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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Genesis 35

 

 

Introduction
1God commands Jacob to go to Bethel.
2He purges his house of idols.
6He builds an altar at Bethel.
8Deborah dies at Allon-bachuth.
9God blesses Jacob at Bethel.
16Rachel travails of Benjamin, and dies in the way to Edar.
22Reuben lies with Bilhah.
23The sons of Jacob.
27Jacob comes to Isaac at Hebron.
28The age, death, and burial of Isaac.

Verse 1
And God said unto Jacob, Arise, go up to Bethel, and dwell there: and make there an altar unto God, that appeared unto thee when thou fleddest from the face of Esau thy brother.
God said
22:14; Deuteronomy 32:36; Psalms 46:1; 91:15
Beth-el
7; 12:8; 13:3,4; 28:10-22; 31:3,13; Psalms 47:4; Ecclesiastes 5:4-6; Hosea 12:4; Nahum 1:15
when thou
16:8; 27:41-45; Exodus 2:15

Verse 2
Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you, and be clean, and change your garments:
unto his
18:19; Joshua 24:15; Psalms 101:2-7
strange
31:19,34; Exodus 20:3,4; 23:13; Deuteronomy 5:7; 6:14; 7:25; 11:28; 32:16; Joshua 23:7; Joshua 24:2,20,23; Judges 10:16; Ruth 1:15; 1 Samuel 7:3; 2 Samuel 7:23; 2 Kings 17:29; 1 Chronicles 16:26; Jeremiah 5:7; 16:20; Daniel 5:4; Acts 19:26; 1 Corinthians 10:7; 2 Corinthians 6:15-17; Galatians 4:8
clean
22; 34:2,24,25; Exodus 19:10,14; Leviticus 15:5; 17:16; Numbers 31:24; 2 Kings 5:10,12,13; Job 1:5; Psalms 51:2,7; Ecclesiastes 5:1; Isaiah 1:16; 52:11; Jeremiah 13:27; Ezekiel 18:31; Ezekiel 20:7; 36:25; John 13:10,11; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Hebrews 10:22; James 4:8; 1 Peter 2:1,2; Jude 1:23

Verse 3
And let us arise, and go up to Bethel; and I will make there an altar unto God, who answered me in the day of my distress, and was with me in the way which I went.
who answered
28:12,13; 32:7,24; Psalms 46:1; 50:15; 66:13,14; 91:15; 103:1-5; 107:6,8; Psalms 116:1,2,16-18; 118:19-22; Isaiah 30:19
was with
28:20; 31:3,42; Proverbs 3:6; Isaiah 43:2

Verse 4
And they gave unto Jacob all the strange gods which were in their hand, and all their earrings which were in their ears; and Jacob hid them under the oak which was by Shechem.
ear-rings
These rings were not worn as mere ornaments, but for superstitious purposes; perhaps as amulets or charms, first consecrated to some false god, or formed under some constellation, and stamped with magical characters. Maimonides mentions rings and jewels of this kind, with the image of the sun, moon, etc., impressed upon them; and Augustine describes them (Epist. 73,) as used for this execrable purpose.
Exodus 32:2-4; Judges 8:24-27; Hosea 2:13
hid them
Exodus 32:20; Deuteronomy 7:5,25; Isaiah 2:20; 30:22
the oak
Joshua 24:25,26; Judges 9:6

Verse 5
And they journeyed: and the terror of God was upon the cities that were round about them, and they did not pursue after the sons of Jacob.
34:30; Exodus 15:15,16; 23:27; 34:24; Deuteronomy 11:25; Joshua 2:9-11; 5:1; 1 Samuel 11:7; 1 Samuel 14:15; 2 Chronicles 14:14; 17:10; Psalms 14:5

Verse 6
So Jacob came to Luz, which is in the land of Canaan, that is, Bethel, he and all the people that were with him.
Luz
12:8; 28:19,22; Judges 1:22-26

Verse 7
And he built there an altar, and called the place Elbethel: because there God appeared unto him, when he fled from the face of his brother.
built
1,3; Ecclesiastes 5:4,5
El-beth-el
i.e., the god of Beth-el.
28:13,19,22; Exodus 17:15; Judges 6:24; Ezekiel 48:35

Verse 8
But Deborah Rebekah's nurse died, and she was buried beneath Bethel under an oak: and the name of it was called Allonbachuth.
Rebekah's
24:59
under an oak
1 Samuel 31:13
Allon-bachuth
i.e., the oak of weeping.
Judges 2:1,5

Verse 9
And God appeared unto Jacob again, when he came out of Padanaram, and blessed him.
12:7; 17:1; 18:1; 26:2; 28:13; 31:3,11-13; 32:1,24-30; 35:1; 46:2,3; 48:3,4; Jeremiah 31:3; Hosea 12:4; Acts 7:2

Verse 10
And God said unto him, Thy name is Jacob: thy name shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name: and he called his name Israel.
17:5,15; 32:27,28; 1 Kings 18:31; 2 Kings 17:34

