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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Genesis 16



1Sarai, being barren, gives Hagar to Abram.
4Hagar, being afflicted for despising her mistress, runs away.
7An angel commands her to return and submit herself, promises her a numerous posterity, and shows their character and condition.
13Hagar names the place, and returns to Sarai.
15Ishmael is born.
16The age of Abram.

Verse 1
Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.
A. M. 2092. B.C. 1912. bare
15:2,3; 21:10,12; 25:21; Judges 13:2; Luke 1:7,36
12:16; 21:9,21
Galatians 4:24

Verse 2
And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai.
the Lord
17:16; 18:10; 20:18; 25:21; 30:2,3,9,22; Psalms 127:3
obtain children
Heb be builded.
30:3,6; Exodus 21:4; Ruth 4:11

Verse 3
And Sarai Abram's wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife.
A. M. 2093. B.C. 1911. had
5; 30:4,9
25:6; 28:9; 32:22; 35:22; Judges 19:1-4; 2 Samuel 5:13; 1 Kings 11:3; Galatians 4:25

Verse 4
And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was despised in her eyes.
her mistress
1 Samuel 1:6-8; 2 Samuel 6:16; Proverbs 30:20,21,23; 1 Corinthians 4:6; 13:4,5

Verse 5
And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge between me and thee.
My wrong
Luke 10:40,41
the Lord
31:53; Exodus 5:21; 1 Samuel 24:12-15; 2 Chronicles 24:22; Psalms 7:8; 35:23; 43:1

Verse 6
But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face.
13:8,9; Proverbs 14:29; 15:1,17,18; 1 Peter 3:7
24:10; Job 2:6; Psalms 106:41,42; Jeremiah 38:5
as it pleaseth thee
Heb. that which is good in thine eyes. dealt hardly with her. Heb. afflicted her.
Proverbs 29:19
Exodus 2:15; Proverbs 27:8; Ecclesiastes 10:4

Verse 7
And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.
Proverbs 15:3
the fountain
25:18; Exodus 15:22; 1 Samuel 15:7
The desert of Shur being between the south of Canaan, where Hebron was situated, and Egypt, it is likely that Hagar was returning to her own country.

Verse 8
And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go? And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai.
Sarai's maid
1,4; Ephesians 6:5-8; 1 Timothy 6:1,2
3:9; 4:10; Ecclesiastes 10:4; Jeremiah 2:17,18
I flee
1 Samuel 26:19

Verse 9
And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.
Ecclesiastes 10:4; Ephesians 5:21; 6:5,6; Titus 2:9; 1 Peter 2:18-25; 5:5,6

Verse 10
And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.
the angel
22:15-18; 31:11-13; 32:24-30; 48:15,16; Exodus 3:2-6; Judges 2:1-3; 6:11; Judges 6:16,21-24; 13:16-22; Isaiah 63:9; Hosea 12:3-5; Zechariah 2:8,9; Malachi 3:1; John 1:18; Acts 7:30-38; 1 Timothy 6:16
I will
17:20; 21:13,16; 25:12-18; Psalms 83:6,7

Verse 11
And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.
17:19; 29:32-35; Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:21-23; Luke 1:13,31,63
i.e., God shall hear. because.
41:51,52; 1 Samuel 1:20
29:32,33; Exodus 2:23,24; 3:7; Job 38:41; Psalms 22:24

Verse 12
And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.
be a
21:20; Job 11:12; 39:5-8
The word rendered "wild" also denotes the "wild ass;" the description of which animal in Job 39:5-8, affords the very best representation of the wandering, lawless, freebooting life of the Bedouin and other Arabs, the descendants of Ishmael.
his hand
he shall

Verse 13
And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me?
7,9,10; 22:14; 28:17; 32:30; Judges 6:24
32:30; Exodus 33:18-23; 34:5-7; Psalms 139:1-12; Proverbs 5:21; 15:3
him that

Verse 14
Wherefore the well was called Beerlahairoi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered.
That is, The well of him that liveth and seeth me.
21:31; 24:62; 25:11
Numbers 13:26

Verse 15
And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael.
A. M. 2094. B.C. 1910. Hagar
11; 25:12; 1 Chronicles 1:28; Galatians 4:22,23
17:18,20,25,26; 21:9-21; 25:9,12; 28:9; 37:27

Verse 16
And Abram was fourscore and six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 16:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, July 4th, 2020
the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13
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