Verse 17
And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,
Hivite
34:2

Verse 18
And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.
Arvadite
Ezekiel 27:8
Zemarite
Joshua 18:22; 2 Chronicles 13:4
Hamathite
Numbers 34:8; 2 Samuel 8:9; 2 Kings 17:24,30; Isaiah 10:9; Ezekiel 47:16,17; Zechariah 9:2

Verse 19
And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.
And the
13:12-17; 15:18-21; Numbers 34:2-15; Deuteronomy 32:8; Joshua 12:7,8; 14:1-21
as thou comest
13:10
Gerar
Genesis 20:1; 26:1
Gaza
Heb. Azzah.
Judges 16:1; Jeremiah 25:20
Sodom
13:10-13; 14:2; 18:20; 19:24,25; Hosea 11:8

Verse 20
These are the sons of Ham, after their families, after their tongues, in their countries, and in their nations.
6; 11:1-9

Verse 21
Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.
Shem
Shem signifies name or renown; and his, indeed, was great both in a temporal and spiritual sense, inasmuch as he was destined to be the lineal ancestor of the promised Seed of the woman, to which Noah might allude in his pious ejaculation, ch. 9:26.
the father
11:10-26
Eber
Numbers 24:24
the brother

Verse 22
The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
children
9:26; 1 Chronicles 1:17-27
Elam
14:1-9; 2 Kings 15:19; Job 1:17; Isaiah 11:11; 21:2; 22:6; Jeremiah 25:25; Jeremiah 49:34-39; Acts 2:9
Arphaxad
Heb. Arpachshad. Lud.
Isaiah 66:19
Aram
Numbers 23:7

Verse 23
And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.
Uz
Job 1:1; Jeremiah 25:20

Verse 24
And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber.
Salah
Heb. Shelah.
11:12-15

Verse 25
And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother's name was Joktan.
A. M. 1757. B.C. 2247. Eber
21; 1 Chronicles 1:19
the name
11:16-19; Luke 3:35,36
Peleg
i.e., division. in.
32; Deuteronomy 32:8; Acts 17:26

Verse 26
And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,
1 Chronicles 1:20-28

Verse 27
And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,
1 Chronicles 1:20-28

Verse 28
And Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba,
A. M. cir. 1797. B.C. cir. 2207
25:3; 1 Kings 10:1; 1 Chronicles 1:20-28

Verse 29
And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these were the sons of Joktan.
Ophir
1 Kings 9:28; 22:48; 1 Chronicles 8:18; 9:10,13; Job 22:24; 28:16; Psalms 45:9; Isaiah 13:12
Havilah
2:11; 25:18; 1 Samuel 15:7

Verse 30
And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar a mount of the east.
mount of the east
Numbers 23:7

Verse 31
These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.
5,20; Acts 17:26

Verse 32
These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations: and by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.
are the
1,20,31; 5:29-31
and by
Any man who can barely read his Bible, and has but heard of such people as the Assyrians, Elamites, Lydians, Medes, Ionians, and Thracians, will readily acknowledge that Asshur, Elam, Lud, Madai, Javan, and Tiras, grandsons of Noah, were their respective founders.
nations
25; 9:1,7,19; Acts 17:26

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 10:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/genesis-10.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 12th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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