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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Genesis 17

 

 

Introduction
1God renews the covenant with Abram, and changes his name to Abraham, in token of a greater blessing.
9Circumcision is instituted.
15Sarai's name is changed to Sarah, and she is blessed.
17Isaac is promised, and the time of his birth fixed.
23Abraham and Ishmael are circumcised.

Verse 1
And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.
A. M. 2107. B.C. 1897. was
16:16
the Lord
12:1
Almighty
18:14; 28:3; 35:11; Exodus 6:3; Numbers 11:23; Deuteronomy 10:17; Job 11:7; Psalms 115:3; Jeremiah 32:17; Daniel 4:35; Matthew 19:26; Ephesians 3:20; Philippians 4:13; Hebrews 7:25
walk
5:22,24; 6:9; 48:15; 1 Kings 2:4; 3:6; 8:25; 2 Kings 20:3; Psalms 116:9; Isaiah 38:3; Micah 6:8; Luke 1:6; Acts 23:1; 24:16; Hebrews 12:28
perfect
or, upright, or sincere.
6:9; Deuteronomy 18:13; Job 1:1; Matthew 5:48

Verse 2
And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.
And I
4-6; 9:9; 15:18; Psalms 105:8-11; Galatians 3:17,18
multiply
12:2; 13:16; 22:17

Verse 3
And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying,
17; Exodus 3:6; Leviticus 9:23,24; Numbers 14:5; 16:22,45; Joshua 5:14; Judges 13:20; 1 Kings 18:39; Ezekiel 1:28; 3:23; 9:8; Daniel 8:17,18; 10:9; Matthew 17:6; Revelation 1:17

Verse 4
As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations.
a father
12:2; 13:16; 16:10; 22:17; 25:1-18; 32:12; 35:11; 36:1-43; Numbers 1:1-54; Numbers 26:1-65; Romans 4:11-18; Galatians 3:28,29
many nations
Heb. multitude of nations.

Verse 5
Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.
but thy name
15; 32:28; Numbers 13:16; 2 Samuel 12:25; Nehemiah 9:7; Isaiah 62:2-4; 65:15; Jeremiah 20:3; Jeremiah 23:6; Matthew 1:21-23; John 1:42; Revelation 2:17
Abraham
i.e., father of a great multitude.

Verse 6
And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.
nations
4,20; 35:11
kings
16; 36:31-43; Ezra 4:20; Matthew 1:6-17

Verse 7
And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.
And I
15:18; 26:24; Exodus 6:4; Psalms 105:8-11; Micah 7:20; Luke 1:54,55,72-75; Romans 9:4,8,9; Galatians 3:17; Ephesians 2:2
God
26:24; 28:13; Exodus 3:6,15; Leviticus 26:12; Psalms 81:10; Ezekiel 28:26; Matthew 22:32; Hebrews 8:10; 11:16
and to
Exodus 19:5,6; Mark 10:14; Acts 2:39; Romans 9:7-9

Verse 8
And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.
And I
12:7; 13:15,17; 15:7-21; Psalms 105:9,11
wherein thou art a stranger
Heb. of thy sojournings.
23:4; 28:4
everlasting
48:4; Exodus 21:6; 31:16,17; 40:15; Leviticus 16:34; Numbers 25:13; Deuteronomy 32:8; 2 Samuel 23:5; Psalms 103:17; Hebrews 9:15
their
Exodus 6:7; Leviticus 26:12; Deuteronomy 4:37; 14:2; 26:18; 29:13

Verse 9
And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.
Psalms 25:10; 103:18; Isaiah 56:4,5

Verse 10
This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.
Every
11; 34:15; Exodus 4:25; 12:48; Deuteronomy 10:16; 30:6; Joshua 5:2,4; Jeremiah 4:4; 9:25,26; Acts 7:8; Romans 2:28,29; 3:1,25,28,30; 4:9-11; 1 Corinthians 7:18,19; Galatians 3:28; Galatians 5:3-6; 6:12; Ephesians 2:11; Philippians 3:3; Colossians 2:11,12