Verse 11
And God said unto him, I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall be of thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins;
God Almighty
17:1; 18:14; 43:14; 48:3,4; Exodus 6:3; 2 Corinthians 6:18
a nation
12:2; 13:16; 15:5; 17:5-7,16; 18:18; 22:17; 28:3,4,14; 32:12; 46:3; 48:4; Exodus 1:7; Numbers 1:1-26; 1 Samuel 1:1-

Verse 12
And the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to thee I will give it, and to thy seed after thee will I give the land.
the land
12:7; 13:14-17; 15:18; 26:3,4; 28:3,4,13; 48:4; Exodus 3:8; Joshua 6:1-21
to
Nehemiah 13:1-31

Verse 13
And God went up from him in the place where he talked with him.
11:5; 17:22; 18:33; Judges 6:21; 13:20; Luke 24:31

Verse 14
And Jacob set up a pillar in the place where he talked with him, even a pillar of stone: and he poured a drink offering thereon, and he poured oil thereon.
20; 28:18,19; Exodus 17:15; 1 Samuel 7:12

Verse 15
And Jacob called the name of the place where God spake with him, Bethel.
Bethel
28:19

Verse 16
And they journeyed from Bethel; and there was but a little way to come to Ephrath: and Rachel travailed, and she had hard labour.
a little way to come
Heb. a little piece of ground.
2 Kings 5:19
Ephrath
48:7; Ruth 1:2; 1 Chronicles 2:19; Psalms 132:6; Micah 5:2; Matthew 2:1,16,18
hard labour
3:16; 1 Timothy 2:15

Verse 17
And it came to pass, when she was in hard labour, that the midwife said unto her, Fear not; thou shalt have this son also.
Fear not
30:24; 1 Samuel 4:19-21

Verse 18
And it came to pass, as her soul was in departing, (for she died) that she called his name Benoni: but his father called him Benjamin.
A. M. cir. 2275. B.C. cir. 1729. her soul
30:1; 1 Samuel 4:20,21; Psalms 16:10; Exodus 12:7; Lamentations 2:12; Luke 12:20; 23:46; Acts 7:59
Ben-oni
i.e., the son of my sorrow.
1 Chronicles 4:9
Benjamin
i.e., the son of my right hand.
42:4,38; 43:14; 44:27-31; Psalms 80:17; Samaritan:

Verse 19
And Rachel died, and was buried in the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem.
Rachel died
48:7
Ephrath
Joshua 19:15; Ruth 1:2; 4:11; Micah 5:2; 6:2; Matthew 2:1,6,18

Verse 20
And Jacob set a pillar upon her grave: that is the pillar of Rachel's grave unto this day.
the pillar
9,14; 1 Samuel 10:2; 2 Samuel 18:17,18

Verse 21
And Israel journeyed, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Edar.
tower
Micah 4:8; Luke 2:8

Verse 22
And it came to pass, when Israel dwelt in that land, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father's concubine: and Israel heard it. Now the sons of Jacob were twelve:
lay with
49:4; Leviticus 18:8; 2 Samuel 16:21,22; 20:3; 1 Chronicles 5:1; 1 Corinthians 5:1
Now the sons
In the Hebrew text, a break is here left in the verse, opposite to which there is a Masoretic note, which states that "there is a hiatus in the verse." This hiatus the LXX., thus supplies: [kai poneros
18; 29:31-35; 30:5-24; 46:8-27; 49:1-28; Exodus 1:1-5; 6:14-16; Numbers 1:5-15; Numbers 1:20-46; 2:3-33; 7:12-89; 26:5-51,57-62; 34:14-28; Deuteronomy 33:1-29; Joshua 13:1-21; 1 Chronicles 2:1,2; 12:23-40; 27:16-22; Ezekiel 48:1-35; Acts 7:8; Revelation 7:4-8; 21:14

Verse 23
The sons of Leah; Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun:
29:32-35; 30:18-20; 33:2; 46:8-15

Verse 24
The sons of Rachel; Joseph, and Benjamin:
16-18; 30:22-24; 46:19-22

Verse 25
And the sons of Bilhah, Rachel's handmaid; Dan, and Naphtali:
30:4-8; 37:2; 46:23-25

Verse 26
And the sons of Zilpah, Leah's handmaid; Gad, and Asher: these are the sons of Jacob, which were born to him in Padanaram.
And the sons
30:9-13; 46:16-18
in Padan-aram
Except Benjamin.
18; 25:20; 28:2; 31:18

Verse 27
And Jacob came unto Isaac his father unto Mamre, unto the city of Arbah, which is Hebron, where Abraham and Isaac sojourned.
Jacob
27:43-45; 28:5
Mamre
13:18; 14:13; 18:1; 23:2,19; Joshua 14:12-15; 15:13; 21:11; 2 Samuel 2:1,3,11; 2 Samuel 5:1,3,5

Verse 28
And the days of Isaac were an hundred and fourscore years.
25:7; 47:28; 50:26

Verse 29
And Isaac gave up the ghost, and died, and was gathered unto his people, being old and full of days: and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.
A. M. 2288. B.C. 1716. Isaac
3:19; 15:15; 25:7,8,17; 27:1,2; 49:33; Job 5:26; Ecclesiastes 12:5-7
his sons
23:19,20; 25:9; 27:41; 49:31

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 35:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/genesis-35.html.

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