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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Genesis 9

 

 

Introduction
1God blesses Noah and his sons, and grants them flesh for food.
4Blood and murder are forbidden.
8God's covenant, of which the rainbow was constituted a pledge.
18Noah's family replenish the world.
20Noah plants a vineyard.
21Is drunken, and mocked by his son.
25Curses Canaan.
26Blesses Shem.
27Prays for Japheth, and dies.

Verse 1
And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.
blessed
7; 1:22,28; 2:3; 8:17; 24:60; Psalms 112:1; 128:3,4; Isaiah 51:2
Be
7,19; 1:28; 8:17; 10:32

Verse 2
And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered.
1:28; 2:19; 35:5; Leviticus 26:6,22; Job 5:22,23; Psalms 8:4-8; 104:20-23; Ezekiel 34:25; Hosea 2:18; James 3:7

Verse 3
Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things.
Every
Leviticus 11:1-47; 22:8; Deuteronomy 12:15; 14:3-21; Acts 10:12-15; 1 Timothy 4:3-5
even
1:29,30; Psalms 104:14,15; Romans 14:3,14,17,20; 1 Corinthians 10:23,25,26,31; Colossians 2:16,21,22; 1 Timothy 4:3,4

Verse 4
But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.
the life
Leviticus 3:17; 7:26; 17:10-14; 19:26; Deuteronomy 12:16,23; 14:21; 15:23; 1 Samuel 14:34; Acts 15:20,25,29; 1 Timothy 4:4

Verse 5
And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man.
every
Exodus 21:12,28,29
and at
4:9,10; Leviticus 19:16; Numbers 35:31-33; Deuteronomy 21:1-9; Psalms 9:12; Matthew 23:35
brother
Acts 17:26

Verse 6
Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.
by
Exodus 21:12-14; 22:2,3; Leviticus 17:4; 24:17; Numbers 35:25; 1 Kings 2:5,6,28-34; Matthew 26:52; Romans 13:4; Revelation 13:10
in
1:26,27; 5:1; Psalms 51:4; James 3:9

Verse 7
And you, be ye fruitful, and multiply; bring forth abundantly in the earth, and multiply therein.
1,19; 1:28; 8:17

Verse 9
And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you, and with your seed after you;
11,17; 6:18; 17:7,8; 22:17; Isaiah 54:9,10; Jeremiah 31:35,36; 33:20; Romans 1:3

Verse 10
And with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth.
15,16; 8:1; Job 38:1-41; 41:1-34; Psalms 36:5,6; 145:9; Jonah 4:11

Verse 11
And I will establish my covenant with you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.
And I
8:21,22; Isaiah 54:9
neither shall all
7:21-23; 8:21,22; 2 Peter 3:7,11

Verse 12
And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations:
17:11; Exodus 12:13; 13:16; Joshua 2:12; Matthew 26:26-28; 1 Corinthians 11:23-25

Verse 13
I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.
Ezekiel 1:28; Revelation 4:3; 10:1

Verse 15
And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh.
remember
Exodus 28:12; Leviticus 26:42-45; Deuteronomy 7:9; 1 Kings 8:23; Nehemiah 9:32; Psalms 106:45; Jeremiah 14:21; Ezekiel 16:60; Luke 1:72
the waters
Isaiah 54:8-10

Verse 16
And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth.
everlasting
9-11; 8:21,22; 17:13,19; 2 Samuel 23:5; Psalms 89:3,4; Isaiah 54:8-10; 55:3; Jeremiah 32:40; Hebrews 13:20

Verse 18
And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham is the father of Canaan.
Shem
23; 10:1; 1 Chronicles 1:4
Ham
10:1,6
Canaan
Heb. Chenaan.

Verse 19
These are the three sons of Noah: and of them was the whole earth overspread.
These
5:32
and of
8:17; 10:2-32; 1 Chronicles 1:4-28

Verse 20
And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard:
an husbandman
3:18,19,23; 4:2; 5:29; Proverbs 10:11; 12:11; Ecclesiastes 5:9; Isaiah 28:24-26
planted
Deuteronomy 20:6; 28:30; Proverbs 24:30; Song of Solomon 1:6; 1 Corinthians 9:7

Verse 21
And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.
and was
6:9; 19:32-36; Proverbs 20:1; 23:31,32; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Luke 22:3,4; Romans 13:13; 1 Corinthians 10:12; Galatians 5:21; Titus 2:2
and he
Habakkuk 2:15,16; Revelation 3:18

Verse 22
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.
Ham
25; 10:6,15-19; 1 Chronicles 1:8,13-16
told
2 Samuel 1:19,20; Psalms 35:20,21; 40:15; 70:3; Proverbs 25:9; 30:17; Obadiah 1:12,13; Matthew 18:15; 1 Corinthians 13:6; Galatians 6:1

Verse 23
And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father's nakedness.
Exodus 20:12; Leviticus 19:32; Romans 13:7; Galatians 6:1; 1 Timothy 5:1,17,19; 1 Peter 2:17; 4:8

Verse 25
And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.
Cursed
22; 3:14; 4:11; 49:7; Deuteronomy 27:16; 28:18; Matthew 25:41; John 8:34
a servant
The devoted nations, which God destroyed before Israel, were descended from Canaan: and so were the Phoenicians and Carthaginians, who were at length subjugated with dreadful destruction by the Greeks and Romans. The Africans, who have been bought and sold like beasts, were also his posterity.
Joshua 9:23,27; Judges 1:28-30; 1 Kings 9:20,21; 2 Chronicles 8:7,8; John 8:34

Verse 26
And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.
Blessed
Deuteronomy 33:26; Psalms 144:15; Romans 9:5
the Lord
10:10-26; 12:1-3; Luke 3:23-36
Sem
Hebrews 11:16
his servant
or, servant to them.
27:37,40

Verse 27
God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.
enlarge
or, persuade. Japheth. Japheth denotes enlargement, and how wonderfully have his boundaries been enlarged; for not only Europe, but Asia Minor, part of Armenia, Iberia, the whole of the vast regions of Asia north of Taurus, and probably America, fell to the share of his posterity.
he shall dwell
These words may mean either that God or that Japheth shall dwell in the tents of Shem. In either sense the prophecy has been literally fulfilled.
dwell
Isaiah 11:10; Hosea 2:14; Malachi 1:11; Acts 17:14; Romans 11:12; 15:12; Ephesians 2:13,14,19; 3:6,13; Hebrews 11:9,10

Verse 29
And all the days of Noah were nine hundred and fifty years: and he died.
A. M. 2006. B.C. 1998. nine
5:5,20,27,32; 11:11-25; Psalms 90:10

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 9:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/genesis-9.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, October 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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