Verse 11
And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.
the flesh
Exodus 4:25; Joshua 5:3; 1 Samuel 18:25-27; 2 Samuel 3:14
a token
Acts 7:8; Romans 4:11

Verse 12
And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.
he that is eight days old
Heb. a son of eight days.
21:4; Leviticus 12:3; Luke 1:59; 2:21; John 7:22,23; Acts 7:8; Romans 2:28; Philippians 3:5
is born
23; Exodus 12:48,49

Verse 13
He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.
born
14:14; 15:3; Exodus 12:44; 21:4
bought
37:27,36; 39:1; Exodus 21:2,16; Nehemiah 5:5,8; Matthew 18:25

Verse 14
And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.
cut
Exodus 4:24-26; 12:15,19; 30:33,38; Leviticus 7:20,21,25,27; 18:29; 19:8; Numbers 15:30,31; Joshua 5:2-12
broken
Psalms 55:20; Isaiah 24:5; 33:8; Jeremiah 11:10; 31:32; 1 Corinthians 11:27,29

Verse 15
And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her name be.
As
5; 32:28; 2 Samuel 12:25
Sarah
i.e., princess.

Verse 16
And I will bless her, and give thee a son also of her: yea, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of people shall be of her.
And I
1:28; 12:2; 24:60; Romans 9:9
give
18:10-14
be a mother of nations
Heb. become nations.
35:11; Galatians 4:26-31; 1 Peter 3:6
kings
6; Isaiah 49:23

Verse 17
Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?
fell
3; Leviticus 9:24; Numbers 14:5; 16:22,45; Deuteronomy 9:18,25; Joshua 5:14; 7:6; Judges 13:20; 1 Chronicles 21:16; Job 1:20; Ezekiel 1:28; Daniel 8:17; Matthew 2:11; Revelation 5:8; 11:16
laughed
18:12; 21:6; John 8:56; Romans 4:19,20

Verse 18
And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee!
O that
Jeremiah 32:39; Acts 2:39
before
4:12,14; Psalms 4:6; 41:12; Isaiah 59:2

Verse 19
And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him.
Sarah
21; 18:10-14; 21:2,3,6; 2 Kings 4:16,17; Luke 1:13-20; Romans 9:6-9; Galatians 4:28-31
Isaac
Yitzchak, which we change into Isaac, signifies laughter; in allusion to Abraham's laughing, ver. 17. By this Abraham did not express his unbelief or weakness of faith, but his joy at the prospect of the fulfilment of so glorious a promise; and to this our Lord evidently alludes, Joh 8:56.

Verse 20
And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.
I have blessed
16:10-12
twelve
25:12-18
and I
21:13,18

Verse 21
But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year.
my
21:10-12; 26:2-5; 46:1; 48:15; Exodus 2:24; 3:6; Luke 1:55,72; Romans 9:5,6,9; Galatians 3:29; Hebrews 11:9
at
18:10; 21:2,3; Job 14:13; Acts 1:7

Verse 22
And he left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham.
3; 18:33; 35:9-15; Exodus 20:22; Numbers 12:6-8; Deuteronomy 5:4; Judges 6:21; 13:20; John 1:18; 10:30

Verse 23
And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham's house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.
circumcised
10-14,26,27; 18:19; 34:24; Joshua 5:2-9; Psalms 119:60; Proverbs 27:1; Ecclesiastes 9:10; Acts 16:3; Romans 2:25-29; 4:9-12; 1 Corinthians 7:18,19; Galatians 5:6; 6:15

Verse 24
And Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.
1,17; 12:4; Romans 4:11,19,20

Verse 25

Not only the Jews, but the Arabs, who are the descendants of Ishmael, retain the rite of circumcision to this day; and the latter perform it, as the other Mahometanus also do, at the age of thirteen.


Verse 26
In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son.
12:4; 22:3,4; Psalms 119:60

Verse 27
And all the men of his house, born in the house, and bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him.
circumcised
18:19

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 17:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/genesis-17.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 14th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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